Intoduction• The Olympic Games are a major international event featuring summer and winter sports,• Thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions.• The Games are currently held every two years, with Summer and Winter Olympic Games alternating, although they occur every four years within their respective seasonal games.• Ancient Olympic Games were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 5th century AD.• Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894.• The IOC has since become the governing body of the Olympic Movement
History of Olympic• Founder of Olympic games : Hercules (the roman Hercules) a son of Zeus.• Name “Olympic” originate from : word “Olympiad”• First winner in Olympic games : (776 BC)• Games which where held in initial period : a) Race called stade (210 yards) b) 400 meter 1500 meter race (728 BC) c) Wrestling, boxing
• Participation in Olympic Games : (limited for Greeks only)• 1916 (Not held because of world war-1)• 1940 and 1944 (Not held because of world war-2)
Festivals and Rules• The ancient Olympics were held at Olympia every 4 years to honor the Greek gods Zeus and Hera.• There was a truce made saying that every city-state pay for a few athletes to go to Olympia.• Only men could compete and they had to swear they had trained for 10 months.• There were fewer events and only men who spoke Greek competed.• A man who committed a crime or stolen from a temple was banned.
Training• An athlete started training from early childhood.• The kids had 3 types of trainers, who were called the Paidotribes, Gymnastes, and the Aleiptes.• An athlete had to arrive in Elis one month before the games.• Once there, they continued training in the arenas. Runners, pentathletes, wrestlers, boxers, and boys trained in separate arenas.• If anyone cheated, they were fined by the judges.
Boxing and Chariot Racing• Boxing was a fight without rounds until one man was knocked out or admitted he was beaten• There were no rules against hitting an opponent while he was on the ground.• The athletes didn’t fight with people the same weight; they were chosen randomly.• Racing had both 2 and 4 horse racing.• The course was 12 laps around the stadium track, which was 9 miles.• The owner of the horse won the wreath of victory instead of the jockey.• Separate races were held with races with foals.
Pankration and Pentathlon• The Pankration was a combination of boxing and wrestling.• Punches were allowed and so was kicking an opponents belly.• Rules were no biting, cutting an opponent’s eyes, nose, or mouth with their fingernails.• There were separate divisions held for the men and the boys.• The Pentathlon was a 5 combination of the discus, javelin ,jumping ,running,and wrestling.
Running and Wrestling• There were 4 types of running races.• The Stadion was the oldest event where runners sprinted 192 meters.• Other races doubled as 384 meters.• Ranged from 1,344 to 4,608 meters.• Another race, from 384 to 768 meters, was run in armor. The armor weighed between 50 and 60 pounds.
• In wrestling an athlete needed to throw an athlete to the ground by landing on a hip, shoulder, or back for a fair fall.• Three throws were needed to win a match.• Biting was not allowed, but an attack or breaking an opponents finger was permitted.
Winning Athletes• When an athlete won, he received an olive wreath of victory.• When the athletes went home, their cities greeted them with celebrations.• An athletes victory meant a god favored him and was immortalized for accomplishments.• When they went home, they received rewards. Some were permitted to fight beside the king, have their names put in public places, and given free meals at Pyratoneion for life.• The family of the athlete had statues of the put in Olympia.
OLYMPIC RING• The rings were adopted in 1913.• The five rings represent the five major regions of the world: Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.• Every national flag in the world includes at least one of the five colours, which are blue, yellow, black, green, and red.
OLYMPIC TORCH•This is to remember the fire god Zeus in theAncient Olympics.•It is said that the god Prometheus stole thetorch.•It is the most venerable and evident symbol ofthe Olympic Games.•This part of the ceremony was returned in1928.
OLYMPIC MEDAL•The medals are awarded to the athletes or to the teams who comefirst, second and third, at each of the events.•A gold-plated silver medal is awarded to the first athlete,commonly called ‘gold medal’. The second athletes are awarded asilver medal and the third places are given the brass medals.•The silver of the medals is of at least 92.5% clear silver. The firstmedals are at least six grams gold plated.
• On the front face of the medals the ancient goddess Nike crowning the Olympians with the Olive wreath is represented.• In the background there is the Acropolis• On the back face the event is presented.• All the participating athletes are awarded the commemorative certificate and a medal
OLYMPIC MOTTO•The Olympic motto is the hendiatris Citius, Altius, Fortius,which is Latin for "Swifter, Higher, Stronger".
•The motto was proposed by Pierre de Coubertin•The motto was introduced in 1924•These three words encourage the athlete to give his or her bestduring competition
OLYMPIC MASCOT• Since the 1972 Munich Olympic Games, Olympic Mascots have become a main element of the Olympic image.
