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Open licenses.

Presentation at COL / UNESCO Europe Regional Consultation on OER, February 23-34 in Valetta, Malta (
Thank you to Cable Green for providing his presentation on Open Licenses, for reuse.

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Open licenses.

  1. 1. Open licenses dr Alek Tarkowski Director, Centrum Cyfrowe Public Lead, Creative Commons Polska Presentation at COL / UNESCO Europe Regional Consultation on OER, February 23-34 in Valetta, Malta (
  2. 2. Open Educational Resources • Any kind of teaching, learning, research resources • In the public domain or available under a license that permits free use and repurposing by others
  3. 3. Open Educational Resources OPEN = ACCESS + (RE) USE
  4. 4. open > free
  5. 5. open = free + permissions
  6. 6. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  7. 7. puts the “open” in OER
  8. 8. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  9. 9. Step 2: Receive a License
  10. 10. most freedom least freedom Not OER OER
  11. 11. Content licensing Infrastructure Digital skills Teacher training
  12. 12. Open Education Licensing Policies
  13. 13. What is the Problem? Governments and public institutions • purchase • produce or • fund production of educational resources.
  14. 14. What is the Problem? Traditional approach to investment in resources: • Purchase of units, not rights • Production of resources with all rights reserved copyrights.
  15. 15. What is the Problem? • As a result, • public does not have full access to the works it funded with public money • Effectiveness and utility of public investments is lowered
  16. 16. What is the Solution? • Governments and public universities should require that publicly produced or funded educational resources be openly licensed.
  17. 17. What is the Solution? Advantages: • Cost savings can be made and utility increased by making full use of the potential of digital resources • Provided that legal barriers related to copyrights are removed
  18. 18. What is the Solution? Advantages: • Transparency and clear copyright to public content • Quality improvement • Relation to teacher training and development
  19. 19. Coexistence of public and market solutions Examples: • Schools, television, transport Shift therefore possible from dependence on commercial provision of content. • (Re)use rules allow commercial added value to be created • European examples in Open Science and Open Data
  20. 20. Coexistence of public and market solutions • Milk is a basic resource, around which an open ecosystem of public and private entities leads to the creation and provision of cheeses, cheesecakes, milkshakes and cappucinos.
  21. 21. Open licensing in Europe • 2008: Realising the full potential of e-learning for education and training • 2012: Rethinking education • 2013: Opening Up Education • 2014-2020: Erasmus+ open licensing requirement • EC guidelines on recommended standard licenses, databases and fees for the reuse of documents
  22. 22. Open licensing in Europe • Digital platforms and content repositories: Belgium, France, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia Slovenia • Commercial textbooks: France • Teacher training: Sweden, United Kingdom • Open Government framework commitments: Slovakia, Romania • Open Education Coalitions: Czech Republic, Germany, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia
  23. 23. Poland: Open Textbooks • 30+ digital textbooks covering K12 curriculum, on a modern web platform • Strong open licensing standard: • CC BY or equivalent • Open formats • Accessibility (WCAG)
  24. 24. Janis Krums
  25. 25. Thank you. Contact Email: Twitter: @atarkowski This presentation is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Some rights reserved by Alek Tarkowski This presentation includes slides from “Open licenses”, a presentation by Cable Green. CC BY, re-used with gratitude to the author. Milk icon by Oksana Latysheva, CC BY, The Noun Project (