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Scrap, Hoax And Flying Highly With The Dreams Throughout Two Months!

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Upon each death there is a rose grows among the thorns to create the new life meaning…

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Scrap, Hoax And Flying Highly With The Dreams Throughout Two Months!

  1. 1. Upon each death there is a rose grows among the thorns to create the new life meaning… To; Who shall be alive in my thoughts? Who shall be in the memory? Captain, Saleh …
  2. 2. When I checked that life boat, I asked myself: What shall I do?! Dear reader;Before I begin in my thoughts & ideas stating, I would like to hear me by your eyes also… Be careful it is scrap! Open the hyperlink; Rose & candle are the Hoax?!
  3. 3. I was very far from the reality when I was working onboard this ship. Flying highly with the dreams over the clouds…Well, I tried to say something regarding, how can we reach the green and safesailing but sometimes good things go bad so unfortunately, my thoughts & ideaswere nothing except; scrap, hoax and flying highly with the dreams throughouttwo months!Even though I failed, I believe that my success in the pending future shall be asa result for my mistakes in the past. Sunday, 30 May 2010 Tarek Antton Jabour Naval architect & marine engineer
  4. 4. Preface: Based on LR statics 2007 there are 89465 shipsThese ships are manned at least by 89465×15= 1341975 crewmember, and conveymore than 5m T ballast waters and driven by engines which have at least 70%CO2 emissions so I post discussions and comments depending on those issues asthe following:On 03/10/2010 some of the operational challenges facing ship operators todayand in the future,On 03/29/2010 prepare your ship to implement ballast water convention (as atemporary procedure by convert the vents into discharge pipes till the ballastwater treatment will be mandatory)On 03/29/2010, 04/13/2010, 04/17/2010 right solutions of the piracyOn 04/21/2010 the parties who are responsible for any disasterOn 04/25/2010 Air/water ballast system and the challenges regarding thecontinuous flushing systems or continuous flow systemsOn 04/22/2010, 04/29/2010, 05/05/2010, some proposals to convert the old shipsinto green shipsOn 05/11/2010 some comments on I am looking for technical opinion on theissues involved in choosing ballast water treatment systems for different typesof commercial vessels.On 05/13/2010 Hoax theory on the global warming and the right solution forthe oil spill in the Gulf part 1…On 05/17/2010 ask for ideas to stop oil spill and the right solution for the oil spillin the Gulf part 2…Dreams!Of course as any person I have dreams… It was 2007 when the hot sunshine burned my skin and the winds dropped my helmet onboard MV:Lady Bushra where I dreamt in the Green ship which would be driven by solar, wind and AZIPOD units. My dreams are invaluable?! Or, it is hard to be in the reality…
  5. 5. It was 2002 when my brother came back to our home after a short stay in theCapital and gave me a book which he bought from a books exhibition on thestreet… in 2007 when I was in the café with my girl-friends I said maybe youneed me…You!We spent two months search on the net ask our fathers friends also oursupervisor to get the reference and you say, we need you!Easy easy I said maybe… (They were so angry because they are same the otherscant separate between my jokes and seriousness)Two days later they told me: our supervisor asks you to borrow your reference.I havent the right to lend my reference.HE IS YOUR DOCTOR AND YOU NEED HIM TO GRADUATE.Really! I need myself, by the way I havent the right because you are who havethat as you know my reference is in your homes and it shall be in my homeafter you finish your project as you covenant, I dont care even though youlend it to the devil .They laughed and said:Devil, we think that there is no devil against you.I?! GOD forgives you.In 2009 I saw how the information transfer from the street to six graduationprojects and 3 books for the supervisor (after approval granting from theauthor) to be studied by more than 50 students each year in the university.Today, after 2 years from my graduation I will be the first graduated who hisname on a book which will be issued by my Doctor to be studied by more than50 students each year…It is "Just 10 $"! Also, this is one of my dreams…
  6. 6. Some of the operational challenges facing ship operators today and in thefuture The optimum ship is the ship which has a good balance between the increasingof the automation systems and the increase of the paper work, butunfortunately few owners realize this fact so the number of the detained andfined ships increases day by day.Some of the operational challenges facing ship operators today and in thefuture:1- Non-compliance with recommendations and/or conditions of class and/orIMO:1-a: when the rules and recommendations of class are not free the possibility ofclass withdrawal regarding non-compliance with recommendations and/orconditions will be more than free ones.In 2007 the total number of the class withdrawal in ABS was 2/280 classsuspension. (ABS rules are free).1-b: when the IMO. Documents are free the possibility of implementation will bemore; the main element in the implementation link is the crewmemberespecially the lowest rank; if the oiler or sailor must pay money to know aboutIMO rules certainly he/she does not care about IMO at all...2- Confidentiality and data protection:Once an approval procedure is completed and the new system is approved,nothing should be regarded as confidential, in this way the ship can be avoidedfrom wrong decisions being made by IMO inspectorates also she can be mannedby the crew who are fully aware of the procedures.http://www.ukpandi.com/LPBulletins/BulletinNo.5783- Alleged pollution incident:To avoid your vessel from alleged pollution incident approve MAERSKprocedures in oil record book especially the following entries:Sealing of MARPOL Annex I related valve and/or equipmentBreaking seal on MARPOL Annex I related valve and/or equipment.4- Grey water:Most sewage treatment plants are designed to treat black sewage but someports require the closing of all sewage overboard valves so to avoid your vesseland her crew from this critical situation read the following:4-a: provide the grey water system with a grease separator, or
