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  1. 1. v
  2. 2. v Some information about London. • London it is the capital of the United Kingdom Great Britain to which also Scottland, Wales and North Ireland. • The city is located at the south east of the British island at the Thames, the river that had a big significance in the developement of the city. • The City of London of today, not too big with a surface of approximately 2,6 square km. • London is the most populated city of the European Community. Also, it is one of the most diversified in population, as London is what is so called multiculti. • In the street life it is common to see beside white people also black people, people from Asia and islamic women wearing veils. • The geographical location of the city is a special one. Greenwich by London is the point at which the zero meridian has been determined. From here, the degrees of longitude are initiated and the time zones are related to this place.
  3. 3. v Where is located ?
  4. 4. v Practical Tips In this country they speak british English . So to be completely sure please check the words which can change from American English to British English
  5. 5. v Practical Tips  A very important matter, as England and London do refer in many things from the rest of Europe. Take care with the diferents changes of weather.  London is not a cheap city at all, just the opposite, it is considered as the most expensive city of Europe. By this way, there is to think about the type of journey one books.  If you want to know and to get introduce into the city you have to take a lot of time. Even 1 or 2 weeks are not enough for this purpose. Thus, one should previously decide in what to focus because this city offers so many interesting things.  if you would to explore the city its much better with public means of transport. Therefore, the travel-card is to some extent a must. With this card, one can use the subway and the bus service so the price depends on the included zones, the validation time and validation days.  It is worth considering if one should book a London-passport, this also depends on what one has planned to do. With this passport, one has free entrance to a lot of sightseeings and gets discounts for many others. Additionally, in some places one can get in straight away without having to queue for the tickets. This can be very helpful considering the long queues.
  6. 6. v Practical Tips  the exchange of money has to be converted in pounds and pennies. By rule of thumb, a pound is approximately 1,40 euros. This of course depends on the exchange rate of the day and can be changed at any time.
  7. 7. v Transport in London  London has one of the largest urban transport networks in the world, with integrated bus, river and road systems spanning the city's 32 boroughs.  London buses are a quick, convenient and cheap way to travel around London, with plenty of sightseeing opportunities en route.  London's Underground rail network, or "the Tube" as it is known, is normally the quickest and easiest way of travelling around London.  The innovative, driverless Docklands Light Railway (DLR) serves parts of East and South East London including Canary Wharf.
  8. 8. v Transport in London  River Bus Services travelling by river is a great way to travel across London. You'll beat the traffic and soak up some fantastic views along the way  Local Trains use London's local trains and Overground network to travel across the city and beyond the Tube.  London Trams run in parts of South London between Wimbledon, Croydon, Beckenham and New Addington. The services are frequent and accessible.
  9. 9. v Transport in London  London's public bicycle scheme is a great way to travel around the city - and the first half an hour is free  From iconic London black cabs to local minicabs, we've got all the information you need to help you travel around London by taxi.  Glide above the Thames in the Emirates Air Line, an easy way to get from the Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Docks. Or just ride this cable car for its amazing view of London from an angle you may not have seen before.
  10. 10. v British Cusine Thanks to its weather conditions, these islands have ideal land for farming. This change in approach to British cuisine is expressed through flavorsome, fresh and traditional dishes.  Welsh rarebit: This tasty treat is a chic version of cheese on toast and is made using grated Cheddar or Stilton cheese and a mustard and beer sauce that is mixed together with an egg and placed on top of a slice of toast before being grilled in the oven. Beef Wellington: This is a whole fillet of beef covered in pastry and is similar to the French beef en croute. However, to add a pinch of patriotism, the British have renamed it after The Duke of Wellington´s victory over Napoleon
  11. 11. v British Cusine  Sunday roast with Yorkshire pudding: This is a traditional roast dinner with beef or lamb and a good Yorkshire pudding which should be light so you can mop up the juices of the meat.  Fish and chips Served with a simple wedge of lemon, fish and chips are unbeatable when nice and crispy. Chiken Tikka Massala: This is the UK’s most popular dish and was, as legend says, created in an Indian restaurant in Glasgow. You are free to believe it or not
  12. 12. v Big Ben is certainly one of London England's most well- known city landmarks. Although many tourists believe that Ben is the clock tower that graces the UK Parliament Buildings, it is actually the 14 ton bell that is hidden in the tower. The bell was named after Benjamin Hall, the chief commissioner back in 1858. There is no sound that pleases London visitors more than the unique chime that originates from the 320 foot tower at Westminster. Landmarks in London British Parliament :The Palace of Westminster (British Houses of Parliament) is a gorgeous gothic revival building located on the banks of the River Thames in London England. It is comprised of two chambers: The House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Palace was constructed in 1840. Members of the British House of Commons (659 seats) are elected by UK citizens. Members of the House of Lords (over 1,000 seats) are appointed by parliament.
