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maswavlebelTa profesiuli ganviTarebis centri
informaciul-sakomunikacioteqnologiebissabazo kursimaswavleblebisTvismaswavlebelTa informaciul-sakomunikacioteqnologiebis t...
kursis avtorebi:nino marRiSvili, naTia maisuraZe,lali gigauri, qeTevan ceraZe,manana kvinikaZe, Tamar losaberiZe,avTandil ...
trening-kursis Sinaarsi  dRe I. Sesavali                           dRe V. eleqtronuli fostakompiuteris mowyobilobebi      ...
kursis Sedegebi kursis warmatebiT gavlis Semdeg           SeZlebs Semnaxveli mowyobilobebis monawile:                     ...
gamoyenebuli terminologiaAlignment _ gasworeba (teqstis sazRvrebis       Insert _ obieqtis Casma; Casmis meniu    gasworeb...
Ribbon _ lenti                               Tab _ CanarTiRows _ striqonebi                            Table _ cxrili; cxr...
sarCevikompiuteris mowyobilobebi                          14  sistemuri bloki                                  14  monitor...
teqstis ganlageba suraTis irgvliv                   76   naxazebis Seqmna da formatireba                     77cxrilebi te...
nawili 1
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dRe 1. kursis Sesavali,       kompiuteris mowyobilobebi _ 3 saaTikursis monawileTa gacnobakursis wardgena: mizani, Sedegeb...
kompiuteris mowyobilobebikompiuteris daniSnulebaa, adamianis brZanebebis Se-sabamisad, informacia miiRos, Seinaxos, daamuS...
dRe 1standartuli manipulaciebisaTvis Tagvs                                         marjvenaaqvs marcxena da marjvena Rilak...
operaciuli sistemakompiuteris CarTva, pirvel rigSi, operaciuli sistemis CatvirTvas gulisxmobs. operaciulisistema uzrunvely...
dRe 1  samuSao magidis standartuli saqaRaldeebi (katalogebi)Cemi kompiuteri (My Computer) _ specialuri saqaRalde, romelic ...
fanjrebSi muSaobanebismieri gaxsnili obieqti samuSao magidaze warmodgenilia fanjris saxiT.fanjara Sedgeba Semdegi obieqteb...
dRe 1  fanjris zomebis Secvlafanjris zomis Secvla Tagvis saSualebiT xorcieldeba. amisaTvis Tagvis maCvenebeli undadavayeno...
klaviaturaklaviaturis Sesaswavlad gamoviyenoT teqsturi redaqtori. gavxsnaT teqsturi redaqtoris_ Microsoft Office Word 2007...
kompiuteris klaviatura21                              dRe 1
funqcionaluri klaviSebi:  F1-dan F12-mde klaviSebi sxvadasxva funqcias asrulebs. mag., klaviSi F1 ekranze aqtiuri  program...
gTxovT, daweroT patara zomis furclebze         da gadasceT mwvrTnels:3 ram, rac damamaxsovrda treningze___________________...
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dRe 2. teqstur redaqtorSi muSaoba _ 3 saaTitrening-dRis gaxsnamisalmeba, wina treningis gaxseneba da trening-dRis/modulis ...
teqsturi redaqtori MICROSOFT WORD 2007kompiuterSi teqstur dokumentebs warmoadgens: saqmiani da piradi werilebi, sareklamo ...
dRe 2Microsoft Word 2007 versia, winamorbedi versiebisagan gansxvavebiT, brZanebaTa Rilakebs jgu-febad gvTavazobs. aseve, ...
dokumentis gadafurcvladokumentis daTvalierebisTvis SeiZleba gamoiyenoT vertikaluri da horizontaluri gada-furcvlis zolebi, ...
dRe 2teqstis moniSvnisTvis damatebiTi cxeli klaviSebi:Shift+End _ moniSvna kursoridan striqonis bolomdeShift+Ctrl+End _ mo...
saxazavis zeda marcxena nawilSi moTavsebulia zeda da qveda samkuTxedebi (markerebi), saxa-zavis boloSi ki marjvena markeri...
dRe 2GeneralAlignment _ mTliani teqstis gasworeba furclis    kideebTanIndentation:Left _ abzacis Seweva marcxnidanRight _ ...
Font _ Sriftis arCeva          Font size _ Sriftis zomis gansazRvra          Bold _ moniSnuli teqstis gamuqeba          It...
dRe 2  abzacis or nawilad gayofis mizniT, moaTavseT kursori sasurvel adgilas da gamoiyeneT  Rilaki Enter;  abzacebis SeerT...
moswavleebis gamovlena surdes; an tests ufro Semajamebeli xasiaTi hqondes, raTa mSoblebmamaTi Svilebis moswrebis Sesaxeb s...
dRe 2swori/mcdari tipis davalebis dadebiTi mxare is aris, rom mis Sesrulebas cota dro sWirdeba.maswavlebels ki SeuZlia esa...
arCeviTpasuxiani davalebebiaseTi davalebebi yvelaze popularulia, Tumca maT dabal klasebSi naklebad iyeneben. amSemTxvevaSi...
gTxovT, daweroT patara zomis furclebze         da gadasceT mwvrTnels:3 ram, rac damamaxsovrda treningze___________________...
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dRe 3. teqstur redaqtorSi muSaoba gagrx eleba .             (                    )          failebi da saqaRaldeebi _ 3 sa...
teqstis fragmentis amoWra da kopireba gacvlis buferis saSualebiT             teqstis fragmentis dasakopireblad an amosaWre...
dRe 3siisTvis axali formatis Sesaqmnelad dialogur fanjaraSi unda airCioT brZaneba Define NewNumber Format (danomrvis axali...
dokumentis Senaxva/damaxsovrebaTu gsurT, rom Tqven mier Seqmnili dokumenti momavalSic gamoiyenoT, igi failis saxiT undaSei...
dRe 3  failis gaxsnaSenaxuli failis gasaxsnelad gaaaqtiureT brZaneba Office/Open da airCieT sasurveli faili.  axali dokume...
praqtikuli rCevebi!     gaxsovdeT, rom kompiuterSi Cawerili failis adgilmdebareoba aisaxeba misamarTis velSi     (Address)...
dRe 3  saqaRalde `urna~ (RECYCLE BIN)waSlili failebis da saqaRaldeebis droebiT Sesanaxad gamoiyeneba saqaRalde Recycle Bin...
4. SeqmeniT 5 saqaRalde, daarqviT maT saxelebi (1,2,3,4,5), moniSneT erTdroulad da waSaleT.  aRadgineT mxolod me-3 da me-4...
dRe 3meore failis gafarToebaa doc, romelsac gaxsnis programa Microsoft Office Word 2003.mesame fails, romlis gafarToebaa o...
saSinao davaleba:gaimeoreT/srulyaviT wina saSinao davaleba (SeqmeniT saqaRalde da SeinaxeT sagnobrivitesti). 48
gTxovT, daweroT patara zomis furclebze         da gadasceT mwvrTnels:3 ram, rac damamaxsovrda treningze___________________...
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Book ist

  1. 1. maswavlebelTa profesiuli ganviTarebis centri
  2. 2. informaciul-sakomunikacioteqnologiebissabazo kursimaswavleblebisTvismaswavlebelTa informaciul-sakomunikacioteqnologiebis treningis programa maswavlebelTa profesiuli ganviTarebis centri www.tpdc.ge saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministro Tbilisi 2010
  3. 3. kursis avtorebi:nino marRiSvili, naTia maisuraZe,lali gigauri, qeTevan ceraZe,manana kvinikaZe, Tamar losaberiZe,avTandil fanganisakonsultacio sabWo:paata sirbilaZe, eka jelaZeredaqtori:irma taveliZedakabadoneba da dizaini:besik daneliaUDC (uak) 004(075.8) i-692ISBN 978-9941-0-2377-4
  4. 4. trening-kursis Sinaarsi dRe I. Sesavali dRe V. eleqtronuli fostakompiuteris mowyobilobebi eleqtronul fostaSi registraciaTagvisa da klaviaturis moxmareba eleqtronul werilebze muSaoba saswavlo/meToduri masalebis Zieba dRe II. teqsturi redaqtoriteqstis Setana, formatireba dRe VI. teqsturi redaqtorisaswavlo testis Sedgenis meTodika da (gagrZeleba)ZiriTadi safexurebi grafikul obieqtebze muSaoba cxrilebze muSaoba dRe III. failebi da saqaRaldeebimoqmedebebi failebsa da saqaRaldeebze dRe VII. eleqtronuli cxrilebifailis tipebi monacemebis Setana eleqtronul cxrilebSi dRe IV. internetis gamoyeneba monacemebis redaqtireba profesiuli miznebisaTvissaganmanaTleblo resursebi internetSi dRe VIII. cifruli mexsierebasaZiebo servisi informaciis matareblebiteqsturi da media-elementebis moZieba informaciis matareblebzeda gadmowera (diskebi, fleS-mexsiereba) muSaobakursis mizani kursis xangr livoba trening-kursis mizania saqarTvelos kursis sruli xangrZlivobaa 8 samsaaTiani treningi. x skolebis maswavlebelTa kvalifikaciis amaRleba informaciul-sakomunikacio meTodebi teqnologiebis (ist) aTvisebisa da kursis msvleloba agebulia aqtiuri gamoyenebis kuTxiT, rac xels Seuwyobs swavlebis iseT formebze, rogoricaa: saswavlo procesSi ist-is integrirebas aqtiuri leqcia, demonstrireba-marTuli erovnuli saswavlo gegmis moTxovnebisa praqtika-damoukidebeli varjiSi da sxv. da principebis Sesabamisad. treningis sesiebis organizebis formebi: individualuri, wyviluri, jgufuri muSaoba.samizne jgufi programuli uzrunvelyofa kursis samizne jgufs warmoadgenen MS-Office 2007, OpenOffice, internet brauzeri, saqarTvelos sajaro skolebis Google instrumentebi (saZiebo sistema, maswavleblebi. el-fosta).
  5. 5. kursis Sedegebi kursis warmatebiT gavlis Semdeg SeZlebs Semnaxveli mowyobilobebis monawile: gamoyenebas; SeZlebs damoukideblad kompiuteris SeZlebs sabeWdi mowyobilobis CarTvas da gamorTvas usafrTxo reJimSi; gamoyenebas; SeZlebs isaubros da ganasxvavos SeZlebs msgavsi amocanebis kompiuteris ZiriTadi da damxmare identifikacias sxvadasxva saofise mowyobilobebi; programaSi; SeZlebs fanjrebSi da amocanebis panelze SeZlebs eleqtronul cxrilebze muSaobas; muSaobas (ujraSi monacemTa tipebis SeZlebs saqaRaldeebsa da failebze garCeva, ujris formatireba, furclebze muSaobas; muSaoba, ujrebze ariTmetikuli SeZlebs failis tipebis amocnobas; operaciebis Sesruleba); SeZlebs teqstur redaqtorSi muSaobas SeZlebs internetis gamoyenebas (dokumentis Seqmna da formatireba, profesiuli saqmianobisTvis cxrilebis Seqmna, grafikuli obieqtebis (profesiuli informaciis moZieba, Casma, dokumentebis Senaxva (operaciul Senaxva); sistemasTan Tavsebadobis SeZlebs komunikacias teqnologiebis gaTvaliswinebiT); saSualebiT (el-fostiT sargebloba). Sedegi TvalsaCinoa, Tu monawiles: SeuZlia teqstebze muSaoba, grafikuli SeuZlia eleqronuli fostis gamoyeneba; obieqtebiT gamdidrebuli sagnobrivi SeuZlia cxrilebze muSaoba; testis Seqmna; SeuZlia informaciis gare matareblebis SeuZlia internetSi informaciis moZieba gansxvaveba da maTi gamoyeneba. da misi gamoyeneba saswavlo procesSi; sertificirebis pirobebi: minimum 6 trening-dReze daswreba; kursis dasrulebis Semdeg Sesabamisi davalebis warmodgena eleqtronul formatSi.
