Makalah public speaking Tarsih Ekaputra

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Makalah public speaking Tarsih Ekaputra

  1. 1. The Art of Public Speaking and Presentation Created by Tarsih Ekaputra M: 087 8787 787 53 / pin bb: 25711593 www.mistertipr.com 1
  2. 2. RUNDOWN WORKSHOP THE ART OF PUBLIC SPEAKING & PRESENTATION XP TRAINING, BANDUNG 21 - 23 JULY 2010 DAY 1 Time Activity PIC/Trainer Content Keterangan 08.00-08.30 Persiapan materi 08.30-10.00 Prinsip dasar komunikasi Tarsih Talk to Public First exercise: Talking to Camera & Public Speaking The Ethics Komunikasi yang etis & Efektif 10.00-10.30 Coffee Break 10.30-12.00 Scripting your ideas Indri Selecting topics Teori ttg penulisan naskah: memilih topik, melakukan riset (Preparing the Material) Research membuat outline, menulis dan editing naskah dengan Outlining menyesuaikan waktu yang tersedia Scripting Second Exercise : Make the script Timing & Editing 12.00-13.00 Break (Lunch) 13.00-14.30 Handling the audiences Billy First Impression Impress audiences at the first performance without talking Knowing the audience Analize your audience & understand the public needs Stage Fever Symptom & Controling your nerves Controling the voice 14.30-15.00 Coffee Break 15.00-16.00 Praktek & evaluasi All Praktek presentasi di sebuah rapat DAY 2 Time Activity PIC/Trainer Column1 Keterangan 08.00-08.30 Persiapan materi 08.30-10.00 Voice Training 1 Billy Diapraghm Breathing Method Natural Breathing Exercise The Power Knowing & Discover the Power of your voice 10.00-10.30 Coffee Break 10.30-12.00 Speak With Confident Indri Presentation The art of presentation Dress for Success Body Language 12.00-13.00 Break (Lunch) 13.00-14.30 Visual Aids & The Tarsih Visual aids in presentation Putar contoh2 gambar art of persuasion The Strategy of Persuasion 14.30-15.00 Coffee Break 15.00-16.00 Praktek & evaluasi All Praktek berorasi di depan massa pengunjuk rasa DAY 3 Time Activity PIC/Trainer Column1 Keterangan 08.00-08.30 Persiapan materi 08.30-10.00 Voice Training 2 Billy Talking to the audiences Intonasi, Diksi, artikulasi dll 10.00-10.30 Coffee Break 10.30-12.00 Speak in all event Tarsih Speak in many kind of situation Formal, social, political situation Indri Handling The Camera Speech in front of the camera 12.00-13.00 Break (Lunch) 13.00-14.30 Delivery All Last Exercise: Formal Speech In TV 14.30-15.00 Coffee Break 15.00-16.00 Closing Ceremony 2
  3. 3. Day 1  An Introduction to Public Speaking  Writing Technique  Simulations & Evaluations 3
  4. 4. Studying Public Speaking. . . . . . Helps you succeed in at work. . . . Increases your knowledge. . . . Helps build your confidence. Chapter 1 An Introduction to Public Speaking 4
  5. 5. Public Speaking Objective • To communicate • To inform • To train • To persuade • To sell 5
  6. 6. We Remember. . . • 10 percent of what we read, • 20 percent of what we hear, • 30 percent of what we see, and • 70 percent of what we speak. 6
  7. 7. The Ethics of Public Speaking Principles of Ethics  All parties have ethical responsibilities  Ethics pervade character and action. 7
  8. 8. Responsibilities of an Ethical Speaker  Speak up about important issues.  Promote positive ethical values.  Speak to benefit your listeners.  Use truthful support and valid reasoning.  Consider the consequences.  Strive to improve your speaking. 8
  9. 9. Responsibilities of an Ethical Listener  Seek exposure to well-informed speakers.  Listen openly.  Listen critically.  Listen carefully. 9
  10. 10. Talk with Camera 10
  11. 11. Television Apapunbentuknya, kamer a TV bisasangatmenakutkan KameraTv 11
  12. 12. Masalah yang biasa muncul:  Tidak nyaman  Kurang percaya diri  Penampilan kurang maksimal 12