  13. 13. v Buckingham Palace: is the official residence of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II in London England. It is undoubtedly the most well known palace in the world. A guided tour of the palace is available during the summer months when the Queen is out of town. Buckingham Palace is located in Westminster, near Green Park and St. James Park Landmarks in London Westminster Cathedral: Westminster Cathedral in London England is the ornate Roman Catholic cathedral in the city centre. Its unique Italian-Byzantine red and white architecture attracts visitors from around the world. Westminster Cathedral is located in SW1 in the City of Westminster.
  14. 14. v Kensington Palace in London England is a royal residence and the former home of Princess Diana and her sons. The palace is located west of the round pond in Kensington Gardens. Landmarks in London London Bridge is one of the best known landmarks in London England. Officially called "Tower Bridge", this combined bascule and suspension bridge consists of two 213 foot towers. The central 200 foot central span can be raised to permit ships to pass underneath London Eye British Airways' is a 450 foot wheel that is located on the Thames River in London England. Visitors can enjoy a spectacular view of the city from the top of the world's largest wheel. Many tourists to London England enjoy visiting this attraction in the evening hours when London glitters with lights. The London Eye is located in London SE1 (Southwark).
  15. 15. v The Old Bailey in London England is undoubtedly the most well-known courthouse in the world. It is London's Central Criminal Court. The building was badly bombed during the war but has been rebuilt. Visitors to London England can attend a trial session and witness a real-world court case is session. The statue on the dome of the Old Bailey depicts a women holding a sword (that represents the power to punish) and a balance (that represents equity). This statue symbolizes justice. Landmarks in London Piccadilly Circus is London England's equivalent to Time Square in New York City. The term "circus" refers to the circular junction of intersecting streets. Piccadilly Circus is ablaze with lights in the evening. It features a lovely fountain of Eros at its centre called the Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain. The Plaza was established in 1819 to connect two of London's largest arteries: Regent Street and Piccadilly Street. Today, it is one of the busiest intersections in London England
  16. 16. v The Royal Albert Hall in London England is a premiere venue for concerts and the performing arts. This famous hall was originally opened in 1871 by Queen Victoria and named after Prince Albert. The Royal Alberta Hall is situated in the London borough of Westminster just south of Kensington Gardens. Landmarks in London St. Paul's Cathedral is one of London England's top tourist attractions. The elegant structure was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and constructed in the 17th century. Ornate baroque architecture was combined with Greek style columns to create London's most beloved building. From the viewing gallery at the top, visitors can enjoy a wonderful view of the London skyline. Many famous Britons, including Sir Christopher Wren, are buried in this famous London cathedral.
  17. 17. v Tower Bridge is one of London England's most well known landmarks. Opened in 1894, this hydraulic bridge can be raised to permit river traffic to pass underneath. Visitors to Tower Bridge can enjoy wonderful views of the River Thames from the bridge towers. There is also a museum which explain how the bascule bridge operates and discusses its history Landmarks in London The Tower of London is a well known landmark in London England that dates back one thousand years. Formerly used as a prison, the Tower of London currently houses the Crown Jewels. The tower is one of the top tourist attractions and is certainly a "must-see" for all visitors to the city.
  18. 18. v Trafalgar Square is undoubtedly the heart and soul of London England. It was established to commemorate Britain's most famous naval hero, Horatio Viscount Nelson, who died in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Nelson's Column is located in the centre of this world-famous square. London's National Gallery Art Museum is located at Trafalgar Square. Whitehall runs from Trafalgar Square to Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament. Westminster Abbey is London England's beloved Gothic abbey that was built in the 13th century. The Abbey is the resting place for some of Britain's greatest monarchs, poets and politicians. Westminster Abbey is often confused with Westminster Cathedral, which is located elsewhere in London. Westminster Abbey is located in London SW1 Landmarks in London
  19. 19. v London Ceremonies and Traditions Changing of the Guard: A hugely popular spectacle, the Changing of the Guard takes place at a range of royal locations in and around London daily during the summer (April-July) and on alternate days for the rest of the year. There is no ticketing, so make sure you get there early. Ever since 1660 Household Troops have guarded the Sovereign Palaces. The Palace of Whitehall was the main residence until 1689 and was guarded by the Household Cavalry (they can still be seen here today; outside Horse Guards Arch). The court moved to St James's Palace in 1689 and when Queen Victoria moved into Buckingham Palace (1837) the Queen's Guard remained at St James's Palace and a detachment guarded Buckingham Palace, as it does today.
