Degree by tanbircox


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Degree by tanbircox

  1. 1. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comআ঩নার ই−বুক বা pdf ররডাররর Menu Bar এর View অ঩লনরি তে রিক করর Auto /Automatically Scroll অ঩লনরি রির঱ক্টকরুন (অথবা িরািরর তযরে  Ctrl + Shift + H )। এবার ↑ up Arrow বা ↓ down Arrow তে রিক করর আ঩নার ঩ড়ার িুরবধাঅনুিারর স্ক্র঱ স্পীড রিক করর রনন।Comparison is an area of grammar, where most students make errors, although it is not a verycomplicated topic. In this lecture, we will cover different aspects of comparisons in details.Comparisons indicate degrees of difference with adjectives and adverbs, and may be equal or unequal.Adjective or Adverb changes in form to show the comparison. They are called the three Degrees of Comparison.The Positive Degree of an Adj. is the Adj. in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence ofsome quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.He is as ferocious as a tiger.The Comparative Degree of an Adj. denotes a higher degree of the quality than the Positive, and is usedwhen two things are compared.Haruns mango is sweeter than Rahims.The Superlative Degree of an Adj. denotes the highest degree of the quality, and is used when more than twothings are compared.This boy is the strongest in the class.Positive Comparative SuperlativeGreat Greater GreatestPoor Poorer PoorestRich Richer RichestStrong Stronger StrongestTall Taller Tallest
  2. 2. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comPositive Comparative SuperlativeThin Thinner ThinnestFat Fatter FattestMad Madder MaddestPositive Comparative SuperlativeNoble Nobler NoblestFine Finer FinestPositive - Comparative -SuperlativeMighty—Mightier------- MightiestBusy----- Busier--------- BusiestPositive -Comparative -SuperlativeGay ------Gayer------------GayestGrey --------Grayer -------GrayestPositive- Comparative ------SuperlativeFamous ---More/less famous--- Most/least famousIntelligent --More/less intelligent-- Most/least intelligentNear---- Nearer----------- Nearest, NextMuch---- More ----------MostGood ----Better ----------BestAdjective orAdverb---Comparative---- Superlative
  3. 3. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comFor positive degree, and affirmative sentences ―as‖ is usedHis Brother is as intelligent as he.In the case of negative sentence, ―so .... as‖ is used.Your tea is not so cold as mine.He is not so stupid as his brother.A. He is not as tall like his brotherB. He is not tall enoughC. He is not taller than his brotherD. He is not as tall as his brotherFor Example:My nationality is different from her.
  4. 4. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comOur climate is different from Canadas.For Example:Remember always to use the subject form of thepronoun after than.Johns grades are higher than his sisters. Thischair is more comfortable than the other.He speaks Spanish more fluently than I.A. careful B. more carefullyC. most carefully D. so carefullyA. most scientifically thanB. more scientifically thanC. the more scientifically thanD. scientifically asযরি িুইরি entity এর মরধে Comparison হয় োহর঱ Comparative degree আর যরি িুইরয়র তবরল entity এর মরধেcomparison হয় োহর঱ superlative degree use কররে হয়। িাধারণ ভারব Comparative form এর িারথ কখরনাইthe আরি না। রকন্তু যারিররক Compare করা হরে োরিররক যরি রনরিিষ্টভারব তবাঝারনা হয়, োহর঱ আবারComparative form এর িারথ theuse হয়। অথিাৎ, of the two যরি থারক তকান Sentence এ, তিরেরে অবলেই Comparative form use কররে হরবএবং ঐComparative form এর িারথ the তক ঑ use কররে হরব।For Example:Rony is the smarter of the two boys.Of the two shirts, this one is the prettier
