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Pattern Languages as New Tools for Learning in the Creative Society (Takashi Iba)

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Keynote at FUTURE LEARNING?! - Symposium on the Future of Learning, at the University College of Teacher Education Vienna (PH Wien), Oct, 2017

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Pattern Languages as New Tools for Learning in the Creative Society (Takashi Iba)

  1. 1. FUTURE LEARNING?! - Symposium on the Future of Learning Associate Professor Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University Ph.D in Media and Governance Pattern Languages as New Tools for Learning in the Creative Society Takashi Iba
  2. 2. Takashi Iba Associate Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University Ph.D. in Media and Governance - Exploring the nature of creativity and works to build media to nurture it. - Pattern Language - Exploring Creative Society - Workshop Design 井庭 崇 Courses 7348457813129 ISBN 978-1-312-73484-5 90000 A Creative Collaboration creates new values that can change the world. In a Creative Collaboration, an emergent vigor is produced where team members motivate each other and grow together. This new vigor cannot be attributed to any one team member but to the team as a whole. How can such a Creative Collaboration be achieved? The secrets are scribed in this book. Collaboration Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a successful collaboration. The Collaboration Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Collaboration Patterns here are in a pattern language that helps a team achieve a Creative Collaboration. Along with discovering ways to practice effective teamwork, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Collaboration Patterns to make your collaborative projects successful. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Presentation Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations Iba Lab B (GIGA) Iba Lab A 2538347813299 ISBN 978-1-329-25383-4 90000 Research Interests
  3. 3. Future Learning in the Creative Society
  4. 4. CCreation CCConsumption Communication
  5. 5. CCreation CCConsumption Communication Consumptive Society Communicative (Information) Society Creative Society
  6. 6. Creative Society People could create their own goods, tools, concepts, knowledge, mechanisms, and ultimately, the future with their own hands. Creation would no longer be limited to just companies, organizations, and government, but could be performed by each and every individual according to their own satisfaction. This also means that it is too difficult to survive without creating anything to solve problems and conflicts in the complex and dynamically changing society. Everyday Creativity “Natural Creativity”
  7. 7. Acquiring Knowledge Improving Communication Skills Enhancing Creativity CCCConsumptive Society Communicative (Information) Society Creative Society Objective of Learning - What is Learned for understanding ourselves and world for building good relationships with others for creating better future (by collaborating with others)
  8. 8. Learning by being Taught Learning by Communicating Learning by Creating CCCConsumptive Society Communicative (Information) Society Creative Society Way of Learning - How to Learn in lecture & textbook in debate, presentation & cross-cultural communication in creation & creative project “Creative Learning”
  9. 9. “Teacher” “Facilitator” “Generator” CCCConsumptive Society Communicative (Information) Society Creative Society Role of Educators - How to Support Learning teaching
 to students facilitating communication among students Generating ideas with students in a project
  10. 10. Consumptive Society Communicative (Information) Society Creative Society Acquiring Knowledge Improving Communication Skills Enhancing Creativity Objective of Learning What is Learned Learning by being Taught Learning by Communicating Learning by Creating Way of Learning How to Learn “Teacher” “Facilitator” “Generator” Role of Educators How to Support Learning Overview of Future Learning
  11. 11. Acquiring Knowledge Improving Communication Skills Enhancing Creativity Objective of Learning What is Learned Learning by being Taught Learning by Communicating Learning by Creating Way of Learning How to Learn “Teacher” “Facilitator” “Generator” Role of Educators How to Support Learning Pattern Language as New Tools for Learning & Education
  12. 12. Pattern Language Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain.
  13. 13. Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain. LearningPresentation 7348457813129 ISBN 978-1-312-73484-5 90000 A Creative Collaboration creates new values that can change the world. In a Creative Collaboration, an emergent vigor is produced where team members motivate each other and grow together. This new vigor cannot be attributed to any one team member but to the team as a whole. How can such a Creative Collaboration be achieved? The secrets are scribed in this book. Collaboration Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a successful collaboration. The Collaboration Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Collaboration Patterns here are in a pattern language that helps a team achieve a Creative Collaboration. Along with discovering ways to practice effective teamwork, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Collaboration Patterns to make your collaborative projects successful. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Presentation Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations 【Environment and Preperation】   1.Comfortable Kitchen   2.Cooking Buddy   3.Assistant Tools   4.Freezing the Peak   5.Preparation Stock   6.Surplus Cycle   7.Stock Up Tastes   8.Roots of Taste   9.Break Down the Dish 【Menu Design and Ingredients】   10.Ingredient-Driven Ideas   11.Another Dish   12.Adapting to Tastes   13.Real Taste of Ingredients   14.Out of Fridge   15.Alternative Ingredients   16.Uniform Bites   17.Color Enhancer   18.Assortment of Textures 【Cooking Process】   19.Awareness of Consistency   20.Sneak-Peek Bite   21.Touching Test   22.Read the Bubbles   23.Clear Sign   24.Two-Step Grilling   25.Secret Ingredient   26.A Sprinkle of Zest   27.Good till the Last Bite Cooking Patterns Ver. 0.50 January 2016 ilab-cook@sfc.keio.ac.jp Cooking Patterns Project Iba Lab, Keio University × Cookpad Inc. A Pattern Language for Everyday Cooking CookingPatterns-APatternLanguageforEverydayCooking Collaboration Cooking Living well with Dementia Surviving Earthquakes Change Making Innovative Project
  14. 14. Each pattern that describe, in a certain context, what kind of problem frequently occurs, and what is a good solution for the problem. Context ...................................... Solution ........................................ Problem ........................................ Consequence ................................ In this context Therefore As a result Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain.
  15. 15. Context Problem Solution Context Problem Solution Context Problem Solution Context Problem Solution Context Problem SolutionContext Problem Solution Context Problem Solution Context Problem Solution Context Problem Solution Context Problem Solution pattern pattern pattern pattern pattern pattern pattern pattern pattern pattern Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain. Context ...................................... Solution ........................................ Problem ........................................ Consequence ................................ In this context Therefore As a result Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name Pattern Name
  16. 16. Pattern Language Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain.
