On behalf of Pak Suzuki I welcome all of you to be present here to share our valuable ideas on occupational Health & Safety related issues.
Now, I will introduce my team. Our team members are Mr. Ejaz Ahmed Malik GM Safety & Security, Mr.Tahir Yaqoob Manager Safety & Security & my Self Shoaib Ahmed. I would like to thank the FFBL for inviting us to sit together to share the information.
Today’s Theme of my presentation is Accident / Incident Investigation.
Pak Suzuki’s vision on safety is to ensure a safe and healthy working environment for the prevention of injuries and illness. We follow Occupational Health and Safety Management System in our work place and comply with relevant legislation
Being a leading Automobile Assembler in Pakistan, the management of Pak Suzuki gives the core importance to safe work practices, protection of the environment and the health of its employees to conduct its business.
Gentlemen, now I would like to share our objectives of this presentation cover the Investigation process and suggestion & countermeasures. For this purpose Pak Suzuki has formed a Safety Committee to review the investigation report & suggested countermeasures.
Here is the Accident reporting flow chart. Whenever, an accident occurs as first step we get relief to the injured person. We provide first aid to him in company clinic and arrange ambulance if it seems necessary to shift him to the hospital. 2 step: Reporting – The concerned shop either prepare a report or inform verbally to the Accident/Incident committee. 3- Investigation/counter measures. Soon after receiving the report or verbal information, the committee members rushed to the incie4ent/accident place where they interview either the victim or team leader of Line in charge to know the actual cause of accident. They also check the record of training to the worker about the work place. Meantime they also suggest corrective and preventive measures to prevent the recurrence of such incident. 4 step. Follow up- On the basis of the investigation by the committee, the concerned shop took temporary short term and long term counter measures.
At Pak Suzuki, we focus accident / incident investigation based of the standard Heinrich’s Law.
In order to take counter measures the committee investigate the multiple causes Primary Causes Secondary causes Contributing causes If we can reduce the causes and eliminate even one of them, we can prevent same nature of accident from happening it again. The key is to investigate the true cause of the accident through why-why method.
This method starts out very simply (I) name of the injured person (2) nature of injury and (3) element that caused the injury. Then we start with the Cause of Injury and ask the question why? Then repeat by asking why to the answer of that question until there is a series of questions and answers. From that list, we select the Primary Cause that is most likely.
In Pak Suzuki Safety system is based on the thought that we can take complex systems and break them down into smaller inter-related systems with relationships and effectively deal with problems. By identifying potential hazards Incorporate safety into design (Built-in Safety) Evaluate the designs before time By monitoring all safety aspects.
Besides accident/incident investigation we also carried out several accident prevention activities at Pak Suzuki which are; No.1, Hyri Hato, KYT 3) Celebration of Safety week and 4)3-K activities.
It is a powerful tool of Japanese management planning to take preventive measures against disasters and enhancing our safety consciousness.
This is the sample document report of Hiyari Hatto.
This is a pictorial view exhibits the Hiyari Hatto training given to the employees of all shops. on the basis of this awareness employees eliminate the hazards at the work place to improve their efficiency through Safety Kaizens.
Here we are showing samples Hiyari Hatto kaizens.
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In our company 3-K activity is carried out. The purpose of using this tool is for safety improvement at workplace.
If we eliminate the Kitsui and Kitanai from work place the risk of accident automatically will reduce.
We celebrate Safety week twice a year in order to create awareness amongst the workers we have prepared several safety logo both in English and Urdu some of them are;
We use to prepare action plan to celebrate safety week and the activities are monitored on daily basis.
The Management of Pak Suzuki arranged following basic trainings of all its employees, Representative of dealers / Vendors/ Contractors: Fire fighting Health and safety (First Aid) Traffic rules Uses of passages by pedestrians. Proper usage of PPEs. Emergency Shutdown procedure Emergency Preparedness and Response
We carried out Hazard identification activities at whole plant.
Besides all these activities we also conduct monthly safety Coordination Meeting in which all the above mentioned activities are reviewed.
With all these efforts we are proudly admitted that since 2003, no major accident has been reported from our organization in which more than 2500 people are working. Now I conclude my presentation with these wording of Safety First Accident Zero.
