Pollutions and Solutions


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This is a PowerPoint presentation I helped a lot with for a group project in my global health class.

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Pollutions and Solutions

  1. 1. How does human degradation of Air Pollution , Climate Change/Global Warming and Global Forests impact human health? How do biodiversity and ecosystems effect health?
  2. 2. Biodiversity
  3. 3. Air Pollution Automobiles Household Products Power Plant Small Business Factories
  4. 4. Acid Rain
  5. 5. Acid Rain
  6. 6. Ozone (O3) Depletion
  7. 7. Health Effects of Air Pollution <ul><li>Causes shortness of breath and pain when taking a deep breath. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes it more difficult to breathe deeply and vigorously. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes coughing and sore or scratchy throat. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflames and damages the lung lining. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Health Effects of Air Pollution <ul><li>Makes the lungs more susceptible to infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Aggravates lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the frequency of asthma attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Continues to damage the lungs even when the symptoms have disappeared. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Climate Change/Global Warming Green House Gasses Deforestation Factory Farming
  10. 10. Fossil Fuel
  11. 11. Deforestation
  12. 12. Factory Farming
  13. 13. Human Activities <ul><li>Green House Gasses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Radiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reached the highest temperatures recorded since 1850 </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Climate Change Effects on Health <ul><li>Asthma, Respiratory Allergies, and Airway Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Foodborne Diseases and Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality </li></ul>
  15. 15. Climate Change Effects on Health <ul><li>Mental Health and Stress-Related Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Vectorborne and Zoonotic Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of potential medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Waterborne Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Weather-Related Morbidity and Mortality </li></ul>
  16. 16. Climate Change Effects on Agriculture <ul><li>Many vegetable crops are sensitive to temperature and moisture extremes. </li></ul><ul><li>A loss in pollinators will also affect food supply. </li></ul><ul><li>Apples, pears, plums.... figs, squash...... lots of fruits and vegetables are dependant upon pollinating insects. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Climate Change Effects On Water <ul><li>A rise in stream temperatures will affect food sources and water quality. </li></ul><ul><li>In the US droughts will get worse because less snowmelt and runoff in the mountains of the West will fill reservoirs for water supply in hotter months. This also effects availability of hydropower. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Health & Global Forests <ul><li>“ Forest Health is a relative condition of a forest based on selected ecological indicators & the collective value judgments of the stakeholders in that forest.” </li></ul><ul><li>3 considerations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forest Health is measured by the interaction of the forest and its surrounding elements: the air, water, and soil. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 4 Main Threats to Forests <ul><li>Forest fires </li></ul><ul><li>Harvesting wood for fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Invasive species (in some cases humans, as in rainforests) </li></ul>
  20. 20. More Threats Against Forests <ul><li>Many forests are cut for agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Roads create habitat fragmentation and erosion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can cause loss of biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Common Uses of Trees Logged <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><li>Sawdust & chips for particle board </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul>
  22. 22. Forest Environmental Services That Affect Humans <ul><li>Take up carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Produce oxygen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The less trees we have the less clean air we have to breath! </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Greenhouse Effect <ul><li>Deforestation increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Heightens the threat of global warming </li></ul><ul><li>The burning of wood or its decay contributes to the release of more carbon in the air </li></ul>
  24. 24. Flooding <ul><li>Due to massive deforestation there are no trees to absorb the water, thus resulting to the loss of many lives. </li></ul>Landslides <ul><li>When trees are uprooted, there will be nothing to hold the soil together thus increasing the risk for landslides which can cause seriously threaten the safety of the people and damage their properties. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Deforestation effects humans because it takes our sources of medicine and vegetation away from us. This means that there is less chance of new discoveries in the field of medicine and there is less food for us humans. </li></ul>Kava Kava Root!
  26. 26. Solutions 
  27. 27. Solutions  <ul><li>Reducing Air Pollution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Locally-Indoors- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building maintenance/repair </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoors- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green energy options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce landfills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participate to implement local regulation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. More Solutions  <ul><li>Reducing Air Pollution (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Globally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish conservation practices as part of the growth plan for all nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of wetlands, forest and fisheries reserves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop renewable energy sources: solar, wind and hydro-power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize more bio-fuels over fossil-fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate improvements for all nations </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Solutions continued…
  30. 30. Even More Solutions  <ul><li>Slowing Climate Change Locally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take steps to reduce air pollution as listed above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact your government representatives: http://www.congress.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get your hands dirty, search by: area, job, volunteer opportunities and more http://www.idealist.org/ </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Annnnd…  <ul><li>Slowing Climate Change Globall y </li></ul><ul><li>Put it on the agenda! </li></ul><ul><li>Educate everyone as a way of life (culture), about all phases of sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Establish more meteorological stations to monitor changing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Replace power coal-fired power plants with clean energy options </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize carbon markets to stop deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate responsible energy policies for all nations </li></ul>
  32. 32.  How can I make a difference in my every-day life?
  33. 33. Yet More Solutions  Reduce your water consumption
  34. 34.  Reduce your energy consumption
  35. 35.  Reduce your energy consumption
  36. 36.  Reduce your consumption in general
  37. 37.  Buy used instead of new
  38. 38.  Avoid disposable products
  39. 39.  Recycle everything
  40. 40.  Change your shopping & eating habits
  41. 41.  Upgrade your home
  42. 42.  Upgrade your home
  43. 43.  Upgrade your yard
  44. 44.  Upgrade your ride
  45. 46. <ul><li>What are 2 greenhouse gasses? </li></ul><ul><li>What are 3 things you can do at home to improve air quality? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a benefit of composting in relation to global warming? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the most common reason for tree cutting? </li></ul><ul><li>What are 2 problems acid rain causes? </li></ul>The Questions!
  46. 47. Pollutions and Solutions <ul><li>created by: </li></ul><ul><li>Ashlee Jennings </li></ul><ul><li>Dana Korzilius </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin Barker </li></ul><ul><li>Tammy Reynolds </li></ul><ul><li>Fall 2010 </li></ul>