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presenter: Solo Otto Gaye, Liberia , West Africa

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  1. 1. Presenter: Solo Otto Gaye, Development Officer WilliamV.S.Tubman University
  2. 2.  An update on HIV/AIDS including the trends & statistics both locally, nationally, and internationally The impact of HIV/AIDS with particular reference to workplace Basic facts about HIV/AIDS transmission & prevention HIV/AIDS related stigma and prevention in a workplace The importance of HIV/AIDS policy & focal Point in a workplace
  3. 3.  two decades have seen 60 million people infected by HIV/AIDS and 20 million deaths 95% of the infected population currently live in developing countries Africa most severely impacted by the pandemic Eastern and Central Europe and Asia are climbing rapidly. The UN predicts 68 million more deaths over the next twenty years unless efforts at prevention and treatment are increased
  4. 4. Country People Adult (15- Women Children AIDS Orphans living with 49) rate % with with deaths due to AIDS HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDSLiberia 37,000 1.5 19,000 6,100 3,600 52,000Guinea 79,000 1.3 41,000 9,000 4,700 59,000Côte dIvoire 450,000 3.4 220,000 63,000 36,000 440,000Sierra Leone 49,000 1.6 28,000 2,900 2,800 15,000
  5. 5.  From January- March 2011 Persons Test: 207 Persons Tested HIV positive:30 Persons Tested Negative:177
  6. 6.  AIDS kills primarily young and middle-aged adults during their peak productive and reproductive years an effect of this nature on the workforce can impact the economies of entire countries by reducing the labor supply and disposable incomes increased expenditures on medical and health insurance costs, funeral costs and death benefits, as well as recruitment and training needs due to lost personnel. In addition, firms experience decreased revenues as a result of higher absenteeism and staff turnover, reduced productivity, declining morale
  7. 7. Progression of Economic Impact of Economic Impact of AllHIV/AIDS Individual Case Cases in the WorkforceEmployee becomes No costs to company at No costs to company atinfected this stage this stagewith HIV virusHIV/AIDS-related Sick leave and other Overall productivity ofmorbidity absenteeism increase workforce declinesBegins Work performance Overall labor costs declines due to increase employee illness Overtime and Managers begin to spend contractors’ wages time and resources on increase to compensate for HIV-related issues absenteeism HIV/AIDS interventions Payouts from medical are designed and aid schemes increase implemented Employee requires attention of human resource and employee assistance
  8. 8. Progression of Economic Impact of Economic Impact of AllHIV/AIDS Individual Case Cases in the WorkforceEmployee leaves workforce Payout from death benefit Payouts from pensiondue to death, medical or life insurance scheme is fund cause employerboarding, or voluntary claimed and/or employeeresignation Pension benefits are contributions to increase claimed by employee or Returns to training dependents investments are Other employees are reduced absent to attend Morale, discipline, and funeral concentration of other Funeral expenses are employees are disrupted by incurred frequent deaths of Company loans to colleagues employee are not repaid Co-workers are demoralized by loss of colleague
  9. 9. Before embarking on any program, there are two initial steps an institution should take: (i) define the nature of the problem and the institutions level of risk with respect to HIV/AIDS; .
  10. 10.  (ii) identify ongoing initiatives, resources and stakeholders in the wider area of operations; and adopt a collaborative approach to devising an HIV/AIDS strategy based on the building of partnerships and the integration of key action areas and stakeholder groups.
  11. 11.  Be Clear about Goals and Objectives
  12. 12.  Create an Internal Focal Point
  13. 13.  Develop an HIV/AIDS Policy
  14. 14.  Raise Awareness
  15. 15.  Promote Prevention
  16. 16. 