  7. 7. 4-b: provide the grey water system with a connection to bilge water tank, or4-c: provide your ship with holding tank with enough capacity for duration inport, or4-d: provide your ship with a sewage treatment plant which is designed to treatthe black and the grey water.And in all cases it is better to provide your ship with a sewage record book inthe same form as the ballast water record book which is suggested in Ballastwater management convention, 2004 by IMO, and approve sealing andbreaking seal entries.5- Operational conditions/requirements related to low sulphur distillate oil andfuel change over:Lubricity: especially for fuel injection and gear type pumps,Viscosity: fuel oil cooler might be necessary in the supply systemCompatibility: solubility of asphaltenes has to be considered (change overprocess)Addition of bio fuels (FAME) could create additional problems likeCompatibility, stability, fouling, hygroscopic.Loss of delivery pressure: especially for existing pumps at low viscositiesContamination of low sulphur fuel by other fuels: especially in fuel return linesThe fuel oil/ air ratioFuel oil shut off valves /quick closing valves: leakagesFor air atomizing burners for LSDO sufficient compressed air has to beavailable.6- Ballast water management convention, 2004:When the ballast water management enter into force that means that yourship may be subject to:5-a: alleged unimplemented DE ballasting procedure so it is better to approvesealing and breaking seal entries in ballast water record book.5-b: strict check from BWM 2004 parties so it will be hard for your ship toavoid the compulsory DE ballasting so your ship may be disposed to the dangerof capsizing as the following:
  8. 8. So it will be better if you provide your ship with a ballast water treatmentplant.5-c: because the ballast water treatment plant is a new system may be yourship will subject to inaccurate decisions or she will be manned by the crew whoare not fully aware of the relevant procedures; so ask IMO to implement item 2above.7- Cost recovery:New convention comes; new job comes with new responsibilities and new costswhich are necessary to achieve a safe and clean sailing, where all involvedparties (port state, flag state, class, industrial figures and owners) do their bestto make the marine environment safe and clean because they get money;Port state, flag state and class get money by means of charges or fees.Owners have the means to suggest the increase of freight ton, and the power toget it.Except seafarer, although he is the main element to reach the safer and cleanersea, he has no space and power to ask for an increase of his salary due to theincrease in his job, in spite of 2010 which is called “seafarer year”, so it will bemuch better if the involved parties take in their account one of the following:7-a: addition of a new rank in safe manning documents; ISM officer who isresponsible for paper work;7-b: some increase in crew salaries and more availability of recommendationsand rules especially the free ones. 10/03/2010Prepare your ship to implement ballast water convention
  9. 9. Save your money and keep our environment clean, how?!I will tell you, After class approval granting, convert the vents ofballast tanks to discharge pipes, then operate ballast pumpcontinuously while she depart from the donor port till sea waters (atleast 200 nautical miles from the coast and at least 200 m in depth),by this way nobody can say that your ship convey species from ahigh risk donor port, so you keep the environment clean, and nobodycan say that your ship didnt do the DE ballasting, also you avoid herfrom DE ballasting in the high seas where may be she suffers fromcapsizing risk, while she needs just some modifying in ballast waterpiping, so you save your money. Monday, 29 March 2010
  10. 10. The total number of acts of piracy and armed robbery against ships so farreported to IMO is 5,224, till 1 January 2010.I learnt from the history - Arabic Phoenicians – and found in the UK’sLegislations, that she is a merchant ship nor war ship, and I have theencouragement to say that she must be protected via all involved parties notjust from owners and by them money.Could you please follow the statistics below? Year Total number of Ship Ship (None/not incidents reported missing hijacked stated) 1998 210 3 13 57 1999 309 7 9 155 2000 471 3 2 232 Year Total Ship Ship (None/not ALLEGEDLY number of missing hijacked stated) ATTEMPTED incidents reported 2001 263 2 16 78 107 2002 294 8 12 100 89 2003 338 5 14 147 114 2004 242 1 21 74 88 2005 197 0 18 77 69 2006 173 0 9 75 67 2007 206 0 17 98 76 Year Total Ship Ship (None/not ALLEGEDLY number of missing hijacked stated) ATTEMPTED incidents reported Lives lost wounded Missing hostage Assaulted crew crew Crew 2008 206 1 51 90 100 6 20 38 774 21 2009 205 0… 34… 34… 128… 83 6… 0… 551… 0…* *… : till June 2009
  11. 11. If you read them carefully, you will find the right solutions for this seriousproblem.1- Ship security plan:It should be adapted according to ISPS code, MSC circulars and related IMO resolutions, also it should be modified, as appropriate, to correct deficiencies and satisfy the security requirements of the ship and crew, where the crew is the main defender who must be made fully aware of the risks involved during attacks by pirates and also crew must take into the account that the early detection of a possible attack may be the most effective deterrent (when the ship is underway the pirates don’t come by a helicopter or submarine, they use a rescue boat which can be seen by eyes and by radar), covering radar blind spots should be considered, and the use of an appropriately positioned yacht radar may also a good idea. To provide the crew by weapons isn’t good solution for the reasons below:1- The work at marine environment is so difficult to the extent which makes a crewmember aggressive so the crewmembers may use the weapons against each other’s at least, and in the other side the weapons may convert the crewmembers themselves into pirates.2- The shooting at suspected pirates may impose a legal risk for the master, ship-owner or company, such as collateral damages.3- A use firearm against pirates creates firefight which may cause the total loss of crew.4- Use arms onboard ships will create arms race between crew and pirates so day by day the ship will convert to a warship.5- Use arms onboard ships in legal manner may increase the possibility of illegal transfer of arms between countries so more wars and may be world war III.
