Friday 13, 2010.
SAFETY ????? <ul><li>During the last two decades, accidents caused by different factors has called the attention from the ...
Objectives <ul><li>General Objectives:  </li></ul><ul><li>To give students wide-ranging opportunities to practice communic...
The Weather <ul><li>It´s determined   by   various   meteorological   elements . </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><...
But...what is the weather? <ul><li>The weather is the condition of the atmosphere at any particular time and place. </li><...
Meteorological Elements <ul><li>TEMPERATURE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientifically  use  Kelvin-scale . </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Meteorological Elements <ul><li>CLOUDINESS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates a imminent changes of weather. </li></ul></ul>...
Meteorological Elements <ul><li>PRECIPITATION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed when the droplets has become sufficiently larg...
The atmospheric Pressure <ul><li>It is measured by the height of a column of mercury or with an aneroid barometer. </li></...
The Weather Systems <ul><li>There are two main weather systems in the general weather patterns: </li></ul><ul><li>The anti...
Anticyclones <ul><li>A High-Pressure Area </li></ul><ul><li>In the northern hemisphere an anticyclone is a system of wind ...
Depressions or Cyclones A Low Pressure Area <ul><li>In a bad-weather system, the wind blows in an anti-clockwise direction...
Tropical Cyclones Edilma C. de Llorente
The Beaufort-scale <ul><li>Wind forces are indicated by the Beaufort-scale used for describing wind speed based mainly on ...
Edilma C. de Llorente
<ul><li>Application of the Beaufort Scale </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
Calm Storm EXAMPLES Edilma C. de Llorente
Maritime Accidents <ul><li>These maritime accidents have consecuences such as: </li></ul>Catastrophic consecuences Major  ...
Maritime Accidents Moderate consecuences Minor consecuences Edilma C. de Llorente
Types of Accidents Sinking Collision Grounding Fire Environmental  Pollution Edilma C. de Llorente
Safety factors <ul><li>Internal Factors </li></ul><ul><li>External Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Human Factors </li></ul>Edilm...
DON´T FORGET…... <ul><li>To be safety at sea, is of great importance to navigators to follow these steps: </li></ul><ul><l...
Edilma C. de Llorente
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C:\fakepath\the weather tecnologia

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C:\fakepath\the weather tecnologia

  1. 1. Friday 13, 2010.
  2. 2. SAFETY ????? <ul><li>During the last two decades, accidents caused by different factors has called the attention from the maritime world. That´s why, after a few maritime disasters people and companies related to this arena, have focused their attention on the causes of these accidents in order to avoid them and this has resulted in a great emphasis on safety in navigation. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>General Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To give students wide-ranging opportunities to practice communicating in English for both, maritime and general purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To describe weather conditions and understand forecasts. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify various incidents at sea. </li></ul><ul><li>To demonstrate understanding of safety factors in order to avoid accidents at sea. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  4. 4. The Weather <ul><li>It´s determined by various meteorological elements . </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudiness </li></ul><ul><li>Fog </li></ul><ul><li>Precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  5. 5. But...what is the weather? <ul><li>The weather is the condition of the atmosphere at any particular time and place. </li></ul><ul><li>The meterological elements such as temperature, humidity, cloudiness, fog and wind, may be referred to as the weather. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  6. 6. Meteorological Elements <ul><li>TEMPERATURE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientifically use Kelvin-scale . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commonly uses Celsius-scale. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsolete Fahrenheit-scale. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HUMIDITY: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of water vapor in the air. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum a mount of moisture is known as saturation. </li></ul></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  7. 7. Meteorological Elements <ul><li>CLOUDINESS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates a imminent changes of weather. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of clouds: cirrus, stratus and cumulus. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FOG: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud that touches the ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense fog are referred as thick weather. </li></ul></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  8. 8. Meteorological Elements <ul><li>PRECIPITATION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed when the droplets has become sufficiently large to fall to the ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WIND: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important factor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determined the condition of weather. </li></ul></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  9. 9. The atmospheric Pressure <ul><li>It is measured by the height of a column of mercury or with an aneroid barometer. </li></ul><ul><li>The average atmospheric pressure at sea level in millibars is 1.013 in winter and 1.016 in summer. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  10. 10. The Weather Systems <ul><li>There are two main weather systems in the general weather patterns: </li></ul><ul><li>The anticyclones and, </li></ul><ul><li>The depressions or cyclones. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  11. 11. Anticyclones <ul><li>A High-Pressure Area </li></ul><ul><li>In the northern hemisphere an anticyclone is a system of wind wich circulates spirally in a clockwise direction around an area of high pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>In the southern hemisphere anticyclonic wind circulates in an anti-clockwise direction, thoug still around a high pressure area. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  12. 12. Depressions or Cyclones A Low Pressure Area <ul><li>In a bad-weather system, the wind blows in an anti-clockwise direction about a centre of low pressure in the northern hemisphere; and in a clockwise direction in the southern hemisphere. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  13. 13. Tropical Cyclones Edilma C. de Llorente
  14. 14. The Beaufort-scale <ul><li>Wind forces are indicated by the Beaufort-scale used for describing wind speed based mainly on observed sea conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>These numbers, ranging from zero (calm) to force 12 (storm), and it refers to the wind speed measured in nautical miles per hour. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  15. 15. Edilma C. de Llorente
  16. 16. <ul><li>Application of the Beaufort Scale </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  17. 17. Calm Storm EXAMPLES Edilma C. de Llorente
  18. 18. Maritime Accidents <ul><li>These maritime accidents have consecuences such as: </li></ul>Catastrophic consecuences Major consecuences Edilma C. de Llorente
  19. 19. Maritime Accidents Moderate consecuences Minor consecuences Edilma C. de Llorente
  20. 20. Types of Accidents Sinking Collision Grounding Fire Environmental Pollution Edilma C. de Llorente
  21. 21. Safety factors <ul><li>Internal Factors </li></ul><ul><li>External Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Human Factors </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  22. 22. DON´T FORGET…... <ul><li>To be safety at sea, is of great importance to navigators to follow these steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Do a voyage planning before leaving the port </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the weather conditions of the area you´ll be travelling through. </li></ul><ul><li>Work as a team while at sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Take into consideration all the safety factors you need to follow in order to be safety at sea. </li></ul>Edilma C. de Llorente
  23. 23. Edilma C. de Llorente

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