Slides for a talk I gave as a guest speaker at the Open Society Institute Alumni Meeting in Cracow, Poland (November 2008). The presentation is available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Poland license.
Open Education Movement. When Digital Technologiees Meet Free Culture
Open Education Movement When Digital Technologies Meet Free Culture Alek Tarkowski
This presentation is available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Poland license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/pl/ ) Some rights reserved by Alek Tarkowski. Slides on CC licenses borrowed from Jon Phillips (http://www.slideshare.net/rejon)
„ education is more than content” Alek Tarkowski
Open Education Movement <ul><li>3 anecdotes / McLuhan, hackers, laptops
“ When the printed book first appeared, it threatened the oral procedures of teaching and created the classroom as we now know it. [...] Today these new media threaten, instead merely reinforce, the procedures of this traditional classroom”.
Teaching / learning process and environment? </li></ul>
Open Access Budapest Initiative (2001): „An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. […] The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds”.
Open Access <ul><li>Self-archiving (Green Route)
OECD, European Research Council, EUA, EC experts </li></ul>
OA mandates / strategies / recommendations “ Governments would boost innovation and get a better return on their investment in publicly funded research by making research findings more widely available …. and by doing so they would maximise social returns on public investments.” OECD Report on Scientific Publishing, 2005
Open Educational Resources OECD: “digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research”
Open Educational Resources “ open educational resources” refers to accumulated digital assets that can be adjusted and which provide benefits without restricting the possibilities for others to enjoy them.
Open Educational Resources <ul><li>Cape Town Open Education Declaration </li></ul>
Open Educational Resources „ [...] a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge. […] a new pedagogy where educators and learners create, shape and evolve knowledge together”
Open Educational Resources 3 strategies to increase the reach and impact of OER: participate / release resources / adopt policies
OpenCourseWare * From „MIT.com” to “enhancement of human learning worldwide * 2007: 3000+ courses, 200+ institutions * Educational revolution as side-effect of traditional education
Free Textbooks * textbooks written by teachers believing in the free cultural model * „born digital, born free”
Prof. Stanisław Czachorowski * Wikipedia as higher education resource * “active peer production of knowledge”
Open Data * Neurocommons: open Semantic Web for neurological research, based on publicly available data * massive amount of data + rapidly changing research frontier + distributed knowledge and expertise
Science 2.0 * open notebook science * open, peer-reviewed evaluation * transformation of scientific communication – from publication to interaction
Open education * commons based peer production – or creative destruction of educational institutions?
Open education in Poland * Open Access almost non-existent * OER movement has a strong start * Strong support from the librarian community (example: AGH University of Science and Technology)
Open education in Poland * Strategy for the Growth of Information Society * Report on Intellectual Capital of Poland * Little apparent interest from academic institutions
Open education in Poland * Government projects: educational revolution through hardware saturation?
Open education in Poland * Barriers: Fear of plagiarism / Intellectual Property Protection + lack of legal knowledge / Rigid Pedagogical Structure / Low quality of scientific output
Open education in Poland * Mirek Filiciak: „we need less pirates, more hackers”