<ul><li>Nations of the World having their own Energy resources are now not supplying or </li></ul><ul><li>selling it to ot...
ROOTS OF PAKISTAN’S ENERGY CRISIS <ul><li>Pakistan today is caught up in an acute Energy Crisis which has its roots in fiv...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>CHARTS AND GRAGHS </li></ul>
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION 64 MTOE 2011
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
ٹائٹ یا شیل گیس سوئی گیس کوئلہ کے ذخائر تیل کے ذخائر Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
تیل ایل پی جی نیوکلئیر کوئلہ پن بجلی قدرتی گیس Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>*Commercial and Public Sector Precise Report itemised  </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial  5.5 % </li></ul><ul><li>Stree...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>CONSUMPTION AND DEPOSITS </li></ul>FOSSIL FUEL
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
گیس کے ذخائر Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>Conventional Reservoirs </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstone and carbonate Reservoirs. </li></ul><ul><li>With good reservoi...
<ul><li>Tight Gas Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly Sandstone Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Good storage Capability but poo...
<ul><li>Ghazij Shale   Thickness (meters)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vastly Distributed-  100 -1200  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Th...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>GIIP:  1 TCF </li></ul><ul><li>Recoverable Reserves:  240  BCF  </li></ul><ul><li>Number of wells:    25 </li></ul...
<ul><li>Enough unconventional Reservoir exist in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Unconventional Reservoirs are required to b...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN TEN COUNTRIES WITH MOST CNG VEHICLES IN THE WORLD 2011  Pakista...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Compressed natural gas  (CNG) : is a Fossil Fuel substitute for...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Liquefied natural gas  or  LNG  is  natural gas  (predominantly...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) PRODUCTION PROCESS
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>Liquefied petroleum gas  (also called  LPG ,  GPL ,  LP...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>Punjab Gas Production  150 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Punj...
<ul><li>CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION </li></ul>
<ul><li>Station   Capacity ( MW ) Status </li></ul><ul><li>KAPCO 1,600 Operational ; Oil and Natural Gas fired thermal sta...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
  Gas Turbine Power Station, Shahdra                            59  MW     Steam Power Station, Faisalabad                ...
Thermal Power Station, Korangi                                         316  MW   Gas Turbine Power Station, Korangi       ...
KANUPP                                                 137  MW    Operational CHASNUPP-1                                  ...
Hub Power Project                                                           1292  MW   AES Lalpir Ltd, Mahmood Kot Muzaffa...
  Liberty Power Limited, Ghotki                                          232  MW   Rousch Power, Khanewal                 ...
<ul><li>POWER GENERATION, DAMS,  </li></ul>RENEWABLE  ENERGY
HYDEL POWER GENERATION <ul><li>The country has an  estimated Hydro Resources Potential  of about  54,000 MW,  currently wh...
<ul><li>Station   Capacity  Status </li></ul><ul><li>  ( MW ) </li></ul><ul><li>Ghazi Barotha Dam 1,450 Operational;   </l...
<ul><li>Akhori  Dam  Attock 600 Under consideration ; In pre-feasibility study stage </li></ul><ul><li>Gomal  Zam Dam   Wa...
12. Bunji dam & HPP  Gilgit 7,100  Feasibility studies in progress. 13- Phandar   Gilgit 80  Tender of documents under pro...
NAI GAJ DAM PROJECT  Dadu 2.3 MW HINGOL DAM PROJECT  Lasbella  738KW GHABIR DAM PROJECT  danda shah bilawal   - NAULONG ST...
Station Capacity ( MW ) Status Jhimpir Wind Power Plant 6 (plan to extend to 250) Operational; Pakistan's first  Thatta Po...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN S.No. River / Tributory Power MW A HYDRO POWER PROJECTS ABOVE 5...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>Types, Deposits and  Uses,  </li></ul>FOSSIL FUEL
<ul><li>TYPES OF COALS IN PAKISTAN:  </li></ul><ul><li>BITUMINOUS COAL : hard and less sulphurous coal containing tar like...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Pakistan’s Thar Coal Potential <ul><li>Worlds Single largest contiguous Coal field extending over 10,000 Sq KMs Reserves o...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
•  India:  lignite 7:1 Heating value = 5200 Btu/lb Total generation = 2740 MW •  Germany:  Rhineland lignite 4.9:1 (m3:t) ...
<ul><li>COAL BED METHANE (CBM) </li></ul><ul><li>Gas is generated during Coalification Process </li></ul><ul><li>Gas Adsor...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>COAL GASIFICATION BY GASIFIERS IN THAR  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Wind, Solar, Nuclear. </li></ul>
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>Wind power  is the conversion of  wind energy  into a u...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>Solar power  is th conversion of  sunlight  into  electricity , either directly using  </li></ul><ul><li>photovolt...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Nuclear power  is the use of sustained  nuclear fission  to gen...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>HYDROGEN FUEL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>KARRICK PROCESS TECHNOLOGY </li>...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN A  fuel cell  is a device that converts the chemical energy fro...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>An Eco-friendly  fuel  which uses electrochemical cells, or combustion in internal engines, to power vehicles and ...