  17. 17. Collaboration Patterns Pattern LanguageAs an Example of a
  18. 18. A Pattern Language for Creative Collaborations Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory, Collaboration Patterns: A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration, CreativeShift Lab, 2014 Creative Collaboration Create a Legend Response Rally Return of Growth Mission for the Future Growth Spiral Feeling of Togetherness Spontaneous Commitments Innovative Ways Sympathetic Union Part to Contribute Loose Connections Vulnerability Disclosure Loaf of Time Chaotic Path to Breakthrough Words of Thanks Collaborative Field Ideas Taking Shape Emergence Vigor Activity Footprints Inside Innovator Quality Line Beyond Expectations Context of the World Creative Clashes Project Followers Endurance to Continue Creating Power to Change the World Generative Destruction Strategic Developments Polishing Senses Loaf of Time Chaotic Path to Breakthrough Roadmap to the Goal Collaborative Field Ideas Taking Shape Improvised Roles Activity Footprints Inside Innovator Spadework for Creativity 34 patterns for designing creative collaboration How to create something great together with others as a team
  19. 19. No.28 学びの共同体をつくる Community of Learning 独りで学ぶ必要なんてない。 Dialogue Workshop with the Collaboration Patterns Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations Reflect on your experience by listening to the following introduction of each pattern. Let’s try! Later, you will share the episodes of your experience to others
  20. 20. Collaborative Field Creating a space that is ready for intellectual excitement. The team is looking for a space to work on the project. ▼ In this context It is rare to find a place that perfectly fits what the team needs to become creative. ▼ Therefore Create with the team a place where members can have fun working creatively to be free to concentrate to the fullest extent. ▼ Consequently An attractive working space will trigger the creativity of members, and an Emergence Vigor (14) will likely occur. Collabo Pattern Creating a space that is ready for creative excitement. Create with the team a place where members can have fun working creatively to be free to concentrate to the fullest extent. Collaborative Field The tea work on It is rare fits wha creative
  21. 21. Feeling of Togetherness The feeling of creating the project together as a team. The project has started, and each member is working on his/her tasks. ▼ In this context Teams with members working separately on a division-of-labor basis will suffer a lack of feeling as a team, and gaps between individual tasks will occur. ▼ Therefore Besides the individual tasks, organize opportunities for the team to share common experiences working on the project. ▼ Consequently Members can experience the feeling that the team is working together toward a common goal. Col Pat The feeling of creating the project together as a team. Besides the individual tasks, orga- nize opportunities for the team to share common experiences working on the project. Feeling of Togetherness The mem Tea rate will and will
  22. 22. Chaotic Path to 
 Breakthrough A new path awaits beyond the struggle of not knowing what to do. The project is stuck and is making slow or no progress. ▼ In this context Considering the project’s schedule and efficiency, you become tempted to settle at a quality that is lower than the team’s usual standards. ▼ Therefore Recapture the current situation as a chance to innovate new ways; stay where you are and thoroughly think through the situation. ▼ Consequently New ideas, new methods, new values will be created in the world. C P A new path awaits beyond the struggle of not knowing what to do. Chaotic Path to Breakthrough Recapture the current situation as a chance to innovate new ways; stay where you are and thoroughly think through the situation.
  23. 23. Collaboration Patterns No.16 Creation Process Creating a space that is ready for creative excitement. Create with the team a place where members can have fun working creatively to be free to concentrate to the fullest extent. Collaborative Field The team is looking for a space to work on the project. It is rare to find a place that perfectly fits what the team needs to become creative. In this context Therefore Colla Patte The feeling of creating the project together as a team. Besides the individual tasks, orga- nize opportunities for the team to share common experiences working on the project. Feeling of Togetherness The p mem Team rately will su and g will o A new path awaits beyond the struggle of not knowing what to do. Chaotic Path to Breakthrough Recapture the current situation as a chance to innovate new ways; stay where you are and thoroughly think through the situation. Share the Episodes of Your Experience
  24. 24. experience as a whole experience as a whole pattern pattern pattern pattern Pattern Language as Vocabulary for Communication pattern Peer Learning with Pattern Languages Using patterns for learning from others, not only from the patterns themselves Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain.
  25. 25. Sharing the stories of experience of collaboration with Collaboration Pattern Cards Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations
  26. 26. Using the Collaboration Patterns In Junior High School, Japan http://creativeshift.co.jp/interview/1026/
  27. 27. Pattern language is a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain. LearningPresentation 7348457813129 ISBN 978-1-312-73484-5 90000 A Creative Collaboration creates new values that can change the world. In a Creative Collaboration, an emergent vigor is produced where team members motivate each other and grow together. This new vigor cannot be attributed to any one team member but to the team as a whole. How can such a Creative Collaboration be achieved? The secrets are scribed in this book. Collaboration Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a successful collaboration. The Collaboration Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Collaboration Patterns here are in a pattern language that helps a team achieve a Creative Collaboration. Along with discovering ways to practice effective teamwork, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Collaboration Patterns to make your collaborative projects successful. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Presentation Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations 【Environment and Preperation】   1.Comfortable Kitchen   2.Cooking Buddy   3.Assistant Tools   4.Freezing the Peak   5.Preparation Stock   6.Surplus Cycle   7.Stock Up Tastes   8.Roots of Taste   9.Break Down the Dish 【Menu Design and Ingredients】   10.Ingredient-Driven Ideas   11.Another Dish   12.Adapting to Tastes   13.Real Taste of Ingredients   14.Out of Fridge   15.Alternative Ingredients   16.Uniform Bites   17.Color Enhancer   18.Assortment of Textures 【Cooking Process】   19.Awareness of Consistency   20.Sneak-Peek Bite   21.Touching Test   22.Read the Bubbles   23.Clear Sign   24.Two-Step Grilling   25.Secret Ingredient   26.A Sprinkle of Zest   27.Good till the Last Bite Cooking Patterns Ver. 0.50 January 2016 ilab-cook@sfc.keio.ac.jp Cooking Patterns Project Iba Lab, Keio University × Cookpad Inc. A Pattern Language for Everyday Cooking CookingPatterns-APatternLanguageforEverydayCooking Collaboration Cooking Living well with Dementia Surviving Earthquakes Change Making Innovative Project
  28. 28. Peer Learning with Pattern Languages A Case of the Learning Patterns
  29. 29. Iba, T. and Iba Laboratory, Learning Patterns: A Pattern Language for Creative Learning, CreativeShift, 2014 40 patterns for creative learning
  30. 30. Opportunity for Learning Opportunities for learning are created, not chanced upon or waited for. You are ready to learn, and perhaps you have a few expectations. ▼ In this context There are few good opportunities for learning compared to your expectations. ▼ Therefore Create your own opportunities for learning based on your interests.
