Pakistan Food Security

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GROWTH AND DEVELOPEMNT EFFORTS FOR PAKISTAN TO BECOME A DEVELOPED COUNTRY by Tariq Sarwar Awan A Research Analyst, Scholar and Public Representative Tariq Sarwar Awan in his Public Awareness program. I am working on all the core issues to give their SOLUTIONS for rapid growth of my Nation, Great Pakistan

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  • Tell the audience why you find this program of interest and why you wanted to tell them about it.
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  • This is a picture of people on the assembly line.
  • NOTE TO PRESENTER: these are the basic; the Center is working hard to raise the additional money per participant and wanted to set the price low enough to encourage maximum participation. Any additional funds raised/contributed through collections of quarters, etc., is appreciated!
  • NOTE: AGAIN encourage them to volunteer; pass out cards, etc.
  • NOTE: AGAIN encourage them to support the event.ASK FOR QUESTIONS; thank them for their time and attention!! Repeat dates; October 15-16.
  • Pakistan Food Security

    1. 1. 1
    2. 2. World Food Day Origins•In November 1979, World Food Day (WFD) waslaunched by FAOs Member Countries on its 20thGeneral Conference.•Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food, Dr.Pal Romany floated the idea of celebrating theWFD across the world.•Since then this day has been observed everyyear in more than 150 countries, highlightingawareness of the issues behind poverty andHunger. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    3. 3. •Encourage rise in agricultural food productionand to stimulate national, bilateral,multilateral and non-governmental efforts forfood to every one.•encourage economic and technical cooperationamong developing countries Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    4. 4. •encourage the participation of ruralpeople, particularly women and the leastprivileged categories, in decisions andactivities influencing their living conditions•Toincrease public awareness of theproblem of hunger in the world Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    5. 5. • To increase public awareness of the problem of hunger in the world• Strengthen international and national solidarity in the struggle against hunger, malnutrition and poverty. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    6. 6. 1981/1982: Food Comes First1983: Food Security1984: Women in Agriculture1985: Rural Poverty1986: Fishermen & Fishing Communities1987: Small Farmers1988: Rural Youth1989: Food and the Environment1990: Food for the Future Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    7. 7.  1991: Trees for Life 1992: Food and Nutrition 1993: Harvesting Natures Diversity 1994: Water for Life 1995: Food for All 1996: Fighting Hunger and Malnutrition 1997: Investing in Food Security 1998: Women Feed the World 1999: Youth Against Hunger 2000: A Millennium Free from Hunger Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    8. 8.  2001: Fight Hunger to Reduce Poverty 2002: Water Source of Food Security 2003: Working together for an international Alliance against Hunger 2004: Biodiversity for Food Security 2005: Agriculture and Intercultural Dialogue 2006: Investing in Agriculture for Food Security 2007: The Right to Food 2008: The Challenge of Climate change & Bioenergy 2009: Achieving Food Security in Times of Crisis 2010: United Against Hunger Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    9. 9. has been chosen as this year’s World Food Daytheme to shed some light on this trend andwhat can be done to mitigate its impact on themost vulnerable.On World Food Day 2011, let us look seriouslyat what causes swings in food prices, and dowhat needs to be done to reduce their impacton the weakest members of global society. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    10. 10. HUNGER  Hunger is exclusion – exclusion from the land, from income, jobs, wages, life and citizenship. When a person gets to the point of not having anything to eat, it is because all the rest has been denied. This is a modern form of exile. It is death in life…(Josue de Castro) Of the 925 million people suffering from chronichunger, 98 % live in the Developing World.Hunger, poverty and food prices are inter linked.Not every poor person is hungry, but almost allhungry people are poor. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    11. 11. FOOD SECURITY (definitions)“Ensuring that all people at all times have bothphysical and economic access to the basic food thatthey need”. or“Access of all people at all times to enough food foran active, healthy life”. HENCE“Food security [is] a situation that exists when allpeople, at all times, have physical, social andeconomic access to sufficient, safe and nutritiousfood that meets their dietary needs and foodpreferences for an active and healthy life”. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    12. 12.  With an estimated increase of 105 million hungry people in the year 2009, there are now 1.02 billion malnourished individual across the world. almost one sixth of entire human race suffering from hunger. Poverty and hunger are interlinked recent report from the Finization manifests that there are more than 1 billion people around the world who suffer from hunger everyday Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    13. 13.  This report is not only alarming but also disheartening to think that while some of us waste food on the table, a big number of people have not a single chunk of food on their plate. Of the 925 million people suffering from chronic hunger, 98% of the affected are from developing world. Not every poor person is hungry, but almost all hungry people are poor. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    14. 14. CONSTITUTION OF PAKISTAN Article 38 (d) of the Constitution of Pakistanensures provision of basic necessities of lifeincluding food for the citizens of Pakistan. It says:“The State shall provide basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, housing, education and medical relief, for all citizens, irrespective of sex,caste, creed or race, as are permanently ortemporarily unable to earn their livelihood onaccount of infirmity, sickness or unemployment”. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    15. 15. COMPONENTS OF FOOD SECURITY1.Food availability2.Access to food3.Food utilization or absorption4.Equity of food distribution Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    16. 