<ul><li>primarily meant for coal carbonization it also could be used for processing of  oil shale ,  lignite  or any carbo...
<ul><li>The heat that is used for geothermal energy is stored deep within the Earth, all the way down to Earth’s core – 4,...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>Tidal power , also called  tidal energy , is a form of  hydropower  that converts the energy of  tides  into usefu...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
ایل پی جی کوئلہ پن بجلی نیوکلئیر درآمد شدہ بجلی گیس تیل Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>Evaluation Uncertainties </li></ul><ul><li>High Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Longer Production Time </li></ul><ul>...
Plan 2030 POWER MIX PLAN FOR  20 YEARS Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
INTERESTING  FACTORS  ABOUT  PAKISTAN  ENERGY <ul><li>Electric Power Consumption per capita  474.1 KWh  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>2009 gas reserves of Pakistan 885 billion Cu. m  (30 TCF) </li></ul><ul><li>2010 gas reserves of Pakistan 840 bill...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research ,  Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN FISCAL YEARS 2009 2010 2015 2016 2020 2025 2030 Net Dependable ...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Name of the Project Installed Capacity MW Commisioning date Mat...
Thar Coal 1 sindh 600 Dec-2015 Ext. Lakhra Project Sindh 150 Dec-2015 TOTAL 750 Bhikki Combined Cycle 1 Punjab 630 Dec- 20...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
<ul><li>THE GREATER PAKISTAN CONCEPT COMPAIGN </li></ul><ul><li>عظیم تر پاکستان کا تصور </li></ul><ul><li>BY TARIQ SARWAR ...
Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN You also play your role to join hands  with me make Pakistan a ...
<ul><li>ALL OF YOU PLEASE JOIN HANDS WITH ME FOR  </li></ul><ul><li>GREATER PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS </li></ul>
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A PAKISTAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY PLAN by A GENIUS SCHOLAR TARIQ SARWAR AWAN

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GROWTH AND DEVELOPEMNT EFFORTS FOR PAKISTAN TO BECOME A DEVELOPED COUNTRY by Tariq Sarwar Awan A Genius Research Analyst, Scholar and Public Representative Tariq Sarwar Awan in his Public Awareness program. I am working on all the core issues to give their SOLUTIONS for rapid growth of my Nation, Great Pakistan

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  • 19-Dec-11
  • 19-Dec-11
  • 19-Dec-11
  • A PAKISTAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY PLAN by A GENIUS SCHOLAR TARIQ SARWAR AWAN

    1. 1.
    2. 2. <ul><li>Nations of the World having their own Energy resources are now not supplying or </li></ul><ul><li>selling it to other energy deficient nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed efforts in the Exploration sector have not been able to explore sufficient </li></ul><ul><li>energy resources in Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>In Pakistan many mega and small industries are stopped due to Insufficient supply of </li></ul><ul><li>energy for production. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation is growing industry with reduced energy support like CNG, Oil, Fuel, </li></ul><ul><li>Petrol, diesel, etc., as the prices increasing and supply reducing. </li></ul><ul><li>Following is the Statistics of Oil equivalent data for Energy consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Energy consumption was 55 MTOE </li></ul><ul><li>2011 Energy consumption was 64 MTOE </li></ul><ul><li>2015 Energy consumption was 120 MTOE </li></ul><ul><li>2030 Energy consumption was 361 MTOE </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    3. 3. ROOTS OF PAKISTAN’S ENERGY CRISIS <ul><li>Pakistan today is caught up in an acute Energy Crisis which has its roots in five distinct causes, namely; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LACK OF INTEGRATED ENERGY PLANNING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand Forecasting for short term and long term. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>absence of a new central & focused entity responsible for the Energy Sector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMBALANCED ENERGY MIX ( with heavy reliance on) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas (48%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil (32% out of which 72% oil is imported ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NON-UTILIZATION OF VAST INDIGENOUS RESOURCES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thar Coal Resources ( 186 Billion tons ) can produce 1,00,000 MW for 30 years (if utilized). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydel potential 54000 MW production capacity (used 6500 MW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortfall only 5000-6000 MW……. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LACK OF EFFECTIVE PROJECT STRUCTURING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structuring, Planning & implementation of available resources with dedication </li></ul></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    4. 4. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    5. 5. <ul><li>CHARTS AND GRAGHS </li></ul>
    6. 6. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION 64 MTOE 2011
    7. 7. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    8. 8. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    9. 9. ٹائٹ یا شیل گیس سوئی گیس کوئلہ کے ذخائر تیل کے ذخائر Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    10. 10. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    11. 11. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    12. 12. تیل ایل پی جی نیوکلئیر کوئلہ پن بجلی قدرتی گیس Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    13. 13. <ul><li>*Commercial and Public Sector Precise Report itemised </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial 5.5 % </li></ul><ul><li>Street lights 0.7 % </li></ul><ul><li>Government Sector Useage 7.9 % </li></ul>Note: Import Bill of Pakistan for Oil and Gas is $ 9.4 Billion Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN PAKISTAN BANGLADESH INDIA Total TWh 96 TWh 32 TWh 602 TWh Industry 27.5 % 56.3 % 46.4 % Transport 0.01 % 0.0 % 0.0 % Commercial / Public Service * 14.4 % 6 % 8 % Agriculture / Forestry 12.50 % 3.37 % 17.92 % Residential 45.59 % 32.9 % 20.7 %
