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Researchers and Identifiers

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in this talk, I explain first how NII has struggled to manage various metadata and identifiers. Then I discuss how identifiers and metadata will change life of researchers in near future.

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Researchers and Identifiers

  1. 1. ORCID Outreach Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, 4 November, 2013 Researchers and Identifiers Hideaki Takeda takeda@nii.ac.jp / ORCID:0000-0002-2909-7163 Professor, National Institute of Informatics
  2. 2. Struggle with Identifiers and Metadata
  3. 3. NII’s Metadata Collection and Possible Collaboration on Metadata Sharing 3 DB Name Resource Type No. of Items Related Organization NACSIS-CAT Books & Journals (Bibliographic Records) 10m Academic Libraries NACSIS-CAT Name Authorities 1.6m Academic Libraries CiNii Articles 16.7m Academic Societies NII-REO Articles 4m Overseas Publishers JAIRO Scholarly Materials in Institutional Repositories 2m Academic Libraries KAKEN Reports of Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research 0.7m Japan Society of the Promotion of Science (Funding Agency) 35m
  4. 4. Connections among NII services ResearchMap URL Crawling Academic SAocciaedteymic SAocciaedteymic Society KAKEN Official reports of Grants-in-aid For scientific research 0.7 million reports Researcher Name Resolver Resolving and linking ReaD (JST) Google Scholar Google service for researchers' names 0.15 million researchers CiNii NII-ELS Refereed and Un-refereed articles from societies or bulletins 4 million articles NII-REO E-journal Archives and e-collections For universities 4 million articles Book Catalogs 108 million +α records JAIRO Comprehensive metadata harvester for Japanese IRs 2 million articles indexing service for academic papers 16.7 million records Institutional Repository Institutional Repository Institutional Repository Institutional Repository Institutional Repository University Researcher Database Institutional Repository Institutional Repository Institutional Repository Institutional Repository Institutional Repository University Researcher Database University Researcher Database University Researcher Database Other Services University Researcher Database University Researcher Database Universities and Institutes J-Stage (JST) NDL Other DB Services Information on Papers Information on Researchers (426 organizations) (43 organizations) JSPS MEXT University Library University Library University Library University Library University Library University Library University Library University Library University Library University Library Information on Books Informatics Square Society support with publishing and communication in Informatics area Powered by OLCer Springer CrossRef NACSIS CAT Researchers profiles and SNS Information on Funded Projects JAIRO Cloud (1.260 organizations)
  5. 5. KAKEN: Database of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research 5 Stores project outlines, reports, and findings of Grants-in-Aid projects Academic community / society Disseminating and returning the benefits of grants-in-aid projects to society JSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) NII Universities Grants-in-aid management database 機機関関リリポポジジトトリリInstitutional repositories Metadata Collaboration Grants-in-aid data Digitalization of past data Information Registration of findings and related information Reports of past projects Integrated system for Online application/registration Reports Research institutions Researcher Researcher Researcher Researcher Application/ registration Search/ retrieve Findings and related information of grants-in-aid projects (Published papers, research data, software, audio, video information, etc.) National Diet Library Link Link http://kaken.nii.ac.jp/
  6. 6. Researcher Name Resolver (RNS) - Switching Board for Researcher’s ID - University Researcher DB Working in progress
  7. 7. Direct Links 7 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 2012
  8. 8. Registered University Researcher DB Muroran Institute of Technology, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hirosaki University,Tohoku University, Akita University, Yamagata University, Ibaraki University, University of Tsukuba, Gunma University, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Tokyo Gakugei University, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music, Tokyo Institute of Technology, The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Yokohama National University,National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Niigata University, Nagaoka University of Technology, Joetsu University of Education, University of Toyama, Kanazawa University, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, University of Yamanashi, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Toyohashi University of Technology, Mie University, Shiga University, Shiga University of Medical Science, Kyoto University, Osaka Kyoiku University, Nara University of Education, Wakayama University,Okayama University, Hiroshima University, The University of Tokushima, Naruto University of Education, Kagawa University, Ehime University, Kochi University, Kyushu University, Oita University, University of Miyazaki,Kagoshima University, National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Future University-Hakodate, Sapporo City University, Aomori University of Health and Welfare, Akita Prefectural University, Fukushima Medical University,Gunma Prefectural College of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Yokohama City University, Niigata College of Nursing, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Fukui Prefectural University, Tsuru University, University of Shizuoka, Aichi Prefectural University, Nagoya City University, Mie Prefectural College of Nursing, The University of Shiga Prefecture, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Kobe City College of Nursing, The University of Shimane, Hiroshima City University, Shimonoseki City University, Fukuoka Women's University, University of Nagasaki, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Sapporo Gakuin University, Hokusei Gakuen University, Hokkaido Institute of Technology, Japanese Red Cross Hokkaido college of Nursing, Sendai University, Tohoku Gakuin University, Ishinomaki Senshu University, Tohoku University of Art and Design, Iwaki Meisei University, Ryutsu Keizai University, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, Dokkyo University, Nippon Institute of