Presenter: Solo Otto Gaye, Development Officer WilliamV.S.Tubman University
An update on HIV/AIDS including the trends & statistics both locally, nationally, and internationally The impact of HIV/AIDS with particular reference to workplace Basic facts about HIV/AIDS transmission & prevention HIV/AIDS related stigma and prevention in a workplace The importance of HIV/AIDS policy & focal Point in a workplace
two decades have seen 60 million people infected by HIV/AIDS and 20 million deaths 95% of the infected population currently live in developing countries Africa most severely impacted by the pandemic Eastern and Central Europe and Asia are climbing rapidly. The UN predicts 68 million more deaths over the next twenty years unless efforts at prevention and treatment are increased
Country People Adult (15- Women Children AIDS Orphans living with 49) rate % with with deaths due to AIDS HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDSLiberia 37,000 1.5 19,000 6,100 3,600 52,000Guinea 79,000 1.3 41,000 9,000 4,700 59,000Côte dIvoire 450,000 3.4 220,000 63,000 36,000 440,000Sierra Leone 49,000 1.6 28,000 2,900 2,800 15,000
From January- March 2011 Persons Test: 207 Persons Tested HIV positive:30 Persons Tested Negative:177
AIDS kills primarily young and middle-aged adults during their peak productive and reproductive years an effect of this nature on the workforce can impact the economies of entire countries by reducing the labor supply and disposable incomes increased expenditures on medical and health insurance costs, funeral costs and death benefits, as well as recruitment and training needs due to lost personnel. In addition, firms experience decreased revenues as a result of higher absenteeism and staff turnover, reduced productivity, declining morale
Progression of Economic Impact of Economic Impact of AllHIV/AIDS Individual Case Cases in the WorkforceEmployee becomes No costs to company at No costs to company atinfected this stage this stagewith HIV virusHIV/AIDS-related Sick leave and other Overall productivity ofmorbidity absenteeism increase workforce declinesBegins Work performance Overall labor costs declines due to increase employee illness Overtime and Managers begin to spend contractors’ wages time and resources on increase to compensate for HIV-related issues absenteeism HIV/AIDS interventions Payouts from medical are designed and aid schemes increase implemented Employee requires attention of human resource and employee assistance
Progression of Economic Impact of Economic Impact of AllHIV/AIDS Individual Case Cases in the WorkforceEmployee leaves workforce Payout from death benefit Payouts from pensiondue to death, medical or life insurance scheme is fund cause employerboarding, or voluntary claimed and/or employeeresignation Pension benefits are contributions to increase claimed by employee or Returns to training dependents investments are Other employees are reduced absent to attend Morale, discipline, and funeral concentration of other Funeral expenses are employees are disrupted by incurred frequent deaths of Company loans to colleagues employee are not repaid Co-workers are demoralized by loss of colleague
Before embarking on any program, there are two initial steps an institution should take: (i) define the nature of the problem and the institutions level of risk with respect to HIV/AIDS; .
(ii) identify ongoing initiatives, resources and stakeholders in the wider area of operations; and adopt a collaborative approach to devising an HIV/AIDS strategy based on the building of partnerships and the integration of key action areas and stakeholder groups.