South Africa

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South Africa

  1. 1. SOUTH AFRICA<br />
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  3. 3. Beforethe first Europeans arrived, thereweretwotribes in South Africa: the San and theKhoi-khoi.<br />The Dutch etablished a colonyhere in 1652.<br />By the 18th centurytherewere 15000 Dutch settlers.<br />Theywereknown as Boers or Afrikaaners.<br />Theyspoke a Dutch dialectknown as Afrikaans.<br />
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  6. 6. Great Britain wasalsointerested in this part ofAfrica.<br />The British Armyarrivedhere in 1815 togetherwith 5000 immigrants.<br />Theyestablishedthe republic of Transvaal and the Orange Free State.<br />The discoveryofdiamonds in 1867 led to a warbetweenthe British and the Boers.<br />The warlasted from 1899 to 1902.<br />
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  8. 8. The Union of South Africa, whichconsistedofboth British and Dutch areas , wasthenformed.<br />
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  10. 10. APARTHEID<br />
  11. 11. The word apartheid meansseparation.<br />This wasthenameofracialsegregation in South Africa from 1848 to 1989.<br />Blacks and whites did not have the same rights.<br />Theyhad separate education and health care.<br />Theyhadalso separate entrances to shops and public buildings.<br />
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  13. 13. The authoritiesmadeabout 1,5 million blacks move from cities to rural townships.<br />The land waspoor and therewere not enough jobs.<br />Blacks had to show a passport to og intothe white area.<br />If theydidn,ttheywerearrested and punished.<br />
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  15. 15. Nelson Madelawasthe leader of a black resistancemovementcalledtheAfrican National Congress ( ANC ).<br />The authoritiesbannedthe ANC.<br />In 1964 theysentenced Mandela to life imprisonment.<br />The UN thereforeimposedsanctions on South Africa.<br />
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  17. 17. Afteryearsofinternationalpressure, Nelson Mandela wassetfree in 1989.<br />He decided to worktogetherwith President de Klerk to build a multiracialdemocracy in South Africa.<br />Theyreceivedthe Nobel Peace Price for this in 1993.<br />Mandela and the ANC then won the 1994 elections.<br />Mandela became president ofthenew Republic of South Africa<br />

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