  12. 12. 2- Marine industry:The marine industry is responsible for the following:1- The Increase of ship’s speed and the improvement of her manoeuvring.2- To provide the ship by passive and non-lethal measures such as netting, wire, electric fencing, and long-range acoustic devices or any system may be appropriate preventive measures to deter attackers and prevent boarding.3- IMO and Port State Control:1- ISPS code needs some adaptation regarding the systems and devices which may prevent pirates boarding.2- Adaptation of marine incidents and marine casualties’ definition as specified in marine incidents and marine casualties investigation code to include the piracy incident.3- Risk assessments: where the next voyage of a ship is in a piracy and armed robbery threat area it will be useful if the ship subject to ISPS inspection regardless of her port state inspection schedule.4- UN Navy forces:When the attack is made by pirates who use craft or rescue boat, it will be agood idea if the defence is made by a craft or rescue boat.
  13. 13. 5- Some suggestions:1- As the trust fund is established to protect the environment from the ship risk, it will be a good decision if a trust fund is established to protect the ship from the environment risk to cover the following costs: 1- Cost of ship protection in South China Sea, Indian Sea, East Africa,West Africa, South America (A/P/C), Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf by the UNnavy forces. 2- Compensation for hijacked or missing ships.2- Piracy incident is occurred as a result of deficiencies happened in thework of owners and IMO parties so the both must bear the results as thefollowing:1- All ships must pay a mandatory charge to significantly contribute to the 50% of the trust fund.2- All IMO parties must contribute to the 50% of the trust fund. Monday, 29 March 2010
  14. 14. I believe in marine industry as a solution for any problemI find out that fact:1- In the past when I was walking along the quay at some port, where I saw asmall rat tried to reach our vessel via a mooring rope but the rats barrierprevented it,2- In the present when I see a movie for a ship cutter manufactured by Spursmarine, which cut the ropes and nets to prevent the possibility of oil leakagefrom stern tube, and3- In the pending future when I will see the pirates cutter (sharp rotating disksor sharp blades which work in a reciprocating movement, by cut power largerthan the breaking strength of the ropes, wires, cables or chains which are usedby pirates to board the ship) which is provided to a ship in port, at anchor andunderway to prevent the pirates boarding.Where her voyage is in a piracy and armed robbery threat area she will be asa QUEEN if she proceeds by full speed, running pirates cutter and protected bynavy rescue boats and sea water monitors, while she is out of coverage arearegarding her communications.It is so expensive?!Nothing will be expensive if we want to use her in more than 75% of goodstransfer. Tuesday, April 13, 2010
  15. 15. What can we do when the numbers ask us to play our part?!The total number of acts of piracy and armed robbery against ships so far reported to IMO is 5,224, till1 January 2010.Could you please follow the statistics below? Year allegedly committed allegedly attempted IN IN IN IN IN IN INTERNATIONAL TERRITORIAL PORT INTERNATIONAL TERRITORIAL PORT WATERS WATERS AREA WATERS WATERS AREA 1998 17 132 61 1999 38 201 70 2000 136 224 111 2001 28 91 144 51 34 22 2002 19 52 223 30 20 39 2003 61 58 209 61 30 23 2004 54 42 146 43 18 27 2005 25 48 124 40 18 11 2006 28 58 87 33 20 14 2007 38 101 67 51 20 5 2008 70 75 61 84 6 10 2009 75 81 52 168 22 6 Sum 589 1163 1355 561 188 157 % 18,96 37,43 43,61 61,92 20,75 17,33 Year Lives lost wounded Missing Crew Assaulted crew crew hostage 2008 6 20 38 774 21 2009 83 6… 0… 551… 0…* *… : till June 2009Are you shocked by those numbers?If so please follow my comments to share me in finding the right solutions of this serious problem. 1- SHE IS MERCHANT SHIP NOT WAR SHIP:It is so wrong to say that armed security is the right solution to deter hijack for the reasons below:1- The work at marine environment is so difficult to the extent which makes a crewmember aggressive so the crewmembers may use the weapons against each other’s at least, and in the other side the weapons may convert the crewmembers themselves into pirates.2- The shooting at suspected pirates may impose a legal risk for the master, ship-owner or company, such as collateral damages.3- A use firearm against pirates creates firefight which may cause the total loss of crew.
  16. 16. 4- Use arms onboard ships will create arms race between crew and pirates so day by day the ship will convert to a warship.5- Use arms onboard ships in legal manner may increase the possibility of illegal transfer of arms between countries so more wars and may be world war III.2- GOOD ASSESSMENT:1- Upon each security incident, a security assessment must be done regardless of incident’s success or its fail.2- The security assessment must be done periodically at all levels ship, port facility and port for adaptation of ship security plan, port facility security plan and port security plan.3- IMO & PORT STATE CONTROL:1- ISPS code needs some adaptation regarding the systems and devices which may prevent pirates boarding.2- Adaptation of marine incidents and marine casualties’ definition as specified in marine incidents and marine casualties investigation code to include the piracy incident.3- 56,39% of hijacks happened in international & territorial waters between 1998-2009, so our ship needs help from UN navy forces, but when the attack is made by pirates who use craft or rescue boat, it will be a good idea if the defence is made by a craft or rescue boat.4- Risk assessments: where the next voyage of a ship is in a piracy and armed robbery threat area it will be useful if the ship subject to ISPS inspection regardless of her port state inspection schedule.4- MARINE INDUSTRY:The marine industry is responsible for the following:1- The Increase of ship’s speed and the improvement of her manoeuvring.2- To provide the ship by passive and non-lethal measures such as netting, wire, electric fencing, and long-range acoustic devices or any system may be appropriate preventive measures to deter attackers and prevent boarding.