    14. 14. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    15. 15. <ul><li>CONSUMPTION AND DEPOSITS </li></ul>FOSSIL FUEL
    16. 16. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    17. 17. گیس کے ذخائر Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    18. 18. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    19. 19. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    20. 20. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    21. 21. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    22. 22. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    23. 23. <ul><li>Conventional Reservoirs </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstone and carbonate Reservoirs. </li></ul><ul><li>With good reservoir properties have good capability of storage and Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable Efforts for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explored area is about 275,000 Sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>550,000 Sq km is unexplored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil: 60000-66000 bbl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas: 4.15 BCF </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unconventional Reservoirs </li></ul><ul><li>Poor reservoir properties have capability of storage but poor Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>NOT DEVELOPED YET </li></ul><ul><li>Tight Gas Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Shale Gas Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Coal Bed Methane </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    24. 24. <ul><li>Tight Gas Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly Sandstone Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Good storage Capability but poor Producibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed over Large Area of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Advance Technology Need to Produce </li></ul><ul><li>Tight Gas Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly Sandstone Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Good storage Capability but poor Producibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed over Large Area of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Advance Technology Need to Produce </li></ul><ul><li>Shale Gas reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Exist in Shale </li></ul><ul><li>Source and Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Good storage Capability but poor Producibility </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed over Large Area of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Advance Technology need to Produce </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    25. 25. <ul><li>Ghazij Shale Thickness (meters) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vastly Distributed- 100 -1200 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thalar Shale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vastly Distributed – 45 – 184 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Samber Shale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vastly Distributed – 500- 600 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chichali Sahle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vastly Distributed – 35 – 130 </li></ul></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    26. 26. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    27. 27. <ul><li>GIIP: 1 TCF </li></ul><ul><li>Recoverable Reserves: 240 BCF </li></ul><ul><li>Number of wells: 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Failure: 10 % </li></ul><ul><li>Gas Flow Rate: 5MMSCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Development Time: 5 year </li></ul><ul><li>Well Capex $: 478 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities: 124 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Opex: 147 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Field Life: 25 year </li></ul><ul><li>GAS Price: $ 6.21/MMBTU </li></ul><ul><li>IROR: 15 % </li></ul><ul><li>Pay back: 6.5 years </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    28. 28. <ul><li>Enough unconventional Reservoir exist in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Unconventional Reservoirs are required to be evaluated by collection of more data by initiating Pilot Projects in Shale Gas as earliest as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration blocks may be awarded for unconventional reservoirs. </li></ul><ul><li>Economically, Projects in Shale & Tight Gas looks viable. </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Development to cater the demand of oil companies operating in Pkistan </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of consortium concept of E & P companies for the planning of their work </li></ul><ul><li>Consortium of Service companies for cost effective solution of development of these Reservoirs. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Approach of all the stack holder is required to develop these unconventional Reservoirs </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    29. 29. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN TEN COUNTRIES WITH MOST CNG VEHICLES IN THE WORLD 2011  Pakistan 2.74  Iran 1.95  Argentina 1.9  Brazil 1.66  India 1.08  Italy 0.73   China 0.45  Colombia 0.34  Thailand 0.21  Ukraine 0.2 Total 12.67
    30. 30. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Compressed natural gas  (CNG) : is a Fossil Fuel substitute for petrol,  Diesel, or LPG. CNG is made by compressing  natural gas  (which is mainly composed of  methane  [CH 4 ]), to less than 1% of the volume it occupies at  standard atmospheric pressure . It is stored and distributed in hard containers at a pressure of 200–248  bar  (2900–3600 psi). CNG's volumetric  energy density  is estimated to be 42% of LNG (because it is not  liquefied ), and 25% of diesel's.
