Basics of copyright and open content for educators


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A 45 minute introduction to the general principles of copyright. A look into history, the current situation, and the future with remixing and open content. Creative Commons licenses are explained in more detail.

Published in: Education, Technology
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Basics of copyright and open content for educators

  1. 1. Basics of copyright and open content for educators Tarmo Toikkanen Creative Commons Finland 2013-08-28
  2. 2. Contents 1.Short history of copyright 2.Present day 2.1.What is protected by copyright? 2.2.What does copyright protection mean? 2.3.What rights do others have for protected works? 3.Future 3.1.Remixing 3.2.Open licenses, Creative Commons Image:SteveJurvetson,CCBY
  3. 3. www.opettajantekijä Bookshops were an important part of the markets in ancient Rome. The number of copies was also reremarkable. China has the longest history in book printing. Books were copied even before the year 2year 220. Copycat part 4: History of Copyright The term of protection for Austen’s works has expired. You can do nearly whatever you want with them! Could I instead rewrite today’s news item into a crime novel and post it on my blog? Today we’ll practice writing techniques by creating variations of Jane Austen’s ‘Pride and Prejudice’. 70 years of protection still seems pretty long... Copying and preserving of text was a respected profession in buddhist India. But in ancient Rome, slave factories could make thousands of copies in a day. Poets of the time were naturally not pleased. Monks in monasteries copied books by hand. Copyright was not needed since not that many copies were being made. But book making did not change overnight. The traditional way of writing books by hand lasted for over a century. Gutenberg’s printing press made book printing fast in the 15th century Europe. Actually, no it wasn’t. I know! Copyright was created because of Gutenberg’s printing press! Tove Jansson’s family is doing very well by selling rights to her works. What good are those rights when you’re dead? Term of protection? Well, do we have Austen’s permission then? 70 years after the author’s death. Hey! That’s my poem! 543 pages to go... I performed it yesterday at Obelix’s party ... NO! You can’t adapt others’ works without permission! Authors:TarmoToikkanenandSannaVilmusenaho
  4. 4. What is protected by copyright? Works Anything that is original enough so that no-one else could create the same independently. Photographs Video and audio recordings TV and radio broadcasts Performances Related rights
  5. 5. This lecture: a literary work Example Me reading this aloud: performance Audio recording of my performance
  6. 6. image: Tom Bell, CC BY-SA
  7. 7. What does copyright protection mean? Reproduction The author has exclusive rights to the protected work. Dissemination Publication Moral rights Performing publicly
  8. 8. This lecture: a literary work Example Me reading this aloud: performance Audio recording of my performance Reproduction: as an audio recording Dissemination: slideshare Publication: online Moral rights Performing publicly
  9. 9. Varies by country What rights do others have for protected works? Ideas Reselling Private use Fair use Citation Educational non- commercial fair use Parody and satire Needs of impaired people Cultural institutions
  10. 10. “A remix is a song that has been edited to sound different from the original version. A remix may also refer to a non-linear re- interpretation of a given work or media other than audio..” --Wikipedia
  12. 12. Mikael Agricola 1510-1557 PUBLIC DOMAIN source:
  13. 13. Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790 “... even short Hints and imperfect Experiments in any new Branch of Science, being communicated, have oftentimes a good Effect, in exciting the attention of the Ingenious to the Subject, and so becoming the Occasion of more exact disquisitions ... and more compleat Discoveries ...” PUBLIC DOMAIN
  14. 14. Image:symmetry_mind,CCBY-SA
  15. 15. Trading exclusive rights for more visibility >350 000 musical works >200 000 000 photos
  16. 16. You aren't signed in Sign In Help Search Tame raindeer Comments and faves Favorite Actions Share Newer Older photo Add your comment here... This photo belongs to License Privacy This photo was taken on July 14, 2006 in Lapland, Lapland, FI, using a Konica Minolta DiMAGE Z1. No real name given + Add Contact By symmetry_mind 13 views symmetry_mind's photostream (200) Tags Finland Lapland Pyhä summer raindeer Some rights reserved Home The Tour Sign Up Explore Upload
  17. 17. Collaborating across organizational boundaries >10 000 000 articles >13 000 000 media files
  18. 18. Open educational resources >5 000 courses >50 000 educational resources >20 000 modules >38 000 resources
  19. 19. BY: Attribution Give credit to the author. Mention the CC license that has been used. If you adapt a work, mention the original author and yourself, and clarify what each has made. Link to the original work if possible.
  20. 20. ND: NoDerivatives Forbids adaptations and modifications. The work can be distributed only in its original form.
  21. 21. SA: ShareAlike Affects only adaptations. The published adaptation must be licensed with the same license. Ensures that freedom is retained in future derivative versions.
  22. 22. NC: NonCommercial Limits the rights given in the CC license to affect only non- commercial activities. Slightly problematic, since defining what is commercial is sometimes difficult.
  23. 23. CC licenses
  24. 24. Basics of copyright and open content for educators Tarmo Toikkanen Creative Commons Finland 2013-08-28