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Road to resilience book presentation


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This book aims at urban households, colonies and clusters and provides bottom-up resilience building options for augmenting urban services through conservation of local resources and waste recycling options. It provides solutions based on principles of conjunctive management of resources, demand focused end-use as well as subsidiary to increase autonomy at local scales. On the supply side, it offers solutions to increase the resource base through managing, conserving and recycling local resources, and on the demand side options for reducing usage of water and energy. Managing natural resources at local scales builds autonomy as well as resilience of the households and clusters.
The technologies and processes discussed in this book can be applied in different urban contexts and scales. They provide options for formalizing the coping systems, build synergy with the city level systems and create opportunities for developing micro-enterprises centred on conservation and management of local resources and lifeline services.
Half of the world’s population today lives in urban areas which account for more than three-fourths of the global economy. As the cities rapidly expand, centralized systems are unable to provide services. The households and other users are forced to develop variety of coping systems. These coping measures lead to over exploitation of groundwater, pollution of local resources, urban heat island effects that impact on health and quality of life.
With the development of new technologies, household and colony level options exist for blending centralized and local services. Water Recycling offers micro and meso-scale options to develop more resources. By efficient utilization of local water and energy resources, shocks and stresses such as water scarcity, water logging, flooding and urban heat islands and power cuts can be mitigated to a great extent. By conserving local resources, households and communities can withstand the impacts of water and energy scarcity, commonly faced in the rapidly expanding cities.
This initiative is supported by The Rockefeller Foundation through Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) programme. Under ACCCRN programme, several decentralize options were demonstrated. The demonstration projects included resource and community context analysis to develop options, demonstration of community-managed water and waste water recycling systems, restoration of degraded urban lakes, cool roofs and passive ventilation systems. The ACCCRN programme also provided opportunities to explore ward-level planning options to improve the resilience of communities.

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Road to resilience book presentation

  1. 1. The journey begins…
  2. 2. We're messin' up the Land
  3. 3. We're messin' up the Sea
  4. 4. We're messin' up the Air
  5. 5. Messin' up on you and me
  6. 6. India Urban Scenario Water & Energy – A growing challenge • Thousands of mini-wars over water, between cities, states, and hinterlands (Bisalpur, Kaveri, Delhi etc…) Scarcities, Wastage, and Disasters coexist • Only 62% HHs have access to treated piped water • Only 72% have water toilets, only 32% have piped sewers • “It is expensive to be poor” “Self supply” through Mini-water utilities by well off. • >1 lakh recorded bore wells- Bangalore (200-1000 ft.) • < 50% connected to piped supply Waste management- “Other’s problem” attitude Energy scarcity and power cuts affects, households and livelihoods
  7. 7. It is “Municipality’s problem” attitude Coping only delays crisis Deepest borewell owner takes all >“Groundwater crisis” Million septic tanks, lack of sewerage polluting local sources (lakes aquifers) People join hands after disasters, In scarcities, people fight. Local resources wasted, augmenting from distant sources Soft paths not explored Failure of Common property management Knowledge gaps Invisible Underground challenges: Groundwater& pollution “Uncertainties” in future climate Reductionist approach to “urban metabolism” challenges Root Causes Khajrana Lake. Indore Sewage pollution of Sacred Lake As services degrade, “redundancy in abundancy” of coping measures
  8. 8. Poor and Slum dwellers Rich will not allow us access to services Don’t trust the system, they shift goal posts It is better to informally connect to services Can’t upgrade without land titles Urban Local Bodies Planning is ULB’s task ULB should manage all services ULB’s information is authentic Strict control is required to manage city Civil Society Services should focus on poor Information should be available to all Participatory management is a must ULBs insensitive to the people’s needs Alternatives are needed to the current system Private sector/Well off Self supply is better since we can’t trust ULBs Poor should be made to pay like others If Subsidies are given, they should be for all.. Over extraction is other’s problem Private sector can better manage urban services Group Grid Conflicting views on urban services
  9. 9. Addressed to households and the colonies Explore “Inside-Out” options to address Water, Energy and Sanitation challenges How to address chronic stresses and shocks Demand and supply improvement options Technological & process issues addressed Empowering communities to manage local resources About the book
  10. 10. Summary of options
  11. 11. Options discussed
  12. 12. Salient features of options
  13. 13. Building Synergy across scales and sectors Household and colony level Micro-scale can achieve significant water & energy autonomy Building partnership beyond gates and walls Local resources as back up against grid failure “Waste not Want not” attitude City level Less reliance on distant resources Reconnect people with local resources Decentralized recycling for local reuse ULB’s role as Bulk supplier, monitoring and regulation body ( Ground/Rain?? water management authority) Context Tropical Monsoon region Water bodies Aquifers & Sunshine: Untapped ecological assets Household Colony City
  14. 14. Artificial Floating Island to restore polluted lake, Indore Community managed RO water supply, Indore Conserve local resources for emergencies Formalize coping mechanisms Reconnect Communities to Resources • Integrated water-energy-food systems at colony level Real estate transformation an opportunity Conservation profitable for all • Real-estate prices • Water bodies • Attenuation of waterlogging/scarcity • Universal Lifeline services access possible From “Hierarchic” planning > “Clumsy solutions” Smart households & Smart colonies can build better Smart cities Managing Resources “Inside Out”
  15. 15. Solutions have to be inclusive to function • Subsidies are not inclusive, but innovations often are. • Need to be attractive to Poor, Civil society, ULBs and also Private sector Subsidiarity, the key to future • Colony level “Single point” energy connections (Haryana, Punjab) • Rural water supply based on “Single point connection” to settlement • Why not urban water? Formalizing the coping systems necessary • Empowering communities to manage Local resources • Enabling environment for Micro enterprises to create green jobs Options for 21st Century Urban Management
  16. 16. Benefits of Inside-Out approaches to Stakeholders Group Grid Primary aim of book is better quality of life through improving Comfort, Convenience and Resource security to Common man
  17. 17. Benefits of Inside-Out approaches to Stakeholders Poor & Slum dwellers Green jobs Better Health, Higher DALY Better education for children Higher house value Better living environment Urban Local Bodies Carbon saving and associated benefits Less need for augmentation < Government, > Governance Smarter Cities Less emergencies Civil Society Better environment Higher social cohesion Action opportunities Private Sector Scope for innovation Micro-enterprise opportunities Better quality of life Group Grid
  18. 18. Common man Created by R.K. Laxman Supported By Let us start the Journey…………… An Initiative By TARU
  19. 19. And the Journey continues……
  20. 20. And the Journey will continue…… The journey begins…