  5. 5. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comএরি Sentence এর একরি Structure তযরিরক আমরা ‘যে ..... েে’ এই অরথি use করর। এইরেরে Sentence এিুরি অংল থারকএবং এই িুরি অংরলর শুরুরেই Comparative form হরব। এই Comparative form এর িারথ the হরব।For Example:The harder he tried, the easier it becameThe finer the weather, the better the wind will be.The more you review, the easier the patterns.A. The more, the least B. The more, the lessC. The most, the less D. The lesser, the lessA. The faster, the sooner B. The fastest, the soonerC. Faster, sooner D. The fastest, the soonestA. the less one must pay in income taxesB. one must pay fewer income taxesC. less one must pay in income taxesD. the least one must pay in income taxesিাধারণে : একই entity এর মরিে Compare কররে হরব। কখরনাই আ঱ািা িুরি রিরনরির মরধে Compare করাযারব না। যরিকখরনা আ঱ািা িুরি রিরনরির মরধে Compare করা হয় োহর঱ illogical Comparison হয়। একাররন যরি কখরনাএরকমভারব Compare করা হয় োহর঱ that of রকংবা those of use কররে হয়।For Example:The Jute of Bangladesh is different from that inother countries.The rules are different from those of soccer.A. much larger than that ofB. more larger than that ofC. much larger than that
  6. 6. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comD. more larger than thatE. much larger than those ofA. more noisier than thoseB. much noisier than thoseC. much noisy than thoseD. more noisy than thoseE. much noisier than thatMultiple Number (twice, thrice, two times, five times, half, one third etc) যখন তকান Sentence এ useহরব। তিরেরে Multiple Number এর িারথ কখরনাই more than use করা যারব না। এরেরে Multiple Numberএর িারথ as much as রকংবা as many as তক use করা তযরে ঩ারর।This encyclopedia costs twice as much as theother one.At the clambake last week, Fred ate three timesJerome has half as many records now as I had lastyear.A. so much as B. as much asC. as many as D. more thanE. as much thatA. twice more land thanB. two times more land thanC. twice as much land asD. two times much land than E. A+B
  7. 7. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comতয তকান Comparative form এর িারথ much রকংবা far use হরে ঩ারর। এিা তমারিই ভু ঱ তকারনা formation না।Comparisonিারক intensify করার িনে বা বাড়ারনার িনেComparative form এর িারথ much রকংবা far use হরে ঩ারর।For Example:Harrys watch is far more expensive than mine.That movie we saw last night was much lessinteresting than the one on television.A watermelon is much sweeter than a lemon.* He drives much -------- than he used to.A. careful B. carefullyC. more careful D. more carefullyA. much careful B. more carefullyC. much more careful D. carefulE. carefullyOne of এর ঩রর Superlative degree থাকরে ঩ারর আবার না঑ থাকরে ঩ারর, রকন্তু এই One of; sentence এর তযPosition এবিুক না তকন, এর িারথ Noun রি িবিময় plural হরব। আবার One of যুক্ত তকান word যরি sentence এরSubject রহরিরব আরিোহর঱ Verb রি singular হরব।He is one of my friend [Inc]He is one of my friends [Cor]On of my friends is a doctorOne of the greatest tennis players in the worldis Bjorn Borg.Kuwait is one of the biggest oil producers inthe world.