  17. 17. By the way I believe in marine industry as a solution for any problem1- In the past when I was walking along the quay at some port, where I saw a small rat tried to reach our vessel via a mooring rope but the rats barrier prevented it,2- In the present when I see a movie for a ship cutter manufactured by Spurs marine, which cut the ropes and nets to prevent the possibility of oil leakage from stern tube, and3- In the pending future when I will see the pirates cutter (sharp rotating disks or sharp blades which work in a reciprocating movement, by cut power larger than the breaking strength of the ropes, wires, cables or chains which are used by pirates to board the ship) which is provided to a ship in port, at anchor and underway to prevent the pirates boarding.Where her voyage is in a piracy and armed robbery threat area she will be as a QUEEN if she proceedsby full speed, running pirates cutter and protected by navy rescue boats and sea water monitors, whileshe is out of coverage area regarding her communications.It is so expensive?!Nothing will be expensive if we want to use her in more than 75% of goods transfer.5- SOME SUGGESTIONS:Because I believe in closed cycle’s success more than open cycle, I suggest the following:1- As the trust fund is established to protect the environment from the ship risk, it will be a good decision if a trust fund is established to protect the ship from the environment risk to cover the following costs: 1- Cost of ship protection in South China Sea, Indian Sea, East Africa, West Africa, South America (A/P/C), Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf by the UN navy forces. 2- Compensation for hijacked or missing ships.2- Piracy incident is occurred as a result of deficiencies happened in the work of owners and IMO parties so the both must bear the results as the following: 1- All ships must pay a mandatory charge to significantly contribute to the 50% of the trust fund. 2- All IMO parties must contribute to the 50% of the trust fund.Finally; Many thanks for your patience. Saturday, 17 April 2010Together to the green and safe sailing (real story)
  18. 18. Together to the green and safe sailing (real story)If you someday switch on the TV and watch the sinking incident for a ship thenyou know that one of your classmates was onboard and he has been missingand when you go to your work after a vacation you find a two life boatsbesides your work’s place (one as wrecks and the other still has the generalfigure) , then an inner voice order you to check that boat and you find thename of that ship on its bow, then after you have been shocked you be as acrazy person who doesn’t know what he should search for..And when you see the cracks in hull and the both motors are so eager to be inthe smelting furnace… Who do you blame?!IMO, because it has no power to enforce its parties in international maritimeconventions compliance; orIMO parties who work slowly in international maritime conventionscompliance; orFlag state who renews the ship certificates via mail or fax; orPort state control who be satisfied with random samples for inspection; orClassification society and the builder who doesn’t define the expire date forusing life boat (I mean to each extent the life boat must be in use 10,20,30…years)Owner who considers the cargo operations more important than thecompliance for SOLAS; orYour classmate who spent one year waiting his opening to work onboardvessels in spite of his good resume which equalled nothing against the latestworld crisis?!Or, others Wednesday, 21 April 2010
  19. 19. Air/water ballast system and the challenges regarding the continuous flushingsystems or continuous flow systems04/25/2010Naval Engineer at Banias Port AuthorityYou need help from the green ship of the future to get the sufficient air pressure to control ship buoyancy to use longitudinal trunk method in the ballast water management. By the way as you know In the past it was ballast rocks system, At present it is ballast water system/zero ballast water systeml/(air and water ballast system which you try to design) In the future maybe air ballast system (without any water)!!In addition to what they said you can get more information from Arai, Suzuki& Kora, Yokohama National University, about Ship Buoyancy ControlCompartments which I called it previously air/water ballast system, it is one ofthe continuous flow methods (like vents/discharge pipes which you know), buttake into consideration the following:1- Other methods of Ballast Water Management may also be accepted as alternatives to the requirements described in paragraphs 1 to 5, provided that such methods ensure at least the same level of protection to the environment, human health, property or resources, and are approved in principle by the Committee.2- There are some challenges for the continuous flushing systems or continuous flow systems like that the problem of transverse frames and longitudinals in ballast tanks that produce many zones of low or zero water flow,Also for more detailed information you can go to the source: http://globallast.imo.orgI agree with you about nothing is new especially when I remember that thePhoenicians were the merchant ship’s first designer.For challenges regarding the continuous flushing systems or continuous flowsystems, you can ask class surveyors about the rust, mud and sediments in theballast tanks, especially that these methods have no good filtration systems… Naval engineer Tarek jabour
  20. 20. 04/22/2010, 04/29/2010, 05/05/2010Together to the Green and Safe sailingIs the sulphur content of any fuel oil used globally which will not exceed 0.50%m/m S on and after 1 January 2020, enough to extinguish the Iceland’svolcanic? And where is the green ship of the future from that?! Is she animaginary vision? Or she is a week fact suspended between the high costs andunimplemented legislations? Or she is otherwise.When I was ENG cadet I heard the chief engineer asking who should clean themain engine scavenges space. The oilers looked at each other to the extentwhich generated an inner desire to say, it is my turn, I felt as nobody heard meso I repeated again by high voice, then the chief said, are you sure?!I spent six hours in my part cleaning the emissions which was converted intosolid shape and when I finished I took a cup of milk to clean my blood and usedchemical liquid to clean my skin then I asked the chief,I cleaned the main engine from the solid emissions and the milk cleaned myblood and the chemical cleaned my skin so who is the cleaner of the sky fromthe emissions?!The chief answered me that the IMO works on adaptation of the MARPOLAnnex VI to reduce the emissions; it was 2007 when my knowledge regardingIMO’s work was little, and so I ask him why we don’t play our part, at least wecan improve the combustion conditions when we clean air cooler twice insteadof one time within 6 months and increase the air cooler chemical dose, the chiefsmiled and said owner’s cargo are waiting us at the next port..I spent week thinking in the emission’s effects on our global environmentespecially that which makes the summer converts to the winter and vice versa,and when we reached against the Brazilian coasts a heavy rain lasted for anhalf hour while I watched the emission which mixed completely with the rainwhich became somewhat black, after that heavy rain the sunshine separatedblack emission from the water and before our reach the next port the sailorscleaned the deck and collected the black emission.Today, I would like to ask two questions,1- Everything in this life has expire date, why the marine industrial productshave no one?!I mean the following:The time of tradition propulsion is overed by the controllable pitch propeller atleast, and of course this time is podded propulsors’ time.The time of tradition injection system is overed by the common rail fuelinjection system.2- Why the marine industry works on input more than output, while if it workson output all old ship and new building ship can be converted into the green