  31. 31. Learning by Creating Learn through actively creating, rather than through memorization. You have started to learn, and maybe you want more excitement. ▼ In this context You are not willing to learn just by acquiring knowledge and skills. ▼ Therefore Launch and implement your own project to improve your knowledge and skills.
  32. 32. Community of Learning Two heads or more are likely better than one. You’ve realized that what you are starting to work on is a challenging problem or activity. ▼ In this context What you want to study is too big and too difficult to explore alone. ▼ Therefore Build a community of learning with people who share similar interests.
  33. 33. Dialogue Workshop with the Learning Patterns 1,000 freshmen participate in dialogue workshops with using the Learning Patterns every year, for past 7 years (Keio University)
  34. 34. SFC (Shonan Fujiswa Campus), Keio University There are three faculties having 1,000 freshmen in total every year: • Faculty of Policy Management • Faculty of Environment and Information Studies • Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care For past 7 years, all freshmen in our campus participated in our dialogue workshop with
 the Learning Patterns
  35. 35. Preparation for Dialogue Workshop Circle all patterns that you have experienced. Also, put a start mark on just 5 patterns that you want to gain in the near future. * Consider “learning” in a broad sense, including skill development of music, sports, hobby, social activities, and so on. 19 A Bug’s-Eye & Bird’s-Eye View 20 Hidden Connections 21 Triangular Dig 22 Passion for Exploration 23 Brain Switch 24 Fruit Farming 25 Attractive Expressions 26 The First-Draft-Halfway-Point 27 Acceleration to the Next 28 Community of Learning 29 Serendipitous Encounters 30 Good Rivals 31 Talking Thinker 32 Leaning by Teaching 33 Firm Determinations 34 Questioning Mind 35 The Right Way 36 Brave Changes 37 Frontier Finder 38 Self-Producer 39 Be Extreme! 0 Creative Learning 1 Opportunity for Learning 2 Learning by Creating 3 Open Learning 4 Jump In 5 Copycat Learner 6 Effective Asking 7 Output-Driven Learning 8 Daily Use of Foreign Language 9 Playful Learning 10 Tornado of Learning 11 Chain of Excitement 12 Quantity brings Quality 13 Skill Embodiment 14 Language Shower 15 Tangible Growth 16 Thinking in Action 17 Prototyping 18 Field Diving Name Circle all patterns that you have experienced. Also, put a star mark on just 5 patterns that you want to gain in the near future. * Consider “learning” in a broad sense, including skill development of music, sports, hobby, social activities, and so on. For Workshop Yukichi Fukuzawa
  36. 36. • Look for the person who has experienced the learning patterns you want to gain. Listen to their experience of the learning. • Tell your experience of learning, if you meet the people who want to gain the learning patterns you have experienced.
  37. 37. 1,000 freshmen participate in dialogue workshops with using the Learning Patterns every year, for past 7 years (Keio University)
  38. 38. 1,000 freshmen participate in dialogue workshops with using the Learning Patterns every year, for past 7 years (Keio University)
  39. 39. Did you learn something new about the way of learning, when you read the book of the Learning Patterns? Survey after the Dialogue Workshop, 2017 (N = 710) Strong agree + Agree = 92.4% Do you think it was important for you to listen to the learning experiences of others, in order to help you think about your own way of learning? About the five patters you have chosen; are you now able to imagine clearly how you can actually take action? Strong agree + Agree = 88.3% Strong agree + Agree = 95.7%
  40. 40. Takashi Iba, “Peer Learning via Dialogue with a Pattern Language” in the 7th International Conference on Collaborative Innovation Networks (COINs17), 2017 Did you feel that the Learning Patterns helped you to tell someone your own stories of learning in the dialogue? Strong agree + Agree = 90.3% All in all, was it enjoyable for you to read the Learning Patterns and to have the dialogue with others? Strong agree + Agree = 96.5% Survey after the Dialogue Workshop, 2017 (N = 710)
  41. 41. Iba, T. (2015) “Pattern Languages as Media for Creative Dialogue: Functional Analysis of Dialogue Workshops,” in Peter Baumgartner, Richard Sickinger (eds), PURPLSOC: The Workshop 2014, pp.236-255 Functional Analysis and Qualitative Study of Dialogue Workshop with a Pattern Language PDF of the proceedings is available at: http://www.purplsoc.org/the-books/
  42. 42. LearningPatterns:APatternLanguageforCreativeLearning(ver.1.00) A Pattern Language for Creative Learning Ver. 1.00 Sep, 2014 learningpatterns@sfc.keio.ac.jp patterns Creative Learning Opportunity for Learning Learning by Creating Open Learning Jump In Copycat Learner Effective Asking Output-Driven Learning Daily Use of Foreign Language Playful Learning Tornado of Learning Chain of Excitement Quantity brings Quality Skill Embodiment Language Shower Tangible Growth Thinking in Action Prototyping Field Diving A Bug’s-Eye & Bird’s-Eye View Hidden Connections Triangular Dig Passion for Exploration Brain Switch Fruit Farming Attractive Expressions The First-Draft-Halfway-Point Acceleration to the Next Community of Learning Serendipitous Encounters Good Rivals Talking Thinker Leaning by Teaching Firm Determinations Questioning Mind The Right Way Brave Changes Frontier Finder Self-Producer Be Extreme! 