Infrastructure Strategy Plan


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Here we talk about technologies such as Virtualization and WiMAX. The technologies are cost-effective and provide a high QoS. Thus an ideal candidate for Organizations and SMB enterprizes.

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Infrastructure Strategy Plan

  1. 1. “ IT Infrastructure and Management” Strategy Plan xx th of Sept 2006 by Hanze University Groningen The Netherlands University of Applied Sciences
  2. 2. <ul><li>Servers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogenous Mix: Old and new </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undocumented changes and applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If documented, then disparate systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>None or inadequate backup strategy and/or plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clients PCs: Several forms pdas, laptop, cell phones, gps devices etc </li></ul><ul><li>Cumbersome networks, complex and time-robbing change procedures </li></ul>Infrastructure I: Where are we today? Dilemma of the legacy world
  3. 3. Infrastructure I: Where do you want to go? <ul><li>The Commodity Appliance: Utility Computing, Virtualizing Servers and Applications as pluggable appliances? </li></ul><ul><li>Build the enterprise from scratch using Physical servers? </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wi-Fi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grid Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New and Emerging Technologies </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Infrastructure I: What are the serious choices? <ul><li>Wi-Fi </li></ul><ul><li>WiMAX (already in trials in Kampala) </li></ul><ul><li>Servers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want to buy servers per application? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or buy one big server with enough capacity to accommodate? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software: Open Source or Proprietary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Internet, The fabric of Social Network Infrastructure: Chat, IM, P2P, VoIP, IPTV, etc </li></ul>
  5. 5. Infrastructure I: How to get there? <ul><li>Standing at the crossroads: </li></ul><ul><li>CDP: Central (Virtualized) Data Center Pool </li></ul><ul><li>Technology choices: Virtualization, Terminal Services, Open Source software… </li></ul><ul><li>Laptops: OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) kind of concept </li></ul><ul><li>High Speed Connections (telecom industry analysis pending) </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring Hardware/ Software: Partnerships, Support, Licensing etc </li></ul>
  6. 6. Infrastructure I : A world before… <ul><li>This is how a typical legacy infrastructure may look like: </li></ul><ul><li>Servers spread out </li></ul><ul><li>Too many machines (Servers and PCs) </li></ul><ul><li>Too much spendings (resources: hardware and staff) </li></ul><ul><li>Adhoc changes on the fly </li></ul><ul><li>No regulatory compliances and Other Regional and International Data Protective Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Too much time lost in troubleshooting and fixing </li></ul><ul><li>Incoming projects get less and less attention </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing pressure to perform against time and money </li></ul>
  7. 7. Before…
  8. 8. As the demands increases…
  9. 9. Servers add up… <ul><li>ELECTRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>COSTS </li></ul><ul><li>FLOOR SPACE </li></ul><ul><li>HARDWARE </li></ul><ul><li>SUPPORT/COSTS </li></ul><ul><li>UNDERUTILIZED </li></ul><ul><li>X86 BOX </li></ul><ul><li>AVG CPU </li></ul><ul><li>UTILIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>1 % !!!! </li></ul><ul><li>COOLING </li></ul><ul><li>COSTS </li></ul><ul><li>REPEATABLE </li></ul><ul><li>ADMIN TASKS – </li></ul><ul><li>Installation </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>RISKY </li></ul><ul><li>OPERATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>IN PRODUCTION </li></ul>NO TIME ! NO MONEY !!
  10. 10. Service delivery suffers… <ul><li>Time to market? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time to deploy? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Change management </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Troubleshooting/Incidents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Too much TIME wasted </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No time / MONEY for R&D </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Questions Questions Questions Questions
  11. 11. Say Hello to Virtualization
  12. 12. So what is Virtualization anyways?
  13. 13. The architecture
  14. 14. <ul><li>One Physical server (housing several virtual servers housing several applications) </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of administration: deployment, backup, recovery, </li></ul><ul><li>Increased time to market and time to deploy </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced/optimized process management (be it change process, incident process, intake process) </li></ul><ul><li>Create test, R&D, staging and production pools </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation and yet full freedom to experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Secure your applications with virtual/physical firewalls </li></ul><ul><li>Route your applications with physical/virtual routers </li></ul><ul><li>Treat your production environment as a readily deployable, pluggable commodity! </li></ul><ul><li>And don’t forget to do the math in the aftermath!  </li></ul>Virtualization: The aftermath…
  15. 15. Later…