  6. 6. gamoyenebuli terminologiaAlignment _ gasworeba (teqstis sazRvrebis Insert _ obieqtis Casma; Casmis meniu gasworeba dokumentis sazRvrebis Insert Picture _ suraTis Casma mimarT) Landscape _ gverdis landSafturi reJimiApplication _ programa, gamoyenebiTi programa Line Spacing _ striqonebs Soris manZilisAutoCorrect _ avtomaturi Secvla gansazRvraCells _ ujrebi Local area network (LAN) _ lokaluri qseli _Character Spacing _ asoebs Soris manZilis mcire, anu lokaluri zomis qseli, gazrda/Semcireba romelic axlo manZilze myof kompiuterebs aerTianebsClipboard _ gacvlis buferi Margins _ gverdis veliClose _ daxurva Menu _ meniuColumn _ sveti Merge Cells _ cxrilSi ujrebis gaerTianebaCopy _ kopireba Minimize the Ribbon _ lentis minimizirebaCreate _ Seqmna New _ axaliCut _ amoWra Office Button _ ofisis RilakiDefine New Bullets _ siis markirebis axali formatis Seqmna Open _ gaxsnaDefine New Number Format _ siis danomrvis Operational system (OS) _ operaciuli sistema axali formatis Seqmna _ specialuri kompiuteruli programa, romlis meSveobiTac SesaZlebeli xdebaDelete _ waSla urTierToba sxvadasxva samomxmarebloDesktop _ samuSao magida programul pakets, kompiuteris sistemisEditing _ redaqtireba; redaqtirebis qvemeniu Semadgenel nawilebsa da am sistemis momxmarebels Soris.E-mail _ eleqtronuli fosta Outline _ monaxaziFile _ faili Page layout _ formatirebis meniuFilename (name.extension) _ failis saxeli (saxeli.gafarToeba) Page Number _ gverdis danomrvaFirst Line Indent _ mindori abzacis pirveli Paragraph _ abzaci; abzacebis formatirebis striqonisaTvis qvemeniu Paste _ Casma, CaweraFolder _ saqaRalde Portrait _ gverdis portretuli reJimiFont _ Srifti; Sriftebis qvemeniu Print _ dabeWdvaFormat _ formatireba Quick Accesss Toolbar _ swrafi wvdomis paneliGraphics editor _ grafikuli redaqtori Recycle bin _ urnaHanging Indent _ mindori danarCeni striqonebisaTvis Redo _ gauqmebuli moqmedebis aRdgenaHardware _ kompiuteris sistemis Rename _ saxelis Secvla Semadgeneli mowyobilobebi Restart _ kompiuteris gadatvirTvaHeader and Footer _ zeda da qveda kolon- Restore _ aRdgena titulebis qvemeniu Review _ dokumentis gadaxedvis/SemowmebisHome menue _ ZiriTadi meniu meniu
  7. 7. Ribbon _ lenti Tab _ CanarTiRows _ striqonebi Table _ cxrili; cxrilebis gaformebis qvemeniuRuler _ saxazavi Text wrapping _ teqstis ganlageba suraTisSave _ Senaxva irgvlivSelect Object _ obieqtis moniSvna Text editor _ teqsturi redaqtoriShapes _ geometriuli figurebi Turn Off _ kompiuteris gamorTvaSoftware _ samomxmareblo programuli paketi Undo _ bolo moqmedebis gauqmebaSplit Cells _ ujrebis dayofa View _ dokumentis daTvalierebis meniuSplit Cells _ cxrilSi ujrebis dayofa Web Browser _ veb-brauzeri _ programa, romelic inetrnetSi veb-gverdebisSymbols _ simboloebis qvemeniu daTvalierebis saSualebas gvaZlevs. SevTanxmdeT, rom saxelm x RvaneloSi: + simboloTi gamosaxuli klaviSebis, mag., CTRL+C-is asakrefad xels vaWerT CTRL klaviSs da masze TiTis auReblad imavdroulad vawkapunebT C klaviSze. / simboloTi mocemuli Canaweri gulisxmobs brZanebebis Tanmimdevrulad gaaqtiurebas. mag., Start/programs/Word aRniSnavs, rom jer vaaqtiurebT Start menius, Semdeg programs brZanebas da bolos Word-s.
  8. 8. sarCevikompiuteris mowyobilobebi 14 sistemuri bloki 14 monitori 14 manipulatori `Tagvi~ 14operaciuli sistema 16 samuSao magidis standartuli saqaRaldeebi 17 fanjrebSi muSaoba 18 fanjris zomebis Secvla 19 fanjris gadaadgileba 19klaviatura 20teqsturi redaqtori Microsoft Word 2007 26 dokumentis gadafurcvla 28 teqstis fragmentis moniSvna 28 teqstSi gadaadgileba 29 dokumentis redaqtireba 29 abzacebis formatireba 29 teqstis formatireba 31rogor SevadginoT testebi 33teqstis fragmentis amoWra da kopireba 40 markireba da numeracia 40 simboloebis Casma 41 dokumentis Senaxva/damaxsovreba 42 failis gaxsna 43 axali dokumentis Seqmna 43failebi da saqaRaldeebi 43 saqaRaldis Seqmna 43 failis gadatana saqaRaldeSi 44 failis an saqaRaldis saxelis Secvla 44 failebis da saqaRaldeebis waSla 44 saqaRalde `urna~ 45failis tipebi 46 failis tipebi da maTTvis Sesaferisi programebi 47ra aris interneti? 52 samisamarTo sistema 53 brauzeri da internetSi navigacia 55 Internet Explorer-is garemos zogadi mimoxilva 56 informaciis saZiebo sistema Google 58 indeqsebi 59 internetidan suraTis da teqstis gadmowera 60 saswavlo/meToduri masalebis Zieba. LEMILL 66PDF failebze muSaoba 66eleqtronuli fosta 69 Google angariSis Seqmna 69 eleqtronul fostaSi Sesvla 71 werilis gagzavna 71 failis gagzavna eleqtronuli fostiT 72 rogor wavikiTxoT miRebuli werili? 72grafikuli gamosaxulebis Casmada formatireba 76 suraTis zomis Secvla 76
  9. 9. teqstis ganlageba suraTis irgvliv 76 naxazebis Seqmna da formatireba 77cxrilebi teqstur redaqtorSi 78 cxrilSi svetisa da striqonis damateba 79 cxrilSi svetisa da striqonis waSla 80 cxrilis ujrebis gaerTianeba 80 cxrilis ujrebis dayofa 80dokumentis winaswari daTvaliereba da dabeWdva 86gverdis parametrebis marTva 86 furclis orientacia 87 gverdebis danomrva 87eleqtronuli cxrilebi _ Microsoft Excel 2007 88 gadaadgileba furcelSi 89 moniSvnis wesebi 89 moqmedebebi davTarze 90 monacemTa Cawera ujraSi 90 ujraSi Cawerili monacemis redaqtireba 90 formulebi da funqciebi 90 formulis Seqmna da redaqtireba 91 striqonebisa da svetebis zomebis Secvla 91cifruli mexsiereba 96 informaciis warmodgena da Senaxva kompiuterSi 96 diskebze muSaoba 97 ra aris fleS-mexsiereba? 97operaciuli sistema Linux 103teqsturi redaqtori OpenOffice.org Writer 104 teqstis fragmentis gadaadgileba da kopireba 105 dokumentis redaqtireba 106 teqstis fragmentis moZebna da sxva teqstiT Secvla 106 marTlweris Semowmeba 106 axali dokumentis Seqmna 107 dokumentis Senaxva/damaxsovreba 107 dokumentis gaxsna 108 aqtiuri dokumentis fanjris daxurva 108 dokumentis eqsporti da importi 109 dokumentis beWdva 110 teqstis daformateba 110 abzacebis daformateba 111 simboloebis daformateba 112 abzacis daformateba 112 CamonaTvalis markireba da danomrva 113 gverdis parametrebi 113 cxrilebze muSaoba 113 suraTis Casma 114eleqtronuli cxrilebi OPENOFFICE.ORG CALC 115 gadaadgileba furcelSi 116 moniSvnis wesebi 117 moqmedebebi davTarze 117 monacemTa Cawera ujraSi 117 ujraSi Cawerili monacemis redaqtireba 118 formulebi da funqciebi 118gamoyenebuli literatura 120
  10. 10. nawili 1
  11. 11. 12
  12. 12. dRe 1. kursis Sesavali, kompiuteris mowyobilobebi _ 3 saaTikursis monawileTa gacnobakursis wardgena: mizani, Sedegebi, ganrigi, saorganizacio sakiTxebi, muSaobis formebi,samuSao wesebi, monawileTa Sefasebis sakiTxebi. aqtiuri leqcia, kursis silabusis gacnoba, kiTxvebi da pasuxebi (10 wT.) mini-diskusia `risTvis gvWirdeba kompiuteri?~ (10 wT.) aqtiuri leqcia prezentaciis gamoyenebiT `ra aris kompiuteri?~ (10 wT.) kompiuteris mowyobilobebis mimoxilva (15 wT.) praqtikuli muSaoba: Tagvis trenaJori (20 wT.) Tagvis praqtikuli gamoyeneba (20 wT.) klaviaturis mimoxilva (20 wT.) praqtikuli muSaoba klaviaturasTan (45 wT.) trening-dRis daxurva saSinao davalebis micema (5 wT.) Sefasebis baraTebis Sevseba (10 wT.) imsjeleT da CawereT pasuxebi: risTvis gvWirdeba kompiuteri?_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ SeasruleT savarjiSo `kompiuteris ZiriTadi mowyobilobebi~. CawereT, ra ZiriTadi mowyobilobebisgan Sedgeba kompiuteri._________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________gauziareT Tqveni gamocdileba kursis sxva monawileebs (wyvilSi an jgufSi). 13