  13. 13. Tips umum menghadapi kamera TV  Mengetahuimasalahangleka mera  Pendekatanprofesional  Penampilan  BahasaTubuh  Menjadidirisendiri  Memperlihatkanantusiasme 13
  14. 14. Angle Kamera TV Saatwawancara:  Perhatikansisiwajahterbaik  Door stop: Wajaharahkankekamera TV (bukanwartawantulis) • Kalauadabeberapakameraletakkanberdekatan  Wawancarakhusus: selaluhadapkanwajahkepewawancarabu kankamera  Perhatikan back ground  Sesuaikandengantemawawancara  Arahcahaya  Back-light (cahayadaribelakang): wajahgelap 14
  15. 15. Pendekatan Profesional Penampilan  Akan menyampaikan pesan tentang diri pemakainya . Sesuaikan dengan acara, orang yang hadir dan kenyamanan 15
  16. 16. Berpakaian di TV Kesuksesanberpakaiandi TV ditentukandenganpengetahuanmeng enaiAPA YANG TIDAK BOLEH DIPAKAI 16
  17. 17. Berpakaian di kamera, HINDARI  Pakaian yang bercorak besar  Pakaian bercorak rapat  Pakaian yang terkesan berat  Warna yang terlalu terang  Warna yang terlalu kontras  Jika menggunakan virtual hati-hati dengan warna virtual  Pakaian dengan banyak hiasan  Pakaian yang tidak pas  Laki-laki: pakaian dan dasi dengan terlalu banyak warna 17
  18. 18. Pelengkap Busana: Kacamata  Gunakankacamatauntukmemb uatefektertentu  Hindari:  Menggunakanbingkai yang besardanberat  Lensa yang “mantul” 18
  19. 19. Chapter 2/by: Indri Yulistiani&TarsihEkaputra Scripting Your Ideas 19
  20. 20. Public Speaking  Sell the Message Scripting Your Ideas Chapter 2 20
  21. 21. Most important things: Delivery of the message Reception of the message  Audiences 21
  22. 22. 5W1H  Who is your audience?  What are you going to talk about  Where are you delivering the presentation  When is the presentation  Why you are talking  How will you present 22
  23. 23. The Script  Format of the presentation  Catchy (controversial) title  Tell Them Formula  Tell them what you are going to tell  Tell them  Tell them what you have told them  ERS Formula: Explain…Reinforce…Sell  Points to remember  Attention-grabbing opening  Order of presenting materials  Effective bridges  Sum up main points  Visual support 23
  24. 24. PREPARING A SPEECH 24
  25. 25. The Opening When you stand up to begin your speech:  Pause and look at the audience.  Smile and warm welcome  Appropriate opening. 25
  26. 26. The Opening Open the speech with:  Anecdote  Quotation  Literary Devices: metaphors, slogans.  Achievements and Traditions  Historical Fact  Personal Story 26
  27. 27. The Body Important things:  Must have a logical sequence.  Should keep up the level of interest attained in your opening remark. 27
  28. 28. The Body To add interest to the body:  Examples  Statistic  Ask for response  Humors 28
  29. 29. The Closing A short, punchy ending: Recap key points Positive note Thank your audience 29
  30. 30. Balance  Body … longest part.  Introduction&Conclusi on …. equal in length.  Consider the development of each main point. Order INTRODUCTION CONCLUSION BODY 30
  31. 31. DRAFTING AND SCRIPTING Types of Script: ◦ Full Script ◦ Brief Notes ◦ Cards 31
  32. 32.  Formal occasion  The speech will be recorded  The material is complex  Need of Technical Assistant  Inexperienced speaker Full Script: 32
  33. 33. Advices  Use large size fonts  Avoid breaking word  Line spacing: double space each line and wider in paragraph  End each page with a full point.  Start each page with a new paragraph  Avoid long sentences and paragraph 33
  34. 34. Easier Script Reading Familiarise – Personalise – Empathise - Practise 34
  35. 35. Brief Note  Not too formal occasion  The speech will not be recorded  The material doesn’t demand a full script  Relatively experienced speaker 35
  36. 36. Advices  Avoid having to many sheets of paper  If too nervous: avoid holding a single sheet.  Place a firm card behind the sheets.  Leave sufficient space between ideas. 36