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 ver. 1.00 A Pattern Language for Creative Learning patterns Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Learning Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Learning CreativeShiftIBALearningPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeLearning 4. Jump In 22. Passion for Exploration 35. The Right Way 7. Output-Driven Learning 31. Talking Thinker 14. Language Shower 21. Triangular Dig 17. Prototyping 12. Quantity brings Quality 24. Fruit Farming 27. Acceleration to the Next 30. Good Rivals 5. Copycat Learner 6. Effective Asking39. Be Extreme! 38. Self-Producer 34. Questioning Mind 36. Brave Changes 8. Daily Use of Foreign Language 9. Playful Learning 33. Firm Determinations 32. Learning by Teaching 13. Skill Embodiment 15. Tangible Growth 11. Chain of Excitement 10. Tornade of Learning 16. Thinking in Action 18. Field Diving 20. Hidden Connections 19. A Bug’s-Eye & Bird’s-Eye View 37. Frontier Finder 23. Brain Switch 26. The First-Draft-Halfway-Point 25. Attractive Expressions 28. Community of Learning 29. Serendipitous Encounters 3. Open Learning 0. Creative Learning 2. Learning by Creating 1. Opportunity for Learning Core Start to Learn Learning in Practice Chain of Learning Skill Development Action Learning Abductive Thinking Creative Process Power to Complete Peers for Learning Interpersonal Learning Reflective Thinking Grow to be Unique
  43. 43. Experience Chart of the Learning Patterns 1. Opportunity for Learning 2. Learning by Creating 3. Open Learning 4. Jump In 5. Copycat Learner 6. Effective Asking 7. Output-Driven Learning 8. Daily Use of Foreign Language 9. Playful Learning 10. Tornado of Learning 11. Chain of Excitement 12. Quantity brings Quality 13. Skill Embodiment 14. Language Shower 15. Tangible Growth 16. Thinking in Action 17. Prototyping 18. Field Diving 19. A Bug’s-Eye & Bird’s-Eye 20. Hidden Connections 21. Triangular Dig 22. Passion for Exploration 23. Brain Switch 24. Fruit Farming 25. Attractive Expressions 26. The First-Draft-Halfway-Point 27. Acceleration to the Next 28. Community of Learning 29. Serendipitous Encounters 30. Good Rivals 31. Talking Thinker 32. Learning by Teaching 33. Firm Determinations 34. Questioning Mind 35. The Right Way 36. Brave Changes 37. Frontier Finder 38. Self-Producer 39. Be Extreme! Core Start to Learn Learning in Practice Chain of Learning Skill Development Action Learning Abductive Thinking Creative Process Power to Complete Peers for Learning Interpersonal Learning Reflective Thinking Grow to be Unique How many patterns are chosen in this group 1 0 2 3 Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Learning Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Learning CreativeShiftIBALearningPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeLearning
  44. 44. No.1 Opportunity for Learning No.2 Learning by Crea6ng No.3 Open Learning No.4 Jump In No.5 Copycat Learner No.6 Effec6ve Learning No.7 Output-Driven Learning No.8 Daily Use of Foreign Language No.9 Playful Learning No.10 Tornado of Learning No.11 Chain of Excitement No.12 Quan6ty brings Quality No.13 Skill Embodiment No.14 Language Shower No.15 Tangible Growth No.16 Thinking in Ac6on No.17 Prototyping No.18 Field Diving No.19 A Bug's-Eye & Bird's-Eye View No.20 Hidden Connec6ons No.21 Triangular Dig No.22 Passion for Explora6on . No.23 Brain Switch No.24 Fruit Farming No.25 Arac6ve Expressions No.26 The First-Dra]-Halfway-Point No.27 Accelera6on to the Next No.28 Community of Learning No.29 Serendipitous Encounters No.30 Good Rivals No.31 Talking Thinker No.32 Learning by Teaching No.33 Firm Determina6ons No.34 Learning by Teaching No.35 Firm Determina6ons No.36 Ques6oning Mind No.37 Fron6er Finder No.38 Self-Producer No.39 Be Extreme! Experience Chart of the Learning Patterns Iba, T. and Yoshikawa, A. (2016) “Understanding the Functions of Pattern Language with Vygotsky’s Psychology: Signs, The Zone of Proximal Development, and Predicate in Inner Speech,” 23rd Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (PLoP2016). Have Experienced Want to Gain
  45. 45. No.1 Opportunity for Learning No.2 Learning by Crea6ng No.3 Open Learning No.4 Jump In No.5 Copycat Learner No.6 Effec6ve Learning No.7 Output-Driven Learning No.8 Daily Use of Foreign Language No.9 Playful Learning No.10 Tornado of Learning No.11 Chain of Excitement No.12 Quan6ty brings Quality No.13 Skill Embodiment No.14 Language Shower No.15 Tangible Growth No.16 Thinking in Ac6on No.17 Prototyping No.18 Field Diving No.19 A Bug's-Eye & Bird's-Eye View No.20 Hidden Connec6ons No.21 Triangular Dig No.22 Passion for Explora6on . No.23 Brain Switch No.24 Fruit Farming No.25 Arac6ve Expressions No.26 The First-Dra]-Halfway-Point No.27 Accelera6on to the Next No.28 Community of Learning No.29 Serendipitous Encounters No.30 Good Rivals No.31 Talking Thinker No.32 Learning by Teaching No.33 Firm Determina6ons No.34 Learning by Teaching No.35 Firm Determina6ons No.36 Ques6oning Mind No.37 Fron6er Finder No.38 Self-Producer No.39 Be Extreme! Have Experienced Want to Gain Experience Chart of the Learning Patterns
  46. 46. No.1 Opportunity for Learning No.2 Learning by Crea6ng No.3 Open Learning No.4 Jump In No.5 Copycat Learner No.6 Effec6ve Learning No.7 Output-Driven Learning No.8 Daily Use of Foreign Language No.9 Playful Learning No.10 Tornado of Learning No.11 Chain of Excitement No.12 Quan6ty brings Quality No.13 Skill Embodiment No.14 Language Shower No.15 Tangible Growth No.16 Thinking in Ac6on No.17 Prototyping No.18 Field Diving No.19 A Bug's-Eye & Bird's-Eye View No.20 Hidden Connec6ons No.21 Triangular Dig No.22 Passion for Explora6on . No.23 Brain Switch No.24 Fruit Farming No.25 Arac6ve Expressions No.26 The First-Dra]-Halfway-Point No.27 Accelera6on to the Next No.28 Community of Learning No.29 Serendipitous Encounters No.30 Good Rivals No.31 Talking Thinker No.32 Learning by Teaching No.33 Firm Determina6ons No.34 Learning by Teaching No.35 Firm Determina6ons No.36 Ques6oning Mind No.37 Fron6er Finder No.38 Self-Producer No.39 Be Extreme! Have Experienced Want to Gain Experience Chart of the Learning Patterns