  13. 13. kompiuteris mowyobilobebikompiuteris daniSnulebaa, adamianis brZanebebis Se-sabamisad, informacia miiRos, Seinaxos, daamuSaos dagadasces. personaluri kompiuteris ZiriTadi Semad-geneli nawilebia: sistemuri bloki; displei, anu monitori; klaviatura; manipulatori `Tagvi~.kompiuters aseve aqvs informaciis sxva damatebiTiSemtan-gamomtani mowyobilobebi, magaliTad: sabeWdi mowyobiloba, anu printeri, xmisdinamikebi, mikrofoni, skaneri, video kamera da sxva. sistemuri bloki sistemuri bloki warmoadgens kompiuteris umTavres mowyobi- lobas, romelsac specialuri kabelebis saSualebiT uerTdeba sxvadasxva mowyobiloba. masSi ganTavsebulia procesori, rome- lic kompiuteris muSaobas ganapirobebs da yvela saxis gamoTv- lebs asrulebs. blokSive moTavsebulia myari mexsierebis diski, romelSic inaxeba kompiuterSi arsebuli yvela programa Tu mo- nacemi. monitorimonitori warmoadgens informaciis gamomtan erT-erT mTa-var mowyobilobas. misi ekrani Sedgeba calkeuli wertile-bisagan, romelTac piqselebs (Pixel) uwodeben. swored hori-zontalurad da vertikalurad ganlagebuli piqselebis ra-odenoba ganapirobebs kompiuteris videosistemis xarisxs,rac, Tavis mxriv, ekranze miRebuli gamosaxulebis garCeva-dobis xarisxs uzrunvelyofs. monitoris erT-erTi mTavari maxasiaTebelia ekranis sidide,romelic diagonalis sigrZiT izomeba. monitorze arsebuli marTvis elementebis saSualebiTSesaZlebelia rogorc gamosaxulebaTa ganlagebis, aseve maTi simkveTrisa da kontrastebisregulireba. manipulatori `Tagvi~Tagvis ZiriTadi funqciaa specialuri maCveneblis (Pointer) ekranze gadaadgilebis marTva.Tagvma aucileblad swor zedapirze unda isrialos. sasurvelia, es zedapiri ar iyos sarki-sebri, raTa gamosxivebuli lazeris Suqi ar aireklos. Tagvi swored lazeris sxivis saSuale-biT gadaadgildeba. 14
  14. 14. dRe 1standartuli manipulaciebisaTvis Tagvs marjvenaaqvs marcxena da marjvena Rilakebi da maT Rilaki marcxena RilakiSua ganTavsebuli gorgolaWi.Tagvis saSualebiT SesaZlebelia Sesrul-des Semdegi moqmedebebi: gorgolaWiTagvis marcxena/marjvena RilakzeerTxel dawkapuneba Tagvis maCvenebels vayenebT saWiro obieqtze, TiTs vaWerT mar- cxena/marjvena Rilaks da swrafad vuSvebT.Tagvis marcxena/marjvena Rilakze erTxel vawkapunebT obieqtebis mosaniSnad, meniuebSi mu-Saobisas, dialogur fanjrebSi parametrebis dayenebisas da sxva.Tagvis marcxena Rilakze orjer dawkapuneba Tagvis maCvenels vayenebT saWiro obieqtze, orjer vaWerT TiTs marcxena Rilaks da swra- fad vuSvebT. sasurvelia, pirvel da meore daWeras Soris mcire intervali iyos. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, moqmedeba SeiZleba aRqmuli iqnas, rogorc ori erTjeradi dawkapuneba.Tagvis marcxena Rilakze orjer vawkapunebT programebis gasaSvebad, failebisa da saqaRal-deebis gasaxsnelad da a.S.gadatana/TanwaReba Tagvis maCvenels vayenebT saWiro obieqtze, TiTs vaWerT marcxena Rilaks da TiTis auReb- lad gadavaadgilebT sasurveli mimarTulebiT. Tagvis moZraobasTan erTad imoZravebs isari da isriT miTiTebuli obieqti, romelic TiTis aSvebisTanave saWiro poziciaSi da- fiqsirdeba.Tagvis maCvenebelma SeiZleba sxvadasxva forma miiRos. TiToeuli magani mocemul dros SesaZ-lo moqmedebaze mianiSnebs: roca mas isris forma aqvs, es Tagvis maCveneblis Cveulebrivi mdgomareobaa; roca mas isris da gverdze patara qviSis saaTis forma aqvs, es niSnavs, rom kompiuteri muSaobis reJimSia; Tu isris nacvlad qviSis saaTi gamoisaxa, es niSnavs, rom mimdinareobs procesi, romlis damTavrebasac dro sWirdeba. momxmarebeli unda daelodos Tagvis maCveneblis Cveuleb- rivi formis dabrunebas, radgan, rogorc wesi, am dros kompiuters ar SeuZlia raime brZa- nebis Sesuleba. SeasruleT kompiuteris ekranze mocemuli savarjiSo `Tagvis trenaJori~, romelic Tagvis moxmarebas migaCvevT. 15
  15. 15. operaciuli sistemakompiuteris CarTva, pirvel rigSi, operaciuli sistemis CatvirTvas gulisxmobs. operaciulisistema uzrunvelyofs kompiuteris nebismieri mowyobilobisa Tu programis urTierTSe-Tanxmebul muSaobas, informaciis Setanisa da gamotanis procesebis marTvas, informaciismiRebas/gagzavnas qselSi CarTuli kompiuterebidan da a.S. operaciuli sistema saSualebasgaZlevT, erTdroulad gaxsnaT ramdenime faili, imuSaoT ramdenime fanjaraSi, gacvaloTmonacemebi or programas Soris, gamoiyenoT mravali saxis fonti da a.S.arsebobs ramdenime operaciuli sistema. yvela maTgans aqvs programuli uzrunvelyofa sxva-dasxva amocanis gadasaWrelad (magaliTad, teqstebis Seyvana, angariSis warmoeba, internetisgamoyeneba, qaRaldze amobeWdva da a. S.).skolebis kompiuterul laboratoriebSi ori operaciuli sistema gvxvdeba: Windows da Linux.orive sistema unificirebulia yoveldRiuri saqmianobisaTvis. maT aqvT saofise programebisdaxvewili paketebi, rac sruliad sakmarisia saswavlo procesis efeqturobis asamaRleblad.operaciuli sistemis CatvirTvis Semdeg monitorze gamoCndeba ZiriTadi ekrani. es aris samu-Sao magida (Desktop), saidanac iwyebs momxmarebeli muSaobas. piqtogramebi samuSao magida amocanaTa paneli start meniusamuSao magidaze SegiZliaT moaTavsoT muSaobisTvis saWiro obieqtebi: programebi, failebida saqaRaldeebi. es obieqtebi mcire zomis naxatebis, anu piqtogramebis saxiTaa mocemuli. 16
  16. 16. dRe 1 samuSao magidis standartuli saqaRaldeebi (katalogebi)Cemi kompiuteri (My Computer) _ specialuri saqaRalde, romelic saSualebas gvaZlevs, da-vaTvalieroT kompiuteris diskebis SigTavsi da SevasruloT sxvadasxva operacia failebsa dasaqaRaldeebze, mag.: programebis gaSveba, failebis kopireba, gadatana, waSla, axali saqa-Raldeebis Seqmna da a. S.urna (Recycle Bin) _ specialuri saqaRalde, romelic Seicavs yvela waSlili failisa da saqa-Raldis sias.Cemi dokumentebi (My Documents) _ sistemuri saqaRalde, romelic momxmareblis mier sxva-dasxva programiT Seqmnili dokumentebis Tavmosayrelad gamoiyeneba.qseluri garemocva (My Network Places) _ specialuri saqaRalde, romelic gamoiyeneba loka-lur qselSi CarTuli kompiuterebis diskebis SigTavsis dasaTvaliereblad da maTze sxvadas-xva operaciis Sesasruleblad.amocanaTa paneli ekranis bolos aris ganTavsebuli da gamoiyeneba gaaqtiurebuli saqaRalde-ebisa da programebis droebiT Sesanaxad, romelimes gasaSvebad, an erTidan meoreze gadasar-Tvelad. amocanaTa panelze mdebareobs Start Rilaki, gaaqtiurebuli fanjrebis aR-mniSvneli Rilakebi da indikatorebi.mTavari meniu (start) ekranis marcxena qveda mxares aris moTavsebuli da Tavs uyris kompiu-terSi Sesasrulebel ZiriTad brZanebebs.start meniudan xdeba kompiuteris gamorTva. kompiuteris gamosarTavad Tagvis isari mivita-noT start meniusTan. ekranze gamoCndeba brZanebebis CamonaTvali. Semdeg isari mivitanoT kom-piuteris gamorTvis RilakTan Turn off Computer da davawkapunoT.ekranze gamoCndeba dialoguri fanjara, romelic sam sxvadasxva reJims gvTavazobs:1. Stand By gadaiyvans kompiuters naklebi datvirTvis reJimSi da droebiT gaTiSavs mas.2. Turn off kompiuters gamorTavs samuSao reJimidan.3. Restart xelaxla CatvirTavs/gadatvirTavs operaciul sistemas.kompiuteris gamosarTavad airCieT ofcia Turn off da daawkapuneT OK Rilakze. 17
  17. 17. fanjrebSi muSaobanebismieri gaxsnili obieqti samuSao magidaze warmodgenilia fanjris saxiT.fanjara Sedgeba Semdegi obieqtebisagan: instrumentebis veli saTauris veli menius velimisamarTis veli samuSao are gadafurcvlis veli statusis zoli saTauris veli, sadac aisaxeba Sesabamisi programis dasaxeleba; menius veli, romelic Sedgeba funqciurad dayofili programis Sesabamisi brZanebebisagan; instrumentebis veli, romelic Seicavs menius ZiriTad brZanebebs momxmareblisTvis muSa- obis gasamartiveblad; samuSao are, sadac aisaxeba fanjris SigTavsi; statusis, anu mdgomareobis zoli, romelic Seicavs informacias samuSao aris mimdinare mdgomareobis Sesaxeb; vertikaluri da horizontaluri gadafurcvlis velebi, romelTa saSualebiTac xdeba fanjris SigTavsis daTvaliereba. fanjris zeda marjvena kuTxeSi ganlagebulia Rilakebi: fanjris minimizacia _ Rilakze erTxel dawkapunebiT Semcirdeba fanjris zoma. fanjris maqsimizacia _ fanjris zomebi maqsimalurad, ekranis mTel sigrZeze gaizr- deba Rilakze erTxel dawkapunebiT. am Rilakze erTxel dawkapunebiT SesaZlebelia maqsimizebuli fanjris sawyisi zomebis aRdgena. fanjris daxurva _ fanjara daixureba Rilakze erTxel dawkapunebiT. 18
  18. 18. dRe 1 fanjris zomebis Secvlafanjris zomis Secvla Tagvis saSualebiT xorcieldeba. amisaTvis Tagvis maCvenebeli undadavayenoT fanjris CarCos erT-erT kideze an kuTxeze ise, rom igi ormag israd gadaiqces,davaWiroT marcxena Rilaks da Tan waviRoT CarCos kide sasurvel poziciamde. fanjris gadaadgilebasamuSao magidaze fanjris gadasaadgileblad Tagvis maCvenebeli davayenoT saTauris zolze,davaWiroT TiTi marcxena Rilaks da Tan waviRoT fanjara sasurvel poziciamde.kompiuterSi SesaZlebelia gavxsnaT mravali fanjara, magram mxolod erT fanjaraSi movax-denT aqtiur moqmedebebs (davbeWdavT, davxatavT, viTamaSebT da a. S.). aqtiuri fanjara sxvafanjrebisgan gansxvavdeba, misi saTauris feri ufro mkveTria, amasTanave, aqtiuri fanjaraekranze yvelaze winaa da danarCen fanjrebs efareba.fanjris gasaaqtiureblad saWiroa mis areze (magram ara daxurvis Rilakze) erTxel davaw-kapunoT, an mis saTaurze davawkapunoT amocanebis zolSi. aqtiuri fanjris saTauri gam-kveTrdeba da sxva fanjrebis win gadmoinacvlebs. savarjiSo: samuSao magididan gaxseniT fanjra da daxureT daxurvis Rilakis gamoyenebiT. isev gaxseniT fanjara, ekranze maqsimalurad gaSaleT da Semdeg sawyis mdgomareobaSi daabruneT; CakeceT da aRadgineT; maqsimalurad gaSaleT da CakeceT; aRadgineT da sawyis mdgomareobaSi daabruneT. fanjris saTaurze ormagi dawkapunebiT SecvaleT misi zomebi. ramdenjerme gaaaqtiureT pasiuri fanjara. 19
