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Contribution of Muslim Scientists
Towards Science
AL-KHWARIZMI
• Considered by some the inventor of
algebra
• Khwarizmi was a Persian mathematician
working at the House of ...
• You can also thank him for the modern
numeral system, which is based on Hindu-
Arabic numbers derived from Indian
mathem...
ALHAZEN
• Alhazen pioneered experimental physics
and founded the modern scientific
understanding of optics
• Alhazen made signific...
• His main work, Kitabal-Manazir (Book of
Optics) had little direct influence in
the Islamic Middle East
• His work on cat...
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi
(936–1013)
• Also known in the West as Albucasis, was
an Arab, Muslim, physician,
and surgeon who lived in Al-Andalus
• He is conside...
• His best work was the Kitab al-Tasrif
• In pharmacy and pharmacology, Abu al-
Qasim al-Zahrawi pioneered the
preparation...
Al-Jazari
(1136–1206)
• He was a Muslim polymath,
a scholar, inventor, mechanical
engineer, craftsman, artist,
and mathematician from Jazirat ib...
• He also segmental gears for
communicating motion between pieces,
much of which he employed in ingenious
water-raising ma...
Abdus Salam
• He became the first Pakistani to receive
a Nobel Prize and also the second Muslim
to win the prize
• Salam was a science...
• Salam's major and notable achievements
include the Pati–Salam model, magnetic
photon, vector meson, Grand Unified Theory...
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Contribution of muslim scientists towards science

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Contribution of muslim scientists towards science

  1. 1. Contribution of Muslim Scientists Towards Science
  2. 2. AL-KHWARIZMI • Considered by some the inventor of algebra • Khwarizmi was a Persian mathematician working at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad in the ninth century • He also wrote on mechanical devices like the Astrolabe and Sundial
  3. 3. • You can also thank him for the modern numeral system, which is based on Hindu- Arabic numbers derived from Indian mathematics • He also contributed to astronomy, trigonometry and even geography • Al-Khwarizmi accomplished most of his work in the period between 813 and 833
  4. 4. ALHAZEN
  5. 5. • Alhazen pioneered experimental physics and founded the modern scientific understanding of optics • Alhazen made significant improvements in optics, physical science, and the scientific method • Alhazen's work on optics is credited with contributing a new emphasis on experiment
  6. 6. • His main work, Kitabal-Manazir (Book of Optics) had little direct influence in the Islamic Middle East • His work on catoptrics also contains the problem known as "Alhazen's problem” • Risner is also the author of the name variant "Alhazen"
  7. 7. Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (936–1013)
  8. 8. • Also known in the West as Albucasis, was an Arab, Muslim, physician, and surgeon who lived in Al-Andalus • He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World • He devoted his entire life and genius to the advancement of medicine as a whole and surgery in particular
  9. 9. • His best work was the Kitab al-Tasrif • In pharmacy and pharmacology, Abu al- Qasim al-Zahrawi pioneered the preparation of medicines by sublimation and distillation • Abu al-Qasim also described the use of forceps in vaginal deliveries. He introduced over 200 surgical instruments
  10. 10. Al-Jazari (1136–1206)
  11. 11. • He was a Muslim polymath, a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, and mathematician from Jazirat ibn Umar • Al-Jazari laid out construction plans in A.D. 1206 for some 50 mechanical devices • He was the first engineer to introduce the crankshaft, camshaft, locks with four bolts
  12. 12. • He also segmental gears for communicating motion between pieces, much of which he employed in ingenious water-raising machines • He also used water to drive automata like moving peacocks, a serving girl who poured drinks and even a band in a boat in northern Mesopotamia
  13. 13. Abdus Salam
  14. 14. • He became the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize and also the second Muslim to win the prize • Salam was a science advisor to the Government of Pakistan from 1960 to 1974 • As Science Advisor, Salam played an integral role in Pakistan's development of peaceful use of nuclear energy
  15. 15. • Salam's major and notable achievements include the Pati–Salam model, magnetic photon, vector meson, Grand Unified Theory • Salam heavily contributed to the rise of Pakistani physics to the Physics community in the world • Even until his death, Salam continued to contribute to physics and tirelessly advocated for the development of science in Third-World countries

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