Basic Concept & Levels of Education… Constitutions of Education In Pakistan… Advantage of Education… Disadvantages of Illiteracy Literacy Rate In Pakistan Comparison with European EducationHow To Improve Our Educational Standard…
Why We Chose This Topic• 6million working children.• Over half the population age of 10 never attended school.• Downfall economy of Pakistan.• Rapid growth of poverty.• Corruption in this field. Back to school
Introduction to Education “Education in its general sense, increase in stock of skills, knowledge & understandingpossessed by possessed by individual or society or simply through autodidacticism” Back to school
Levels Of Education UNIVERSITY PROGRAMSHIGHER SECONDARY (grades 11 & 12 ) SECONDARY ( grades 9 & 10 ) MIDDLE ( grades 6 through 8 ) PRIMARY (grade 1 through 5 )
Education In Pakistan• Education in Pakistan is overseen by Ministry of Education of government of Pakistan.• The academic institution are the responsibility of provisional government.• Federal government is responsible for curriculum development, recognition & some finance research. Back to school
Education: Constitution of Pakistan• By the 18 Constitutional Amendment some reforms are made for education• Article 25-A deals with the educational standards and policies “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law” Back to school
History of Education in Pakistan Report/policy Year 1947All Pakistan Education ConferenceNational Commission on Education 1959Education Policy with Nationalization 1972 Back to schoolNational Education Policy 1979Education Policy 1992
All Pakistan Education conference 1947• All Pakistan Education Conference was convened in 1947 in the supervision of Quaid-e Azam.• He provided the basic guide lines for future education development.• It was also emphasis to realize the people the sense of honor, integrity and selfless services to the nation. Back to school
National Commission on Education 1959• In this commission compulsory education of 10 years was made.• Diversification to the technical subjects in secondary stage, enhancement of middle level technical education, extension of degree program from 2,3 years.• 96% success rate of this plan was approximated but due to limited resources it wasn’t implemented successfully Back to school
Educational Policy and Nationalization 1972• The conferences were organized to solve the growing problems in educational standards.• The policy was made to solve this problem by equalizing the opportunity of education, balancing the growing imbalance between various types of education Back to school
Educational Policy 1979• National education policy 1979 was presented on February 1979.• The basic aim behind the implementation of this policy was the harmonization of education in Pakistan with the concept of Islam and ideology of Pakistan.• The basic change which was introduced through this policy was the national language• Would be used as the medium of instruction.• According to this policy; degree colleges include classes XIII, XIV, XV,XVI, a four year• Degree course as a part of higher education.• The libraries of the universities would be strengthened
National Educational Policy 1992• 1992 policy: the basic objective of the policy was to restructure the existing educational.• System on modern lines, and to bring a social change as dictated by the teaching of Islam.• This policy was prepared for a period of 10years(1992- 2002)• More liberal grants shall be provided for books and journals.• Special funds shall be allocated for research.• Linkages of good universities department with international institutions will be established.
Importance of Education “Education is the third eye of a man”• Teaching of education in Islam• Education plays an important role in political constancy, economic progress and social evolution of a nation• Separate and individual identity• Key for the development of country Back to school
A very good environment is produced for better accomplishment of the policies with good contribution and collaboration of the people. Education brings economic growth because it enhances the productivity and efficiency of the people, and provides them essential skills which enable the people to play their role in supporting the sustainable economic growth of the country.
Co-Education “means the teaching of both boys and girls in the same school and under the same roof.” It also means imparting the same education to both the genders without any distinction. This system of education aims at bringing boys and girls together. It allows free mixing of genders without any inhibition.
A educated person can lead an educated, manner able life without any difficulty. This is because education make our life easier to lead. Education builds up our confidence, so an educated person can talk to anyone with more confidently instead of any illiterate person. An educated person can go anywhere in the world without any hesitation. Because he knows, how to deal anyone at that place & how to live there.
Advantages of EDUCATION Educated person knows, how to use modern technologies. So he can use any type of technology & shows a well manner able personality. Education teaches us, how to live happily & how to face our daily life problems, how to solve them also. It build our personality and bring a huge change in our talking style, and our.
Illiteracy is a curse now this modern time in the whole world. A person, without education, like a blank paper. He does not know, what he is doing, what should he do, nothing. He feels worried to solve any problem. little little problems of his daily routine work makes trouble for him. he feels suffocated to do anything. He seems like a worried man every time. He don’t have manners to do good or bad. He doesn’t know, what is he speaking, what is he doing. Sometimes, he speaks bold wording in some gathering, and people starts hate him and they dislike him.
He cannot talk to any educated person with confidence. Whenever he start to talk an educated person, he looses his confidence and get confused. At high standard areas and high standard parties, that illiterate person starts feeling suffocated and want to go out of there. Because he cant face that educated people.