  21. 21. ship simultaneously, and we can reach 2020 before what we expect, (taking intoour consideration “today we see that 0.50% m/m S on and after 1 January 2020,enough for our climate, in 2020 will it be enough?!”)Actually I am not here for showing myself as an inventor because, simply youcan call me naval/marine engineer, I studied the both in one branch besidesthat I was lazy student; my average was 65.11, I knew my teachers’ names onregistration and I met them on exam asking is there any question, when Iasked I get this answer “are you one of my students..”I graduated from my university nailing in my mind three equations:1- P= γV2- PV= mRT3- P+2ρV²/g + Z= constantBut on other hand I consider the nature my first teacher, I worked 15 years asfarmer and manager for our farms so I know somewhat how to mix betweenwhat is theory and what is practical besides that I believe there are no newthoughts or ideas also when somebody say something I believe that there isanother one says that or like that because we are all together colours mixerswhere our nature is our source and who said that Newton was able to discoverwithout the green/red colour?!I need more than 300 years to be as Newton, but I will take my opportunity toexplain what I learnt from the nature:In my country on summer’s end (in the latest years as a result for climatechange) each year a dry dusty winds blows from the south mixes with the airto rain the mud..The main challenge now and in the future is how we can reach the optimumcondition where we turned back the air to its main characteristics...I mean to reduce the emissions of SO2, NOx, CO2 up to 100%;It is hard to be done but not impossible.What we have:Liquefied natural gas (LNG) can reduce the emissions of SO2 (100%),particulates (100%), NOx (90%) and have the potential of reducing CO2 with upto 25%. (Thanks for Port of Rotterdam Community...)Sea water scrubbing technology will remove more than 98% of sulphur alongwith majority of particulate matter from a 3.5% sulphur residual fuel. (Thanksfor Hamworthy Krystallon..)Green ship technology will provide the necessary technologies and operationalmeans to reduce emissions for newbuildings:- 30 % reduction of CO2 emissions- 90 % reduction of NOx emissions- 90 % reduction of SOx emissions
  22. 22. (Thanks for Green ship of the future Group)Even though IMO said it may be enough, I believe that is very far from what isenough because we are Gentlemen; the Gentleman is who turns back the thingwhich he borrowed in its initial condition or better..I don’t know exactly, maybe someday we can reach to the green funnel ifmarine industry takes into consideration the following: Let’s use exhaust speed decreasing stages; we can use exhaust gas’s speed inelectric generation, or maybe by using turbo & compressor in air ballastsystem, anduse water injection stages then steam injection stages, condensers, heatexchangers… waters.separation stage.If we decrease the speed – as we use the main engine’s exhaust gases inturbocharger, maybe we can use it directly in generator rotation by using theconstant pressure turbo stage – so we get enough time to deal with exhaustgases also we improve boiler’s heat exchange and scrubber efficiency then asBritish vessels used oil for fuel tanks’ heating before 1970 we can use sea waterfor heating sea water in ballast tanks.. (imagine circulating pump circulatesballast water from ballast tanks to cylindrical tank surrounding the funnel sowe kill the species by heating and we treat the excessive heat), or we can usethe excessive heat in cooling... ventilation..., to decrease exhaust temperature tothe extent which make good conditions for mixing of steam and remainingexhaust then to enter the mixture in condensation stage (we use steam to cleanfunnel sometimes as you know..)Our climate was designed for us not for others, so it will be so worthy to care byit, unfortunately the emissions risk increases so fast day by day, you can askpeople who used to clean scavenges space..So regardless of your position play your part honestly to share in ourenvironment protection.You will say it is a very high cost!I say:I will not make comparison between what I said and what will happen in thefuture.., but I will say that by this manner we impose the costs but we makesome clearance to some cost recovery..And I will ask:Is there somebody can tell me about 70% CO2 effects on our global climate?! Wednesday, 05 May 2010
  23. 23. Some comments on I am looking for technical opinion on the issues involved inchoosing ballast water treatment systems for different types of commercialvessels.I think that it is so difficult to mix between what is economical and what is safein the Ballast-Free Bulk carrier concept, I will be clear..I will consider here that the trunk construction is like pipe structure so no zeroflow points, also the trunk is anti-fouling so no species suspended and no highcosts for anti-fouling paints or for cleaning on dry-dock ..And I will ask who may be concern some questions and I look forward to get itsanswers;Can this ship sail safely when she is in ice/water areas?When she across Gibraltar because her excessive speed (as a result fordecreasing the resistance of ship) she overtakes the grampus but unfortunatelythat grampus or a group of them enter the trunk…Can you say that the grampus will across safely (for the ship and for thegrampus…)?Or when she sails across some area which is involved in Garbage or oil pollutionspot can you avoid her from fines or can somebody make a good decisionregarding the source of pollution or this ship will be out of the suspects…When this ship shelter near a small island for more than two days or more…Did you think that ship will be not a good home for species, fishes, fishingnets…etcI think for the above questions and for others, the Ballast-Free Bulk carrierconcept designers think in some isolation valves…Well I will be more clear..And I will consider for safety reasons, two isolation valves for each trunk ineach side, this ship will not sail in distillation water, she will sail in sea waterwhich contains…So she needs filter for each trunk at least especially because it is flow alongsideso the possibility of matters will be more than if the opening for ballast suctionwas port side or starboard side, she discharged her cargoes, valves in open stateand she depart while the weather is bad, some block in some trunk so trunk fulland one half, what can the captain do?Well he will operate a ballast pump which has piping with side opining to fillthe trunk quickly, and for safety reasons she needs other ballast pump;You say, other ships have just one;Well, maybe she subject to the effects of two free liquids surfaces..So after valves, filters and two ballast pumps, we can say she will sail safely…But is that enough to protect our marine environment?!Well, I shall explain something here.