  37. 37. Card:  Formal Occasion  Relatively simple material  Very experienced speaker 37
  38. 38. Advices:  Use one side only  Separate card for each theme/idea  Number each card and leave them loose  Card size. 38
  39. 39. TIMING AND EDITING 39
  40. 40. Timing  Timing is one of the most difficult areas gauge accurately  Essential to know the time allocated for your speech or stand up  Don’t worry about timing until you have edited your material  at least first draft 40
  41. 41. EDITING Be ruthless when edit the script  Take out parts which is hold up the flow  Delete material which not relevant with the topic 41
  42. 42. For the board topic:  Condense it into something more manageable  Divided subject into 3 o 4 areas  Included a few interesting points and anecdotes in each section  Final edit 42
  43. 43. Final Edit  Remind the objective of the speech  Think about how much time you have to speak or stand up  The MUST rule: ◦ Retaining essential information to encourage audience to understanding and enjoyment Writing Technique (tarsih) 43
  44. 44. TeknikPenulisanNaskah Public Speaking Ketika saya, anda atau siapa saja gagal melakukan persiapan dalam public speaking, maka yang akan terdengar oleh kita adalah “suara kedua lutut yang beradu”. Persiapan membuat anda percaya diri. Persiapan membuat kita merasa nyaman. Persiapan seperti pekerjaan rumah. Ketika kita tidak mengerjakannya, maka pada hari di mana pekerjaan rumah tersebut ditagih, keringat dingin akan mengucur dengan deras di dahi dan lutut kita akan gemetar. 44
  45. 45. TUJUAN KEGIATAN PUBLIC SPEAKING Dalam sebuah kegiatan public speaking, tujuan utama penulisan naskah / kegiatan public speaking tidaklah lebih dari; 5M Menginformasikan Meyakinkan Menghibur Menyentuh Emosi Memotivasi / menginspirasi untuk bertindak 45
  46. 46.  HUMAS Vs PUBLIC Perbedaan penulisan HUMAS dengan Penulisan Jurnalistik HUMAS JURNALISTIK Diseminasi informasi organisasi, aktivitas, kebijakan, produ k, personalitas, atau sudut pandang. Pemaparan fakta Tujuannya bisa menjelaskan tetapi juga melindungi Tujuannya pengungkapan pada publik Keberimbangan dipahami dengan memunculkan sisi positif dan mereduksi atau mengabaikan sisi negatif Prinsip keberimbangan krusial dalam melaporkan isu pro dan kontra Detail informasi sering menjadi tuntutan dari pihak instansi Sederhana dan ringkas menjadi pertimbangan editor Fakta ditampilkan secara alami tetapi dengan pertimbangan matang untuk memenuhi tujuan tertentu Fakta mengalir alami dalam bercerita atau cerita feature atau siaran 46
  47. 47. Prinsip penulisan / The Art of Readable writing 5W1H  Who  What  Where  When  Why  How 47
  48. 48. Prinsip penulisan / The Art of Readable writing SINGKAT, PADAT, JELAS Gunakan kalimat singkat Gunakan kata-kata familiar Hindari kata-kata tak perlu Gunakan kata kerja aktif Tulis sebagaimana anda bicara Gunakan istilah yan mudah dipahami Menyatu dengan pengalaman pembaca Optimalkan penggunaan variasi Menulis untuk mengekspresikan dan bukan untuk mengesankan 48
  49. 49. ISI NASKAH PUBLIC SPEAKING Setalah memahami tujuan pokok public speaking, maka kita akan beralih pada penyusunan naskah public speaking. Secara sederhana isi dari naskah public speaking hanya terdiri dari 3 bagian; Isi Pendahuluan Kesimpulan 49
  50. 50. PENDAHULUAN Dalamsebuahkegiatanpublic speaking, pendahuluaninijugabisadisebutdenganpembuk aan / opening. Durasinya pun taklebihdari 30 detik s/d 1 menitdisesuaikandenganjenis event yang berlangsung. Beberapahal yang bisaandagunakanuntukmembuat / membukasebuahpresentasi / kegiatanpublic speaking;  Cerita  Kutipan  Pernyataan  Pertanyaan  Salam 50
