Grammar iii adverb clauses


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Grammar iii adverb clauses

  1. 1. Adverbclauses<br />Tatiana Sharloth Arroyo Carvajal<br />Carlos Roberto Mora<br />
  2. 2. Anadverbclauseis a dependentclausethatfunctions as anadverb.<br />Alwaysbeginswith a subordinatingconjunctionthatexpressestherelationshipbetweentheadverbclause and theindependentclause.<br />It can tellwhen, where, why, how, howlong, howfar, howoften, and forwhatpurposesomethinghappenedoralsoexpress acontrast.<br />
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  4. 4. Puntuation<br />Whenanadverbclause comes first in a sentence, put a coma afterit. <br />Whenanadverbclausefollowanindependentclause, do notseparate.<br /> - As soon as he arrives , we will have some lunch.<br /> - He gave me a call when he arrived in town.<br />
  5. 5. 1. Using Adverb Clauses to show Cause and Effect:<br />These type of clauses explain the reasons for what happens in the main clause.<br />Example:<br />He bought a new home because he got a better job…<br />Note that all of these expressions are synonyms of 'because'.<br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>Because</li></ul>They received a high mark on their exam because they had studied hard. <br />I'm studying hard because I want to pass my exam. <br />He works a lot of overtime because his rent is so expensive <br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>Now that</li></ul> It is used for present and future situations:<br />Now that he has a lot of money, he can afford a new computer.<br />Now that she was pushed down the stairs, she can't walk anymore.<br />Now that she finished her therapy, she can walk again.<br />
  8. 8. <ul><li>Since</li></ul> “Since” means the same as because. “Since” tends to be used in more informal spoken English. <br /> It means "because it is a fact that" or "given that it is true that”.<br />Examples:<br />Since he loves music so much, he decided to go to a conservatory. <br />They had to leave early since their train left at 8:30. <br />
  9. 9. 2. Using Adverb Clauses to show Contrast:<br /><ul><li>Even though</li></ul>Even though it was expensive, he bought the car. Unexpected results<br />Our house is quite comfortable even though it is small.<br />Even though I wasn’t tired, I went to bed.<br />
  10. 10. Showing direct contrast<br /><ul><li>While and whereas</li></ul>Whereas mostly occurs in formal written English. Although basically having the same meaning as "while", "whereas" is more emphatic, tends to come after the main clause, and tends to contrast opposite sides of a single quality in two similar things. <br /> Thus, "whereas" is used to contrast between extreme examples that represent almost polar opposites of each other. "While", on the other hand, only signals that two things differ, and not that they are opposites. <br />
  11. 11. Examples: <br />Whereas you have lots of time to do your homework, I have very little time indeed. <br />Vanessa is rich, while I am poor. <br />Alice is very annoying, whereas Ben is very quiet.<br />Important Note: A comma is usually used even if the adverb clause comes second.<br />
  12. 12. 3.Adverb Clauses of Condition:<br /><ul><li>If - clauses</li></ul>If we win, we'll go to celebrate! <br />PossibleconditionResult<br />She would buy a house, if she had enough money. <br />If you study, you will get good grades.<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Whether or not and Even If
  14. 14. Even if:sentences with 'even if' show a result that is unexpected based on the condition in the 'even if' clause.</li></ul>Examples: <br />Even if she saves a lot, she won’t be able to afford that house.<br />Even if she goes to therapy, she could never walk again.<br />
  15. 15. Whether or not:<br /> “Whether or not” expresses the idea that neither one condition or another matters; the result will be the same. Notice the possibility of inversion.<br />Examples:<br />They won't be able to come whether or not they have enough money. <br />Whether they have money or not, they won't be able to come.<br />She won’t be able to walk again whether or not she have enough money for therapy.<br />Whether she have enough money for therapy or not, she wont be able to walk again.<br />
  16. 16. Express the idea that something probably won’t happen.<br /> In the event that is more formal than in case.<br />In case:<br />In the case you need me, I'll be at Tom's. <br />I’ll be at my uncle’s house in case you (should)need.<br /><ul><li>In Case and In The Event That</li></li></ul><li>The use of should in the adverb clause emphasizes the speaker’s uncertainty that something will happen.<br />In The Event That:<br />I'll be studying upstairs in the event that he calls. <br />In the event that you (should) need to reach me, I’ ll be at my uncle’s house.<br />
  17. 17. Unless:<br />“Unless” expresses the idea of 'if not‘.<br />Examples:<br />Unless she hurries up, we won’t arrive in time. <br />We won’t go unless he arrives soon. <br />She will die unless she have surgery.<br />Unless she have surgery, she will die.<br />
  18. 18. Using Only If:<br />Expresses the idea that there is only one condition that will cause a particular result.<br />Examples:<br />The picnic will be canceled only if it rains.<br />Only if it rains will the picnic be canceled.<br />
  19. 19. Thank you for their attention!NOW IT IS YOUR TURN. LETS PRACTICE!<br />