RNA and Protein Synthesis 12.3 <br />
Gene <br />Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait. <br />
Messenger RNA<br />RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA...
Ribosomal RNA<br />Type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes.<br />
Transfer RNA<br />Type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis. <br />
Transcription <br />Process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is copied into a complementary sequence in RNA...
RNA Polymerase <br />Enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and separates the DNA strands during transcription...
Promoter <br />Region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA.<br />
Intron<br />Sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein.<br />
Exon <br />Expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein.<br />
Codon <br />Three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid. <br />
Translation <br />Decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain.<br />
Anticodon<br />Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon.<br />
Key Concept <br />What are the three main types of RNA?<br />There are three main types of RNA: messenger RNA, ribosomal R...
Key Concept<br />What is transcription?<br />During transcription, RNA polymerase binds to DNA and separates the DNA stran...
Key Concept<br />What is translation?<br />During translation, the cell uses information from messenger RNA to produce pro...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Biology 12

520 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
520
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Biology 12

  1. 1. RNA and Protein Synthesis 12.3 <br />
  2. 2. Gene <br />Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait. <br />
  3. 3. Messenger RNA<br />RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell. <br />
  4. 4. Ribosomal RNA<br />Type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes.<br />
  5. 5. Transfer RNA<br />Type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis. <br />
  6. 6. Transcription <br />Process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is copied into a complementary sequence in RNA. <br />
  7. 7. RNA Polymerase <br />Enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and separates the DNA strands during transcription.<br />
  8. 8. Promoter <br />Region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA.<br />
  9. 9. Intron<br />Sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein.<br />
  10. 10. Exon <br />Expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein.<br />
  11. 11. Codon <br />Three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid. <br />
  12. 12. Translation <br />Decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain.<br />
  13. 13. Anticodon<br />Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon.<br />
  14. 14. Key Concept <br />What are the three main types of RNA?<br />There are three main types of RNA: messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA.<br />
  15. 15. Key Concept<br />What is transcription?<br />During transcription, RNA polymerase binds to DNA and separates the DNA strands. RNA polymerase then uses one strand of DNA as a template from which nucleotides are assembled into a strand of RNA. <br />
  16. 16. Key Concept<br />What is translation?<br />During translation, the cell uses information from messenger RNA to produce proteins.<br />

×