Scored Interview as a TestingTechniqueCharacteristics Assess with precision Oral production test Speaking is a complex skill It envolves different abilities Five components are analized
It is a free response test in which the students are allowed to express their answers in their own words in a relatively unstructured testing situation. • Communicate informally on everyday subjects.
Scored Interview as a TestingTechnique Five Components :
Scored Interview as a Testing Technique Sample of An ORAL-ENGLISH RATING SHEET Oral Language Rating Sheet - E.S.L. PROGRAM Student___________________________________________School________________________Date____________ Teacher___________________________________________Score______________________Return by __________ Pronunciation 1 ____5. Has few traces of foreign accent. ____4. Always intelligible, though one is conscious of a definite accent. ____3. Pronunciation problems necessitate concentrated listening and occasionally lead to3 misunderstanding 2 ____2. Very hard to understand because of pronunciation problems frequently be asked to repeat. ____1. Pronunciation problems so severe as to make speech unintelligible. ____0. Does not speak at all. Pronunciation cannot be measured.
Scored Interview as a TestingTechnique SOME DISADVANTAGES WEAKNESS (Low reliability) General fluency of the speaker Short time (large classes) Although feedback is inmediate, it can also represent a disadvantage There is no way for Reexamination
Types Scored Interview Scored Interview is divided in the following categories:1. Relatively unstructured interview.2. Highly structured speech samples (generally recorded), rated according to a specific criteria.3. Paper-and-pencil objective tests of pronunciation, presumably providing indirect evidence of speaking ability. Taken from http://misteriyana.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/testing-oral-production.pdf)
1.Relatively unstructuredinterviewIs a method of interview where questions can be changed or adapted according with the students respondents intelligence, understanding or belief. Taken from: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unstructured_interview)
2. Highly structured speech samples The following item types, illustrate techniques which be equally appropriate in English oral testing. Sentence repetition. The examinee hears and then repeats, a series of short sentences. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tv1ZnKM6F24
Highly structured speechsamples Sentence conversion. The examinee will transform sentences in specific ways. Sentence construction. The examinee has to compose sentences appropriate to specific situations.
Highly structured speech samplesResponse to pictorial stimuli. Theexaminee will receive time to study each ofa series of pictures and them brieflydescribes what is going on in each scene.
3. Paper-and-pencil tests of pronunciation Paper-and-pencil objective tests of pronunciation.The characteristic item types appearing in paper and pencil pronunciation test are the following: Rhyme words Word stress Phrase Stress
Example of Rhyme words. LOOK GOOD Example of Word stress Phrase StressWhat is your Sisters name?
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures1.- Decide in advance on interview methods and rating standards. Same lenght of time to the average interview Same rate of speed Same level of difficulty in the questions they ask Same general rating standards
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures2.- Conduct the interviews in some quiet place with suitable acoustic. Echoes, street noises will impose an unfair environment and reduce the validity and reliability of the interview.
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures3.- Reserve sufficient time for each interview. Ten to fifteen minutes would seem essential for each interview.
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures4.- Use at least two raters for each candidate. Satisfactory rater reliability Avoid giving the candidate the impression that he is appearing before a panel of judges.
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures5.- Rate the candidates without reference to other test scores Candidates` scores should be withheld until they finish their evaluation.
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures6.- Record the ratings after the interview. Scoring should be done immediately after the candidate leaves the room.
TIPS FOR IMPROVING THE SCORED INTERVIEWGeneral Procedures7.- Obtain each candidate`s final score by pooling or averaging the two (or more) ratings that have been given him. Second evaluation
SUGGESTIONS FOR CONDUCTING THE INTERVIEWS Beginning the Interview• Social Questions.- Help the candidate to put atease and determine how well he acts in a socialsituation.• Interviewer speaks at normal conversationalspeed.
SUGGESTIONS FOR CONDUCTING THE INTERVIEWS Continuing the Interview• Interviewer should move on to other areas ofdiscussion• Interviewer can add some ideas about the topicthat they are discussing
SUGGESTIONS FOR CONDUCTING THE INTERVIEWS Concluding the Interview• The interviewer feels the candidate has reachedthe right proficiency level; the interview ends withcourtesy