    31. 31. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Liquefied natural gas  or  LNG  is  natural gas  (predominantly  methane , CH 4 ) that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport. Liquefied natural gas takes up about 1/600th the volume of natural gas in the gaseous state. It is  odorless ,  colorless ,  non-toxic  and  non-corrosive . The  liquefaction  process involves removal of certain components, such as dust, acid gases,  helium , water, and heavy hydrocarbons, which could cause difficulty downstream. The natural gas is then  condensed  into a liquid at close to atmospheric pressure (maximum transport pressure set at around 25 kPa/3.6 psi) by cooling it to approximately −162 °C (−260 °F). LNG achieves a higher reduction in volume than compressed natural gas (CNG) so that the  energy density  of LNG is 2.4 times that of CNG or 60% of that of  diesel fuel
    32. 32. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) PRODUCTION PROCESS
    33. 33. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>Liquefied petroleum gas  (also called  LPG ,  GPL ,  LP Gas , or  liquid propane gas ) is a  flammable  mixture of  hydrocarbon  gases used as a  fuel  in heating appliances and vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>LPG is synthesised by refining petroleum or &quot;wet&quot;  natural gas , and is usually derived from  fossil fuel  sources, being manufactured during the refining of  crude oil , or extracted from oil or  gas . </li></ul><ul><li>  its energy density per volume unit of 26 MJ/l is lower than either that of petrol or fuel-oil. </li></ul><ul><li>LPG evaporates quickly at normal temperatures and pressures and is supplied in pressurised  steel  cylinders. They are typically filled to between 80% and 85% of their capacity to allow for </li></ul><ul><li>  thermal expansion  of the contained liquid. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with natural gas </li></ul><ul><li>LPG is composed primarily of propane and butane, while natural gas is composed of the lighter methane and ethane. LPG, vaporised and at atmospheric pressure, has a higher  calorific value than  </li></ul><ul><li> natural gas  ( methane ), which means that LPG cannot simply be substituted for natural gas </li></ul>
    34. 34. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>Punjab Gas Production 150 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab Gas requirement 2850 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab Gas borrowing 2000 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Shortfall of Gas by Punjab 700 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow from KPK 350 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow from Balochistan 400 MMCFD </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow from Sindh 1250 MMCFD </li></ul>
    35. 35. <ul><li>CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION </li></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>Station Capacity ( MW ) Status </li></ul><ul><li>KAPCO 1,600 Operational ; Oil and Natural Gas fired thermal stations </li></ul><ul><li>HUB POWER CO. 1,286 Operational; Oil fired thermal station </li></ul><ul><li>BIN QASIM POWER PLANT 1,196 Operational; Oil and Natural Gas fired thermal station </li></ul><ul><li>JAMSHORO POWER CO. 1,054 Operational ; Oil and Natural Gas fired thermal stations </li></ul><ul><li>GUDDU THERMAL STATION 1,049 Operational; Natural Gas fired thermal stations </li></ul><ul><li>LALPIR AND PAKGEN 727 Operational; Oil fired thermal stations </li></ul><ul><li>UCH POWER PLANT 596 Operational; Natural Gas fired thermal station </li></ul><ul><li>ROUSCH POWER PLANT 450 Operational; Natural Gas fired thermal station </li></ul><ul><li>TNB LIBERTY POWER 250 Operational; Natural Gas fired thermal station </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    37. 37. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    38. 38. Gas Turbine Power Station, Shahdra                            59  MW   Steam Power Station, Faisalabad                              132   MW       Gas Turbine Power Station, Faisalabad                    244   MW       Gas Power Station, Multan                                         195   MW       Thermal Power Station, Muzaffargarh                     1350   MW       Thermal Power Station, Guddu                                 1655  MW       Gas Turbine Power Station, Kotri                                174  MW       Thermal Power Station, Jamshoro                              850  MW       Thermal Power Station, Larkana                                 150  MW       Thermal Power Station, Quetta                                     35  MW         Gas Turbine Power Station, Panjgur                             39  MW        Thermal Power Station, Pasni                                       17  MW         Total Thermal                           ==>                          4811  MW W APDA’s Total Hydel + Thermal capacity is  ==>   11,272 MW  Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    39. 39. Thermal Power Station, Korangi                                         316  MW   Gas Turbine Power Station, Korangi                                    80  MW   Gas Turbine Power Station, SITE                                        100  MW   Thermal Power Station, Bin Qasim                                   1260  MW Total (KESC)                                              ==>                   1756  MW Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    40. 40. KANUPP                                                 137  MW   Operational CHASNUPP-1                                         300  MW Operational CHASNUPP-2                                         300  MW Operational CHASNUPP-3                                                                 in Process CHASNUPP-4                                                                Approved Total (Nuclear)                                  ===>     737 MW TOTAL 20130 MW Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    41. 