Contemporary Composers Phillip Glass George Crumb Milton John Milton Steve ReichKrzysztof Byron Cage Jr.Penderecki Babbitt
Contemporary Styles1. Serialism- is a method or technique of composition that uses a series of values to manipulate different musical elements2. 12 Tone-The technique is a means of ensuring that all 12 notes of the chromatic scale are sounded as often. This technique was developed by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)These 12 pitches perform as one another in a piece of music, while preventing the emphasis of any one note. They are ordered in 12 pitches.3. Minimalism- The American Form of Serialism based on manipulating factors to ensure a change in elements.
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki- Born 23 November 1933- Polish composer and conductor- Best known for Polish composer andconductor- Among his best known works are his -Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima, St.Luke Passion, Polish Requiem
Threnody to the Victims of HiroshimaA musical composition for 52 string instrumentscomposed in 1960Took third prize at the Grzegorz Fitelberg Composers Competition inKatowice in 1960The piece swiftly attracted interest around the world and made its youngcomposer famous
● John Milton Cage Jr.● September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992 American composer, music theorist, writer, and artist Cage was a pioneer of the prepared piano, Cage invented the Classical contemporary technique of using chance to determine the placements of notes in a piece.
433Cage is perhaps best known for this 1952 compositionPerformed in the absence of deliberate sound;The content of thecomposition is not "four minutes and 33 seconds of silence," rather thesounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance
Milton Byron Babbitt● May 10, 1916 – January 29, 2011● American composer, music theorist, and teacher● He is particularly noted for his serial and electronic music
A Waltzer in the House● Soprano and vibraphone● Setting of a poem by Stanley Kunitz● Milton was alive from 1916-2011
George CrumbBorn October 24, 1929American composer of contemporary classical musicHe is noted as an explorer of unusual timbres,alternative forms of notation, and extendedinstrumental and vocal techniques
Philip glass ● He was born January 31, 1937 ● His music is also often controversially described as minimalist, ● is an American composer. He is one of the most influential composers of the late 20th century ● Though his early mature music shares much with what is normally called "minimalist", he has since evolved stylistically . ● He still alive till date.
Koyaanisqatsi● Koyaanisqatsi was one of his most famous film scores to date● Some pieces which were not used in the film (such as Façades) eventually appeared on the album Glassworks● He is one of the most influential composers of the late 20th century.
Steve Reich● One of the earliest pioneers of minimal music● This is the time where slow harmonic pieces and the use of cannons came into play in contemporary music● Reich is still alive till date and is commonly referred to as a composer who legitimately altered the course of music history.
Piano PhaseHis early work Piano Phase has two pianos playing the same short phrase, with one piano very gradually speeding up until eventually it is one note ahead — the effect is utterly mesmeric.
World War IIStravinsky, who rarely acknowledged outside inspirations for his music,referred to the composition as his war symphony.He claimed the symphony as a direct response to events of the SecondWorld War in both Europe and Asia.
Cold WarPolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union
HolocaustCompositions during this time didindeed break taboos by openlydeclaring their faith in the emotivepower of music.The mass murder of Jews,undesirable people, and Gypsiesevoked emotions and feelings neverfelt before.
HiroshimaPenderecki composed thethrenody for the victims ofHiroshima in 1960
Andy Warhol● Was born on August 6, 1928 and died on February 22, 1987● Was not a composer during the time, but a famous pop artist● His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s● After a experiencing a great time as a commercial illustrator, he became renowned and at times a controversial artist.● He painted many pieces that people still critique today and he was one of the earliest pioneers in computer generated art using amiga computers which were introduced two years before he died.
Wassily Kandinsky● Wassily was born on December 6, 1866 in Moscow, Russia. He spent his childhood in Odessa.● He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. He was offered a professorship at the University of Dorpat● He began painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30.● He was best known for being an influential russian painter and an art theorist.● But most artist and modern day historians remember him as painting the first purely abstract painting. He used the term "inner necessity to describe his art. Which is what it really was.● Wassily died on December 13, 1944.
Jean-Michel BasquiatWas born on December 22, 1960 and died August12, 1988 was an American artist.He began as an obscure graffiti artist in New YorkCity in the late 1970sBut he evolved into an acclaimed Neo-expressionistand Primitivist painter by the 1980s.
Sigmar PolkeHe was born on February 13, 1941He mostly known as a German painter andphotographer.Polke experimented with a wide range of styles,subject matters and materialsIn the 1970s, he concentrated on photography,returning to paint in the 1980s when he producedabstract works created by chance through chemicalreactions between paint and other products.In the last 20 years of his life, he producedpaintings focused on historical events andperceptions of them.He died on June 10, 2010.
Roy LichtensteinHe died on September 29, 1997Was born on October 27, 1923Was most widely known as an american pop artist.He became a leading figure in the new art movement. His work defined the basic premise of pop art better thanany other imitation.His work was heavily influenced by both popular advertisingand the comic book style.