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Course :Course : EENG500LEENG500L
Project :Project : Cow Milk Production Automated systemCow Milk Production Automated sys...
2
Objectives of the Project:
• Know the different stages of cow milk
production
• Know how we can improve the quality of
t...
3
Cow Milking Process:Cow Milking Process: Manual/ AutomatedManual/ Automated
4
Cow Milking Process:Cow Milking Process: Manual/ AutomatedManual/ Automated
• The heavy manual labor were taken over by ...
5
Pasteurization ProcessPasteurization Process
6
Pasteurization ProcessPasteurization Process
• Depending on regulations, the design of process lines forDepending on reg...
7
Homogenization Process
8
Homogenization Process
• Homogenization is to reduce the size of
the fat globules in the milk, in order to
reduce or pre...
9
PLC flowchart
Start the system
Cow milking is ready
Filling milk tanks
Milk feeding pump filling the pasteurization unit...
10
Conclusions
• The most important advantages of automation
are:
-Food safety
-Consistent product quality
-Reliability
-P...
11
Conclusions
• PLC can reduce the cost of milk production
by reducing the number of hand labors and
replaced them by sma...
12
Thank You !!
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PLC Project : Cow milk production automated system

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The nature of dairy operations has changed over the past few decades. Small, local dairies with manual operations have become outdated and been replaced by larger units with factory-style production.
Automation was the solution to handle these problems. Nowadays, the next step in the evolution of automated processes is taken towards the totally integrated plant control system.
A plant consists of more than one process area. Each area has a its own configuration of one or more Process Controllers and they will often have a User Interface for operators, handling product transfer from one process area to the other.

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PLC Project : Cow milk production automated system

  1. 1. Course :Course : EENG500LEENG500L Project :Project : Cow Milk Production Automated systemCow Milk Production Automated system Submitted by:Submitted by: Bilal Abu GhousheBilal Abu Ghoushe Tarek KamarTarek Kamar Supervised by: Dr. Khaled KhatibSupervised by: Dr. Khaled Khatib
  2. 2. 2 Objectives of the Project: • Know the different stages of cow milk production • Know how we can improve the quality of the cow milk • Know the advantages of automation in food production process
  3. 3. 3 Cow Milking Process:Cow Milking Process: Manual/ AutomatedManual/ Automated
  4. 4. 4 Cow Milking Process:Cow Milking Process: Manual/ AutomatedManual/ Automated • The heavy manual labor were taken over by machines.The heavy manual labor were taken over by machines. • MechanizationMechanization, together with the rapid expansion of, together with the rapid expansion of production capacity, also led to increase in the number ofproduction capacity, also led to increase in the number of operations that had to be executed.operations that had to be executed. • More valves had to be operated, more motors had to beMore valves had to be operated, more motors had to be started and stopped. The timing of individual operationsstarted and stopped. The timing of individual operations also becamealso became criticalcritical. Operating a valve too soon or too. Operating a valve too soon or too late, for example, could lead to product losses.late, for example, could lead to product losses. • EveryEvery malfunctionmalfunction in the process, and every operatorin the process, and every operator error, could have serious economic consequences.error, could have serious economic consequences. • AutomationAutomation was the solution to handle these problemswas the solution to handle these problems
  5. 5. 5 Pasteurization ProcessPasteurization Process
  6. 6. 6 Pasteurization ProcessPasteurization Process • Depending on regulations, the design of process lines forDepending on regulations, the design of process lines for pasteurized market milkpasteurized market milk variesvaries a great deal from countrya great deal from country to country and even from dairy to dairy.to country and even from dairy to dairy. • Fat standardization (if applied) may be executed in-batchFat standardization (if applied) may be executed in-batch before pasteurization or in-line where the standardizationbefore pasteurization or in-line where the standardization system is integrated into a pasteurization unit.system is integrated into a pasteurization unit. • A common requirement in all countries is that the heatA common requirement in all countries is that the heat treatment must guarantee significanttreatment must guarantee significant reductionreduction ofof spoiling microorganisms and destruction of all pathogenicspoiling microorganisms and destruction of all pathogenic bacteria, without the product being damaged.bacteria, without the product being damaged.
  7. 7. 7 Homogenization Process
  8. 8. 8 Homogenization Process • Homogenization is to reduce the size of the fat globules in the milk, in order to reduce or prevent creaming. • Homogenization may be total or partial. • Partial homogenization is a more economical solution, because a smaller homogenizer can be used.
  9. 9. 9 PLC flowchart Start the system Cow milking is ready Filling milk tanks Milk feeding pump filling the pasteurization unit after milk filtration When Pasteurization done The deareation process ll begin by exerting high Pressure CinAnd Cout (Start and end the process) Homogenization start by adding other Ingredients for a preset time. Bottles filling process Start filling 3 bottles at time The Bottles are filled with in a boxes of 6 ,the system will stop production when it reaches 600 boxes per day
  10. 10. 10 Conclusions • The most important advantages of automation are: -Food safety -Consistent product quality -Reliability -Production economy -Flexible production -Production control -Trace ability
  11. 11. 11 Conclusions • PLC can reduce the cost of milk production by reducing the number of hand labors and replaced them by smart machines and sensors
  12. 12. 12 Thank You !!

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