  51. 51.  Cerita Sampaikan cerita yang berhubungan dengan materi presentasi yang akan anda sampaikan. Cerita akan lebih efektif dan menarik jika berkaitan dengan pengalaman anda.  Kutipan Bisa mengutip pepatah / moto dari orang-orang terkemuka yang ada kaitannya dengan materi presentasi anda. Misalkan; “ Bumi, Air, danKekayaanalam yang terkandungdidalamnyadikuasaioleh Negara dandipergunakanuntuksebesarbesarnyakemakmu ranrakyat Indonesia”. 51
  52. 52.  Pernyataan Buatlah penyataan yang mampu membangkitkan kesadaran atau rasa keingintahuan audience akan dampak dari pernyataan anda; “Kenyataanbahwaseluruhsendikehidupan modern menjadikanketergantunganterhadappasokanminy akdan gas bumidalamsatusisiseolah- olahbertentangandengan stakeholder mencegahterjadinyapencemarandankerusakanling kungan…” 52
  53. 53.  Pertanyaan Buatlah pertanyaan yang sesuai dengan tujuan yang akan anda capai dari presentasi anda serta mampu memaksa audience untuk memikirkan jawaban dari pertanyaan anda tersebut. Eksploitasi air tanah Tidakkahkitamengertijikasemuamakhlukhidupmem butuhkannya…?  Salam “Bapak, Ibu, Saudara, para stakeholder yang terhormat, teman-teman media cetakmaupuneltronik….dst… “ Kebersamaaniniadalahpermulaan; Beradabersamaadalahkemajuan; bekerjabersamaadalahkeberhasilan” 53
  54. 54. ISI (NASKAH PUBLIC SPEAKING) “Sebuahpresentasisebaiknyadiumpa makansepertirokwanita; cukuppanjanguntukmencakuptopik, tetapicukuppendek agar tampakmenarik” (Winston Churcill) 54
  55. 55. Sebuah formula sederhanalayakandamiliki, sepertiend; Essential; Inti dari presentasi yang berisi data dan fakta Necessary; Sebuah sisipan agar materi anda lebih menarik yang berisi cuplikan video/visual sebagai penunjang materi utama. Desirable; Bisa berupa game singkat yang membantu peserta agar tidak mengalami kejenuhan. 55
  56. 56. KESIMPULAN Presentasi sama halnya dengan menerbangkan pesawat. Hal tersulit yang dilakukan adalah saat akan mendaratkannya. Jika anda gagal maka bencana yan terjadi. Untuk membuat kesimpulan dari sebuah presentasi, sama halnya membuat sebuah pendahuluan / pembukaan. Presentasi bisa disimpulkan dengan  Cerita  Kutipan  Pernyataan  Pertanyaan  Salam 56
  57. 57. SIMULASI: Membuatnaskahpublic speaking:  Siapkankertaskosong  Buatlahkey messagesesuaidenganW5 + 1H  BuatlahbeberapacontohPembukaansebua hpresentasi  Buatlahnaskahpresentasisecarasingkat  Presentasikandidepan forum pelatihan 57
  58. 58. HANDLING THE AUDIENCE (Make a First Impression) Chapter 3/by: Billy Soemawisastra 58
  59. 59. STAGE FEVER  The fear of standing up produces:  Shallow breathing  Dry mouth  Static posture  Hand, leg and knee shake  Rapid speech  Sweaty palms  Palpitations and feeling of panic  Blotchiness on face and neck  Negative body language. Ex: poor eye contact 59
  60. 60. With thorough preparation a little nervousness is a good sign. It means that you realize the importance of the occasion and want to do your best. 60
  61. 61. Keep Breathing:  Draw in a good deep breath  Release air slowly, counting out loud.  Continue until you build up a rhythm 61
  62. 62. The Flop:  Inhale: Bending over your stomach, through your nose.  Exhale: slowly breath deeply through your mouth.  Repeat it again and again. 62
  63. 63. To help overcome your fear:  Tell a story from your personal experience. Your audience is interested in you  Think about relaxing your audience. Put your audience at ease.  Think positive: concentrate on being yourself, rather than thinking about how nervous you feel. 63
  64. 64. When feeling nervous, keep in mind:  Fear is a normal experience  Fears are not well founded  Your audience will want you to succeed.  Speakers who are well prepared almost always give creditable performances.  Nervousness tends to disappear with added experience.  Speakers seldom look as frightened as they feel.  Use the nervous energy to sharpen your delivery and concentrate on getting your points across. 64