41. Hub Power Project                                                           1292 MW   AES Lalpir Ltd, Mahmood Kot Muzaffargar                      362 MW   AES Pak Gen, Mahmood Kot Muzaffargar                       365 MW   Altern Energy Ltd, Attock                                                    29 MW   Fauji Kabirwala Power Company, Khanewal                    157 MW   Gul Ahmad Energy Ltd, Korangi                                       136 MW   Habibullah Coastal Power Limited                                    140 MW   Japan Power Generation, Lahore                                     120 MW Kohenoor Energy Limited, Lahore                                    131 MW     Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    42. 42.   Liberty Power Limited, Ghotki                                          232 MW   Rousch Power, Khanewal                                                 412 MW     Saba Power Company, Sheikhupura                               114 MW   Southern Electric Power Company Limited, Raiwind   135 MW   Tapal Energy Limited, Karachi                                          126 MW Uch Power Limited, Dera Murad Jamali, Nasirabad      586 MW   Attock Gen Limited, Morgah Rawalpindi                       165 MW   Atlas Power, Sheikhupura                                              225 MW     Engro Energy Limited, Karachi                                      —– MW   Kot Addu Power Company Limited (Privatized)           1638 MW Total  (IPPs)                                       ===>                 6365 MW Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    43. 43. <ul><li>POWER GENERATION, DAMS, </li></ul>RENEWABLE ENERGY
    44. 44. HYDEL POWER GENERATION <ul><li>The country has an estimated Hydro Resources Potential of about 54,000 MW, currently whereas only 6,500 MW have been installed with 9 % share in the Energy Mix. </li></ul><ul><li>It is proposed in the long term scenario to increase share of Hydro in Primary Energy from 6,500 MW (11%) at present to about 32,100 MW (20%) by 2030 (30% share in Power Generation) </li></ul><ul><li>This will entail set up of 8,000 MW small/medium hydro units on rivers/canals, run of the river plants and four large hydro multipurpose reservoirs/dams with capacity of about 19,300 MW upto 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>The four large Hydro Dams are, </li></ul><ul><li>(i) Kalabagh – 3,800 MW </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Bhasha – 4,600 MW </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Bunji – 7,100 MW </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Dasu – 3,800 MW </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary to maintain an optimal Hydro/Thermal Mix, in base load operations to cater for reduction in output during low hydel periods. </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    45. 45. <ul><li>Station Capacity Status </li></ul><ul><li> ( MW ) </li></ul><ul><li>Ghazi Barotha Dam 1,450 Operational;   </li></ul><ul><li>Mangla Dam 1,000 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Tarbela Dam 3,478 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Warsak Dam 243 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Chashma Dam 184 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Rasul Dam 22 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Malakand Dam 22 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Dargai Dam 20 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Nandipur Dam 13 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Shadiwal Dam 14 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Chicho ki mallian Dam 14 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Renala Dam 1 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Chitral Dam 1 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Kuram Garhi Dam 4 Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Jagran Dam 30 Operational </li></ul>HYDROELECTRIC Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    46. 46. <ul><li>Akhori Dam Attock 600 Under consideration ; In pre-feasibility study stage </li></ul><ul><li>Gomal Zam Dam Waziristan 17 Under construction ; expected completed Dec 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Diamer-Bhasha Dam KPK 4,500 Under construction ; To be completed in 2018 </li></ul><ul><li>Allai Khwar HPP Besham 121 Under construction ; To be completed in Feb 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Khan Khwar HPP Bisham 72 Completed; in testing </li></ul><ul><li>Duber Khwar HPP kohistan 130 Under construction to be completed Dec 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Jinnah HPP Kalabagh 96 Under construction; To be completed in 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Neelum Jhelum H.P.P . Muzaffarabad 969 Under construction to be completed by 2016 </li></ul><ul><li>Satpara Dam Project Skardu 17.3 Under construction; expected Dec 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Golen Gol project HPP chitral 106 To be completed by the end of 2013 </li></ul><ul><li>Kohala Muzaffarabad 1,100 Tender of documents under process </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    47. 47. 12. Bunji dam & HPP Gilgit 7,100 Feasibility studies in progress. 13- Phandar Gilgit 80 Tender of documents under process 14- Basho Skardu 28 Tender of documents under process 15- Keyal Khwar Kohistan 122 Tender of documents under process 16- Lawi HPP chitral 70 Tender of documents under process 17- Harpo HPP Skardu 33 Tender of documents under process 18- Kurram Tangi Dam Waziristan 83.4 Under construction 19- Munda Dam Multi purpose project Mehmand agency 740 Under engineering study 20- Bara Dam Distt Haripur 5.8 Under construction 21- Dasu HPP KPK 4,320 Under construction 22- Lower Spat Gah Kohistan 567 Feasibility studies ongoing 23- Lower Palas Valley Kohistan 621 Feasibility studies ongoing 24- Thakot Bisham 2,800 Feasibility studies ongoing 25- Patan Bisham 2,800 Feasibility studies ongoing 26- Yulbo HPP skardu-gilgit 3000 MW Feasibility studies ongoing 27- Matiltan HPP Kalam 84 MW under construction Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    48. 