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Present Tenses


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Present Tenses

  1. 1. Prepared by: Tan, Denise Margarette P. BEED - 301E Prof. Barrientos ENG39-Adviser
  2. 2. FREQUENTLY MISPELLED WORDS Accessable Accomodate Aquisition Auxilary Boundry Committment Concensus Concience Conjested Consise Desireable Diaphram Diptheria Disasterous Ecstacy Embarassment Epitomy Farenheit Flourescent Fuschia
  3. 3. Hierarchial Idiosyncracy Knowledgable Luietenant Maintainance Neccesary Opthamologist Paraphenalia Passtime Playwrite Pronounciation Sacreligious Sympatico Tempermental Threshhold Wierd
  4. 4. Tense – the form that a verb takes to indicate the time of its action. Past Present Future
  5. 5. Four Variants: • Simple – tenses are more straightforward. • Progressive (Continuous) – tenses are used to describe an action or state that is in progress at the present time.
  6. 6. • Perfect – refer merely to an action or state that has been completed at the present time. • Perfect progressive (perfect continuous)- tenses combine the concepts of progressive and perfect, referring to an action or event that is/was/will be in progress at a particular time.
  7. 7. Verb can be formed in four ways • Base form – The root word • Past form – formed for regular verb by adding ed to the base form, or just d if the base form ends in e. • Present participle – formed by adding ing to the base form. • Past participle – the same as the past form for regular and irregular verbs that more often differs ending in en.
  8. 8. Nature of a verb Dynamic verbs (normal) – involve actions or processes. Jump write whisper Stative verbs (non-continuous)- involve perceptions or emotions. Want like believe need think
  9. 9. Auxiliary Verb – play a supporting role. Have will be can Mood – of a verb deals with the concept of whether a statement is expressing a fact, possibility, command or request.
  10. 10. The present tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in present time.
  11. 11. Simple present formed by using just the base form of the action verb. • Used to describe habitual action, circumstances, trait or routine. I go for an ear candling therapy session every Wednesday. We go to church every Sunday. The queen likes corgis.
  12. 12. • used to describe something happening right now. The goods are in the market. (right now) The juice tastes sour. (at this moment) • use in statements referring to the future. I’ll pay you as soon as he pays me. When the timer goes off, please turn the heat down under the haggis.
  13. 13. • used to tell action or state of being in the past as though it were occurring in the present. The doctor picks up the key and goes the safe while masked stranger watches anxiously.
  14. 14. Present progressive formed by combining the simple present of the auxiliary verb be (I am, you are, etc.) with the present participle of the action verb. • Use to refer to an action or event that is occurring right and has not yet finished. Sorry, she can’t come to the phone right now – she is playing her kettle drum. He is finishing his coffee – he’ll be with you in a sec.
  15. 15. • can be use to refer to a scheduled future event. Their train is leaving in an hour. It’s not on my calendar, but I’m positive we are having tea with the duchess next Saturday. Present perfect Has + past participle (singular) Have + past participle (plural)
  16. 16. • It indicates continuous time from a vague past to present. The emphasis is on the present meaning. They have parted ways. How my lovely daughter has grown! • It may indicate continuous action from same past time to the present. The emphasis is on the length of time. I have not seen her for a year now. These poor kids have not eaten since last night.
  17. 17. • It expresses recent events. The speaker has just arrived. Have you seen the professor recently? Present perfect progressive Formed by combiningthe simple present of the auxiliary verb have (I have, he has, etc.), the auxiliary verb been and the present participle of the action verb. AV have + AV been + Present participle
  18. 18. • use to indicate ongoing action. I have been watching the pot, and it hasn’t boiled yet. My husband has been following the Extreme Ironing competition all week.
  19. 19. Present emphatic Formed by combining the simple present of the auxiliary verb do (I, you, are, do, he, she, does) with the base form of the action verb. I’m afraid when she doesn’t like me. Nonsense, she does like you. I like her voice. Yes, she does sings beautifully. Why did you bother buying that exercise bike, when you never use it? I do use it.
  20. 20. Sources: Allam, A.S. Basic grammar to communicate in english. Rizmarc, 2011. SJDM City. Stilman, A. Grammatically correct 2nd edition: revised and updated, the essential guide to spelling, style, usage, grammar, and punctuation. Writer’s digest books, 2010. Canada.