  65. 65. Starting Speech  Silent – Look forward the audience without talking  Talking with a good voice (diapraghm, articulation, intonation, diction, pausing, pacing) 65
  66. 66. VOICE Your audience will be judging you partly by how you talk. The most annoying to the audiences:  Mumbling or talking too softly  Monotonous boring voice  Using filler word such as ‘um’ and ‘you know’  Talking too fast  Using poor grammar or mispronouncing word 66
  67. 67. Verbal Communication Clear diction  Everyone has an accent  Use it as an asset  Always speak clearly 67
  68. 68. Communication Checklist Does your voice sound:  Squeaky  Too loud  Too high  Monotonous 68
  69. 69. Communication Checklist Pronunciation Do you:  Mumble  Mispronounce word  Have an accent or dialect  Mispronounce vowels 69
  70. 70. Communication Checklist General communication check list Do you:  Talk too fast  Talk too slowly  Tail off at the end of sentences  Use slang, jargon  Say ‘um’ or ‘okay’ or use filler 70
  71. 71. Modulation  The enemy of modulation is monotony  Depends on momentary changes of pace, pitch, power, pausing  Speak monotonously: disagreeable of the listener and fatiguing for you 71
  72. 72. Pausing:  highlights its importance  gives listeners time to catch up.  help build suspense and maintain interest. For more practices, you may choose your own article and keep practicing the rate of your delivery... 72
  73. 73. Loudness of voice No presentation can be effective if the audience cannot hear well the speaker. If there is no sound system, estimate your voice volume. If there is a sound system, know the proper use of microphone. SIZE OF GROUP 20 PEOPLE 50 PEOPLE 100 PEOPLE SIZE OF PLACE SMALL ROOM CLASSROOM CONFERENCE ROOM SMALL AUDITORIUM TYPES OF MICROPHONES * MONO DIRECT. * MULTI DIRECT. * DISTANCE OF YOUR MOUTH FROM THE MIC. 73
  74. 74. Day 2  Voice Training 1  Speak with confident  Simulations &Evaluations 74
  75. 75. Voice Training #1 (How to Explore Your Voice Power) Chapter 1 75
  76. 76. Good Voice  Good Diaphragm  Good Articulation  Good Intonation  Good Pacing  Good Pausing  Good Diction 76
  77. 77. Exploring Diaphragm  Breathing exercise with abdominal (belly) breathing system.  Say the vocal vowels as long as your exhale breath in normal tone.  Say “Mantra Swara” rhythmically in one breath. 77
  78. 78. Keep Breathing:  Draw in a good deep breath  Release air slowly, counting out loud.  Continue until you build up a rhythm 78
  79. 79. The Flop:  Inhale: Bending over your stomach, through your nose.  Exhale: slowly breath deeply through your mouth.  Repeat it again and again. 79
  80. 80. Mantra Swara 1  Namo Sanghyang Adhi Budhaya. Namo Budhaya.  Namo Arahato Bhagawato Samma Sambudhassa.  Namo Sanghyang Avalokiteshvara Bodhisatwa Mahasatva Maitreya Amitabha Budhaya. 80
  81. 81. Mantra Swara 2  Subbuuhun Qudduusun Rabbunaa Wa Rabbbul Malaaikati Warruuh …  Laa Ilaaha Illaa Anta Subhaanaka Innii Kuntu Minadzaalimiin …  Subhanallaah Walhamdulillaah Walaa Ilaaha Ilallaah Wallaahu Akbar. 81
  82. 82. Mantra Swara 3 (Mantra Gayatri) Om bhur bhuvah svah Tat savitur varenyam Bhargo devasya dhimahi Dhiyo yo nah pracodayat 82
  83. 83. Mantra Swara 4 Gloria in Exelcis Deo 83
  84. 84. Mantra Swara 5 Ajarilah kami bahasa cintaMu Agar kami dekat padaMu ya Tuhanku Ajarilah kami bahasa cintaMu Agar kami dekat padaMu 84
  85. 85. Mantra Swara 6  Kun zat kun … Kun zat kun … Kun zat kun … Inti segala zat …  Sukma yang terkurung dalam bayang- bayang … Inti sukma yang mendukung isi bayang-bayang …  Keluarlah …. 85