  16. 16. Migration strategy: pit stop! <ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Organize </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire Hardware/Software </li></ul><ul><li>Move/Consolidate Physical Machines to LDC (Local Data Center) </li></ul><ul><li>Ready on the launch pad for CDP (Central Data Pool) </li></ul>
  17. 17. (Eventually) CDP: Central Data Pool
  18. 18. An example for your eyes only… <ul><li>All we need is a server with enough capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Pack it all with Virtual Servers hosting all your applications </li></ul>
  19. 19. Example continued: Getting the Software <ul><li>Free VMware Server OR paid ESX Virtual Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Free OS (any Linux variant) </li></ul><ul><li>Free Applications (CRM, CMS, LMS, Ticketing, Databases, Web servers, Photo Gallery, Email, LDAP/Identity Management, Business Intelligence, Project management tools, chat, VoIP, Video and Audio Streaming, Maps, Social Networking, Education tools (Mathematics, Physics etc) etc </li></ul><ul><li>Free monitoring and administration tools (all Open Source) </li></ul><ul><li>A low cost support available </li></ul>
  20. 20. Example continued: Lets build it up… VMware’s Virtualization Layer: Single Physical Machine Database: MySQL openLDAP/ User Information Web Server: Apache Mail Servers: GMail, Squirrelmail,Scalix Network Router, VLAN & Switches Security Tools: IDS/IPS,anti-virus LMS: Moodle, SAKAI… CMS: Joomla, Office Software: OpenOffice, Google Chat/IM: Gtalk, MSN,Yahoo, VoIP: Asterisk, Skype, Gtalk Collaboration Tool Zimbra, GoogleMaps/ GIS tools Podcast: Audio & Video Streaming Helpdesk/Ticketing: OTRS Admin Tools: Backup, Mgmt etc CRM: SugarCRM Middleware: JBoss WiKi: Encyclopedia BI: Pentaho Guest OS: Linux, Unix And Windows
  21. 21. Compelling business case <ul><li>Laying stones for R.E.A.L Goals and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding Environmental Relationships: Organizational, Political, Financial, Regulatory & Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Key Drivers: Cost, Security, Manageability, Business Continuity, Enhanced Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Making an assessment: Processes, Organizational, Financial etc </li></ul><ul><li>Internalization and Externalization: Getting stakeholders, the commercial partners, internal staff, other governing and influential organs </li></ul>Relationships Earnings Accountability Longevity
  22. 22. What about client side? <ul><li>How about a energy and resource friendly OLPC? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Experiencing as a client… <ul><li>Cheap affordable PCs (for instance something like OLPC) for the users (staff and students) </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity via the Wi-Fi </li></ul><ul><li>Thin applications run at server level (word, excel, openoffice, web portals/portlets, email, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Thick applications (AutoCAD, MathCAD, 3D design such as MAYA/Rhino etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Connect via PDAs, Cell Phones, other devices </li></ul>
  24. 24. Connectivity: Wi-Fi and WiMAX <ul><li>Worldwide Interoperability of Microwave Access </li></ul>
  25. 25. Connectivity 2: Bandwidth considerations
  26. 26. Connectivity 3: Deployments vs Usage
  27. 27. Connectivity 4: Centralized Network?
  28. 28. Connectivity 5: Within the campus
  29. 29. Management II: New Challenges <ul><li>How to attain the knowledge/skill sets? </li></ul><ul><li>How to administer and maintain the data centers? </li></ul><ul><li>How to enhance and optimize process? </li></ul><ul><li>Backup, High availability, Resource provisioning, Change management, </li></ul><ul><li>How to keep infrastructure flexible without losing on security </li></ul><ul><li>Document: Everything! (Procedures, Wikis, Knowledge Bases) </li></ul><ul><li>How to continue to keep the knowledge/skill level at par? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Management II: Skill sets /Knowledge level <ul><li>Training programs (in-house and computer based) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage a culture of discussion and competence </li></ul><ul><li>E-Books </li></ul><ul><li>Web: What you don’t know, you search </li></ul><ul><li>Communities: Join forums and find all your answers there </li></ul><ul><li>Use open source support (which is mostly free or low cost) </li></ul><ul><li>Trial and error: Read manuals, test applications and build your knowledge bases. Don’t forget to document! </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with other universities: A central digital library system/ Share e-books across universities </li></ul>
  31. 31. Management II: Administration (in the background)
  32. 32. Management II: Administration (High Availability, meeting SLAs) X VMWARE HA
  34. 34. Management II: Administration (Disaster recovery) Tape Array Backup Server Primary Server Recovery Target <ul><li>Recover to any hardware using existing backup tools </li></ul><ul><li>Recover exact virtual machine at recovery site </li></ul>
  35. 35. Management II: Administrating Clients – today Enterprise Net Internet <ul><li>Disable personal use of Enterprise PC, Limit partner access, Thin clients connecting. </li></ul>Customer Partner Home PC Public WiFi
  36. 36. Management II: Client Administration – secure yet flexible Assured computing environments allow the same physical machine to participate safely in multiple network and work contexts Enterprise Net Internet Customer Partner Home PC Public WiFi
  37. 37. In Closing Grab the future because its here… 45 55 65 75 85 95 06 Mainframe PC Internet Network Telecom Utility comp Our Struggle
  38. 38. Q & A Who am I? Tarry Singh Infrastructure Specialist Hanze University