• Mascot is able to materialize the Olympic spirit• communicate the concepts of each Olympic Games• promote the history and culture of the host city• Mascots act as a significant vehicle for communicating the Olympic spirit.• Mascot must be able to convey the theme of the Olympic Games
Olympic RecordsArchery:Mens: Womens: Event Score Name Nation Event Score Name Nation Michele 72 arrow ranking 684 Italy Frangilli Lina Park Kyung- South 72 arrow 18 arrow match 173 673 Herasymen Ukraine Mo Korea ranking ko South 12 arrow match 115 Oh Kyo-Moon Korea Park Sung- South 36 arrow Chen Szu- Chinese Hyun Korea 339 elimnation yuan Taipei 18 arrow South 36 arrow finals 340 Tim Cuddihy Australia 173 Yun Mi-Jin match Korea 216 arrow 2031 Jang Yong-ho South ranking Korea 36 arrow South 27 arrow match 258 Jang Yong-Ho South 341 Yun Mi-Jin elimintion Korea Korea
Athletics:Event Record Name Nation100 metres 9.69 Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt Jamaica200 metres 19.30 Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt Jamaica Johnson, MichaelMichael400 metres 43.49 US Johnson Rodal, VebjørnVebjørn00800 !800 metres 1:42.58 Norway Rodal1,500 metres 3:32.07 Ngeny, NoahNoah Ngeny Kenya Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa5,000 metres 12:57.82 Ethiopia Bekele Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa10,000 metres 27:01.17 Ethiopia Bekele Wanjiru, SamuelSamuelMarathon 2:06:32 Kenya Wanjiru110 metre hurdles 12.91 Xiang, LiuLiu Xiang China400 metre hurdles 46.78 Young, KevinKevin Young United States Kariuki, JuliusJulius3,000m steplechase 8:05.51 Kenya Kariuki Korzeniowski,20 km walk 1:18:59 RobertRobert Poland Korzeniowski Schwazer, AlexAlex50 km walk 3:37:09 Italy Schwazer
Cycling: Mens Event Time Name NationSprint 9.815 Chris Hoy Great BritainIndividual pursuit 4:15.031 Bradley Wiggins Great Britain1 km time trial 1:00.711 Chris Hoy Great Britain Bradley Wiggins Paul ManningTeam pursuit 3:53.312 Great Britain Geraint Thomas Ed Clancy
Cycling (Women) Event Time Name Nation GamesSprint 10.963 Victoria Pendleton Great Britain 2008 BeijingIndividual pursuit 3:24.537 Sarah Ulmer New Zealand 2004 Athens500 m time trial 33.952 Anna Meares Australia 2004 Athens
Other Records:50 m Prone Rifle Shooting: Chris Klees (Germany)500 metres Short track speed skating: Francois-Louis Tremblay (Canada )50 m freestyle Swimming: César Cielo Filho (Brazil)100 m butterfly Swimming: Michael Phelps (USA)400 m freestyle Swimming : (Australia) Ian Thorpe25 m rapid fire pistol: Keith Sanderson, United States and Oleksandr Petriv Ukraine100 metres Race: Usain Bolt, Jamaica
• The first international multi-sport event for winter sports was the Nordic Games heldin Sweden in 1901organized by General Viktor Gustaf Balck who attempted to have winter sports,specifically figure skating, added to the Olympic programme.In 1925 the IOC decided to create a separate Olympic Winter Games, and the 1924Games in Chamonix was retroactively designated as the first Winter OlympicsThe Winter Olympic Games are a winter multi-sport event held every four years,starting in 1924.Consisting of winter sports, the Games have included alpine skiing, cross-countryskiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping, speed skating etc.
Alpine Skiing: Alpine skiing (or downhill skiing) is the sport of sliding down snow- covered hills on skis (One of a pair of long flat runners of plastic, metal, or wood that curve upward in front and may be attached to a boot for gliding or traveling over snow) with fixed-heel bindings.
Winter GamesFigure skating: Ice skating consisting of one or more planned sequences of required and optional spins, jumps, and dancelike maneuversCross-country skiing: or XC skiing is a winter sport in which participants propel themselves across snow- covered terrain over the countryside rather than on downhill runs using skis and poles. It is popular in countries with large snowfields
BIATHLON• The word biathlon comes from the Greek word meaning two contests. At the Winter Olympics it means joining two sports together.• Those two sports are cross country skiing and rifle shooting.• The skiers have to go as fast as they can for a certain distance, then they have to shot at a target.• Racers wear cross-country skis, ski suit, and boot.• There are four different races for men and women
SNOW BOARDING• Snowboarding was invented in the United States in the 1960s.• It is a combination of skate boarding and skiing put together.• Snowboarders do lots of tricks in the air.• In snowboarding, talent isnt all that matters.
FIGURE SKATING• Figure skating is a sport where you dance on ice.• Figure skating can be done in pairs or as a single .• Figure Skating was added to the Olympic program of the 1908 Summer Game.• Ice Skating is a very cool sport.