  19. 19. klaviaturaklaviaturis Sesaswavlad gamoviyenoT teqsturi redaqtori. gavxsnaT teqsturi redaqtoris_ Microsoft Office Word 2007-is fanjara. amisaTvis, SevideT Start meniuSi, Tagvis isari mivita-noT All Programs RilakTan da davawkapunoT. programebis CamoSlil meniuSi Tagvis isari mivi-tanoT Microsoft Office-Tan. veli galurjdeba, rac niSnavs, rom Microsoft Office-is meniu gvaqvsgaaqtiurebuli. velis boloSi patara samkuTxedis simbolo mianiSnebs, rom meniu, Tavis mxriv,kidev Seicavs CamonaTvals, romelic Microsoft Office-is velis moniSvnisas avtomaturad Camo-iSleba. qvemenius CamonaTvalSi movniSnoT Microsoft Office Word 2007 da Tagvis marcxena RilakzedavawkapunoT. kompiuteris ekranze teqsturi redaqtoris _ Microsoft Office Word 2007-is fanja-ra gaixsneba.fanjris samuSao aris zeda marcxena kuTxeSi moTavsebulia mocimcime vertikaluri xazi,romelsac kursori hqvia. kursori miuTiTebs im pozicias, sadac Tqven mier akrefili teqs-turi simbolo daiwereba.kompiuterSi monacemTa Seyvanis mTavari saSualeba klaviaturaa, romelic klaviSTa ramde-nime jgufs moicavs: anbanur-cifruli da kompiuteris marTvis klaviSebi; funqcionaluri klaviSebi; kursoris marTvisa da redaqtirebis klaviSebi; damatebiTi cifruli klaviSebi.anbanur-cifruli klaviSebi isini uSualod teqstis asakrefad gamoiyeneba. maTze gamosaxulia Sesabamisi simboloebi: asoebi, cifrebi, sasveni niSnebi, ariTmetikuli operaciebis niSnebi da a.S. im SemTxvevSi, Tu klaviSze erTdroulad ori, zeda registris (klaviSis zeda nawilSi) da qveda registris (klaviSis qveda nawilSi), simboloa gamosaxuli, qveda registris simbolos Sesatanad sakmarisia, xeli davaWiroT klaviSs. zeda registris simbolos asakrefad ki unda davaWiroT Shift klaviSs da masze TiTis auReblad davawkapunoT im klaviSze, romelzec saWiro simboloa gamosaxuli. laTinuri anbanis didi asoebis Sesatanad SegviZlia gamoviyenoT Shift klaviSi. amisaTvis davaWiroT Shift klaviSs da masze TiTis auReblad davawkapunoT im klaviSze, romelzec saWiro simboloa gamosaxuli. SegviZlia aseve gamoviyenoT Rilaki Caps Lock, romelic didi asoebis reJims CarTavs da gamorTavs. klaviaturis zogierT klaviSze ori qarTuli asoa mimagrebuli. am asoebis asakrefadac Shift klaviSs viyenebT. mag., Tu gvsurs, avkrifoT `t~, vaWerT Sesabamis laTinur simbolos T, magram Tu `T~ asos akrefa gvsurs, am SemTxvevaSi, unda davaWiroT Shift klaviSs da masze TiTis auReblad imavdroulad davawkapunoT klaviSze T. 20
  20. 20. kompiuteris klaviatura21 dRe 1
  21. 21. funqcionaluri klaviSebi: F1-dan F12-mde klaviSebi sxvadasxva funqcias asrulebs. mag., klaviSi F1 ekranze aqtiuri programis Sesaxeb gamoitans daxmarebas. F5 klaviSis gamoyenebiT saprezentacio programis mTel ekranze gaSveba moxdeba proeqtoris saSualebiT da a.S. Esc _ Sesrulebuli moqmedebis gauqmeba, programidan/fanjridan gamosvla Space _ (`hari~) simboloebs Soris adgilis gamotoveba. `hari~ klaviaturaze yvelaze grZe- li klaviSia. sityvebs Soris `haris~ mxolod erTxel gamoyenebaa miRebuli. Enter _ beWdvis periodSi kursoris gadatana axal striqonze, sistemis mier gamotanil dialogur fanjrebSi dadebiTi/uaryofiTi pasuxis damowmeba da a.S. Tab _ teqstSi sityvebs Soris daSorebis, abzacis formireba, dialoguri fanjris erTi Rilakidan meoreze gadasvla da sxv. Caps Lock _ klaviSze didi asoebis reJimis CarTva da gamorTva Shift _ klaviaturis registris Secvla Ctrl _ moqmedebs sxva klaviS(eb)Tan kombinaciaSi da sxvadasxva SemTxvevaSi gansxvavebul funqcias asrulebs Alt _ moqmedebs sxva klaviS(eb)Tan kombinaciaSi da sxvadasxva SemTxvevaSi gansxvavebul funq- cias asrulebs BackSpace _ beWdvis dros dafiqsirebuli kursoris marcxniv mdgomi simbolos waSla Delete _ beWdvis dros dafiqsirebuli kursoris marjvniv mdgomi simbolos waSla (gamoiye- neba agreTve grafikuli obieqtis waSlisTvis) Home _ kursoris avtomaturi gadatana striqonis/siis dasawyisSi End _ kursoris avtomaturi gadatana striqonis/siis boloSi Page Up _ avtomaturi gadasvla erTi gverdiT zemoT Page Down _ avtomaturi gadasvla erTi gverdiT qvemoT Insert _ beWdvis dros Casmis, aseve simboloebze zemodan gadaweris reJimis CarTva/gamorTva Pause/Break _ mimdinare procesis Seyovneba/Sewyveta Print Screen _ ekranze gamosaxuli mimdinare programis an procesis aslis gadatana buferSi Num Lock _ damatebiTi cifruli klaviaturis CarTva-gamorTvakursoris marTvisa da redaqtirebis klaviSebi: Rilaki zemoT mimarTuli isris gamosaxulebiT _ ekranze dafiqsirebuli kursoris gadayva- na erTi striqoniT zemoT Rilaki qvemoT mimarTuli isris gamosaxulebiT _ ekranze dafiqsi- rebuli kursoris gadayvana erTi striqoniT qvemoT Rilaki marcxniv mimarTuli isris gamosaxulebiT _ ekranze dafiqsi- rebuli kursoris gadayvana erTi poziciiT/simboloTi marcxniv Rilaki marjvniv mimarTuli isris gamosaxulebiT _ ekranze dafiqsi- rebuli kursoris gadayvana erTi poziciiT/simboloTi marjvnivcifruli damatebiTi klaviSebi:cifrebis damatebiTi klaviSebis blokis gaaqtiureba SesaZlebeliaRilakiT Num Lock. igi gamoiyeneba maSin, roca momxmarebels didi rao-denobiT ricxviTi informacia Sehyavs. savarjiSo: teqstze muSaoba 22
  22. 22. gTxovT, daweroT patara zomis furclebze da gadasceT mwvrTnels:3 ram, rac damamaxsovrda treningze________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 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  23. 23. 24
  24. 24. dRe 2. teqstur redaqtorSi muSaoba _ 3 saaTitrening-dRis gaxsnamisalmeba, wina treningis gaxseneba da trening-dRis/modulis Sefasebis baraTebis mimoxilva(10 wT.)mocemuli treningis amocanebi/Sedegebi (5 wT.) saxelmZRvaneloSi miTiTebuli kiTxvaris Sevseba (5 wT.) teqsturi redaqtoris (Word/Writer) zogadi mimoxilva aqtiuri leqcia teqsturi redaqtoris arsis da SesaZleblobebis Sesaxeb (10 wT.) D-GP-IP1 teqstur redaqtorSi muSaoba: teqstis Setana, moniSvna, teqstisa da abzacebis daformateba (60 wT.) praqtikuli savarjiSo: saxelmZRvaneloSi miTiTebuli gancxadebis nimuSis Setana/redaq- tireba (45 wT.)aqtiuri leqcia: saswavlo testis Sedgenis meTodika, testis Sedgenis ZiriTadi safexurebiPP prezentaciis gamoyenebiT (15 wT.) trening-dRis daxurva saSinao davalebis micema (5 wT.) Sefasebis baraTebis Sevseba (10 wT.)gaixseneT da SeavseT. waikiTxeT marcxena svetSi moTavsebuli mosazreba. dafiqrdiT, eTanxmebiT Tu ara mas. gaakeTeT aRniSvna (a niSani) Sesabamis svetSi. mosazreba diax ara 1. fanjris minimizacia xdeba RilakiT 2. kursoris Camoyvana axal striqonze xdeba klaviSiT Enter 3. kursoris marcxniv mdebare simbolos waSla SesaZlebelia klaviSiT Delete 4. kursoris marcxniv mdebare simbolos waSla SesaZlebelia klaviSiT backspace 5. fanjris maqsimizacia xdeba klaviSiT1 D-GP-IP _ Demonstration-Guided Practice _ Independent Practice _ demonstrireba-marTuli praqtika-damoukidebeli varjiSi 25
  25. 25. teqsturi redaqtori MICROSOFT WORD 2007kompiuterSi teqstur dokumentebs warmoadgens: saqmiani da piradi werilebi, sareklamo ganc-xadebebi, mosawvevi baraTebi, broSurebi, statiebi, angariSebi, moxsenebebi da sxva tipis teqs-turi informaciis nimuSebi.teqsturi informaciis Sesaqmnelad gamoiyeneba teqsturi redaqtorebi.Microsoft Word teqsturi dokumentis Seqmnisa da srulfasovnad formatireba/redaqtirebi-saTvis gamoiyeneba. aRniSnuli programis funqciaa teqstze sxvadasxva tipis moqmedebebisSesruleba: Seqmna, redaqtireba, formatireba, Senaxva, damuSaveba, dabeWdva.am programam xangrZlivi evolucia ganicada. amJamad Office-is mimdinare versiis teqsturiredaqtoris dasaxelebaa Microsoft Word 2007, uaxloes momavalSi ki igegmeba Office 2010-isgamoSveba. wina versias Office 2003 erqva.Microsoft Word 2007-is gaSvebaWord-is gaSveba xdeba Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT: Start/Programs/Microsoft office/ Microsoft office Word 2007.moqmedebaTa Tanmimdevrulad Sesrulebis SemTxvevaSi, gaixsneba programa Word, romelsacWindows-is standartuli fanjris yvela elementi aqvs: saTauris zoli _ masze aisaxeba programis dasaxeleba da im failis saxeli, romelzec mo- cemul momentSi vmuSaobT; dokumentis fanjara _ igi warmoadgens momxmareblis ZiriTad samuSao ares, sadac xdeba teqstis Setana da misi formatireba. SesaZlebelia erTdroulad ramdenime fanjris gaxsna da TiToeul maTganSi sxvadasxva dokumentis damuSaveba. statusis zoli _ masze aisaxeba momxmareblisaTvis saWiro informacia kursoris adgil- mdebareobisa da muSaobis mimdinare reJimebis Sesaxeb. 26