  86. 86. Cuplikan Puisi Chairil Anwar: “Cintaku Jauh di Pulau” Cintaku jauh di pulau Gadis manis sekarang iseng sendiri Perahu melancar, bulan memancar, Di leher kukalungkan ole-ole buat si pacar. Angin membantu, laut terang, tapi terasa Aku tidak ‘kan sampai padanya. Di air yang tenang, di angin mendayu, Di perasaan penghabisan segala melaju. Ajal bertakhta, sambil berkata: “Tujukan perahu ke pangkuanku saja.” 86
  87. 87. Aku begitu terusik. Hanya ada satu orang yang ingin kutemui malam itu. Jamilah.Aku ingin menanyainya tentang tuduhan Amjad dan Al-Fadil serta Imaduddin.Aku ingin meneriakkannya di hadapan Jamilah dan mengamati reaksinya.Aku menginginkan kebenaran, tetapi aku tidak ingin kehilangan persahabatanku dengan Jamilah.Aku ingin dia meludahi mereka yang menyebarkan tuduhan keji itu.Aku ingin dia menyatakan diri tidak bersalah di hadapanku. 87
  88. 88. Saudara-saudara yang saya cintai. Memang berat untuk menerima kekalahan. Berat sekali. Bahkan terlalu berat. Tetapi itu jauh lebih baik daripada kita kehilangan nyawa. Lagipula semua itu untuk kepentingan kita bersama. Kita semua mendukung demokrasi dan sudah bertekad mengorbankan apa saja untuk demokrasi. Di dalam demokrasi, suara terbanyak yang harus menang. Maka sebagai pembela demokrasi, kita tidak boleh dongkol karena kalah. 88
  89. 89. Rodrigo de Freiras baru saja tiba dari Cordoba, ketika Frederico Garcia Lorca dari Rio de Janeiro mengajaknya berhura-hura di Café de La Prahara Darakdak Derekdek. Di Café yang berdiri sejak zaman purba itu, mereka bercengkerama seraya berbincang-bincang tentang pertempuran para dewa di negeri Amartapura. Lalu mereka meminum minuman keras sambil bernyanyi dan berteriak-teriak keras-keras. Kemudian menari bersama dalam irama tor tor sampai akhirnya menceburkan diri ke dalam sumur berlumpur. 89
  90. 90. Chapter #2 Speech with Confident 90
  91. 91. Tips - Delivery Speech Memorize Your Opening The first for minutes… Put Genuine enthusiasm into your presentation 91
  92. 92. Tips -Delivery Speech Body Language Gesture Smile Pay attention to your audience Use silence for effect 92
  93. 93. Tips - Delivery Speech Nervous Habits  Fiddling with something  Moving your hands  Scratching, shuffling, rocking, pac ing etc  Discover & CONTROL!!! 93
  94. 94. Tips - Delivery Speech Answering questions  Use body language  Listen carefully  Always let the questioner finish  Ask for the questioner’s name  Establish eye contact  Repeat the essence of the question 94
  95. 95. BODY LANGUAGE 95
  96. 96. Use body language consciously Verbal vs Body language? 96
  97. 97. Use body Language to:  Invite a response or contribution.  Develop empathy and build relationships.  Present your self effectively.  Good impression  Give feedback.  Relax the audience.  Show enthusiasm. 97
  98. 98. POSTURE  Relaxed authority  Natural Action: healthy outlet for the nervous tension.  Be aware of the posture every times.  Good posture: help reduce fatigue and exhaustion.  Full frontal. 98
  99. 99. GESTURE  A relax, responsiv e and smooth series of movements help audience to relax.  Erratic movement: signal of tense, nervous and worried. 99
  100. 100. EXPRESSION  Cultivate a pleasant and positive expression.  Appropriate smile. 100
  101. 101. HAND  Find a position which suit your style and comfort.  Hand movement is part of the expression.  Don’t make it center of the attention. 101
  102. 102. POSITIVE ATTITUDE  POSITIVE ATTITUDE ◦ Attitude is a mind-set.  The way to communicate your mood.  Always use positive statement.  Show Enthusiasm. ◦ It makes:  Interesting voice.  Positive body language.  Enthusiastic audience 102
  103. 103. Dress  Clothes make a statement about you Your appearance should be appropriate to YOU, yourPOSITION, and your MESSAGE. 103
