Biology 39.2

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Biology 39.2

  1. 1. 39.2 Human Endocrine Glands<br />
  2. 2. Pituitary Gland<br />Gland in the base of the skull that secretes nine hormones that directly regulate many body functions and control the actions of several other endocrine glands.<br />
  3. 3. Diabetes Mellitus<br />Condition that occurs when the pancreas produces too little insulin, resulting in an increase in the level of blood glucose.<br />
  4. 4. Ovary<br />In plants, a flower structure that contains one or more ovules from which female gametophytes are produced; in animals, the female gonad that produces eggs.<br />
  5. 5. Testis<br />Male reproductive organ that produces sperm.<br />
  6. 6. Key Concept<br />The pituitary gland secretes nine hormones that directly regulate many body functions and controls the actions of several other endocrine glands.<br />
  7. 7. Key Concept<br />The hypothalamus controls the secretions of the pituitary gland.<br />
  8. 8. Key Concept<br />The thyroid gland has the major role in regulating the body’s metabolism.<br />
  9. 9. Key Concept<br />Hormones from the thyroid gland and the parathyroid glands act to maintain homeostasis of calcium levels in the blood.<br />
  10. 10. Key Concept<br />Insulin and glucagon help to keep the level of glucose in the blood stable.<br />
  11. 11. Key Concept<br />The gonads serve two important functions: the production of gametes and the secretion of sex hormones.<br />

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