16.  Land and water are important natural resources for mankind. The demand for food, fiber, and shelter is increasing with the continuous increase in the world population. More than 90% of rice and 43% of wheat in the world is produced and consumed in Asia. new varieties and chemical fertilizers, during the green revolution of the 1960s, resulted in increase in crop yields. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    17. 17.  Agriculture in Pakistan is irrigated with 82 percent of cultivated area. During the last 46 years, the area with irrigation facilities increased from 8.21 to 18.0 million hactares, at an average annual rate of 1.7 percent. Most of the increase is in canal and tube well irrigation. About 14.57 million ha is presently served by Indus River irrigation system, this canal irrigation system is the largest integrated irrigation network in the world. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    18. 18.  It has 3 major reservoirs, 19 barrages,12 inter-river link canals, 43 independent irrigation canal commands and some 58,500 km of main canal. Agriculture is considered the mainstay of Pakistan’s economy. According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan 2001-2002, nearly one-fourth of total output of the GDP and 44 per cent of total employment is generated in agriculture. 67% of Pakistan rural population is employed for Agriculture for their living. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    19. 19. THE ECONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL PERFORMANCEPakistan is low-income developing countrywith a per capita income of US$ 443. The countryhas made significant progress in about 65 yearssince independence in 1947, when it was apredominantly agricultural economy. The economyhas been considerably diversified since 1947.e.g.Wheat production fluctuated between 14.56 milliontons in 1990-91 to 21.5 m.tons in 2005-06. andalmost doubled in present. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    20. 20. EVOLUTION OF ECONOMY IN PAKISTAN The Evolution may be led in 6 Periods: PERIOD 1: 1947 - 1958 PERIOD 2: 1958 - 1971 PERIOD 3: 1971 - 1977 PERIOD 4: 1977 – 1988 PERIOD 5: 1989 – 1999 PERIOD 6: Till to date Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    21. 21.  Average annual growth in real gross domestic product (GDP)Decreased considerably (from 6.1 percent in the 80s) to 4.6 percent in the 90s mainly due to poor performance of the manufacturing, services and agriculture sectors, so the growth of Agriculture and production is very important for growth and food security. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    22. 22. FOOD SECURITY STATUS IN PAKISTAN Food Availability Access to Food Equity of Food Distribution Household Food Security Utilization Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    23. 23. GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES FOR ENSURING FOOD SECURITYThe Government’s main policy objectives are to bring about: Economic growth with adjustment Increase savings and investment Improve physical infrastructure facilitating human resources Development with emphasis on poverty alleviation Agriculture is playing a critical role in achieving these objectives Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    24. 24. GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES FOR ENSURING FOOD SECURITY Achieve food self-sufficiency Poverty Reduction Productivity Enhancement Program. Irrigation subsector Promoting Export of Agriculture commodities of Pakistan Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    25. 25. ROLE OF U.N.O. & DONOR AGENCIES Role and Support of UNO agencies: The UN established in 1998 a Thematic Group on Food Security and Rural Development. The active members of the group are UNDP, WFP, WHO, UNFPA, UNICEF and ILO with FAO in the chair. The group has targeted the issues of Food Security in Pakistan from different dimensions Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    26. 26. ADEQUACY OF FOOD SUPPLYSustainable & Efficient Utilization of the Natural Resources:  Land  WaterProper Application of Physical Inputs Seed Fertilizer Credit Plant protection Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    27. 27. Productivity Enhancement of Major Food Crops  Wheat  Rice  Maize  Oil Seed Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    28. 28. ACCESS TO FOOD Identification and Targeting the Food Insecure People Enhancing Productivity of Small Farmers for Poverty Alleviation Diversification of On-Farm and Off Farm Income Generation Activities Stabilization of Input and Output Prices Encouragement of Small Enterprises Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    29. 29. EQUITY OF FOOD DISTRIBUTION Inter-Regional Inequity Urban and Rural Disparity Distribution of Land and Access to the Resources and Inputs Gender Inequity Skill Development and Exposure to the Development Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    30. 30. IMPROVING THE NUTRITIONAL ASPECTS OF FOOD Vegetable and Pulses Production Rural Poultry and Rearing of Small Ruminants Inland Fisheries Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    31. 31. SUPPORTING REQUIREMENTS Removing Policy Distortion Provision of Rural Infrastructure Credit and Rural Finance Human Resource Development Research and Extension Support Services Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    32. 32. CONCLUSIONWe are proud nation that we are blessed withevery climate and we have all the resources forgrowth to be utilized by us, affordability of Foodsecurity possibilities are ample in Pakistan, so wehave to manage and work hard. We have all thegravity based irrigation, only in rare parts of thecountry, motorized irrigation is required. Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    33. 33. Theme of World Food day next year 2012 CALORIES IN FOOD Research and Presentation by: TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    34. 34. ALL OF YOU PLEASE JOIN HANDS WITH ME FOR GREATER PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT EFFORTSMALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN 34
    35. 35. You also play your role to join hands with me make Pakistan aGreater PakistanWEBSITE: www.tariqsarwar.tkE-mail: tariq_sarwar_awan@yahoo.comFace Book: www.facebook.com/tariqsarwarawanTwitter: https://twitter.com/#!/TariqSarwarAwanTAHNKS FOR BEING PATIENT, PAKISTAN WILL SOON DEVELOP, We will work together for our Nation. 35

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