  24. 24. Can some ship which discharged benzene in some port, load naphtha?!Dear readers some of you know and other don’t..(Pb suspended pollutes the naphtha, and the washing with hot water can’t solvethe problem..)Now we know a few kinds of species and know nothing about the others, how itsuspends, transfer or affect…Again you will say costs, costs & costs…1- Ballast water management annex to Marpol.2- Ballast water management certificate is some new entries in IOPPsupplement.3- Marine industry shows some mercy.I know that you ask 1&2 are impossible..I answer:If IMO separates for some reasons regarding low matters, that isn’t meaningthat marine industry can’t mix…We use exhaust gases to decrease O2 to avoid the explosion so can we use it inspecies killing where all kinds of species needs O2 to stay alive…Or can we use the excessive heat for that purpose…Or, other methods...We can imagine and we can think then decide & design..Just the practise and sea service can determine design success..Old oil tankers designers thought, decided and designed the single hull,imagine that they expect collision and oil pollution and the high costs ofprewashing and delays, I think that you agree with me and say:If they imagined that, they would design double hull..I didnt talk about ballast tank, I talk about trunks like pipes structure,I ask you friendly to do this:full a vessel by water and spread some small pieces of paper and make a spotthen move small body (which has ships design) quickly and watch the bow howworks as separator via the waves..I think also that you agree with me that we use seawater to low G centre, andto make good stability for ordinary ship and free ballast ship which has samedimensions we use same quantity of seawater, and the water can make freesurface regardless of its vessel (cubic, ball, cylinder, pipe....)and also I will ask you friendly to do another thing..Could you please choose a vessel with more than one year sea service after herdry dock, and check seawater filters where emergency fire pump and ballastpump suction. 05/11/2010
  25. 25. Hoax theory on the global warming and the right solution for the oil spill inthe Gulf part 1…Excuse me, excuse me, excuse me..When I registered in linkedin on 03/14/2010I read the following;Over 65 million professionals use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas andopportunities.But I didn’t imagine that by this short time I will reach to 3266commentators,Please, please and please give me the time to read your valuable comments youcan get a vacation for short period forget the net and web news and make atour around the world.., or go to the villages in your country, and search forthe olds who didn’t know the computers, they have practise and knowledgemore than you imagine..You haven’t the time, or ..Don’t worry I will tell you what I knowBefore I am a naval architect & marine engineer I was farmer and managerfor our farms in my village, I wait the rain and the sunshine.. And I heardpeople who lived more than ten decades..This year throughout April no rain also we let the door open in the Christmasnight..When I ask the olds in my village they said it is the first time..In 2008 I spent throughout February in Odessa where I wear my jacket once, ortwiceAlso I asked the olds via my girl-friend they said it is the first timeI visited Brazil, Argentina, Italy, Turkey, …Same same I get this answer:It is the first time; orOur climate changes rapidlyToday Iceland’s volcanic?!Ok, cancel all the aboveYes, the Global Warming is the hoax!My friend;You use the excessive heat in cooling.. in ventilation,.Finally,Before this day I blamed the industry professionals for our global warming..Now I understand you, because up till now you don’t know if our globalwarming is/isn’t a hoax,And friendly I ask you to answer my discussion 05/13/2010
  26. 26. If you believe that our Global Warming is a hoax, why you are member inGreen?! Special thanks for you (all commentators here) and for everybody who comments on that valuable discussion,Actually after I read some of those comments I dont know why I remembered the big bang.. There are two teams: A: who says that our global warming isn’t a hoax.. B: who says that our global warming is a hoax.. Someday the truth shall appear, tomorrow.., after one year.., 10,20… I don’t know exactly..I will suppose that will happen after 10 years, as the following (I take into the consideration that nobody forces you to be A or to be B and also you invite what you believe): 1- A: wrong and B: rightA(%) works on excessive heat treating and doesn’t care by other reason for our climate change B(%) doesn’t care or search for other reasons for our climate change 2- A: right and B: wrongA(%) works on the excessive heat treating and doesn’t care by other reason for our climate change B(%) doesn’t care or search for other reasons for our climate change In the first case we lose the efforts of A&B or at least A in finding the right reason In the second we lose the efforts of B So let’s find AB team as the following: A works on the excessive heat treating and in the meantime search for other reasons B Search for other reasons and in the meantime works on the excessive heat treating By this team I think that our global climate shall be fine Again many thanks for you PM and AM, Sun and moon, Man and Woman...are very very different, but each one need other to create the meaning of our life..I dont know if Newton was like the apple or not and I dont care for that, I am interested in Newtons Law, also I think everything in this life has two faces and for each question there is an answer Y,N.. Lets discuss till when we know and lose time and efforts and .. When I stop my comments please dont consider that I can’t answer or reply,
  27. 27. but consider that I have other thing I do.. Thank you very much Best regards Dear all A&B I read before I request to join to Green group the following: Green is for those who want to share ideas on environment, climate change, renewable energy, clean tech, sustainability, CSR and Green issues Also I get this invitation from Green Manager and I am very delighted and honoured to have such one. (Tarek, Come to the first Green group event Communicating Sustainability 2010 on the 7th of June in Central London to meet, listen and learn from some of the greatest minds in advertising, communications, brand marketing and business strategy..) Actually I posted this discussion to find something new and more useful…I don’t know why it moved to jobs discussion; I post this question to prepare for different kind of discussion between A & B.. For my opinion regarding our global warming I say: The scientists didn’t surprise me with the big bang..I said that to invite every open mind person in the team A to stop struggle andmake something different, I mean working on the excessive heat and search for other reasons for our climate change, and to invite every open mind person in the team B to stop struggle and make something different, I mean search for other reasons for our climate change, and working on the excessive heat, And in the meantime I ask kindly every person in the both teams to stop posting here, and to join my next discussion to learn me (especially because Ican’t be in London for some reasons to learn about Green) about haw can we be more gentles?! Dear brother/sister in Green, how can we be more gentles?! In my opinion, the gentle person is who turns back what he has borrowed as it was or better… So he conserves and protects… We use air and fuel in combustion chamber to get energy and produce CO2… At least we can’t inhale CO2…So how can we turn the air and the fuel to them initial condition or to use them in something useful… Dear reader I am so interested in your opinion but please take into consideration that you abort this discussion when: Of course, if you leave me out, you delete it or move it to Job discussion; or
