Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Direct / Indirect Speech I am feeling ill! Paul said that he was feeling ill.
<ul><li>Paul  said ,   “ I   am  feeling ill ” . </li></ul><ul><li>   Paul  said that   he   was  feeling ill. </li></ul>...
Pronoun change <ul><li>I    He /she </li></ul><ul><li>You    He /she/ they </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor said, “ You  are...
<ul><li>My   his/her </li></ul><ul><li>Jane said, “They are  my  friends”. </li></ul><ul><li>   Jane said they were  her...
<ul><li>Me   him/her </li></ul><ul><li>Jane said, “He loved   me ”. </li></ul><ul><li>   Jane said he had loved   her . ...
<ul><li>Mine   his/hers </li></ul><ul><li>Jane said, “It is  mine ”. </li></ul><ul><li>   Jane said it was  hers . </li>...
Tense change <ul><li>In general,  the present form  in direct speech changes to  the past form  in reported speech: </li><...
“ My parents  are  very well”. James said that his parents  were  very well.
My father  has  been  in New York. He said that his father  had  been in New York.
“ I' m  going to learn to drive.” Jenny  said that she  was  going to learn to drive.
“ We  can   finish in  time”. Jason said they  could  finish in time.
I  watched  TV and I  did  my homework. Sami said that he  had watched  TV and he  had done  his homework.
Change of time and place reference &quot;I saw him  today &quot;, she said.   She said that she had seen him  that day .  ...
&quot;I saw him  yesterday &quot;   He said that he had seen him  the   day before .   yesterday the day before
End of presentation <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>Tarak Brahmi  September 2009 </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×
Upcoming SlideShare
Reported speech
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

168

Share

Download to read offline

Direct Indirect Speech

Download to read offline

Direct /Indirect Speech

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Direct Indirect Speech

  1. 1. Direct / Indirect Speech I am feeling ill! Paul said that he was feeling ill.
  2. 2. <ul><li>Paul said , “ I am feeling ill ” . </li></ul><ul><li> Paul said that he was feeling ill. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the changes? </li></ul><ul><li>No speech markers ( , “” ) in the Indirect Speech. </li></ul><ul><li>We added that (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>Pronoun change ( I  He ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tense change ( am  was ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pronoun change <ul><li>I  He /she </li></ul><ul><li>You  He /she/ they </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor said, “ You are getting better”. </li></ul><ul><li> The doctor said that she was getting better. </li></ul>You are getting better!
  4. 4. <ul><li>My  his/her </li></ul><ul><li>Jane said, “They are my friends”. </li></ul><ul><li> Jane said they were her friends. </li></ul>They are my friends
  5. 5. <ul><li>Me  him/her </li></ul><ul><li>Jane said, “He loved me ”. </li></ul><ul><li> Jane said he had loved her . </li></ul>He loved me.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mine  his/hers </li></ul><ul><li>Jane said, “It is mine ”. </li></ul><ul><li> Jane said it was hers . </li></ul>It is mine!
  7. 7. Tense change <ul><li>In general, the present form in direct speech changes to the past form in reported speech: </li></ul><ul><li>am/is  was </li></ul><ul><li>are  were </li></ul><ul><li>do/does  did </li></ul><ul><li>have/has  had </li></ul><ul><li>will  would </li></ul><ul><li>can  could </li></ul><ul><li>want/like/know/go etc.  wanted/liked/knew/went etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The past simple can stay the same or you can change it to the past perfect (had done / had seen / had known etc.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ My parents are very well”. James said that his parents were very well.
  9. 9. My father has been in New York. He said that his father had been in New York.
  10. 10. “ I' m going to learn to drive.” Jenny said that she was going to learn to drive.
  11. 11. “ We can finish in time”. Jason said they could finish in time.
  12. 12. I watched TV and I did my homework. Sami said that he had watched TV and he had done his homework.
  13. 13. Change of time and place reference &quot;I saw him today &quot;, she said. She said that she had seen him that day . today that day
  14. 14. &quot;I saw him yesterday &quot; He said that he had seen him the day before . yesterday the day before
  15. 15. End of presentation <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>Tarak Brahmi September 2009 </li></ul>
  • uppalaiah

    Sep. 7, 2021
  • BeneMartnez

    May. 6, 2021
  • namitasankhe1

    Apr. 1, 2021
  • GanYadamZandankhuu

    Feb. 24, 2021
  • EnegomaKing

    Jan. 10, 2021
  • SaraKhan459

    Jan. 6, 2021
  • VishalThakur280

    Jan. 4, 2021
  • BhanupriyaHN

    Dec. 10, 2020
  • KATHIRAVANR13

    Dec. 1, 2020
  • jatinkaba

    Nov. 28, 2020
  • RajuKaki1

    Nov. 19, 2020
  • ssuser94ad55

    Nov. 9, 2020
  • ArunChandra13

    Nov. 8, 2020
  • ShevonMartin

    Nov. 6, 2020
  • SatishGhatage1

    Nov. 3, 2020
  • RoxanneTorres3

    Nov. 2, 2020
  • MicheleA3

    Oct. 26, 2020
  • SanaGul22

    Oct. 23, 2020
  • ArchanaPandey76

    Oct. 19, 2020
  • RabiHassan4

    Oct. 16, 2020

Direct /Indirect Speech

Views

Total views

94,956

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

5,555

Actions

Downloads

9,820

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

168

×