Climates 21 2


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Climates 21 2

  1. 1. 21.2 World Climates Chelsea Murphy Period 4
  2. 2. The koppen climates classification system <ul><li>The koppen climates classification system uses mean monthly and annual values of temperature and precipitation to classify climates. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Humid Tropical Climates <ul><li>Humid tropical climates are climates without winters. Every month in such a climate has a mean temperature above 18c. The amount of precipitation can exceed 200 cm per year. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wet Tropical <ul><li>The tropical rain forest is typical of a wet tropical climate. </li></ul><ul><li>Wet tropical climates have high temperatures and much annual precipitation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tropical Wet and Dry <ul><li>Bordering the wet tropics are climates classified as tropical wet and dry climates. Tropical wet and dry climates have temperatures and total precipitation similar to those in the wet tropics, but experience distinct periods of low precipitation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Humid Mid-Latitude climates <ul><li>Climates with mid winters have an average temperatures in the coldest month that is below 18c but above -3c. Climates with serve winters have an average temperature in the coldest month that is below -3c. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Humid Mid Latitude with Mild winters <ul><li>Humid subtropical climates: Located between about 25 and 40 latitude on the eastern sides of the continents are the humid subtropical climates. </li></ul><ul><li>Marine West Coast Climates: Coastal areas between about 40 and 65 north and south latitude have marine west coast climates. </li></ul><ul><li>Dry-summer subtropical climates: Regions with dry- summer subtropical climates are located between about 30 and 45 latitude and are only found in California. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Humid Mid-Latitude with severe Winters <ul><li>North of the humid continental climates and south and south of the tundra is an extensive subarctic climates. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dry Climates <ul><li>A dry climates is one in which the yearly precipitation is not as great as the potential loss of water by evaporation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Polar Climates <ul><li>Polar climates are those in which the mean temperature of the warmest month is below 10c. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Highland climates <ul><li>In general, highland climates are cooler and wetter than nearby areas at lower elevations. </li></ul>