  104. 104. General Hint  Appropriate dress. ◦ Event ◦ People ◦ Comfort 104
  105. 105.  Shoes, bag, etc  Color  Comfort Accesories: 105
  106. 106. Asesoris  Use as an accent  Do not to much 106
  107. 107. General Hint  Glasses  use glasses to make some effects. ◦ Heavy rims will hide face & interfere eye contact. 107
  108. 108. Developing Your Own Style Body language is a part of your style  Keep your own natural style  Don’t try to change the total you  Small change for improvement 108
  109. 109. Appearance And Body Language Checklist Dress smartly & be well groomed ‘Upright’ posture Stand up & full frontal Smile occasionally Project your voice to the back of the room Individual style Enthusiasm Relax & enjoy your self. 109
  110. 110. The Seven Deadly Sins  Speaking too long  Subject not relevan  Information overload  Using jargon  Reading, no eye contact  Visual cannot be read  Technical gremlins victims 110
  111. 111. The Ten Commandments  Know your audience  Prepare your material  Prepare yourself  Use body language  Shine in the first minutes  Take risks  Use aids widely  Know when to shut up  Anticipate questions  Be fair to yourself 111
  112. 112. Chapter # Visual Aids & Presentation The “Eyes” Have It! 112
  113. 113. Visual Aids Simple and easy No over-crowding of datas in a single frame Use fonts easy to read Use Color effectively 113
  114. 114. Management Approaches A. Quantitative Approach to Management or Management Scientific Approach It suggests that managers can best improve their organisations by using the scientific method and mathematical techniques to solve operational problems… Management Approaches B. OrganisationalBehavior Approach Better working condition = higher productivity. Workers respond to the working condition... The Hawthorne Studies Illumination factor and productivity. • management was interested in them and their welfare • the result was an increase in productivity … Management Approaches C. The Systems Approach Ludwig von Bertallanfy, a scientist who worked mainly in the areas of physics and biology, recognized as the founder of general system theory. A system is a set of interrelated and interdependent parts arranged in a manner that produces a unified whole. (E.g. SOP) … 114
  115. 115. Color: (Color psychology) Test physical strength A STRONG MAN WAS BROUGHT TO A ROOM. THE COLOR OF THE WALLS WAS PINK. HE WAS ASKED TO CONCENTRATE FOR AWHILE ON THE PINK COLOR. THEN HE WAS ASKED TO LIFT THE WEIGHT. A STRONG MAN WAS BROUGHT TO A ROOM. THE COLOR OF THE WALLS WAS RED. HE WAS ASKED TO CONCENTRATE FOR AWHILE ON THE RED COLOR. THEN HE WAS ASKED TO LIFT THE WEIGHT. THEN HE WAS ASKED: “IN WHICH ROOM DID YOU FEEL STRONGER?” ANSWER: “IN THE RED ROOM.” 115 115
  116. 116. Visual Aids Use visual aids to: • Enhances the speech • Increases Clarity • Promotes Interest • Improves Retention • Supports speech Content 116
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  118. 118. 118
  119. 119. Careful With the Visuals 119
  120. 120. Visual Language 120
  121. 121. 121
  122. 122. Tips Using Visual Aids  Use a proper screen(non-glaring).  Display visual aids only while discussing them.  Maintain eye contactwith your audience.  Go slowwhen stressing important point.  Avoid covering the screenwith your own body.  Discourage anyone to handle your visual aids 122
  123. 123. 123 123
  124. 124. 124 124
  125. 125. 125 125
  126. 126. 126 126
  127. 127. Simulations Orasi 127
  128. 128. Day 3  Voice Training 1  Speak in all event (Simulations)  Delivery (simulations – formal speech on tv) 128
  129. 129. Voice Training - 2 (How to Explore Your Voice Power) Chapter 1 129
  130. 130. Good Voice  Good Diaphragm  Good Articulation  Good Intonation  Good Pacing  Good Pausing  Good Diction 130