  26. 26. dRe 2Microsoft Word 2007 versia, winamorbedi versiebisagan gansxvavebiT, brZanebaTa Rilakebs jgu-febad gvTavazobs. aseve, Zvel versiebSi arsebuli instrumentebis paneli Secvlilia lentiT(Ribbon). masze moTavsebulia menius zoli, romelic 7 ZiriTadi meniusgan Sedgeba: Home _ ZiriTadi meniu Insert _ Casmis meniu Page Layout _ dokumentis formatirebis meniu References _ teqstisTvis SeniSvnebis darTvis meniu Mailings _ gzavnilis meniu Review _ dokumentis gadaxedvis/Semowmebis meniu View _ dokumentis daTvalierebis meniuarsebobs damatebiTi meniuc. magaliTad, grafikuli gamosaxulebis moniSvnisas avtomaturadCndeba damatebiTi formatirebis meniu Format Tavisi mmarTveli RilakebiT. lenti yovelTvis fanjris zeda nawilSia moTavsebuli. misi gamoCena/damalva SesaZlebelia: menius romelime punqtze orjer dawkapunebiT. swrafi wvdomis panelidan brZaneba Minimize the Ribbon (lentis minimizeba) gaaqtiurebiT. klaviaturidan _ CTRL+F1. lentis damalvis operacia ZiriTadad gamoiyeneba sa- muSao aris gafarToebisaTvis. samuSao interfeisze, lentis garda, moTavsebulia Quick Access Toolbar (swrafi wvdomis paneli), romelic lentis zeda an qveda mxares SeiZleba ganTavsdes. swrafi wvdomis panelze standartulad sami Rilakia mocemuli: Senaxva, moqmedebis gauqme- ba da gauqmebuli moqmedebis dabru- neba, Tumca Rilakebis waSla an dama- teba survilisamebr SeiZleba.MS Word 2007-s, wina versiebisagan gansxvavebiT, aqvs ofisis Rilaki (OfficeButton). igi moTavsebulia fanjris zeda marcxena kuTxeSi da misi meniu yvelaim standartul brZanebas Seicavs, romelic dokumentze samuSaodaa saWiro. 27
  27. 27. dokumentis gadafurcvladokumentis daTvalierebisTvis SeiZleba gamoiyenoT vertikaluri da horizontaluri gada-furcvlis zolebi, romlebiT sargeblobisas kursoris pozicia ar icvleba. erTi striqoniT zemoT ekranuli gverdiT zemoT nebismier poziciaSi ekranuli gverdiT qvemoT erTi striqoniT qvemoT erTi gverdiT zemoT gadaadgilebis obieqtis arCeva erTi gverdiT qvemoT teqstis fragmentis moniSvnadokumentze muSaobisas, raime operaciis Sesrulebis win, xSirad dagWirdebaT teqstis frag-mentis moniSvna. teqstis fragmentis moniSvna SesaZlebelia rogorc Tagvis, aseve klaviaturismeSveobiT. sityva _ iniSneba, Tu sityvaze Tagvis marcxena Rilaks orjer daawkapunebT; abzaci _ iniSneba, Tu abzacSi Tagvis marcxena Rilaks samjer daawkapunebT; teqstis nebismieri fragmenti _ iniSneba Tagvis gadatarebiT. amisaTvis saWiroa, daafiqsi- roT Tagvis maCvenebeli mosaniSni fragmentis dasawyisSi, daaWiroT TiTi marcxena Rilaks da TiTis auReblad gadaaadgiloT maCvenebeli fragmentis boloSi; teqstis srulad mosaniSnad SegiZliaT isargebloT klaviSTa kombinaciiT Ctrl+A. klaviaturis SemTxvevaSi: Tu shift RilakTan erTad kursoris gadaadgilebis klaviSebs gamoiyenebT, teqstis moniSvna TiToeuli simbolos sizustiT iqneba SesaZlebeli; Tu Ctrl+shift RilakebTan erTad kursoris gadaadgilebis klaviSebs gamoiyenebT, teqstis moniSvna sityvis sizustiT iqneba SesaZlebeli; teqstis sxvadasxva fragmentis mosaniSnad gamoiyeneba Ctrl Rilaki. 28
  28. 28. dRe 2teqstis moniSvnisTvis damatebiTi cxeli klaviSebi:Shift+End _ moniSvna kursoridan striqonis bolomdeShift+Ctrl+End _ moniSvna kursoridan teqstis bolomdeShift+ Home _ moniSvna striqonis dasawyisidan kursoramdeShift+Ctrl+Home _ moniSvna teqstis dasawyisidan kursoramdeShift+Page Down _ moniSvna erTi ekranuli gverdiT qvemoTShift+Page Up _ moniSvna erTi ekranuli gverdiT zemoT teqstSi gadaadgilebateqstSi kursoris gadaadgileba SesaZlebelia rogorc TagviT, aseve klaviaturiT. TagviTmuSaobis dros kursoris gadasaadgileblad miiyvaneT maCvenebeli sasurvel adgilas da daaw-kapuneT marcxena Rilakze, Sedegad, kursori teqstSi aRmoCndeba (im SemTxvevaSi, Tu teqstiar Cans ekranze, isargebleT gadafurcvlis zoliT). dokumentis redaqtirebaSemTxveviTi Secdomebis Tavidan asacileblad, Word iTvaliswinebs bolo moqmedebis gauqme-bisa (Undo) da gauqmebuli moqmedebis aRdgenis (Redo) procedurebs.es saSualebas gvaZlevs, aRvadginoT sawyisi situacia teqstis Setanisas, misi redaqtirebisasan daformatebisas daSvebuli Secdomebis SemTxvevaSi.bolo moqmedebis gauqmeba SesaZlebelia:swrafi wvdomis panelidan RilakiT Undogauqmebuli moqmedebis aRdgena SesaZlebelia:swrafi wvdomis panelidan RilakiT Redo abzacebis formatirebateqstTan muSaobis dros saWiroa abzacebis formatireba: saabzaco Sewevebi, abzacis striqo-nebs Soris intervali, abzacebs Soris dacileba, abzacis Seferadeba da sxva.abzacSi igulisxmeba teqstis fragmenti, romelic erTi an ramdenime winadadebisgan Sedgeba(kompiuteri abzacad aRiqvams or Enter-s Soris arsebuli simboloebis erTobliobas).abzacebis gasworebasamuSao furclis zeda da marcxena kideebze arsebuli saxazavebis saSualebiT SegviZlia ganv-sazRvroT furclis velebi da SevwioT abzacis pirveli striqoni. saxazavis gamoCena-damalvaxdeba meniudan View, Ruler (saxazavi) Rilakis CarTva-gamorTviT. 29
  29. 29. saxazavis zeda marcxena nawilSi moTavsebulia zeda da qveda samkuTxedebi (markerebi), saxa-zavis boloSi ki marjvena markeria. am markerebis moZraobiT SegviZlia abzacebi sasurvel po-ziciaSi davayenoT.abzacis pirveli striqonisaTvis mindvris gasakeTeblad gamoiyeneba saxazavis zeda samkuT-xedi (First line Indent); abzacis danarCeni striqonebisaTvis mindvris dasafiqsireblad gamoi-yeneba saxazavis qveda samkuTxedi (Hanging Indent).abzacebis marTvaabzacebis marTva SesaZlebelia ZiriTad meniuSi (Home)abzacebis formatirebis qvemenius (Paragraph) elemente-biT. Align Text Left _ teqstis gasworeba marcxena kidesTan Center _ teqstis gasworeba centrSi Align Text Right _ teqstis gasworeba marjvena kidesTan Justify _ ormxrivi gasworeba _ striqonebs Soris manZilis gansazRvra _ abzacze fonis gakeTeba _ abzacebze CarCoebis dayenebaabzacebis formatirebis qvemenius dialogur fanjaraSi SesaZlebelia abzacebisTvis aucile-beli sxvadasxva parametris miTiTeba. aRniSnuli fanjris gamotana xdeba qvemenius marjvenaqveda kuTxeSi moTavsebuli Rilakis saSualebiT. 30
  30. 30. dRe 2GeneralAlignment _ mTliani teqstis gasworeba furclis kideebTanIndentation:Left _ abzacis Seweva marcxnidanRight _ abzacis Seweva marjvnidanvelSi Special CamonaTvali:First Line _ mindori abzacis pirveli striqonisaT- visHanging _ mindori danarCeni striqonebisaTvis (By _ velSi mieTiTeba Sewevis zoma)SpacingBefore _ moniSnuli abzacis da misi momdevno abza- cebis daregulirebaAfter _ moniSnulis momdevno abzacebis dareguli- rebaLine spacing _ striqonebs Soris manZilis gansazR- vra abzacebis marTva agreTve SesaZlebelia dokumentis for- matirebis meniuSi (Page Layout) abzacis qvemenius (Parag- raph) elementebiT. praqtikuli rCevebi! gaxsovdeT, rom axali abzaci inarCunebs wina abzacis formats; calkeuli abzacis formatirebis SemTxvevaSi, moniSvna saWiro ar aris. sakmarisia, kursori sasurvel abzacSi ganaTavsoT. Tumca erTdroulad ramdenime abzacis formatirebisas maTi moniSvna aucilebelia; mTliani abzacis SewevisTvis gamoiyeneba saxazavis marTkuTxedi; rodesac teqsti orive kidezea gasworebuli, sityvebs Soris daSoreba imgvarad izrdeba, rom striqonis orive kide gasworebuli iyos. teqstis formatirebateqstis dasaformateblad gamoiyeneba Ziri-Tadi menius (Home) Sriftebis qvemeniu (Font),aseve Font-is dialoguri fanjara, romlis ga-moZaxebac marjvena qveda kuTxeSi moTavsebu-li RilakiTaa SesaZlebeli. 31