  28. 28. You fight or struggle instead of discuss; or You post links more than your thoughts because I find your opinion more valuable than the links; Please let’s share our thoughts and work together to conserve and protect simultaneously… Thank you very much Special thanks for www.linkedin.com Saturday, 08 May 2010 TarekWhen we extinguish a fire in some forest we make barriers or some arid areasto separate what is burning from what we can conserve, but is that enough?! We must treat the fire source directly..I don’t mean to stop CO2 emissions directly, because simply it is so hard to be done.. I think that it will be a good idea if we work on three levels: 1- Increase our green forests; 2- Decrease our energy consumption; and 3- Treat the CO2 emissions. And in my opinion I consider that it is very important to begin in CO2emissions treat, because I have some thoughts regarding, and I will explain it below, and please take into consideration that my thoughts are based on my knowledge and information regarding how I realize the nature… But I ask you friendly to let me complete… I will consider here the following:The heat transfers from the sun to the earth so hot air currents transfer from the hot place to the cold place. Our plant consists of 70% water and 30%land.All kind of trees inhale O2 and release CO2 during the nights, and vice versa, Trees work as pump with a defined suction pressure.. The temperature of CO2 gas is higher than O2, Ozone layer expands in high temperatures and shrinks in low temperature,When CO2 accumulates in large amount it form a layer which decrease heat transfer through, and it reflects the heat Ozone layer receives in a define position the heat from the sun during the daylight and from the earth during the night and this layer expands under heat effect. And also I will consider the following:1- The rays can reflect on some surface just when it makes an angle with that surface, 2- Our earth has three rotation movement, around itself, around the sun,
  29. 29. around the centre of universe so it’s axis has different positions but when some point be closer to the sun there is another point far from the sun. And I ask you friendly to do two things:1- Put a mirror against the light ray then put it where forms 0 angle with that ray; and 2- Light a candle and watch it smoke then fix a blank paper on a horizontal distance from the smoke and spray some water vertically against the paper and watch the paper. Dear reader I do this way to state my thoughts to be sure that large number from the interested read it to correct it kindly and to learn me because I consider myself student here, and in the meantime to get enough time to manage my thoughts. Nature before human and his activities: Large green areas on land take O2 in night and pump CO2 in addition to CO2 from animals so at night air currents blow from lands to the upper layers in the atmosphere above the water.Large green areas on land take CO2 in daylight and pump O2 so at daylight theair currents blow from waters to the upper layers in the atmosphere above the land. Heavy rainfall mixes with CO2 So the earth is in balance regarding CO2 Ozone layer: It is exposed to the direct sunshine heat and to the reflected sunshine heat which spends defined time (T) to reach it in the daylight so it expands in (A) amount and at night it shrinks in (B) amount, so we can say also that Ozone layer is in balance. Earth axis changes where some area becomes more close to the sunso it is exposed to some increase (C) amount in the heat at daylight and loose atnight (D) amount and in the meantime because the earth is like ball so if wemove away from that area we move away from the sun so that area has hightemperature comparing with the others so hot air currents in the lower layerblow from that area to the other so it lose (C-D) amount, so also we can say thatarea in balance…I love the nature because she is Queen, clever manager, clean and self-independent…
  30. 30. Dear reader, I ask you friendly to do two things: 1- Light a candle and put above its fire on a reasonable distance two balloons(same material) one ball and the second tube then watch which explode at first. 2- Light a lamp on a vessel contains water and put black paper between the both and watch.Tomorrow I will talk about how we are very stupid and selfish simultaneously.. Dear reader: Before I continue my thoughts I would like to say something here: I wouldn’t like to play devil’s advocate with anyone who says “Nature can’t teach or farmers and folks know nothing”, because we don’t need to defend farmers, folks and nature especially when you remember the following: Human used stones from ground, use papers from trees and use carbon in the computers to store and do his activities so the nature knows about us more than what we know about her..You can know your sons’ eyes colour before they are born because “Sir Darwin” was farmer.. Charles Dickens is Charles Dickens because he wrote his pain..I thanks the GOD because I have the pain, I was farmer and I love the nature.. Nature, human and his activities:Less green areas on land take %O2 in night and pump %CO2 in addition to CO2from animals, CO2 human and his activities so at night air currents blow from lands to the upper layers in the atmosphere above the water. Less green areas on land take %CO2 in daylight and pump %O2 in addition to CO2 from animals, CO2 human and his activities so at night air currents blow from waters to the upper layers in the atmosphere above the land. Rainfalls mix with %CO2. Well, you can find out easily that there is strange body in the atmosphere it is large amount of CO2 CO2 emissions effects on our resources: When CO2 accumulates in upper layers above the waters it forms CO2 layerwhich minimizes sunshine access to the waters so less evaporation and less and less and less rain.
