THE ROLE OF
INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES ESPECIALLY THE
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (CIA)
TO THE WORLD
Over the years, public views of the
intelligence agencies and its role in foreign policy
have been shaped primarily by
movies, television, novels, newspapers, books
by journalists, and essays by "experts" who either
have never served in the intelligence agency,
or have served and still not understood its role.
There have many of intelligence agencies
that set up by each country around the world.
Institute for Intelligence and Special Operation
collecting and processing of that information
about foreign countries and their agents which is needed
by a government for its foreign policy and for national security,
the conduct of non-attributable activities abroad
to facilitate the implementation of foreign policy,
and the protection of both process and product,
as well as persons and organizations concerned with these,
against unauthorized disclosure.
secret action aimed at understanding or changing what goes on abroad.
Intelligence agency refers to
a government institution which collects, analyze and
exploit valuable information and intelligence in support of
law enforcement, national security, military and foreign
policy objective and to lock the safety of nation.
In Malaysia, we have Kor Risik Diraja,
Malaysian Special Branch,
Malaysian National Security Council,
and National Security Division
to combat terrorism for maintaining
CIA is the most prominent and familiar
among other United States, then following by
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),
National Security Agency (NSA),
and Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).
As the Cold War recedes
into the past and a new world
order emerges, it is
important to understand why
intelligence was centralized
in the form it was. The
attack on World Trade
Center tower in New York
and the Pentagon in
Washington bring this
question into very sharp
2.0 BACKGROUND – THE HISTORY OF CIA
The need for agency that world centralize intelligence gathering became obvious after the
terrible tragedy of Pearl Harbor.
Intelligence at the time had some idea that attack was possible but there was no single voice
that dictated a loud enough to warning and to prevent it happen before it is too late.
President Roosevelt appointed New York lawyer William Joseph Donovan to draft a plan for
an intelligence service based on the M16 and SOE. After that, Donovan appointed as the
Coordinator of Information on 11 July 1941.
Office of Strategic Services (OSS)
established by President Roosevelt on 13 June 1942
William Joseph Donovan became the head of the OSS in 1942.
The OSS was a wartime intelligence agency and the forerunner to the CIA.
It had a mandate to collect and analyze strategic information. The OSS supplied
policymakers with facts and estimates but it never had jurisdiction over all foreign
conducting multiple activities and missions, including collecting intelligence by spying,
performing acts of sabotage, waging propaganda war, organizing and coordinating anti-Nazi
resistance groups in Europe, providing military training for anti-Japanese guerrilla
movement in Asia, among other things.
The OSS played a major role in training Kuomintang troops in China and
Burma, helped arms, train and supply resistance movements from 1943 to
1945. During the World War II, one of the greatest accomplishments of the
OSS was its penetrative of Nazi Germany by OSS operatives.
After the Japan surrendered and closed the chapter of the Pacific Theater of
Operations in the World War II, the OSS was abolished on 20 September 1945
by President Truman due to he signed Executive Order 9621.
President Truman created the Central Intelligence Group (CIG)
in January of 1946.
President Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947
establishing the CIA on 26 July 1947 to make a fully functional intelligence
CIA was formed to serve for two purposes that were to gather information
about the capabilities and intentions of friendly and unfriendly nations and to
evaluate it and present it in some useful form to policy-makers.
3.0 THE ROLE OF INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
the Pearl Harbor by
World Trade Center
complex by the Islamic
terrorist group al-Qaeda
Paris -13 November 2015
**the rise of the Islamic State
of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)
The people need to protect by
government agencies especially from the
It helps to country to cope with security
matters with gather the information that
may include espionage, terrorism, arms
trafficking and so on that related to
provision of analysis in areas relevant to national security
give early warning of impending crises, serve national and
international crisis management by helping to discern the intentions
of current or potential opponents
inform national defense planning and military operations
protect sensitive information secrets, both of their own sources and
activities, and those of other state agencies.
collect the secret information that relating to the political and
economic activities of foreign states such as assassination, arms
trafficking, and the placement of misinformation …
1. Responsible for the collection and analysis of
intelligence and its distribution to policymakers
that were principally to the president, the
National Security Council (NSC) and the
Departments of State and Defense.
2. Charged with the conduct of covert action, the
one area in which it implements policy.
3. Played out in the interaction, primarily in
Washington, between the intelligence
community and the policymaking community.
4.0 COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE CIA AND FBI
not a law enforcement agency
but an intelligence agency for espionage
operations that was originally intended to only
deal with foreign affairs
had no authority to do any domestic
has no authority to arrest anyone or to
enforce any laws likes the FBI.
It simply gathers information.
works only in foreign matters.
It is illegal for the CIA to investigate any
United States citizen or company inside the
United States, unless an investigation is part of
a foreign intelligence.
For example, the CIA may investigate an
American who's suspected of being part of a
terrorist plot being planned in a foreign
and law enforcement agency.
does not work in foreign
As the investigative and
enforcement arm of the United
States Department of Justice,
investigates the violations of
federal criminal laws such as the
possession and sale of illegal
drug, cyber or computer-based
crimes and Medicare fraud.
has investigative and arrest
powers anywhere in the United
States where a federal criminal
law is violated.
The biggest difference between the FBI and CIA
is the FBI’s nationwide reach.
State and local law enforcement agents typically
cannot enforce laws outside their specific
jurisdiction, such as their state, county or city.
Sometimes, the FBI also working hand-in-hand with the CIA
when foreign-based plots land on United States soil
when come to crimes, domestic or home-based
terrorist activities, and other civil right violations.
The intelligence agency is the first line of defense of the country
as its eyes and ears.
It helps the policymaker to understand and deal with the often
dangerous world around us.
An estimate after collecting the intelligence can provides a factual
review of subject and forecasts future development.
This also can prevent and stop the terrorism, danger, and war
before it happens and led to the consequence that we cannot bear.
This is done by trying to find out about plans to commit terrorism.
United States has the finest global intelligence service in the world.
The CIA’s assessment and research papers are the products of the
largest intelligence analysis organization in the world.
The intelligence’s work is not always the glamorous and exciting
missions likes what we read about in books or see on the television
shows and in the movie theater.
Lastly, intelligence agency is needed in every country in the world to
protect the country and the people from danger.