13 colonies

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13 colonies

  1. 1. PRESENTING COL0NIAL LIFE
  2. 2. New England Colonies• Massachusetts• Connecticut• New Hampshire• Rhode Island
  3. 3. New England Colonies • Came so they could practice their religion • Came to make money • Mostly farmers and fishermen • Grew corn and wheat
  4. 4. New England Colonies-Economy • Made furniture, especiall y chairs • Made ships • Fished • Grew corn and wheat
  5. 5. New England Colonies- Agriculture • Grew corn and wheat • Bad soil for crops • Short season for crops
  6. 6. New England Colonies- Religion • New England colonist were largely Puritans • They led very strict lives • Stayed in church most of the day
  7. 7. New England Colonies- Education • Parent believed children should learn Christianity • Taught to read so they could read the Bible
  8. 8. New England Colonies-Food • Ate corn • Grew wheat and barley • Fished • Ate pigs and cows
  9. 9. New England Colonies-Clothing • Girls wore simple dresses mostly made by wool linen, or cotton, and wore aprons • Boys wore breeches, waistcoa ts, hats, and stockings
  10. 10. New England Colonies-Fun time • Played marbles, hide and seek, • Made kites • Spun tops and rolled hoops
  11. 11. Middle Colonies • Delaware • Pennsylvania • New York • New Jersey
  12. 12. Middle Colonies-Economy • They sold what they grew. • If they had a bad season they probably wouldn’t have much to eat or drink.
  13. 13. Middle Colonies-Religion • Went to church but they also used it as a meeting place. • They thought church should be an every day thing.
  14. 14. Middle Colonies-Education • School starts at 7:00 a.m. • Boys and girls studied art, music, French, needle work and girls learned how to nurse.
  15. 15. Middle Colonies - Food • They grew apples, wheat, corn, tobacco. • They also ate chickens, pigs, cows . • They hunted for deer, rabbits and turkey.
  16. 16. Middle Colonies-Clothing • Girls wore simple dresses • Most of the clothing was made out of wool. • They usually wore wigs
  17. 17. Middle Colonies-Fun Time • Colonists had parks but they didn’t have swing sets. • They played games like hide and seek, marbles and other games we know about.
  18. 18. The Southern Colonies • Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia
  19. 19. Southern Colonies -Economy • Mainly grew tobacco, rice grapes, and indigo • Most growing was done on plantations
  20. 20. Southern Colonies- Agriculture • Grew mostly rice, indigo, and tobacco • Mostly all grown on plantations
  21. 21. Southern Colonies- Religion • Thought it should be an all day thing
  22. 22. Southern Colonies - Education • School days started at 7:00am • Learned how to read • Only read the Bible • Girls mostly learned basics of life • Said prayers then read verses of the Bible
  23. 23. Southern Colonies-Food Ate chickens, pigs, cows , clams, and fish Hunted deer, rabbits, and turkeys
  24. 24. Southern Colonies – Mens Clothing • Breeches, reached just below knees • Ruffles on neck • Banyan-loose gown
  25. 25. Southern Colonies- Womens Clothing • Simple dresses made by wool • Wore aprons • Wore wigs • Most woman only had two pairs of clothing
  26. 26. The Lost Colony of Roanoke• First thing they did was to explore the near by islands and the mainland.• The Englishmen saw plants and animals that they never saw before.• John White decided to return to England, but when he returned back three years later, he found nothing. All the settlers had vanished, and the houses had been torn down. White discovered only one clue to the settlers’ whereabouts: “CROATOAN” was carved on the bark less trunk of a tree.
  27. 27. Plymouth Colony• About one-third of Plymouth’s original settlers were Puritans.• They were given permission to start a colony.• The Pilgrims had to live on the food that was left over from their long voyage.
  28. 28. Self-Government in the Colonies  Called Virginia House of Burgesses  22 members  1 governor  6 council members  15 other members  Governor was appointed by officials of Virginia Company  Governor appointed 6 important people to be his council  Other 15 people were voted by colonists  Made laws that could be voted  Met once a year until 1624
  29. 29. Slavery in the Colonies• Black slaves took care of the sheep, cattle, and made the butter.• They also make beef, sugar, rum, wool, fancy clothes, silk stocking, glass ware, tools and weapons.
  30. 30. Trading• The fur trade helped pay for their trip to America .• The Dutch often traded with the Indians.• The people owed debt to the king because he paid for their trip to America.
  31. 31. Arts in the Colonies • Phillis Wheatley-(1753?- 1784)Was brought to Boston on a slave ship when she was 8 years old. First important African American poet.Phillis Wheatley • John Copley- (1738-1818) Painted many historical subjects. Considered greatest colonial painter. • Most literature was religious • After 1750 many essays and pamphlets about political controversies wereJohn Copley published. • Little formal training
  32. 32. The End

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