48. NAI GAJ DAM PROJECT Dadu 2.3 MW HINGOL DAM PROJECT Lasbella 738KW GHABIR DAM PROJECT danda shah bilawal - NAULONG STORAGE DAM jhal magsi Balochistan 3.5 MW SUKLEJI DAM PROJECT Balochistan - WINDAR DAM PROJECT lasbella - BARA MULTIPURPOSE DAM Khyber agency 5.8 MW Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    49. 49. Station Capacity ( MW ) Status Jhimpir Wind Power Plant 6 (plan to extend to 250) Operational; Pakistan's first  Thatta Power Plant 150 Proposed  solar power station Wind Power Plant 1000 Proposed  wind power station Wind Power Plant 1000 Proposed  wind power station Solar Power Plant 200 Proposed  solar power station Solar Power Plant 100 Proposed  solar power station Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    50. 50. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    51. 51. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    52. 52. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    53. 53. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    54. 54. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    55. 55. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    56. 56. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN S.No. River / Tributory Power MW A HYDRO POWER PROJECTS ABOVE 50 MW 1 Indus River 38,608 2 Tributaries of Indus in Gilgit Biltistan 1698 3 Tributaries of Indus in KPK 4028 SUB TOTAL 1-3 44,334 4 Jehlum River 4341 5 Kunhar River 1455 6 Neelum River and its Tributaries 1769 7 Poonch River 462 SUB TOTAL 4-7 8027 8 Swat River and Its Tributaries 2297 9 Chitral River and its Tributaries 2285 SUB TOTAL 8-9 4582 TOTAL A 56,943 B HYDRO POWER PROJECTS BELOW 50 MW 1 On Tributaries 1591 2 On Canals 674 TOTAL B 2265 TOTAL ( A + B ) 59,208
    57. 57. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    58. 58. <ul><li>Types, Deposits and Uses, </li></ul>FOSSIL FUEL
    59. 59. <ul><li>TYPES OF COALS IN PAKISTAN: </li></ul><ul><li>BITUMINOUS COAL : hard and less sulphurous coal containing tar like bitumen </li></ul><ul><li>SUB-BITUMINOUS COAL : coal whose properties range from lignite to those of bitumen coal and used for steam electric power generation and cement works </li></ul><ul><li>LIGNITE COAL: is a low grade sulphurous coal used for modified industrial furnaces to heat for boilers, coke oven heaters, brick kilns, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>COAL RESERVES IN PAKISTAN: </li></ul><ul><li>THAR (explained later in detail) </li></ul><ul><li>LAKHARA near karachi, hyderabad, with 38.82 million tons sub- bitumous to lignite coal ( 150 MW power plant operative ) </li></ul><ul><li>DENGARI near Quetta with 15.42 million tons sub-bitumous A to high volatile B- bitumous coal </li></ul><ul><li>SOR-RANGE near Quetta with 12.95 million tons sub-bitumous coal </li></ul><ul><li>SHAHRIG near Quetta with 28.97 million tons sub-bitumous coal </li></ul><ul><li>SONDA near Quetta with 20 million tons of Sub-bitumous coal </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    60. 60. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    61. 61. Pakistan’s Thar Coal Potential <ul><li>Worlds Single largest contiguous Coal field extending over 10,000 Sq KMs Reserves of 175 – 200 billions tons exceed oil equivalent reserves of SAUDI ARABIA, IRAQ, IRAN TOGETHER , with a value of several trillion US$. </li></ul><ul><li>Phased development can lead to 400 – 600 mt /year coal mining in 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>All of Pakistan’s energy requirements (Electric, Power, Gas, Diesel) can be met in 2020 – 2030 scenario </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Thar lignite once mined, is a useable fuel or carbon resource” and “ Coal to liquids (CTL) is considered a serious utilization option” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In addition to Electric Power, SNG, Chemicals, Fertilizer, etc can be produced for self consumption and surplus can be exported </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution to GDP in plants, products, services, employment, etc, would be in the range of $200b-$300b which exceeds Pakistan’s current GDP of $ 170 b. </li></ul><ul><li>Thar Coal is God’s Gift of “Black Gold” to the People of Pakistan and will ensure the Nation’s Energy & Economic Future. </li></ul>THAR COAL UTILIZATION Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    62. 62. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    63. 63. • India: lignite 7:1 Heating value = 5200 Btu/lb Total generation = 2740 MW • Germany: Rhineland lignite 4.9:1 (m3:t) Heating value = 4,514 to 11054 Btu / lb Total generation = 10,289 MW • Hungary: Lignite 9:1 (m3:t) Heating value = 3,035 Btu / lb Total generation = 1852 MW • Thar: lignite 6:I PAKISTAN 6200 - 11,000 Btu/lb Total generation = 50 MW COMPARISON OF ENERGY MIX SHARE : China 72% India 56% USA 51% Pakistan 1 %   Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    64. 64. <ul><li>COAL BED METHANE (CBM) </li></ul><ul><li>Gas is generated during Coalification Process </li></ul><ul><li>Gas Adsorbed on the Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Very poor conductivity </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed over Sindh & Punjab Province </li></ul><ul><li>Word 10 % Coal Deposits are in Sindh </li></ul><ul><li>Total Deposits are 185 billion tone. </li></ul><ul><li>Not developed Yet </li></ul><ul><li>No Conclusive Work </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    65. 65. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>COAL GASIFICATION BY GASIFIERS IN THAR </li></ul><ul><li>Upto 500 Years 50,000 MW Electricity for Coal in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>100 Million Barrels Diesel / year from the same coal in 1 step </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel Production cost by coal gasification $ 17-20 / Barrel only, </li></ul><ul><li>WE GET DIESEL at the Price of $160 inspite of $ 20. (800 % profit) </li></ul>