  47. 47. No.1 Opportunity for Learning No.2 Learning by Crea6ng No.3 Open Learning No.4 Jump In No.5 Copycat Learner No.6 Effec6ve Learning No.7 Output-Driven Learning No.8 Daily Use of Foreign Language No.9 Playful Learning No.10 Tornado of Learning No.11 Chain of Excitement No.12 Quan6ty brings Quality No.13 Skill Embodiment No.14 Language Shower No.15 Tangible Growth No.16 Thinking in Ac6on No.17 Prototyping No.18 Field Diving No.19 A Bug's-Eye & Bird's-Eye View No.20 Hidden Connec6ons No.21 Triangular Dig No.22 Passion for Explora6on . No.23 Brain Switch No.24 Fruit Farming No.25 Arac6ve Expressions No.26 The First-Dra]-Halfway-Point No.27 Accelera6on to the Next No.28 Community of Learning No.29 Serendipitous Encounters No.30 Good Rivals No.31 Talking Thinker No.32 Learning by Teaching No.33 Firm Determina6ons No.34 Learning by Teaching No.35 Firm Determina6ons No.36 Ques6oning Mind No.37 Fron6er Finder No.38 Self-Producer No.39 Be Extreme! Expansion of Experience (1.5 years later) (When Entering the Univ.) Have ExperiencedExperience Chart of the Learning Patterns
  48. 48. No.1 Opportunity for Learning No.2 Learning by Crea6ng No.3 Open Learning No.4 Jump In No.5 Copycat Learner No.6 Effec6ve Learning No.7 Output-Driven Learning No.8 Daily Use of Foreign Language No.9 Playful Learning No.10 Tornado of Learning No.11 Chain of Excitement No.12 Quan6ty brings Quality No.13 Skill Embodiment No.14 Language Shower No.15 Tangible Growth No.16 Thinking in Ac6on No.17 Prototyping No.18 Field Diving No.19 A Bug's-Eye & Bird's-Eye View No.20 Hidden Connec6ons No.21 Triangular Dig No.22 Passion for Explora6on . No.23 Brain Switch No.24 Fruit Farming No.25 Arac6ve Expressions No.26 The First-Dra]-Halfway-Point No.27 Accelera6on to the Next No.28 Community of Learning No.29 Serendipitous Encounters No.30 Good Rivals No.31 Talking Thinker No.32 Learning by Teaching No.33 Firm Determina6ons No.34 Learning by Teaching No.35 Firm Determina6ons No.36 Ques6oning Mind No.37 Fron6er Finder No.38 Self-Producer No.39 Be Extreme! Iba, T. and Yoshikawa, A. (2016) “Understanding the Functions of Pattern Language with Vygotsky’s Psychology: Signs, The Zone of Proximal Development, and Predicate in Inner Speech,” 
 23rd Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (PLoP2016). Experience Chart of the Learning Patterns Students after 1 year in College Students after 1.5 years in College Students after 2 years in College Students after 3 years in College Students after 4 years in College Students after 5 years in College
  49. 49. No.1 Opportunity for Learning No.2 Learning by Crea6ng No.3 Open Learning No.4 Jump In No.5 Copycat Learner No.6 Effec6ve Learning No.7 Output-Driven Learning No.8 Daily Use of Foreign Language No.9 Playful Learning No.10 Tornado of Learning No.11 Chain of Excitement No.12 Quan6ty brings Quality No.13 Skill Embodiment No.14 Language Shower No.15 Tangible Growth No.16 Thinking in Ac6on No.17 Prototyping No.18 Field Diving No.19 A Bug's-Eye & Bird's-Eye View No.20 Hidden Connec6ons No.21 Triangular Dig No.22 Passion for Explora6on . No.23 Brain Switch No.24 Fruit Farming No.25 Arac6ve Expressions No.26 The First-Dra]-Halfway-Point No.27 Accelera6on to the Next No.28 Community of Learning No.29 Serendipitous Encounters No.30 Good Rivals No.31 Talking Thinker No.32 Learning by Teaching No.33 Firm Determina6ons No.34 Learning by Teaching No.35 Firm Determina6ons No.36 Ques6oning Mind No.37 Fron6er Finder No.38 Self-Producer No.39 Be Extreme! Self-Scaffolding to the Zone of Proximal Development with a Pattern Language Have Experienced Want to Gain Iba, T. and Yoshikawa, A. (2016) “Understanding the Functions of Pattern Language with Vygotsky’s Psychology: Signs, The Zone of Proximal Development, and Predicate in Inner Speech,” 23rd Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (PLoP2016). Zone of Proximal Development What learners can do with guidance or with help Present Level of Development Feel the strong emotion of accom- plishment, which will motivate your learning. Excitement comes to people who crave for it. Chain of Excitement
  50. 50. Self-Improvement with Pattern Languages A Case of the Presentation Patterns
  51. 51. A Creative Presentation uses the knowledge and experience of the audience to inspire the realization of something new. Such a presentation can encourage the audience to realize and take action towards the future. However, as a presentation has limited words, how is such innovation possible? The secrets are scribed in this book. Presentation Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a Creative Presentation. The Presentation Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Presentation Patterns introduced here is a pattern language to help ensure a Creative Presentation. Along with discovering methods to give an effective presentation, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities that pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Presentation Patterns to make your presentation creative. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Collaboration Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Presentation Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Presentations CreativeShiftIBAPresentationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativePresentations http://www.amazon.com/dp/1312459182/ Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory, Presentation Patterns: A Pattern Language for Creative Presentation, CreativeShift Lab, 2014 A Pattern Language for Creative Presentations