  31. 31. Font _ Sriftis arCeva Font size _ Sriftis zomis gansazRvra Bold _ moniSnuli teqstis gamuqeba Italic _ moniSnuli teqstis daxra Undrline _ moniSnuli teqstis qveS xazis gasma Strikethrough _ gadaxazuli teqstis efeqtis micema Subscript _ qveda indeqsi (moniSnuli) Superscript _ moniSnulis atana zeda indeqsad Text Highlinght Color _ teqstis gamoyofa feriT _ teqstis feris arCeva teqstisTvis micemuli formatis waSlateqstSi asoebs Soris manZilis gazrdisa da Semci-rebis daregulireba SesaZlebelia Sriftebis qve-menius dialoguri fanjridan, Character SpacingCanarTSi velidan Spacing.imisaTvis, rom Tqven mier akrefili teqsti yvelamTavisuflad aRiqvas, internetSi sasurveli in-formacia qarTulad moiZioT, saqaRaldeebs an fa-ilebs saxelebi qarTul enaze daarqvaT, saWiroa,kompiuteris klaviatura unikodis qarTuli eni-saTvis SemuSavebuli standartis Sesabamisad mo-marToT.qarTul unikodze gadasarTvelad isargebleTprogramebis panelze marjvena mxares moTavsebuliRilakiT EN. Rilakze daWeris Semdeg kompiuteris samuSao magidaze gamoC- ndeba mcire fanjara enebis CamonaTvaliT, sadac Rilaki KA Georgian qarTul enas Seesabameba. am Rilakze dawkapunebiT Tqveni kompiuteris klaviatura qarTuli enis unikodis Sesa- bamisad moimarTeba. praqtikuli rCevebi! sityvebs Soris datoveT mxolod erTi carieli adgili/intervali (klaviSi ,,hari“); intervali aucilebelia sasveni niSnebis Semdegac; mimdinare abzacSi teqstis akrefisas kursoris gadaadgileba axal striqonze avtomaturad xdeba. mimdinare abzacis dasrulebisa da axali abzacis dasawyebad ki gamoiyeneT Rilaki Enter; 32
  32. 32. dRe 2 abzacis or nawilad gayofis mizniT, moaTavseT kursori sasurvel adgilas da gamoiyeneT Rilaki Enter; abzacebis SeerTebis mizniT moaTavseT kursori pirveli abzacis bolos da gamoiyeneT Ri- laki Delete (abzacebis SeerTeba SesaZlebeli iqneba BackSpace Rilakis saSualebiTac, Tu kursors meore abzacis dasawyisSi moaTavsebT). savarjiSo: teqstur redaqtorSi akrifeT qvemoT mocemuli gancxadebis teqsti:saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministrosmaswavlebelTa profesiuli ganviTrebis centristreningebis menejers (gvari, saxeli)q. Tbilisis X sajaro skolismaswavleblis (gvari, saxeli)gancxadebamsurs, gaviaro Tqven mier organizebuli treningebi „informaciul-sakomunikacio teqnologiebissabazo kursi maswavleblebisTvis~.gTxovT, CamweroT aRniSnul trening-kursze monawileobis misaRebad.gvari, saxeliTariRi savarjiSo: akrefili gancxadebis teqsti qvemoT mocemuli nimuSis mixedviT ganalageT. saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministros maswavlebelTa profesiuli ganviTrebis centris treningebis menejers (gvari, saxeli) q. Tbilisis X sajaro skolis maswavleblis (gvari, saxeli) g a n c x a d e b a msurs, gaviaro Tqven mier organizebuli treningebi „informaciul-sakomunikacio teqno-logiebis sabazo kursi maswavleblebisTvis“. gTxovT, CamweroT aRniSnul trening-kursze monawileobis misaRebad. gvari, saxeli TariRi rogor SevadginoT testebimaswavleblebi xSirad iyeneben testebs rogorc ganmsazRvreli, aseve ganmaviTarebeli Sefa-sebisTvis.testis mizani SeiZleba iyos moswavleTa susti da Zlieri mxareebis gamovlena, rac maswavle-bels imis gansazRvraSi daexmareba, Tu rogor unda warmarTos swavleba, ra unda Secvalos daraze gaamaxvilos yuradReba. aseve, SesaZloa, testis saSualebiT, mas gansakuTrebiT Zlieri 33
  33. 33. moswavleebis gamovlena surdes; an tests ufro Semajamebeli xasiaTi hqondes, raTa mSoblebmamaTi Svilebis moswrebis Sesaxeb sruli informacia miiRon.maswavleblebi umTavresad mza testebs iyeneben, Tumca zogjer maTi Sedgena Tavadve uwevT.testis Sedgena ar aris martivi, is bevri detalis gaTvaliswinebas moiTxovs. miuxedavad amisa,Tu ramdenime ZiriTad princips gaviTvaliswinebT, am saqmes gacilebiT advilad gavarTmevTTavs. amjerad saswavlo miznebisa da testuri davalebebis Sesabamisobaze da sami sxvadasxvatipis testuri davalebis Seqmnaze gavamaxvilebT yuradRebas. testis Sedgenisas davalebebis sxvadasxva formats viyenebT, magaliTad: arCeviTpasuxiani davalebebi swori-mcdari dawyvileba/misadageba winadadebis dasruleba/carieli adgilebis Sevseba mokle pasuxi eses tipis testuri davalebatesturi davalebis formats saswavlo miznidan gamomdinare virCevT. saswavlo mizani testi-rebis mizanSi ar unda agverios. saswavlo mizani testis Sedgenamde gvaqvs gansazRvruli. yvelasaswavlo mizani sxvadasxva dones Seesabameba: zogi ufro dabal kognitur SesaZleblobaszomavs, zogi maRals (blumis taqsonomia). magaliTad, saswavlo mizani SeiZleba iyos aseTi:moswavlem unda SeZlos im wiladebis gamravleba, romlebic klasSi ar gauvlia (gamoyenebisdonis mizani).TiToeuli testuri davalebac sxvadasxva donisaa da ama Tu im saswavlo mizans emsaxureba.magaliTad, Tu moswavles aRmosavleT evropis qveynebis dedaqalaqebis gaxsenebas vTxovT, esSedarebiT dabali kognituri donis (codnis done) davaleba iqneba. Tu mas vTxovT, rom ga-arCios istoriuli faqtebi da avtoris mosazrebebi romelime teqstSi, es ukve SedarebiT ma-Rali kognituri donis (analizis done) amocana iqneba. zogierT saswavlo mizans erTze metiformatis testuri davaleba SeiZleba Seesabamebodes, zogierTs ki _ mxolod erT-erTi zemoTCamoTvlili davalebebidan. aRsaniSnavia, rom pirveli sami SedarebiT dabal, momdevno sami kimaRal kognitur unarebs zomavs.mniSvnelovania, maswavlebelma erTgvari balansi daicvas da sworad gansazRvros, rogori spe-cifikis davaleba unda airCios TiToeuli donis saswavlo miznisTvis, raTa adekvaturadSeafasos saswavlo procesis Sedegi.swori/mcdariam tipis davalebaSi mocemulia piroba, romelic sworia an mcdaria. moswavleebma unda aRniS-non, sworia igi Tu mcdari.waikiTxeT davaleba da SemoxazeT Sesabamisi aso.1. Saqris miReba iwvevs adamianis wonaSi momatebas. `s~ `m~2. galaqtion tabiZem sicocxle TviTmkvlelobiT daasrula. `s~ `m~aseTi davalebis Seqmnisas aucileblad gaiTvaliswineT, rom davalebaze pasuxi calsaxa undaiyos. aseve, instruqciaSi zustad unda miuTiToT, ra unda aRniSnon moswavleebma. pirobamaqsimalurad martivad da mokled unda iyos Camoyalibebuli (grZeli piroba ufro Zneladgasaazrebelia). warmodgenil davalebaSi pirvel kiTxvaze pasuxi ar aris calsaxa, radganSaqris miReba yovelTvis ar iwvevs wonaSi momatebas. amitom codnis Sefaseba aseTi davalebiTSeuZlebelia. meore davalebaze ki pasuxi calsaxaa, Sesabamisad, es davaleba ukeTaa SerCeuli. 34
  34. 34. dRe 2swori/mcdari tipis davalebis dadebiTi mxare is aris, rom mis Sesrulebas cota dro sWirdeba.maswavlebels ki SeuZlia esa Tu is Tema sakmaod farTod moicvas.Tumca am tipis davalebebs uaryofiTi mxarec aqvs. maTi SesrulebisTvis saWiro drois gan-sazRvra sakmaod rTulia. SeiZleba aseTi SemTxveva moxdes: maswavlebelma 100-kiTxviani testiSeadginos da moswavleebs ufro cota dro misces, vidre testis Sevsebas sWirdeba. is moswav-leebi, romlebic mis Sevsebas daiwyeben da yvela kiTxvis wakiTxvas ver moaswreben, ufronakleb qulas miiReben, vidre isini, romlebic pasuxebs kiTxvebis waukiTxavad Semoxazaven dadavalebas bolomde Seasruleben.garda amisa, unda moveridoT iseTi sityvebis gamoyenebas, romlebic moswavles swori pasu-xebis gamocnobaSi daexmareba. magaliTad, sityvebi: `yvela~, `yovelTvis~, `arasdros~, `SeuZ-lebeli~... umTavresad iseT pirobebSia mocemuli, romlebic mcdaria. `zogjer~, `xSirad~,`rogorc wesi...~-s Semcveli piroba ki, ZiriTadad, sworia.zogadad, mcdari pirobis Semcvel davalebebSi diskriminacia (davalebis diskriminacia gu-lisxmobs, ramdenad SeuZlia mas ganasxvavos moswavleebi masalis codnis donis mixedviT) ufromaRalia, amitom SesaZlebelia testis Sedgenisas 10-15 %-iT meti mcdari pirobis gamoyeneba.zogjer maswavleblebi specialurad Txzaven kiTxvebs moswavleTa dasabnevad. aseTi kiTxvebiaraa rekomendebuli dabali donis kognituri unarebis Sesamowmeblad. maTi gamoyeneba SeiZ-leba maRali donis kognituri unarebis, mag., kritikuli azrovnebis Sesafaseblad.dasawyvilebeli/Sesabamisobis davalebebi:moswavlem unda daadginos Sesabamisoba, magaliTad, simboloebsa da maT mniSvnelobebs, cne-bebsa da ganmartebebs, adamianebsa da maT saqmianobebs Soris.aseT davalebebSi gvaqvs ori sveti, romlebic Seicavs erTmaneTTan dakavSirebul sityvebs,frazebs, cifrebs Tu simboloebs. moswavleebs swored maT dawyvilebas vTxovT.davalebis instruqciis Sedgenisas, moswavleebs SeiZleba sTxovoT, rom swori pasuxebierTmaneTs xazebiT daukavSiron, Tumca gasworebisas es saqmes gagirTulebT da bevr droswaiRebs. amitom sjobs, miuTiToT, rom sityvebs Sesabamisi asoebi miaweron. magaliTad:daawyvileT qvemoT mocemuli gamogonebebi maT gamomgoneblebTan. meore svetis Sesabamisiaso miuTiTeT pirvel svetSi mocemuli gamogonebis bolos. TiToeuli saxeli da gamogonebagamoiyeneT erTxel. I II 1. eleqtro naTura ___ a) iohan gutenbergi 2. samedicino Termometri ___ b) aleqsandre beli 3. sabeWdi manqana ___ g) tomas edisoni 4. sayofacxovrebo telefoni ___ d) tomas alburti e) uilber vraiTi d) benjamen fraklinigaiTvaliswineT, rom Tu orive svetSi erTi da imave raodenobis sityvebsa Tu frazebs Camo-werT, swori pasuxebis gamocnobis Sansi izrdeba. amitom sasurvelia, meore svetSi ori an samipasuxiT meti SeitanoT. aseve, instruqciaSi unda daakonkretoT, SesaZlebelia Tu ara sityve-bis ramenjerme gamoyeneba.Tu romelime svetSi SedarebiT grZeli frazebia, isini pirvel svetSi moaTavseT, meore svetSiki ufro mokle teqstebi SeitaneT. moswavleebi nakleb dros daxarjaven, Tu jer ufro vrcelteqsts waikiTxaven da Semdeg mokle teqsts Tvals swrafad gaayoleben. 35