ICE HOCKEY• The first appearance of ice hockey in the Olympics for men came during a summer Olympics in 1920.• The mens tournament has 14 different teams• Ice hockey is played on an oval ice rink.• It is a very fast moving game with five people on the ice for each team and a goalie.• The object is to hit the puck up the ice with a curved stick to the other end of the ice and get the puck in the other teams goal.
SHORT TRACK• Short track is a skating event that occurs on an oval track that is 111 meters around (364 feet).• There are individual events, relay events and events where many skaters skate at once.• Skaters wear hard plastic helmets, special suits that are molded to their body, knee pads, shin pads, and gloves.• There are four different events for men and women .• Short track is fast and exciting!
INTERNATIONALIZATI ON OF OLYMPICS BY Nair Sachin
INTERNATIONALIZATION OF OLYMPICS• 1.How did Olympics get international?• Served as a bond between the Greeks.• Hold on to their culture.• Participation of Greeks from abroad.• Increase in competition.• Participation of foreigners.
• Who was the founder of modern Olympics & why did he involve all the nations of the world in it?• Founder – Pierre De Coubertin.• Involved all nations of the world.• Humanistic dimension.• The vision of Pierre De Coubertin--let the Olympics bridges the world together• Restore momentum to moral forces• Bridge the world together.• Respect one another.• Cultivation of “Pure Heart”• To promote world peace.
THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITEE• Re created on 23rd june 1894.• Parental organisation.• Provide single legal entity.• Mission and role• Promote olympism• Promotion of ethics.• Spirit of fairplay• Ban of violence.
• Promote peace.• Protect independence of olympic movement.• Against discrimination.• Promotion of women in sports.• Fight against doping.• Protect health of athletes
• Oppose commercial abuse• Encourage concern for environmental issues.• Promote positive legacy• Blend sports with culture
The IOC (INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE)• Among others, the powers of the Session are:• To adopt or amend the Olympic Charter.• To elect the members of the IOC• To elect the President• Executive Board.• To elect the host city of the Olympic Games.
What were the benefits of internationalizing of Olympics? For Nation Showcase the nation Attracts foreign investment Boosts tourismFor Athletes Compete with best More earnings than regular events For spectators Watch high level competition Entertainment
Interesting Olympic Facts• The Olympic Motto : Citius, Altius, Fortius .• The Olympic Oath.• The Olympic Creed : Not to win but to take part.
Interesting Olympic Facts• The Olympic Hymn : official Olympic Anthem (Greek & English) Αρχαίο Πνεύμ αθάνατον, αγνέ πατέρα του ωραίου, του μεγάλου και τ αληθινού, κατέβα, φανερώσου κι άστραψ εδώ πέρα στη δόξα της δικής σου γης και τ ουρανού. Στο δρόμο και στο πάλεμα και στο λιθάρι, στων ευγενών Αγώνων λάμψε την ορμή, και με τ αμάραντο στεφάνωσε κλωνάρι και σιδερένιο πλάσε κι άξιο το κορμί. Κάμποι, βουνά και πέλαγα φέγγουν μαζί σου σαν ένας λευκοπόρφυρος μέγας ναός, και τρέχει στο ναό εδώ προσκυνητής σου. Αρχαίο Πνεύμ αθάνατο, κάθε λαός.
Interesting Olympic Facts• English. Immortal spirit of antiquity, Father of the true, beautiful and good, Descend, appear, shed over us thy light Upon this ground and under this sky Which has first witnessed thy unperishable fame. Give life and animation to those noble games! Throw wreaths of fadeless flowers to the victors In the race and in strife! Create in our breasts, hearts of steel! Shine in a roseate hue and form a vast temple To which all nations throng to adore thee, Oh immortal spirit of antiquity.
Interesting Olympic Facts• The Medals :• Opening Ceremony Procession Order :
Interesting Olympic Facts• A City, Not a Country.• IOC Diplomats :
Interesting Olympic Facts• First Modern Champion : James B. Connolly (United States), in the 1896 Olympics.• The First Marathon.• The Exact Length of a Marathon.
Interesting Olympic Facts• Women.• Winter Games Begun.• Cancelled Games.• Walt Disney.• Gymnasium.
Interesting Olympic Facts• Stadium:• Counting Olympiads : period of four successive years.
CONCLUSION• This presentation will help the people to know more about the Olympic.• "Health is Wealth" is an old saying. Games are very essential for a good health. Therefore, all young men and women should play games.• People who play games regularly can maintain a good health. They can develop a muscular body. Games also teach us the spirit of sportsmanship.• Games teach us the spirit of patience and courage. Discipline is very essential not only for the progress of an individual but also for the progress of the nation as a whole.
1. Now that you know how important is for you to playgames, next time someone invites you to participate inanother friendly baseball match do not try to avoid theinvitation because you think it is a waste of time.2. Games, despite their character can help you clear yourmind and can change your mood.3. Thus, tomorrow get up, pick your favorite game, findyour opponents, make it your new hobby, and experiencethe tremendous effect a games round can have in yourlife.