    66. 66. <ul><li>Wind, Solar, Nuclear. </li></ul>
    67. 67. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    68. 68. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN <ul><li>Wind power  is the conversion of  wind energy  into a useful form of energy, such as using  wind turbines  to make electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of 2010, worldwide capacity of wind-powered generators was 197 (GW). Wind power now has the capacity to generate 430 TWh annually, which is about 2.5% of worldwide electricity usage . </li></ul><ul><li>Over the past five years the average annual growth in new installations has been 27.6 percent. Wind power market penetration is expected to reach 3.35 percent by 2013 and 8 percent by 2018. </li></ul><ul><li>As of 2011, 83 countries around the world are using wind power on a commercial basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Several countries have already achieved relatively high levels of wind power penetration, such as </li></ul><ul><li>21% of stationary electricity production in  Denmark ,  </li></ul><ul><li>18% in  Portugal , </li></ul><ul><li>16% in  Spain ,  </li></ul><ul><li>14% in Ireland  and </li></ul><ul><li>9% in  Germany  in 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Wind power  is growing glabally at the rate of 30% annually, with a worldwide installed capacity of 197 gigawatts (GW).  </li></ul>
    69. 69. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    70. 70. <ul><li>Solar power  is th conversion of  sunlight  into  electricity , either directly using  </li></ul><ul><li>photovoltaics  (PV), or indirectly using  concentrated solar power (CSP). Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaics convert light into electric current using the  photoelectric effect . </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    71. 71. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    72. 72. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Nuclear power  is the use of sustained  nuclear fission  to generate heat and electricity.  Nuclear power plants  provide about 6% of the world's energy and 13–14% of the world's electricity.   there were 439 nuclear power reactors in operation in the world, operating in 31 countries. Just as many conventional  thermal power stations  generate electricity by harnessing the  thermal energy  released from burning  fossil fuels , nuclear power plants convert the energy released from the nucleus of an atom via  nuclear fission  that takes place in a  nuclear reactor . The heat is from the reactor core by a cooling system removes heat and used to generate steam which drives a  steam turbine  connected to a  generator  which produces  electricity .
    73. 73. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    74. 74. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    75. 75. <ul><li>FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>HYDROGEN FUEL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>KARRICK PROCESS TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>TIDAL ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>GEOTHERMAL ENERGY: </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    76. 76. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN A  fuel cell  is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen. Fuel cells are different from batteries that they require a constant source of fuel and oxygen to run, but they can produce electricity continually for as long as these inputs are supplied. They are used to power fuel cell vehicles including automobiles, buses, forklifts, airplanes, boats, motorcycles and submarines. Stationary fuel cells are used for commercial, industrial and residential primary and backup power generation. The energy efficiency of a fuel cell is generally between 40-60%, or up to 85% efficient if waste heat is captured for use. Coca-Cola, Google, Walmart, Sysco, FedEx, UPS, Ikea, Staples, Whole Foods, Gills Onions, Nestle Waters, Pepperidge Farm, Sierra Nevada Brewery, Super Store Industries, Brigestone-Firestone, Nissan North America, Kimberly-Clark, Michelin and more have installed fuel cells to help meet their power needs.
    77. 77. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    78. 78. <ul><li>An Eco-friendly  fuel  which uses electrochemical cells, or combustion in internal engines, to power vehicles and electric devices. Once manufactured, hydrogen is an  energy carrier  (i.e. a store for energy first generated by other means). The energy is eventually delivered as heat when the hydrogen is burned. Hydrogen fuel can provide  motive power  for cars, boats and airplanes which can power an electric motor. Main article: Hydrogen economy With regard to safety from unwanted explosions, hydrogen fuel in automotive vehicles is at least as safe as gasoline </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    79. 79. <ul><li>primarily meant for coal carbonization it also could be used for processing of  oil shale ,  lignite  or any carbon materials. It could be used for a  coal liquefaction  . Eight years of pilot plant tests by Karrick attest that states, cities or even smaller towns, could make their own gas and generate their own electricity. A Karrick LTC plant with 1 kiloton of daily coal capacity produces sufficient steam to generate 100,000  kilowatt hours  of electrical power at no extra cost excepting capital investment for electrical equipment </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    80. 