  35. 35. arCeviTpasuxiani davalebebiaseTi davalebebi yvelaze popularulia, Tumca maT dabal klasebSi naklebad iyeneben. amSemTxvevaSi, davalebis piroba SesaZloa kiTxvis saxiT iyos Camoyalibebuli, an arasrul wina-dadebas, maTematikur davalebas da a.S. warmoadgendes. mas aucileblad unda axldes ramde-nime savaraudo pasuxi: erTi swori pasuxi da e.w. distraqtorebi, anu araswori pasuxebi. imisaTvis, rom aseTi davaleba teqnikurad gamarTuli iyos:1. sasurvelia, asarCevi pasuxebis raodenoba ar iyos oTxze meti an naklebi;2. araswori pasuxebi(distaraqtorebi) ise unda SearCioT, rom isini swor pasuxebs hgavdes da ar iyos absurduli;3. Tu kiTxvis savaraudo pasuxebi aris wlebi, rekomendebulia maTi qronologiurad dalageba. sxva SemTxvevaSi, pasuxebis dalageba rekomendebulia anbanis mixedviT;4. dauSvebelia, rom davalebis pirobaSi raime miniSneba iyos. magaliTad, Tu kiTxvis oTxi asarCevi pasuxidan erT-erTi pasuxia `Tavisufali radikalebi~, pirobaSi ar SeitanoT sit- yva `Tavisufali~.amgvari tipis davalebebiT SeiZleba gaizomos SedarebiT maRali donis kognituri unarebi.magaliTad:waikiTxeT piroba da SemoxazeT swori pasuxis Sesabamisi aso:eqimisTvis saavadmyofo igive, rac _ a) kriminalisTvis cixe b) fexburTis gulSematkivrisTvis stadioni g) bavSvisTvis skola d) profesorisTvis universiteti.am SemTxvevaSi, moswavlem unda icodes, Tu ra mimarTebebi arsebobs sityvebs Soris. zogadad,aseTi davalebebis dadebiTi mxare isaa, rom ufro meti masalis Semowmeba SeiZleba naklebdroSi. Tumca mas uaryofiT mxarec aqvs: rTulia, Seamowmo iseTi maRali donis kognituriunarebi, rogoricaa kritikuli azrovnebis, analizis unari. aseve, Tu moswavles sakiTxisraRac nawili esmis da swor pasuxs ver gamoicnobs, is nawilobriv Sefasebas ver miiRebs.rogorc wesi, aseT davalebaSi moswavle araswor pasuxebSi qulas ver iRebs, Tumca mas araferiakldeba. aris iseTi SemTxvevebic, roca araswor pasuxSi moswavles qulas akleben. msgavsstrategias maSin mimarTaven, roca surT, rom swori pasuxis SemTxveviT gamocnobis Sansimaqsimalurad Seamciron. gansazRreT testis mizani gansazRvreT, romel saswavlo mizans/ miznebs afasebs testi CamoayalibeT zusti instruqciebi moswavleTaTvis gansazRvreT, ra dro unda gamoyoT testis Sesasruleblad sofio gorgoZe, Jurnali `maswavlebeli~, #1, 2010 weli. saSinao davaleba: moamzadeT sagnobrivi testi romelime konkretuli klasisaTvis. 36
  36. 36. gTxovT, daweroT patara zomis furclebze da gadasceT mwvrTnels:3 ram, rac damamaxsovrda treningze________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 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  37. 37. 38
  38. 38. dRe 3. teqstur redaqtorSi muSaoba gagrx eleba . ( ) failebi da saqaRaldeebi _ 3 saaTi trening-dRis gaxsna misalmeba, wina treningis gaxseneba da trening-dRis/modulis Sefasebis baraTebis mimo- xilva (10 wT.) saSinao davalebis mimoxilva (5 wT.) mocemuli treningis amocanebi/Sedegebi (5 wT.) saxelmZRvaneloSi miTiTebuli kiTxvaris Sevseba (5 wT.) teqsturi redaqtori Word (D-GP-IP) teqstis formatirebis saSualebebi, teqstis fragmentis amoWra da kopireba, teq- stis Senaxva, Senaxuli dokumentis gaxsna, axali dokumentis Seqmna (40 wT.) praqtikuli savarjiSoebis Sesruleba saxelmZRvanelos mixedviT (25 wT.) aqtiuri leqcia failebis da saqaRaldeebis Sesaxeb (D-GP-IP) moqmedebebi failebsa da saqaRaladeebze (moniSvna, gadatana, saxelis gadarqmeva, waSla, aRdgena) (20 wT.) praqtikuli savarjiSoebis Sesruleba saxelmZRvanelos mixedviT (20 wT.) aqtiuri leqcia failis tipebis Sesaxeb (docx, doc, odt, pdf) praqtikuli muSaoba (20 wT.) trening-dRis daxurva saSinao davalebis micema (5 wT.) Sefasebis baraTebis Sevseba (10 wT.)gaixseneT da SeavseT. waikiTxeT marcxena svetSi moTavsebuli mosazreba. dafiqrdiT, eTanxmebiT Tu ara mas. gaakeTeT aRniSvna (a niSani) Sesabamis svetSi. mosazreba diax ara 1. Microsoft Word teqsturi dokumentis Seqmnisa da srulfasovnad formatireba/redaqtirebisTvis gamoiyeneba. 2. Writer teqsturi dokumentis Seqmnisa da srulfasovnad formatireba /redaqtirebisaTvis gamoiyeneba. 3. Rilaki Font size gansazRvravs Sriftis dasaxelebas. 4. dokumentSi teqstis moniSvna SesaZlebelia mxolod Tagvis meSveobiT. 5. moniSnuli teqstis daxra xdeba RilakiT 39
  39. 39. teqstis fragmentis amoWra da kopireba gacvlis buferis saSualebiT teqstis fragmentis dasakopireblad an amosaWrelad, moniSneT sasurveli teqsti, ZiriTadi menius (Home) gacvlis buferSi (clipboard) airCieT Rilaki Tu teqstis kopireba gsurT, an Tu teqstis amoWra gsurT. daayeneT kursori teqstSi im adgilas, sadac moniSnuli teqstis kopireba an gadatana gsurT da gacvlis buferis panelze daawkapuneT Rilakze praqtikuli rCevebi!teqstis dasakopireblad (an amosaWrelad) da gadasatanad SegiZliaT isargebloT klaviSTakombinaciiT: Ctrl+C _ moniSnuli teqstis fragmentis kopireba; Ctrl+X _ moniSnuli teqstis fragmentis amoWra; Ctrl+V _ teqstis fragmentis Casma.dakopirebuli (an amoWrili) obieqti kompiuteris gamorTvamde (an axali obieqtis kopirebam-de/amoWramde) rCeba gacvlis buferSi. markireba da numeracia markirebuli an danomrili siis Sesaqmnelad moniSneT is elemen- tebi, romlebis danomrvac gsurT da gaaaqtiureT brZaneba Home/ Paragraph/Numbering danomrili siis Seqmnis SemTxvevaSi, an Home/ Paragraph/Bullets markirebuli siis Seqmnis SemTxvevaSi. 40
  40. 40. dRe 3siisTvis axali formatis Sesaqmnelad dialogur fanjaraSi unda airCioT brZaneba Define NewNumber Format (danomrvis axali formatis gansazRvra) an Define New Bullets (markirebis axaliformatis gansazRvra). praqtikuli rCevebi! gaxsovdeT, rom siis elementebi SeiZleba iyos mxolod abzacebi. simboloebis CasmateqstSi iseTi simbolos Casasmelad, romelic klviaturaze ar aris, Casmis meniuSi (Insert)airCieT simboloebis qvemeniu (Symbols).gamosul fanjaraSi ufro xSirad gamoyenebadi simboloebia mocemuli. Tu sasurveli simboloam fanjaraSi ar aris, daawkapuneT Rilakze More Symbols. ekranze gamoCndeba dialoguri fan-jara, sadac SegiZliaT SearCioT sasurveli simbolo.teqnikuri simboloebis Casasmelad Font velSi miuTiTeT Srifti Symbol, suraTebis simbolo-ebisaTvis ki Sriftebi: Windings, Windings2, Windings3. praqtikuli rCevebi!qarTul SriftiT teqstis akrefisas SesaZlebelia winadade-bis pirveli aso icvlebodes an qrebodes. es niSnavs, rom wina-dadebis pirveli simbolos didi asoTi dabeWdvis reJimia ga-aqtiurebuli. misi gamorTva SesaZlebelia Insert/Symbols/more symbols brZanebiT. gamosul dialogur fanjaraSi gaaaqti- ureT avtomaturi Secvlis Rilaki (AutoCorrect). am fanjraSi gamorTuli unda iyos Semdegi brZanebebi: Capitalize first letter of sentences _ winadadebis pirveli simbolos avtomaturi Secvlis CarTva/gamorTva teqstSi. Capitalize first letter of table winadadebis pirveli simbolos avtomaturi CarTva/gamorTva cxrilSi. 41
  41. 41. dokumentis Senaxva/damaxsovrebaTu gsurT, rom Tqven mier Seqmnili dokumenti momavalSic gamoiyenoT, igi failis saxiT undaSeinaxoT kompiuterSi. failis Tavdapirveli Senaxvisas gamoiyeneba swrafi wvdomis panelis Save Rilaki an Office menius Save brZaneba. ukve arsebuli (Senaxuli) failis sxva saxeliT, sxva misamarTze an sxva formatiT Sesana- xad gamoyeneba Office menius Save As brZaneba. dokumentis Sesanaxad daawkapuneT office meniuze da SearCieT brZaneba Save As.Save As… brZanebaze Tagvis kursorismitanisas qvemenius CamonaTvali gamoC-ndeba: Word Document _ faili Seinaxeba Word 2007-is formatiT (*.docx) Word Template _ faili Seinaxeba Sab- lonad (*.dot) Word 97-2003 Document _ faili Se- inaxeba Word 2003-is formatiT (*.doc)imisaTvis, rom Tqven mier Senaxuli dokumenti gaixsnas MS Office 1997-2003 versiebSi, asevelinuqsis operaciuli sistemis teqstur redaqtorSi OpenOffice Writer, Tagvis maCvenebeliunda daawkapunoT brZanebaze Word 97-2003 Document. gamosul fanjaraSi miuTiTeT failis saboloo misamarTi, daaw- kapuneT fanjris marjvena mxares brZanebaze Desktop, xolo velSi File name miuTiTeT failis (do- kumentis) saxeli. sasurvelia, do- kumentis saxeli Sinaarsidan ga- momdinare SearCioT. es momaval- Si mis moZebnas gagiadvilebT. mas Semdeg, rac dokuments sasurvel saxels da misamarTs SeurCevT, daawkapuneT amave fanjris Rilak- ze Save. Tqven mier Senaxuli do- kumenti daideba samuSao magida- ze (Desktop). 42
