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Gothic art


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    GOTHIC VAULTS MYSTERY: The vaults of Gothic’s cathedral have subliminal symbolism. Nobody will get into a Gothic cathedral seeing the temple as before.
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Gothic art

  1. 1. Gothic Art
  2. 2. What it is? The Gothic Art is a stile wihch was developed in Western Europe from Medium ages till the Renaissance. Extensive artistic stage that began in the northern of France and expanded throughout the West. According stages and cities the Gothic art was developed by different way.
  3. 3. Gothic term The term “Gothic” was used for first time in 16th Century for the Italian Giorgio Vasari grat art historian.
  4. 4. The NeoGothic Revival of medieval art, full of new content to the term "Gothic" which starts distinguished and separated from the Romanic Art.
  5. 5. Historical Context • The Gothic architecture coincides with the time, the fullness and the crisis. • The Gothic coincides with the maximum development of urban culture where it appears the bourgeoisie, universities and the flourishing of religious orders
  6. 6. Characterisation • The Gothic cathedrals rise prodigious fulls of light, develops a major civil architecture and independent of the other visual arts. • The dominance of the religious inspiration in art continues to appear, the monastery hardly varies except in formal details and adapting to new requirements, the same plant churches remains predominantly a Latin cross with a header apse oriented to the east.
  7. 7. Architecture • At the architectural level, the Gothic style was born around 1140 in France, considered the first monument of this art was the Basilica of the royal abbey of Saint-Denis or San Dionisio (built by Abbot Suger, counselor of Louis VII of France) .
  8. 8. Architecture examples Cathedral of Toledo / Cathedral of Notre Damn / Churche of Santa María of Castro-Urdiales
  9. 9. Cistercian art. • This art has been defined for a long time fairly superficial, exclusively for the use of one of its elements, the pointed arch, which is usually invoked ogival, from which derives the rib vault that allows thrusts to move the buttresses outside, that is further away from the walls through the use of flying buttresses. That allowed the construction of buildings much larger and higher, and that there is more than the vain on the walls
  10. 10. The light • The light is understood as the sublimation of divinity. The symbolism dominates the artists of the time, the school sees the light of Chartres the most noble of natural phenomena, less material element, the closest approximation to the pure form.
  11. 11. Gothic Sculpture I • The sculpture Gothic style evolved from a long and rigid, still in part Romanesque, towards a sense of space and naturalist at the end of the 12th century and early 13th century.
  12. 12. Gothic Sculpture II • The Gothic sculptures were born in the walls of churches, in middle 12th century in the Island of France, when Abbot Suger did build the abbey of Saint-Denis (h 1140), considered the first Gothic building, and then the cathedral Chartres (h 1145). Previously, the Gothic is not built on the Isle of France, so the sculptors were brought from Burgundy, who made the revolutionary figures who worked as columns in the Royal Portico of Chartres. It was a new invention and would be the model for a generation of sculptors.
  13. 13. Gothic Sculpture examples Puerta del la asunción-Laredo / Cathedral of León / Cathedral of Notre damn
  14. 14. Gothic Pint I 1.The Gothic Paint didn´t appear till around the year 1200, nearly 50 years after gothic architecture and sculpture. 3.The gothic is corresponding with the new tends; philosophical and religious. 2.While in the Romanesque paintings are simplified and idealised, in the Gothic is increased realism and naturalism, approaching the imitation of nature, painting scenery, although it remains unusual.
  15. 15. Gothic paint II • Frescs: Mural painting, a continuation of the previous Roman and Christian traditions.
  16. 16. Gothic Paint II • Stained-glass windows. In northern Europe, the stained glass art were preferred until the 15th century.
  17. 17. Gothic paint II • Painting on board. They began in Italy in the 13th century and spread for all Europe, so as to the 15th century had become the predominant form, supplanting even the windows.
  18. 18. Gothic paint II • Miniatures. The illuminated manuscripts represented the most complete documentation of the Gothic painting
  19. 19. Gothic paint II • The oil painting on canvas was not popular until the 15th and 16th centuries and was the starting point of Renaissance art.