  8. 8. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comA. was B. wereC. have been D. have* Which one of the following sentences isA. One of my friends are a lawyerB. One of my friends is a lawyerC. One of my friend is a lawyer.D. One of my friends is lawyer‖sany তক use করা হয় একিা individual এর িারথ একিা group এর compare কররে। এরেরে any তকিেকিভারব use কররে হরব।কারন যরি ঐ individual রি Croup এর member হয় তিরেরে অবলেই any other use কররে হরব। আর যরি ঐindividual রিgroup এর member না হয় তিরেরে শুধু any use হরব।Inc: Iron is useful than any metalCor: Iron is useful than any other metal.Coal is more useful than any metal (Cor)You have more patience than any one else I know.A. other B. other thanC. than any other D. while otherরকছু word (Inferior, Superior, Prior, Anterior, Posterior, Senior, Junior) আরছ যারা রনরিরাইComparative form এরির িারথ কখরনাই than আিরব না। এরেরে Compare করার িনে to use কররে হরব।He is senior to me.Former, latter, elder, further, inner, outer, upper – এই word গুর঱ারক Comparative form বর঱ মরন হর঱঑ এরিররক কখরনাই Compare করার িনে use করা হয় না। এরা Noun এর িারথ normal adjective রহরিরব useহয়।
  9. 9. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comরকছু word আরছ যারির Comparative রকংবা Superlative এ double form আরছ। রকন্তু যারিরই double form আরছোরির মরধেিু’রি form ই কখরনা Compare করার িনে use করা হয় না। িবিময় একিারক Compare করার িনে use করা হয়আর অনেরিরক Normal adjective রহরিরব use কররে হয়।:- Later, latter; latest,last:- Later and latest refer to time; but latter andlast refer to position.He is later than IThe last chapter.Elder and eldest are usedonly of persons not of animals or things. They alsomean the position. Older and oldest are use of bothpersons and things. They really mean thecomparison of age.My elder brother is older than you by 5 Years.Farther means more distant oradvanced; further means additional.Choice between different from and different: Different from and Different have the same meaning,but Different from is used between the two nouns compared and Different is used after the two nouns ora plural noun.The watch in the window is a little different from this one.A nursery school is different from a day care center.The watch in the window and this one are a little different.A nursery school and a day care center are different.Choice between the same and the same as:The same and the same as have the same meaning, but the same as is used between the two nouns comparedand the same is used after the two nouns or a plural noun.This car is the same as that car.This car and that car are the same.These cars are the same.A. alike B. the same as C. similar
  10. 10. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comD. as E. As good as.Choice between similar to and similar:Similar to and similar have the same meaning but similar to is used between the two nouns compared andsimilar is used after the two nouns or a plural noun This coat is similar to that one.This coat and that one are similarThese coats are similar.Choice between like and alike:Although like and alike have the same meaning, like is used between the two nouns compared, and alike isused after the two nouns or a plural noun.This coat is like that one.This coat and that one are alike.These coats are alike.Exercise: Correct the underlined parts if they are incorrect.1. Australia is the flatter and drier of all the continents.2. The calmer of the two horses was more suitable foramateur riders3. The hunter fired gun when the heavy of the two bearscharged at him.4. The more the grasslands are overgrazed, the fast theybecome deserts.5. The more populated the area becomes, the more noiseone has to contend with.6. The most early set of cards found in Italy is the TarotDeck.7. The finer the particles, the better they bond togetherwhen compacted.8. Waiting to be developed is smaller of the two islands.9. Harder the government tried to settle the nomads thestronger their resistance to change became.10. Only the 100 wealthiest were allowed to becomemembers of the club.Answer Keys: 1. Flattest and driest 2.Correct 3. the heavier 4. the faster 5.Correct 6. the earliest 7. Correct 8. thesmaller 9. the harder 10. correct
  11. 11. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comExercise: Now choose the correct option:1. This summary is (the better/the best) of the pair.2. This is the (most prettiest/most pretty/prettiest) dress inthe store.3. Your heritage is different (from/ than) mine.4. Who is the (most/more) famous novelist in the country?5. This painting is (less impressive/least impressive) thanthe one in the other gallery.6. The colder the weather gets, (sicker/ the sicker) I feel.7. You have more experience than (anybody/anybody else)applying for the position.8. The museum is the (farther/ farthest) away of the threebuildings.9. George Washington is (famous/ more famous) thanJohn Jay.10. She takes her responsibility (seriouser/more seriously)than anyone else I know.11. The (later/latter) part of the address contained someimportant points.12. Our hotel suite is (farther/further) from the elevator thanyours is.13. Comparing other types of weather, we find the sunset(more colorful, most colorful) after a rainstorm.14. My suit is (less appropriate, least appropriate) than hers.15. Tuesday was the (cloudier, cloudiest) day of the week.Answer Keys: 1. the better 2. prettiest 3.from 4. most 5. less impressive 6. the sicker7. anybody else 8. farthest 9. more famous 10.more seriously 11. latter 12. farther 13. morecolorful 14. less appropriate 15. cloudier
  12. 12. Want more Updates  /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comইন্টাররনি হরে িংগ্রহীে