  52. 52. experience as a whole pattern pattern pattern pattern Pattern Language as Glasses of Recognition Pattern Languages Can Change our Recognition
  53. 53. Analyzing good presentations with Presentation Pattern Cards
  54. 54. Analyzing good presentations with the Presentation Patterns A class for high school students
  55. 55. A workshop for high school teachers Analyzing good presentations with the Presentation Patterns
  56. 56. Pattern Languages Support for Design & Improvement What Why How Who When Where 何を 誰が なぜ どこでいつ どのように 「つくる」ことの 本質的な一部 「つくる」ことの 背景にあたる部分 Who When Where 誰が どこでいつ What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように What Why How 何を なぜ どのように as a whole pattern pattern pattern pattern Pattern Language as Glasses of Recognition as a whole attern pattern pattern pattern experience as a whole pattern pattern pattern pa Pattern Language as Glasses of Recognition pattern pattern pattern pattern Pattern Language as Glasses of Recognition
  57. 57. Collaborating to improve their own presentations with the Presentation Pattern A workshop for graduate students
  58. 58. 1 PRESENTATION 広島修学旅行の学習発表会 パターンを認識することで、ゴールのイメージをもつことができる。上) メインメッセージが明確になり、準備もスムーズに進む。(下) 発表会は、9人のグループで一つのプレゼンを創り上げていく形をとっ た。ただし発表自体は3人×3回で行う。パターンに沿って活動を考えて いくことで、対話が促進され、協同作業の質を飛躍的に高める。(表紙の 写真) 授業の始めに [いば先生のわくわくプ レゼン教室・上]を読み 合わせるところから、学 習をスタート。 メインメッセージを考 え、それ聴き手にプレゼ ントとして届けること。こ れからの活動につい て、ゴールのイメージ を、みんなで共有しまし た。 2 パターンを使うことの利点が強く感じられたのは、カンファランスの場面だ。 例えば、行き詰っているグループへ教師が支援に入る時、パターンが共通 言語となることで、問題状況の把握から解決に至るまでの道筋を、非常にス ムーズに子どもたちへ示すことができる。しかも、パターンを使ったアドバイ スは、教師による子どもへの一方的な提案とはならずに、子どもたちが、自 身のもつ創造性を引き出していくきっかけとなる。 極端に言えば、「このパターンについてどう考えている?」という質問をす るだけで、子どもたちは自ら考え始め、プレゼンの質を積極的に高めていこ うとするのである。パターンがまさに触媒となって、グループの中に前向きな コミュニケーションが連鎖していく。 ピア・カンファランス(子ども同士のカンファ)の場合には、一層パターンの 素晴らしさが認められる。パターンを使って対話しながら活動を進めることで、 子どもが自分たちの力で軌道修正を繰り返しながら、プレゼンを創り上げて いくことができる。結果として、その場には良質なコミュニケーションが溢れ、 教師の指導的役割は、相対的に小さくなっていくことになる。(事実、私の授 業中の主な仕事は、彼らの指定した資料のカラーコピーを準備することであ った…。) パターン・ランゲージは小学校における様々な授業に活用できると考えら れるが、とりわけワークショップ・スタイルの授業との親和性が高いようだ。 ここで言うワークショップ・スタイルとは、「子どもが、自分で学習課題を定 め、自己評価を繰り返しながら、教師やクラスメイトと協同的に学習を進め ていく授業形態」のことで、桐朋小学校ならば「リーディング・ワークショップ (読書家の時間)」「ライティング・ワークショップ(作家の時間)」「社会科ジグソ ー学習」「算数学びあい」、そして今回のプレゼンの授業などを指す。つまり、 ミニレッスン⇒子ども自身の活動⇒リフレクションのサイクルを繰り返す授業 である。このミニレッスンの中にパターンが明示されることで、その後の子ど もの学習が、より楽しく、生き生きとした主体的・共同的・創造的な活動へと、 引き上げられていくと思われる。 (桐朋小学校 束原和郎) 診断と本番 毎回新しいパターンを 読み合わせ、5~6時間 後には、パターンに基づ いて、自分たちのプレゼ ンを診断しました。改善 点を子ども自身の目で 発見し、主体的にプレゼ ンの質を高めていきま す。そして、最後のパ ターンを紹介。「自信 をつくる」、自主学習で 各自が練習に励み、 本番を迎えます。自学 パターンとのコラボも 実現することとなりま した。 Collaborating to design their own presentations with the Presentation Pattern The Case of Elementary School (12 years old)
  59. 59. History of Pattern Language
  60. 60. Pattern Language 1.0 Since the late 1970s Pattern Language 2.0 Pattern Language 3.0 Since the late 1980s Since the late 1990s Since the late 2000s Architecture Software Human Action Three Generations of Pattern Language Approach
  61. 61. A Pattern Language in Architecture, since 70’s 124. Activity Pockets ** The life of a public square forms naturally around its edge. If the edge fails, then the space never becomes lively. In more detail: people gravitate naturally toward the edge of public spaces. They do not linger out in the open. If the edge does not provide them with places where it is natural to linger, the space becomes a place to walk through, not a place to stop. It is therefore clear that a public square should be surrounded by pockets of activity: shops, stands, benches, displays, rails, courts, gardens, new racks. In effect, the edge must be scalloped. Therefore: Surround public gathering places with pockets of activity --- small, partly enclosed areas at the edges, which jut forward into the open space between the paths, and contain activities which make it natural for people to pause and get involved. Christopher Alexander / C. Alexander, S. Ishikawa, M. Silverstein, with M. Jacobson, I. Fiksdahl-King, and S. Angel, A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction, Oxford University Press, 1977 “Pattern Language 1.0”
  62. 62. Ward CunninghamKent Beck Kent Beck & Ward Cunningham, “Using Pattern Languages for Object-Oriented Program”, OOPSLA '87, 1987 Gang of Four Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, John M. Vlissides, Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software, Addison- Wesley Professional, 1994 Software Patterns, since late 80’s “Pattern Language 2.0”
  63. 63. Joseph Bergin Linda RisingMary Lynn Manns Manns, M. L., and Rising, L., Fearless Change: Patterns for Introducing New Ideas. Addison-Wesley, 2005 Pedagogical Patterns Editorial Board, Pedagogical Patterns: Advice For Educators, Createspace., 2012 Educational and Organizational Patterns, since late 90’s - 2000’s “Pattern Language 3.0”