He don’t know how to use newly born technologies like mobile phones, computers, multimedia and internet etc. After loosing his time to learn education. He feels himself like a looser & idiot. Because he has to know about the importance of education after loosing his learning time. A non educated and illiterate person, make fun of himself. he becomes a source of fun for other literate people. He cannot share his feelings to anyone, because he don’t know how to tell anyone about our ideas. Because of illiteracy. He has a lot of ques. In his mind. Whenever he look at any board or any type of written paper, he think that what is it? It’s a big question for him, which carry on till his death.
Higher education plays an essential role in society, creating new knowledge, transferring it to students and fostering innovation. EU-level actions help higher education institutions throughout Europe in their efforts to modernize, both in terms of the courses they offer and the way they operate.
Europe has around 4000 higher education institutions, with over 19 million students and 1.5 million staff. Some European universities are Among the best in the world, but, overall, potential is not being fully realized. Curricula are not always up to date, not enough young people go to university, and not enough adults have ever attended university. European universities often lack the management tools and funding to match their ambitions.
In the light of these challenges, governments and higher education institutions are looking for ways to create better conditions for universities.National governments are responsible for their education and training systems and individual universities organize their own curricula. However, the challenges facing higher education are similar across the EU and there are clear advantages in working together.
The literacy rate in Pakistan ranges from 87% in Islamabad to 20 % in the kholu district (b/w 2000- 2004). In Pakistan peoples of different age having the literacy rate as follows ,…. AGE LITERACY RATE % In indicate theAge b/w 55-64 30 % with every passing generationAge b/w 45-54 40 % Literacy rate is increasedAge b/w 25-34 50 % By 10 %Age b/w 15 -24 60 %
Year of Fema Tota Urba Definition of Age Male Ruralcensus le l n being "literate" group 19.2 12.2 16.4 One who can read a clear1951 -- -- All Ages % % % print in any language One who is able to read with 26.9 16.3 34.8 Age 5 and1961 8.2% 10.6% understanding a simple letter % % % above in any language One who is able to read and 30.2 11.6 21.7 41.5 Age 10 and1972 14.3% write in some language with % % % % Above understanding 35.1 16.0 26.2 47.1 One who can read newspaper Age 10 and1981 17.3% % % % % and write a simple letter Above 54.8 32.0 43.9 63.08 33.641998 % % % % % One who can read a 66.25 41.75 newspaper Age 10 and2004 54% 71% 44% % % and write a simple letter, in Above any language2009 69% 45% 57% 74% 48%
UNIVERSITY WORLD RANKING During 1947-2003 not a single university of Pakistan could be ranked among the top 600 universities of the world…......!!! But today 5 to 6 Pakistani universities belong to the prestigious group of worlds best universities ….!!!!
Pakistani University in World Ranking NUST , ISLAMABAD UET , LAHORE MUET , JAMSHORO KARACHI UNIVERSITY QUAID-E-AZAM UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD
Pakistan’s Achievements in field ofEducation Back to school
Factors Cause For Pakistan’s PoorPerformance In Education Low level of public investment Lack of government funds to educational institutes Administrative lacks of government institutions “Choudhry” and “Wadera” culture of Pakistan Low income level of people
Reforms Undertaken• Free education up to Matriculation.• Grant of scholarships• English language compulsory• Budgetary allocations for education increased• Curriculum upgraded to ensure latest developments / ideas in science and technology• Format of the question papers for the Board examinations revised
How can we improve our education system? Education is very necessary because it build up a nation’spillars high like china was a very poor and backward countrybut by education, china raises its pillars high and now it is aworld power. Dears, now educational standard in Pakistan isvery poor. There are only 50% to 60% people who areeducated. We should increase this 50% ratio up & up. Do youknow? What is the reason behind this 50% of literate people?The reason is that we have no more colleges and schools to getbetter education. In northern Pakistan, we have fewer schoolsand colleges, having poor condition. In result, people have togo towards populated areas, they have to go out from theirareas to get education like LHR-KRI-ISLAMABAD etc.
Unfortunately,By this foolish attempt of merits in colleges is increaseday by day, the students, who cannot get admission ingovt. colleges, they get admit in private institutes bypaying a huge fee. So we should try to increase thestrength of govt. colleges and we should reduce the feeof private institutes to make it easy to get education forevery one. Then there will be an Educated Pakistan infuture.
Country World Educational Budget RankingCuba #1 18.7%Malaysia #10 8.1%Iran #58 4.9%India #81 4.1%Bangladesh #119 2.4%Pakistan #126 1.8%Indonesia #130 1.2%
CONCLUSION• The different education policies clearly bring out that there has been concern regarding the need to reform education. The reform have also been clearly spelled out. however, the implementation has never matched the fine words of policies. Financial allocations have been inadequate. The result is that in Pakistan, education generally and higher education, in particular gives the looks of an abandoned child.