  42. 42. dRe 3 failis gaxsnaSenaxuli failis gasaxsnelad gaaaqtiureT brZaneba Office/Open da airCieT sasurveli faili. axali dokumentis Seqmnaaxali dokumentis gasaxsneladgaaaqtiureT Office/New brZaneba.gamosul dialogur fanjaraSiSearCieT Blank Document(sufTa dokumenti) dadaawkapuneT Rilakze Create. savarjiSo:Tqven mier momzadebuli sagnobrivi testi akrifeT da kompiuteris samuSao magidaze SeinaxeT.failebi da saqaRaldeebiinformaciis erTobliobas, romelic Cawerilia diskze da romelsac saxeli aqvs, faili (File)ewodeba.failebze muSaobis gaadvilebis mizniT SesaZlebelia maTi katalogizacia da saqaRaldeebSimoTavseba.saqaRaldesac aqvs saxeli. masSi SegviZlia rogorc failebis, aseve qvesaqaRaldeebis ganTav-seba. saqaRaldis SeqmnasaqaRaldis Sesaqmnelad, samuSao magidiscariel adgilas Tagvis marjvena RilakzedavawkapunoT da gamosul konteqstur me-niuSi avirCioT brZaneba New/Folder. samuSaomagidaze gaCndeba saqaRalde. klaviaturazeavkrifoT saqaRaldis saxeli, mag., skola dadavafiqsiroT igi Tagvis marcxena RilakzedawkapunebiT, an klaviaturis Enter-klaviS-ze daWeriT. analogiurad SegviZlia Sevqm-naT qvesaqaRalde saqaRaldeSi.saqaRaldis daTvaliereba SesaZlebelia amsaqaRaldeze orjer dawkapunebiT. 43
  43. 43. praqtikuli rCevebi! gaxsovdeT, rom kompiuterSi Cawerili failis adgilmdebareoba aisaxeba misamarTis velSi (Address); ar SeiZleba erTi da imave misamarTze ori erTnairi dasaxelebis saqaRaldis Seqmna. failis gadatana saqaRaldeSierTi saqaRaldidan sxva saqaRaldeSi an sxva diskze failebisgadatana SesaZlebelia Sualeduri mexsierebis, anu buferisgamoyenebiT. amisaTvis:1. movniSnavT Sesabamis obieqts (faili, saqaRalde);2. moniSnul obieqtebs amovWriT (an davakopirebT) konteqstu- ri meniudan2 _ Cut (an Copy) brZanebis SerCeviT;3. vxsniT sasurvel saqaRaldes, sadac amoWrili (an dakopi- rebuli) obieqtis Casma gvsurs;4. obieqts sasurvel saqaRaldeSi vsvamT konteqsturi meniu- dan Paste brZanebis arCeviT. praqtikuli rCevebi! ramdenime failis an saqaRaldis mosaniSnad gamoiyeneT Ctrl klaviSi; gaxsovdeT, rom saqaRaldis gadatanis an dakopirebis dros misi SigTavsic gadaadgildeba. failis an saqaRaldis saxelis SecvlaTu saqaRaldis an failis saxeli ar gakmayofilebT, SegiZliaT SecvaloT igi. Sesabamis obi-eqtze Tagvis erTxel daWeriT moniSneT saWiro saqaRalde an faili, konteqstur meniuSi ga-aaqtiureT brZaneba Rename, akrifeT sasurveli saxeli da daadastureT Enter klaviSiT.SeniSvna: failebsa da saqaRaldeebze amave moqmedebebis Sesruleba (saxelis gadarqmeva, gada-tana, waSla, da a.S.) SesaZlebelia saqaRaldis fanjris meniudanac, an saqaRaldis fanjaraSimarcxniv moTavsebuli damxmare panelis saSualebiT File and Folder Tasks. failebis da saqaRaldeebis waSlafailis an saqaRaldis wasaSlelad moniSneTwasaSleli obieqti.1. konteqstur meniuSi airCieT brZaneba De- lete;2. gamosul dialogur fanjaraSi Confirm File Delete waSlis brZaneba daadastureT Yes Ri- lakze dawkapunebiT.2 konteqsturi meniu _ Sesabamis obieqtze mausis marjvena Rilakze dawkapunebiT miRebuli meniu. 44
  44. 44. dRe 3 saqaRalde `urna~ (RECYCLE BIN)waSlili failebis da saqaRaldeebis droebiT Sesanaxad gamoiyeneba saqaRalde Recycle Bin,romelic samuSao magidazea moTavsebuli. nebismier dros SesaZlebelia Recycle Bin saqaRal-deSi arsebuli obieqtis aRdgena, anu im adgilas dabruneba, saidanac waSaleT.waSlili obieqtebis aRsadgenad SeasruleT Semdegi moqmedebebi:1. orjer dawkapunebiT gaxseniT Recycle Bin;2. waSlili failis an saqaRaldis aRsadgenad konteqsturi meniudan airCieT brZaneba Restore.Recycle Bin-is mTlianad gasasufTaveblad konteqsturi meniudan airCieT brZaneba Empty Re-cycle Bin.amave brZanebebis Sesruleba SesaZlebelia Recycle Bin saqaRaldis Recycle Bin Tasks meniussaSualebiT. praqtikuli rCevebi! gaxsovdeT, rom failis an saqaRaldis aRdgena moxdeba im misamarTze, romlidanac waSaleT. Tu gsurT obieqtis waSla ise, rom is sanagve yuTSi ar moxvdes, moniSnuli obieqtebi unda waSaloT Shift+Delete klaviSTa kombinaciiT. savarjiSo:1. Tqven mier Seqmnil saqaRaldes gadaarqviT saxeli, daarqviT Tqveni gvari da saxeli.2. samuSao magidaze SeqmeniT saqaRalde _ saxeli.gvari (saxelis nacvlad dawereT Tqveni saxe- li, xolo gvaris nacvlad Tqveni gvari). Tqven mier akrefili da Senaxuli sagnobrivi testi gadaitaneT aRniSnul saqaRaldeSi.3. waSaleT Tqven mier Seqmnili saqaRalde (gvari.saxeli) da Semdeg aRadgineT is. 45
  45. 45. 4. SeqmeniT 5 saqaRalde, daarqviT maT saxelebi (1,2,3,4,5), moniSneT erTdroulad da waSaleT. aRadgineT mxolod me-3 da me-4 saqaRaldeebi. gaasufTaveT nagvis yuTi.5. SeqmeniT 3 saqaRalde, daarqviT maT saxelebi (1,2,3). TiToeul saqaRaldeSi SeqmeniT sam- sami qvesaqaRalde saxelebiT: 1-Si: 1.1; 1.2; 1.3 me-2-Si: 2.1; 2.2; 2.3 me-3-Si:3.1; 3.2; 3.36. qvesaqaRaldeebi: 1.1; 2.1; 3.1 gadaitaneT saqaRlde 1-Si.7. qvesaqaRaldeebi 1.2; 2.2; 3.2 gadaitaneT saqaRalde 2-Si.8. qvesaqaRaldeebi 1.3; 2.3; 3.3 gadaitaneT saqaRalde 3-Si.failis tipebifailis tipis gasarCevad unda daakvirdeT mis gafarToebas, romelic, rogorc wesi, wertilisSemdeg iwereba da 2-4 simbolosgan Sedgeba. failis tipis codna imisTvis gWirdebaT, romgansazRvroT: SesaZlebelia Tu ara misi gaxsna/amuSaveba Tqvens kompiuterSi da gWirdebaTTu ara amisaTvis specialuri programa.suraTze mocemulia 3 erTi da igive faili saxelwodebiT „failis tipebi“, magram gansxvave-buli gafarToebebiT.pirveli failis gafarToebaa docx, romelsac misi Sesaferisi programa Microsoft Office Word2007 gaxsnis. 46
  46. 46. dRe 3meore failis gafarToebaa doc, romelsac gaxsnis programa Microsoft Office Word 2003.mesame fails, romlis gafarToebaa odt, gaxsnis programa Linux openoffice.org.internetSi umeteswilad gavrcelebulia teqsturi, grafikuli, foto, audio3 da video fai-lebi. zogierTi maTgani kompresirebulia da misi gafarToebaa zip, an rar. orive maTgani speci-aluri programis meSveobiT gaixsneba: ZIP compression da WinRAR, romlebic specialurad undaiyos dainstalirebuli Tqvens kompiuterSi.internetSi yvelaze gavrcelebuli grafikuli failebi jpg da gif gafarToebiTaa mocemuli.audio failebidan ufro xSiria mp3, aseve wmv da wma. teqstur failebs, MS Word programaSiSeqmnili doc gafarToebis garda, xSirad SexvdebiT e.w. pdf-formatSi. am SemTxvevaSi, eleqtro-nuli informaciis redaqtireba SeuZlebelia. mis wasakiTxad Tqvens kompiuterSi dainstali-rebuli unda iyos programa Adobe Acrobat Reader. failis tipebi da maTTvis Sesaferisi programebi Doc Microsoft Office Word 2003 document file Docx Microsoft Office Word 2007 document file teqsturi faili Txt MS Office/Word Pad pdf Adobe Acrobat Reader odt Linux openoffice.org document file. eleqtronuli Xls Microsoft Office Excel spreadsheet file cxrilebi ods Linux openoffice.org calc spresdsheet file Xlsx Microsoft Office Excel 2007 spreadsheet file saprezentacio ppt Microsoft Office PowerPoint Presentation file faili pptx Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2007 Presentation file odt Linux openoffice.org Presentation file veb faili html Hyper Text Markup Language file JPEG, JPG foto faili Gif, Microsoft Office Picture Viewer/Windows Explorer/Paint Tif Mp3 Windows Media Player audio faili Mp4 Windows Media Player Wav Windows Media Player video faili Avi Windows Media Player Mpg4 Quick Viewer3 audio faili _ xmovani faili. 47
  47. 47. saSinao davaleba:gaimeoreT/srulyaviT wina saSinao davaleba (SeqmeniT saqaRalde da SeinaxeT sagnobrivitesti). 48
  48. 48. gTxovT, daweroT patara zomis furclebze da gadasceT mwvrTnels:3 ram, rac damamaxsovrda treningze________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 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  49. 49. 50

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