Accident incident investigation
Mr. Ejaz Ahmed Malik ( GM Safety & Security) Mr. Tahir Yaqoob (Manager Safety & Security) Mr. Shoaib Ahmed (Team Leader Production Div.)
I would like to express the vision on safety in Pak Suzuki, the purpose ofwhich is to ensure a safe and healthy working environment for theprevention of injuries and illness. We follow Occupational Health and SafetyManagement System in our work place and comply with relevant legislation.
Being a leading Automobile Assembler in Pakistan, themanagement of Pak Suzuki gives the core importance to safework practices, protection of the environment and the health ofits employees to conduct its business. ent 3 ccid 200 ajo rA oM e in c N S
•Investigation Process•Suggestion for Countermeasures
At Pak Suzuki, we focus accident / incident investigation based of thestandard Heinrich’s Law. According to this law out of 330 times in anidentical situation, there were 300 near miss-accidents or opportunities toforecast an accident 29 times there was a minor accident, and 1 out of the330 was a serious accident.
All accidents have multiplecauses i.e.• Primary Causes•Secondary causes•Contributing causesIf we can reduce the causesand eliminate even one of Primarythem, we can prevent same Secondarynature of accident from Cause Causehappening it again. ContributingThe key is to investigate thetrue cause of the accident Causesthrough why-why method.
WHY METHOD OF ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION Why, Why AnalysisThis method starts out very Cause of Accident Accident Injurysimply (I) name of the injured Injuryperson (2) nature of injury and(3) element that caused theinjury. Then we start with the Why ?Cause of Injury and ask the Why ?question why? Then repeat by Why ?asking why to the answer of thatquestion until there is a series of Why ?questions and answers. Fromthat list, we select the Primary Why ?Cause that is most likely.
In Pak Suzuki Safety system is based on the thought that we can takecomplex systems and break them down into smaller inter-related systemswith relationships and effectively deal with problems. By identifying potential hazards Incorporate safety into design (Built-in Safety) Evaluate the designs before time By monitoring all safety aspects.
SAFETY PREVENTION ACTIVITIES AT PSMCLFollowing Major Activities are Carried out at PSMCLthat are:•HIYARI HATTO•KYT•3-K•SAFETY WEEK CELEBRATION
PRACTICES IN PSMCL FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTIONHIYARI-HATTO (near miss & narrow-escape)HIYARI-HATTO (near miss & narrow-escape) reporting activity has beenorganized to encourage company employees to make report to theirsuperiors on the HIYARIs (near misses) and HATTOs (narrow escapes),which are eliminated during the work, and make its presentation inMonthly Safety meetings.
HIYARI-HATTO MEMOHiyari Hatto Memo is the documentation to record any danger at work station
HIYARI-HATTO TRAININGThis is a pictorial view exhibits the Hiyari Hatto training given to the employeesof all shops. on the basis of this awareness employees eliminate the hazards at the work place to improve their efficiency through Safety Kaizens. SAFETY FIRST ALWAYS
Cylinder CoveredChance of Finger by Protector Pressing
BEFORE IMPROVEMENT AFTER IMPROVEMENT Protector No Protection Cover Sliding Position Sliding Position Hand ValveHome Position Home Position Hand Valve
Chance of Cut mark Protector Installed Injury Operator’s Arm Sharp Edge
PRACTICES IN PSMCL FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTIONKIKEN YOCHI (Danger Prediction Training)KYT is the brainstorming training to discuss, mutual consideration andunderstand all dangerous factors.The purpose of these activities are to ensure the safety in the workplace in advance. This training is used for the promotion of Zero-Accident activities.
The Management of Pak Suzuki arranged following basictrainings of all its employees, Representative of dealers /Vendors/ Contractors: Fire fighting Health and safety (First Aid) Traffic rules Uses of passages by pedestrians. Proper usage of PPEs. Emergency Shutdown procedure Emergency Preparedness and Response Speed
HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION ACTIVIES GENBA = WORK PLACE
PRACTICES IN PSMCL FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTIONMonthly Safety Coordination MeetingsSafety Coordinators Meeting from various shops/areas are regularly held onmonthly basis to discuss safety related issues. Planned strategies andsuggestions on health and safety issues are shared with the SafetyCoordinators, which are adopted by all employees.