80. <ul><li>The heat that is used for geothermal energy is stored deep within the Earth, all the way down to Earth’s core – 4,000 miles down. At the core, temperatures may reach over 9,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Heat conducts from the core to surrounding rock. Extremely high temperature and pressure cause some rock to melt, which is commonly known as magma. Magma convects upward since it is lighter than the solid rock. This magma then heats rock and water in the crust, sometimes up to 700 degrees Fahrenheit. </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    81. 81. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    82. 82. <ul><li>Tidal power , also called  tidal energy , is a form of  hydropower  that converts the energy of  tides  into useful forms of power - mainly electricity. 254 MW Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Plant   in South Korea is the largest tidal power installation in the world. Construction was completed in 2011. </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    83. 83. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    84. 84. ایل پی جی کوئلہ پن بجلی نیوکلئیر درآمد شدہ بجلی گیس تیل Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    85. 85. <ul><li>Evaluation Uncertainties </li></ul><ul><li>High Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Longer Production Time </li></ul><ul><li>Longer Payout Time </li></ul><ul><li>High Density of wells </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled Manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issue </li></ul><ul><li>Political Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Will to Accept Challenges </li></ul>Resolvable Success Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    86. 86. Plan 2030 POWER MIX PLAN FOR 20 YEARS Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    87. 87. INTERESTING FACTORS ABOUT PAKISTAN ENERGY <ul><li>Electric Power Consumption per capita 474.1 KWh </li></ul><ul><li>( one 100 W bulb consumes 876 KWh of energy in one year ) </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity production from Coal 0.1 % </li></ul><ul><li>Total electricity production of Pakistan 95.60 Billion KWh </li></ul><ul><li>Total electricity Consumtion in Pakistan 77 Billion KWh </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Import by Pakistan 23.6% or 22 Billion KWh </li></ul><ul><li> Import Bill $ 9.4 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Power Losses in Consumption 18,60,30,00,000 KWh or 18.60 billion KWh or ( 20 % Line losses) and ( KESC line losses 45% that is unbelievable ) </li></ul><ul><li>Iran Electric Production 212.80 Billion KWh </li></ul><ul><li>India Electric Production 602 billion KWh </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan Electric Production 96 billion KWh </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    88. 88. <ul><li>2009 gas reserves of Pakistan 885 billion Cu. m (30 TCF) </li></ul><ul><li>2010 gas reserves of Pakistan 840 billion Cu. m .(27 TCF) </li></ul><ul><li>these Gas reserves only suffient for 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas production 37.5 Billion Cu. m . </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas consumption 37.5 Billion Cu. m . </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Proved Reserves 436.2 Million BBL </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Production Pakistan 59,140 BBL / day </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Consumption Pakistan 373,000 BBL / day </li></ul><ul><li>Oil exports 30,090 BBL / day </li></ul><ul><li>Oil imports 319,500 BBL / day </li></ul>Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    89. 89. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    90. 90. Research , Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    91. 91. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    92. 92. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    93. 93. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    94. 94. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN FISCAL YEARS 2009 2010 2015 2016 2020 2025 2030 Net Dependable Capability MW 17008 19477 33028 36560 52909 76200 106565 Growth Rate 9% 15% 9% 11% 10% 8% 8% Peak Demand MW 20594 24474 36217 40555 54359 80566 113695 Growth Rate 7% 9% 8% 8% 9% 8% 7% Surplus / Deficits   -3586 -2876 324 1147 4066 4031 5087
    95. 95. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    96. 96. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN Name of the Project Installed Capacity MW Commisioning date Matiltan KPK 84 Approval under process by KPK Summer Gah, KPK 28 2020 Swat Scheme A-1, KPK 105 2020 Swat Scheme B-1, KPK 429 2020 Rajdhani Kotli, AJK 86 2010 NEELUM -JHELUM AJK 969 2015 KALABAGH Punjab 2,400 Postponed until consensus CHAKOTHI 139   Raised Mangla , AJK 180   Thal Reservoir Punjab 52   Doyain, Nothern areas 425 2015 Kohala (Jehlum), AJK 740   Gulpur, Ajk 60   Gomal KPK 130   Kurrum Tungi 58   ABBASIAN (JEHLUM) 245   TOTAL 6,130  
    97. 97. Thar Coal 1 sindh 600 Dec-2015 Ext. Lakhra Project Sindh 150 Dec-2015 TOTAL 750 Bhikki Combined Cycle 1 Punjab 630 Dec- 2012 Bhikki Combined Cycle 2 Punjab 630 Dec- 2013 Dadu Combined Cycle Sindh 600 Dec-2012 Korangi Power station 360 Operative West wharf sindh 400 Operative Total 2620 Chashma 3 600 2012 Chashma 4 600 2013 Renewable miscllaneous 500 2012-2014 TOTAL 10,500 Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    98. 98. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN
    99. 99. <ul><li>THE GREATER PAKISTAN CONCEPT COMPAIGN </li></ul><ul><li>عظیم تر پاکستان کا تصور </li></ul><ul><li>BY TARIQ SARWAR AWAN </li></ul>
    100. 100. Research, Presentation & Paper by: MALIK TARIQ SARWAR AWAN You also play your role to join hands with me make Pakistan a Greater Pakistan WEBSITE: www.tariqsarwar.tk E-mail: [email_address] FaceBook: www.facebook.com/tariqsarwarawan Twitter: https://twitter.com/#!/TariqSarwarAwan TAHNKS FOR BEING PATIENT, PAKISTAN WILL SOON DEVELOP , We will work together for our Nation.
    101. 101. <ul><li>ALL OF YOU PLEASE JOIN HANDS WITH ME FOR </li></ul><ul><li>GREATER PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS </li></ul>

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