  20. 20. v London Ceremonies and Traditions Troping color: Often cited as the ceremonial event of the year, the Trooping the Colourmarks the 'official' birthday of the Queen. Her actual birthday is 21st April (see below) but it is a long-standing tradition to publicly celebrate her birthday on a summer day. This tradition dates back to the early 18th century when the Colours (flags) of the battalion were carried (Trooped) past soldiers to reinforce the colours of their regiment so that they would recognise them in battle. Ever since 1748 this ceremony has also marked the Sovereign's birthday.
  21. 21. v London Ceremonies and Traditions The Queens Birthday gun salute : The Queen usually celebrates her actual birthday, 21st April, privately, but the occasion is marked publicly by gun salutes in central London: there's a 41-gun salute in Hyde Park, a 21-gun salute in Windsor Great Park and a 62-gun salute at the Tower Of London, all taking place at midday. The Queen's Birthday Gun Salutes take place on her actual birthday, ahead of her official birthday in June which is marked byTrooping the Colour. At Hyde Park the Queen's Birthday Gun Salute is carried out by the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery who ride into the park from the north by Marble Arch along North Carriage Drive, line up abreast and gallop down the parade ground to roughly opposite the Dorchester Hotel. The Troop itself arrives at around 11.45am ready to fire the first round at midday. The guns are then unhooked and the salute is fired off. Duty performed, the horses gallop back up towards North Carriage Drive. The band arrives separately and can usually be seen from about 11.30am.
  22. 22. v London Ceremonies and Traditions State Opening of Parliament Dating back to Medieval London, this spectacular annual ceremony marking the beginning of the new parliamentary year takes place May (prior to 2012 it took place in October or November) and features peers and bishops in traditional robes and a royal procession involving the State Coach (visible to the public). The Yeomen of the Guard (royal bodyguards since 1485) are responsible for searching the cellars of theHouses of Parliament before the Queen arrives - a duty undertaken ever since the infamous Gunpowder Plot of 1605 when Guy Fawkes tried to blow up Parliament. The televised ceremony that follows takes place in the House of Lords.The proceedings begin with Black Rod (the Queen's Messenger) calling 250 members of the House of Commons to the House of Lords.
  23. 23. v London Ceremonies and Traditions The annual Lord Mayors Show has been taking over the streets of London for nearly 800 years now. The parade involves over 6,000 people, bands, over 140 decorated floats, costumed performers and a gilded State Coach that the Lord Mayor travels in. If you aren't sick of fireworks by this time (the show traditionally takes place in November, just after Bonfire Night), this is possibly the most dangerous and amazing of all the public shows in the capital. River barges are piled high with explosives and set adrift on the Thames with several brave men on board.
  24. 24. v London Ceremonies and Traditions Ceremony of the Keys Every night the Tower of London is locked up by the Chief Yeoman Warder who, dressed in Tudor uniform, makes his way to the gates from the Byward Tower at exactly 9.53pm to meet the Escort of the Key, clad in the familiar Beefeater uniform. The pair tour the various gates, locking them ceremonially, before being challenged by a sentry at the Bloody Tower archway. "Who goes there?" asks the sentry. "The Keys," replies the Warder. "Whose keys?" "Queen Elizabeth's Keys." "Pass Queen Elizabeth's Keys. All's well."
  25. 25. v London Ceremonies and Traditions Maundy Money On Maundy Thursday, the day before Good Friday, the Queen gives Maundy money to a group of pensioners from one diocese each year. In the early 20th century, the Royal Maundy Service occurred at Westminster Abbey, but today the service and tradition is held in a different church (usually a cathedral) every year. Westminster Abbey was the site of 2011 Royal Maundy, while in the Queen's Diamond Jubilee year the event took place at York Cathedral. The 2013 service is at Christ Church Cathedral in Oxford.
  26. 26. v Advantages:  This country has a lot of interesting places.  You can improve your culture wellknow and learn different things. Disadvantages:  If you want to travel there, you have to exchange money and it can be a little expensive.  There, almost all the stuff is expensive, so you have to take care of it.
  27. 27. v Glosary.  Hugely: Extremadamente.  Roughly: Aproximadamente.  Parade: Marcha.  Glided: Bañado en oro.  Adrift: A la deriva.  Chief: Capitán.  Held: Aprisionar.