  131. 131. Exploring Diaphragm  Breathing exercise with abdominal (belly) breathing system.  Say the vocal vowels as long as your exhale breath in normal tone.  Say “Mantra Swara” rhythmically in one breath. 131
  132. 132. Keep Breathing:  Draw in a good deep breath  Release air slowly, counting out loud.  Continue until you build up a rhythm 132
  133. 133. The Flop:  Inhale: Bending over your stomach, through your nose.  Exhale: slowly breath deeply through your mouth.  Repeat it again and again. 133
  134. 134. Mantra Swara 1  Namo Sanghyang Adhi Budhaya. Namo Budhaya.  Namo Arahato Bhagawato Samma Sambudhassa.  Namo Sanghyang Avalokiteshvara Bodhisatwa Mahasatva Maitreya Amitabha Budhaya. 134
  135. 135. Mantra Swara 2  Subbuuhun Qudduusun Rabbunaa Wa Rabbbul Malaaikati Warruuh …  Laa Ilaaha Illaa Anta Subhaanaka Innii Kuntu Minadzaalimiin …  Subhanallaah Walhamdulillaah Walaa Ilaaha Ilallaah Wallaahu Akbar. 135
  136. 136. Mantra Swara 3 (Mantra Gayatri) Om bhur bhuvah svah Tat savitur varenyam Bhargo devasya dhimahi Dhiyo yo nah pracodayat 136
  137. 137. Mantra Swara 4 Gloria in Exelcis Deo 137
  138. 138. Mantra Swara 5 Ajarilah kami bahasa cintaMu Agar kami dekat padaMu ya Tuhanku Ajarilah kami bahasa cintaMu Agar kami dekat padaMu 138
  139. 139. Mantra Swara 6  Kun zat kun … Kun zat kun … Kun zat kun … Inti segala zat …  Sukma yang terkurung dalam bayang- bayang … Inti sukma yang mendukung isi bayang-bayang …  Keluarlah …. 139
  140. 140. Cuplikan Puisi Chairil Anwar: “Cintaku Jauh di Pulau” Cintaku jauh di pulau Gadis manis sekarang iseng sendiri Perahu melancar, bulan memancar, Di leher kukalungkan ole-ole buat si pacar. Angin membantu, laut terang, tapi terasa Aku tidak ‘kan sampai padanya. Di air yang tenang, di angin mendayu, Di perasaan penghabisan segala melaju. Ajal bertakhta, sambil berkata: “Tujukan perahu ke pangkuanku saja.” 140
  141. 141. Aku begitu terusik. Hanya ada satu orang yang ingin kutemui malam itu. Jamilah.Aku ingin menanyainya tentang tuduhan Amjad dan Al-Fadil serta Imaduddin.Aku ingin meneriakkannya di hadapan Jamilah dan mengamati reaksinya.Aku menginginkan kebenaran, tetapi aku tidak ingin kehilangan persahabatanku dengan Jamilah.Aku ingin dia meludahi mereka yang menyebarkan tuduhan keji itu.Aku ingin dia menyatakan diri tidak bersalah di hadapanku. 141
  142. 142. Saudara-saudara yang saya cintai. Memang berat untuk menerima kekalahan. Berat sekali. Bahkan terlalu berat. Tetapi itu jauh lebih baik daripada kita kehilangan nyawa. Lagipula semua itu untuk kepentingan kita bersama. Kita semua mendukung demokrasi dan sudah bertekad mengorbankan apa saja untuk demokrasi. Di dalam demokrasi, suara terbanyak yang harus menang. Maka sebagai pembela demokrasi, kita tidak boleh dongkol karena kalah. 142
  143. 143. Rodrigo de Freiras baru saja tiba dari Cordoba, ketika Frederico Garcia Lorca dari Rio de Janeiro mengajaknya berhura-hura di Café de La Prahara Darakdak Derekdek. Di Café yang berdiri sejak zaman purba itu, mereka bercengkerama seraya berbincang-bincang tentang pertempuran para dewa di negeri Amartapura. Lalu mereka meminum minuman keras sambil bernyanyi dan berteriak-teriak keras-keras. Kemudian menari bersama dalam irama tor tor sampai akhirnya menceburkan diri ke dalam sumur berlumpur. 143
  144. 144. Chapter 4/by: Indri Yulistiani “First Impressions” How to impress audiences at the first performance without talking From the moment you walk through the door, your appearance is appraised and this assessment may last for a long time, possibly even forever. 144
  145. 145. Chapter 3 & 4 /by: all trainers  Speak in all event (Simulations)  Delivery (simulations – formal speech on tv) 145

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