  31. 31. CO2 emissions effects on Ozone layer: When CO2 accumulate in upper layers near the ozone layer it forms CO2 layer which reflects (S1) sunshine to the Ozone layer after defined time (%T) and stores the heat in (S2) amount to lose it quickly at night to reach Ozone layer after defined time (%T) and the remaining (S3) reach Ozone layer after (T) time at daylight, so Ozone layer expands in (A+ %A) amount at daylight and at night it shrinks in (%B) amount, so Ozone layer expands and expands and expands.CO2 emissions effects on some area which is more close to the sun as a result for earth axis change: Now I want to talk about north and south, as you know the north is rich by lands and man activities so high CO2 ratio on north, and the South is poor bylands and man activities so low CO2 ratio, the nature is so gentle and she wants to do her ability so CO2 moves from north to south where there is no rain soCO2 increases and increases and increases, and when earth axis changes where some area in the south becomes more close to the sun but it has rich CO2 layer so it is exposed to some increase (%C) amount in the heat at daylight and loose at night (%D) but now the other areas have higher temperature so the hot air currents in the lower layers blows toward that area so we can see easily that area under warming in (C-D) amount. If you realize the nature you can easily find out that the nature works on closed cycle system, and because we are so selfish and stupid we still work on open cycle system… Dear reader thanks for your patience… By the way I am not from A or B team because I am student in EPACT (Earth Protection And Conservation Team) which works on three levels with closed cycle system: 1- Treat the CO2 emissions, 2- Decrease our energy consumption, 3- Increase our green forests. So, dear Sister/Brother do you agree with me? Dear reader; For each study there is summary but because I am student here so I forgot it, excuse me (I hate to repeat…) Please if you read something annoy you please be informed that I wrote that thing to another person who know, My Dear teacher; Please take into consideration the following: I spent 2 days thinking in this issue; My thoughts are based on the tasks which I ask you to do it friendly; Maybe there are some minor mistakes regarding the language;
  32. 32. Summary AS STATED ABOVE IN MY COMMENTS:I DON’T MEAN TO STOP CO2 EMISSIONS DIRECTLY, BECAUSE SIMPLY IT IS SO HARD TO BE DONE…(COMMENT No2 ) CO2 IS FROM OUR BODIES WE CANT INSTALL AN EQUIPMENT TO TREAT THAT CO2 … I THINK THAT CO2 FROM ANIMALS BEFORE HUMANS EQUALS CO2 FROM ANIMAL AND HUMANS… OH, I FORGET AGAIN I SHALL EXPLAIN TO THE LAST WORD.. THE DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF ANIMALS KINDS AND ITS FIGURES EQUALS POPULATION INCREASE.DEAR ENGINEER, THE NATURE WAS IN BALANCE BEFORE HUMANS AND THE NUTURE CAN BE IN BALANCE IF HUMANS RECPECT NATURE’S LOWS… OH, AGAIN..MY THOUGHTS ARE BASED ON CO2 ISSUE, BUT YOU CAN PUT INSTEAD OF THAT GAS ANOTHER ONE AND GO ON YOUR MISSION AND IMPLEMENT CLOSED CYCLE SYSTEM WHEN YOU IMAGINE, THINK, DECIDE AND DESIGN. If you can’t, please try to find something useful
  33. 33. 05-13-2010 when I tried to do something good…There is no way to stop oil spill except they begin from the endFrom: Tarek JabourDate: May 13, 2010To: (who I respect and consider him as one of my teachers)Status: SentThey must begin from the sea water surface by using pipe till where theydecide to put the plug as the following:The pressure on that plug must be calculated, I will suppose it (A)They must design the same pipe (material and thickness) which was usedOn each connection they must put a weight equals A/N; N: number of theconnectionOf course the diameter of the pipe must be less than the previous oneI dont believe that plug will stop oil spill because they will need to use anotherone..Anyway I hope that they success by plug puttingNow they must fix the box leakage with a base for a new pipe 2 reach to thefinal positionFrom: Tarek JabourDate: May 17, 2010To: (who I respect and consider him as one of my teachers)Status: SentBox leakage must be fixed between the damaged pipe and the new pipe 1After new pipe 2 fixing the weights must be removed at first then the new pipe1 must be blocked with emergency plug (the new pipe 1 must be in this situationtill a new pipe from well till the final position)Very important remark:They must prepare a large number of the high heavy viscosity pumps…
  34. 34. Even though I failed again, I believe that we must work together because welive in the same plant so I asked all professionals the following:05/17/2010 Behind each disaster there is a minor mistake, but all inventions begin in a simple idea.Do you have any idea to stop oil spill in the Gulf, and after oil spill stop do you agree with oil burning as a last solution? Sunday, 30 May 2010 Tarek Antton Jabour Naval Architect & Marine Engineer Banias Port Authority Syrian Arab Republic

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