  64. 64. A Creative Collaboration creates new values that can change the world. In a Creative Collaboration, an emergent vigor is produced where team members motivate each other and grow together. This new vigor cannot be attributed to any one team member but to the team as a whole. How can such a Creative Collaboration be achieved? The secrets are scribed in this book. Collaboration Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a successful collaboration. The Collaboration Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Collaboration Patterns here are in a pattern language that helps a team achieve a Creative Collaboration. Along with discovering ways to practice effective teamwork, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Collaboration Patterns to make your collaborative projects successful. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Presentation Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Collaboration Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Collaboration CreativeShiftIBACollaborationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativeCollaborations Human Action Patterns, created by Iba Lab Learning Patterns Collaboration Patterns Presentation Patterns Survival Language Change Making Patterns 7348457813129 ISBN 978-1-312-73484-5 90000 Words for a Journey 2538347813299 ISBN 978-1-329-25383-4 90000 Pattern Illustrating Patterns Project Design Patterns “Pattern Language 3.0”
  65. 65. Search for Places to Shape Your Future A Pattern Language for Designing Way of Living New! Takashi Iba, Tomoko Kubo, “Search for Places to Shape Your Future: A Pattern Language for Designing Way of Living,” Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change conference 2017 (PURPLSOC2017), Krems, Austria, 2017 Page 5 of 10 Figure 6: Pattern Illustrating in the phase of Pattern Symbolizing 3. Patterns A. No. Pattern Name Pattern Illustration Context, Problem, and Solution A1 Favorite Things You are starting to think about your future direc- tion. In this context, putting too much value on so- cietal expectations and other people’s opinions can hinder you from living your life as you like it. Therefore, start thinking about your future direc- tion based off of things you are passionate about and things that are important to you. A2 Reflective Mining You have activities that you enjoy doing. In this context, although you enjoy those activities, you cannot imagine a realistic future in which you pur- sue them as a career. Therefore, find the general direction of your interests by identifying the es- sential elements in the activities that you enjoy. A3 Role Model Search You are thinking about what kind of future direc- tion would be good for you. In this context, if you base your imagination on your past experiences, you will limit your options to things that you al- ready know. Therefore, find people whose way of living or work you admire, analyze which part of their ways of thinking or actions you admire, and incorporate them into your life. A4 Daily Inspiration You want to incorporate your interests into your future career. In this context, if you put off think- ing about it, you may not be able to find the op- portunity to connect your interests to your career path. Therefore, when you encounter something that you find interesting in you daily life, and deepen your understanding of it. A5 Relevance in Society You want to incorporate your interests into your future career. In this context, you don t know how your interests are relevant to society or how it can be incorporated into a career. Therefore, learn how the things you are interested are used or prac- ticed in society, through exploring related news, books, etc. 27 patterns for career design
  66. 66. Active Learning Patterns for Teachers New! Takashi Iba, Yoshihiro Utsunomiya, “Active Learning Patterns for Teachers,” Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change conference 2017 (PURPLSOC2017), Krems, Austria, 2017 45 patterns for career design Active Learning Patterns for Teachers CreativeShift 1117ALPS1 アクティブ・ラーニングのための パターン・ランゲージ 《教師編》 [1] 生徒を中心にする (A1-3) [2] 心をひらく場にする (A4-6) [3] 興味の原石を見つける (A7-9) [4] 広がる面白さを味わう (A10-12) [5] 自分と学びをつなげる (A13-15) [6] 変わっていける力をつける (B1-3) [7] 動き出すきっかけをつくる (B4-6) [8] いまの自分の世界を広げる (B7-9) [9] 自分を超える挑戦をする (B10-12) [10] 成長し続ける力をつける (B13-15) [11] 教師のあり方を考える (C1-3) [12] 重点を変える (C4-6) [13] 生徒とともにつくる (C7-9) [14] いきいきとした学びをつくる (C10-12) [15] 教師同士で高めあう (C13-15) Active Learning Patterns for Teachers 経験チャート ALP Assessment ALP Booklet ALP Cards ▼その状況において ▼そこで 生徒が授業の進め方や目的に疑問を感じていると、 授業に対する積極性が低下し、主体的な学びにはつ ながらない。 授業中に、生徒から薄い反応しか返ってこない。 一緒に改善 自分だけが授業をつくっている のではない。 その場に関する自分の気持ちや迷いを素直に口に出 してみて、生徒の意見を聞き、対話をしながら一緒 によりよい授業につくり直していく。 ともに高めあい、変わり続ける ー 生徒とともにつくる C9 ▼その状況において ▼そこで 授業で知った概念を単純に覚えることを続けていて も、なかなか使える知識として定着させることはで きない。 新しい考え方や概念を教えている。 概念の体験 学んだ知識を使ってみると、 自分事になる。 学ぶべき概念を知ったあと、それを体現する機会を つくる。 一段上へ引き上げる ー いまの自分の世界を広げるB8 ▼その状況において ▼そこで 苦手なことをつぶしていき、まんべんなくできるよ うにするということを重視すると、学ぶことは苦し いことだという印象が強くなる。 学ぶ楽しさを感じてほしい。 好きの深掘り 知りたい、わかりたい という欲求に素直になる。 「知りたい」「わかりたい」という欲求を呼び起こし、 学ぶことの楽しさを味わう経験をもてるように、好 きなテーマを徹底的に掘り下げる機会をつくる。 学びたい心を見つけ、育てる ー 興味の原石を見つける A8 A3 Growth in the long run You want your students to acquire essential skills to live well in the future society. In this context, it might not be easy for teachers to focus on the training for long-term results, especially when they have to show some visible results of their teaching in the coming exams and so on. There- fore, find out an ability which would be very im- portant for students’ future, share its significance with their parents and incorporate it into the class activities and the assessments. A4 Everyday talk You want to know more about your students. In this context, however, talking about the class dur- ing the break time may not help you so much to understand your students. Therefore, enjoy the conversation with your students, in the way you usually talk with the people who you are personal- ly interested in. A5 Friendly neighbors You want to design a class in which students in- fluence