Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)

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Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)

  1. 1. Topics • Interpersonal Communication • Symbolic Interactionism • Meaning + Language + Thinking = Construction of Self + Society • Application of Symbolic Interactionism • Ethical Considerations • Meeting Interpretive Criteria
  2. 2. Interpersonal Messages Complex transaction in which overlapping messages simultaneously affect and are affected by the other person + multiple factors
  3. 3. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
  4. 4. BOWLING • Bowler - Sender • Ball - Message • Lane - Channel • Clutter on boards - Noise • Pins - Target Audience
  5. 5. PING-PONG • Server - Speaker • Receiver - Listener • Ball - Message
  6. 6. CHARADES • One member draws a title or slogan from a batch of possibilities • Acts it out visually for teammates in silent mini drama
  7. 7. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM Ongoing use of language and gestures in anticipation of how the other will react; a conversation (George Herbert Mead)
  8. 8. Herbert Blumer - 3 Core Principles • Meaning: The Construction of Social Reality • Language: The Source of Meaning • Thinking: The Process of Taking the Role of the Other • The Self: Reflections in a Looking Glass • Society: The Socialising Effect of Others Expectations
  9. 9. Meaning: The Construction of Social Reality • Stimulus interpretation Meani ng Response
  10. 10. Language: The Source of Meaning • Meaning arises out of the social interaction that people have with each other • Meaning is not inherent in objects, it is negotiated through the use of language • As human beings, we have the ability to name things. The extent of knowing is dependent of the extent of naming.
  11. 11. Thinking: The Process of Taking the Role of the Other • Individual’s interpretation of symbols is modified by his or her own thought processes. • Interactionists describe thinking as an inner conversation; minding • Human being have the capacity to take the role of the other
  12. 12. The Self: Reflections in a Looking Glass • I - Subjective self; the spontaneous driving force that fosters all that is novel, unpredictable and unorganized in the self • Me - Objective self; the image of self seen when one takes the role of the other
  13. 13. Society: The Socialising Effect of Others Expectations • Generalised other - Organised set of information that the individual carries in her/his head about what the general expectations and attitudes of the social group are • We refer to the generalised other whenever we try to figure out how to behave or how to evaluate our behaviour in a social situation
  14. 14. Application of Symbolic Interactionism • Creating Reality • Meaningful research • Generalised Other • Naming • Self-fulfilling Prophecy • Symbol Manipultation
  15. 15. Ethical Reflections • Ethical Echo (Emmanuel Levinas) - Reminder that we are responsible to take care of each other • The way we meet that obligation shapes our ‘I’ • When we gaze into the face of the other , we are reminded of our caretaking responsibility
  16. 16. Is it a ‘Good’ Interpretive Theory’? • Community of Agreement • Qualitative Research • Clarification of Values • New Understanding of People • Reform of Society • Aesthetic Appeal

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