Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, situated in the northeastern area of the island of Ireland. Most of the people are Scottish or English and are known as the Scotch-Irish.Belfast is the capital of NorthernIreland. It is a great industrialcentre and a large port.
First the whole Ireland (or Ulster) was joined to Great Britain in 1801. But the union lasted for only 120 years and in 1922 southern part of Ireland separated and the independent Republic of Ireland was formed. Since then six northern Irish counties under the name of Northern Ireland still remain the part of the UK. For seven centuries Ireland was a colony of Britain.
The shamrock is said to be connected to St. Patrick, Irelands Patron Saint.Irish people wear this symbol onthe National Day on March 17th. This celebration is called St. Patricks Day. The shamrock and the red hand are the national symbols of Northern Ireland.
Saint Patrick was born about 390 AD. He converted the Irish to Christianity and is supposed to have got rid of all the snakes in Ireland.
Northern Ireland is often called "the Emerald Isle". Thisname shows the beauty of its nature. Thanks to the winds that blow from the Atlantic Ocean the soil and the air arewarm and damp. That is why fresh green grass covers theground in Northern Ireland and it makes the island look so attractive.
In general, the plants andanimals of Northern Irelandare similar to those of theisland as a whole. The onlyunique plant is a species ofwild orchid, Spiranthes stricta,found in the valleys of theUpper and Lower Bann rivers.A specific Northern Irelandanimal is a pollan, afreshwater variety of whitefishfound in Lough Neagh andLough Erne
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