Technology,Bunkyo University, Surugadai University, Bunkyo Gakuin University, Mejiro University, Jumonji University,Shukutoku University, Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba University of Commerce, Wayo Women's University, International Budo University, Kanda University of International Studies, Teikyo Heisei University, Seitoku University, Edogawa University, Aoyama Gakuin University, Asia University, Kitasato University, Kyoritsu Women's University, Kyorin University, Keio University, Kogakuin University, International Christian University , Komazawa University , Jissen Women's University , Sophia University , Showa Women's University , Shirayuri College, Seikei University , Seijo University, University of the Sacred Heart, St. Luke's College of Nursing, Senshu University,Taisho University, Daito Bunka University, Chuo University, Teikyo University, Tokai University, Tokyo Keizai University, Tokyo Woman's Christian University, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Science, Toho University, Nihon University, Nippon Medical School, Japan College of Social Work,Japan Women's College of Physical Education, Nippon Sport Science University, Hosei University, Musashino Art University, Meiji University, Rikkyo University, The Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing, Kanagawa University,Kanto Gakuin University, Shonan Institute of Technology, Tsurumi University, Ferris University, Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Toin University of Yokohama, Tokyo Health Care University, Nigata University of Phermacy and Applied Life Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Toyama University of International Studies,Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Kanazawa Medical University, Hokuriku University, Teikyo University of Science & Technology, Nagano University, Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University, Chubu Gakuin University, Seirei Christopher University, Fuji Tokoha University, Aichi University, Aichi Gakuin University, Aichi Institute of Technology, Kinjo Gakuin University, Chukyo University, Chubu University, Nagoya University of Commerce & Business, The NUCB Graduate School, Nanzan University, Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto Women's University, Kyoto Tachibana University, Doshisha University, Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts, Hanazono University, Bukkyo University, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto University of Art and Design, Kyoto Bunkyo University, Osaka Sangyo University, Osaka University of Commerce,Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Kansai Medical University, Tezukayama Gakuin University, Hannan University, Osaka University of Economics and Law, Kansai University of Welfare Sciences, Senri Kinran University, Aino University, Ashiya University, Kwansei Gakuin University, Konan University, Konan Women's University, Kobe Gakuin University, Kobe College, Himeji Dokkyo University, University of Marketing and Distribution Sciences, Kobe Design University, Hyogo University, Tenri University, Koyasan University, Okayama Shoka University, Notre Dame Seishin University, Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima Shudo University, The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing, Tokyo University of Science, Yamaguchi, Matsuyama University, Kyushu Kyoritsu University, Kyushu Sangyo University, Kyushu Women's University, Kurume University, Seinan Gakuin University, Nishinippon Institute of Technology, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka Dental College, The Japanese Red Cross Kyushu International College of Nursing,Nippon Bunri University, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Okinawa University, Aoyama Gakuin Women's Junior College, Teikyo University, Kyoritsu Women's University, Kyoto Women's University (226 institutions listed here.)
  9. 9. Researcher Name Resolver (RNS) - Switching Board for Researcher’s ID - University Researcher DB Working in progress
  10. 10. Future of Researcher’s Life with Identifiers
  11. 11. Researchers in 1984 Printed Articles Survey Article Writing Data Real World Object Data Survey, Research, and Writing
  12. 12. Researchers in 2014 Digital Articles Printed Articles Digital distribution of articles More articles ever! Sharing and re-use of data Real and Digital objects as target Survey Article Writing Data Real World Object Digital Information Data Acquiring Data Publishing Data
  13. 13. Researchers in 2024 affiliated Survey Article Writing Research Institutions Digital Articles Data Acquiring Data Publishing Data Funding agencies Projects Supported Academic Societies Topics Digital objects Digital objects
  14. 14. Researchers in 2024 affiliated ID Survey Article Writing Research Institutions Digital Articles Digital objects Digital objects Data Acquiring Data ID Publishing Data ID Funding agencies Projects Supported Academic Societies ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID Topics
  15. 15. Researchers in 2024 ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID
  16. 16. Identifies for research • A research activity is represented with a structure of identifies • Planned and submitted • Organized and executed • Concluded and evaluated ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID
  17. 17. Identifies for research • ID for • Article • Data • Researcher • Institutions, affiliation • Funding agency, funded project • Academic society • Topic • … ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID ID
  18. 18. Dimensions of Research •Local - Global •Open - Authorized
  19. 19. Dimensions of Research Global Open Authorized Local
  20. 20. Dimensions of Research Global Open Authorized Citizen Science/Open Science Publisher University Government Local
  21. 21. Nature of IDs for research Global PubMed Open Authorized Local DOI ORCID Institution Member ID URI ResearchGate/Academia.edu/… NSF Grant ID Kaken Grant ID Kaken Researcher ID ID ResearchMap Facebook
  22. 22. Nature of IDs for Research • Balance in some features • Global vs. Local • Global: Unified service • Local: Specialized service • Authorized vs. Open • Authorized: Trusted, restricted • Open: no restrictions • Charged vs. Free • Multiple IDs can co-exist in a single category • How to mange multiple IDs • Integration/mapping/associating/discovering • Control/Manage/Authorize • Private/Share/Open
  23. 23. Summary • Researchers should live with a lot of IDs anyhow. • It’s a daily life of them. • Then, how can we help them? • It is our mission!

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