each other to improve themselves. In this context, it might be difficult for some students to express themselves in class when they worry too much about what other people would think. Therefore, create opportunities for students to gradually build good relationships with each other to be able to feel relaxed to talk about themselves. A6 Natural Response You expect your students to concentrate on the class and learn things more deeply. In this con- text, students could easily lose their concentration, especially when they are supposed to sit still in the chair, keep quiet and just listen to the teachers. Therefore, create some activities for students to talk and move actively in class and let them feel free to express their physical and psychological reactions. A7 Signs of Interest You want to figure out what actually interests the students. In this context,, you may simply ask your students about their current interests, but it is sometimes difficult even for them to understand their preference and express it in their own words. Therefore, give attention to the emotional changes in your students during the class and ask them later on why they reacted strongly on a specific topic or activity. A8 Curiosity Digging You want students to enjoy learning. In this con- text, students may get a negative impression about learning, if they are always asked to study differ- ent subjects thoroughly and get rid of all the weak points by studying harder. Therefore, create op- portunities for them to learn about things which they are truly interested in, in order to let them experience the real fun of learning. You want to support your students to deepen their
  67. 67. [Learning Patterns] Creative Learning Opportunity for Learning Learning by Creating Open Learning Jump In Copycat Learner Effective Asking Output-Driven Learning Daily Use of Foreign Language Playful Learning Tornado of Learning Chain of Excitement Quantity brings Quality Skill Embodiment Language Shower Tangible Growth Thinking in Action Prototyping Field Diving A Bug’s-Eye & Bird’s-Eye View Hidden Connections Triangular Dig Passion for Exploration Brain Switch Fruit Farming Attractive Expressions The First-Draft-Halfway-Point Acceleration to the Next Community of Learning Serendipitous Encounters Good Rivals Talking Thinker Leaning by Teaching Firm Determinations Questioning Mind The Right Way Brave Changes Frontier Finder Self-Producer Be Extreme! Main Message Touching Gift Image of Success Storytelling Exploration of Words Visual Power Dramatic Modulation Unexpected Evolution Doors of Mystery Beautiful Clarity Perfect Portion Cherry on Top Mind Bridge Reality Sharing Participation Driver Quality in Details Expression Coordinator Discomfort Removing Significant Void Activation Switch Take-Home Gift Stage Building Reminders of Success Construction of Confidence Presentership Best Effort Personally for You Invitation to the World Improvised Presentation Reflecting Forwards Unique Presenter Aesthetics of Presenting Be Authentic! [Survival Language] Survival Action Gift Safe Sleep Zone Storage Area Door Space Reverse L-Shape Lock Biting Lock Roots of TV Extrastock Daily Use of Reserves Crowbar Life over Furniture Evacuation Before Fire-Fighting Armadillo Pose Cover and Lock Kick Signal Evacuation Initiator Repetition of Better Decision [Change Making Patterns] Know Yourself Yes, and Energy Checkup Microvision Trust Your Instinc Idol Imitation Juice Work and Life Frontiership Detective Eyes Market Research 3W1H Leverage Point Field Diving Quick Actions Training for Innovation Sustainable System Root Rediscovery Roadmap to the North Star Success Prototyping Invite Aliens Excitement Delivery Trusteam Stage Setting Pile of Efforts Obsession with Everything Inspire Evangelists Passion Teller Outcome Measurer Outcome Measurer Medium Communication Idea Catcher Professionalism [Generative Beauty] Make Magic! Charming Point Superstar Starting Item Finishing Touch Harmony with the Season Bite of Trend [Pattern Illustrating Patterns] Pattern Illustrating Can-Do List Daily Chore Self-Reflecting Room Favorite Place Voice of Experience Turning the Tide Live in the Moment Self-Intro Album Own Way of Expressing Gift of Words Going Together Team Leader Family Expert The Three Consultants Disclosing Chat Chance to Shine Preparation for the Dream Make it Funny Usual Talk The Seen World Personal Time Emotion Switch Casual Counseling Special Day Generational Mix The Amusement Committee Hint of Feelings Job-Specific Contributions On-the-Spot Helper Encouraging Supporter Personal Connections Mix-Up Event Inventing Jobs Delivering the Voice Warm Design 7348457813129 ISBN 978-1-312-73484-5 90000 [Collaboration Patterns] Creative Collaboration Mission for the Future Innovative Ways Create a Legend Growth Spiral Sympathetic Union Response Rally Feeling of Togetherness Part to Contribute Vinyl Lavatory Breaker Off Contact by Any Means [Presentation Patterns] Creative Presentation Return of Growth Spontaneous Commitments Loose Connections Vulnerability Disclosure Words of Thanks Emergence Vigor Loaf of Time Collaborative Field Activity Footprints Chaotic Path to Breakthrough Ideas Taking Shape Inside Innovator Roadmap to the Goal Improvised Roles Spadework for Creativity Power to Change the World Quality Line Creative Clashes Generative Destruction Beyond Expectations Project Followers Strategic Developments Context of the World Endurance to Continue Creating Polishing Senses [Words For a Journey] A New Journey The First Step Departure Announcement Travel Plan Fellow Travelers Personal Attributes Guaranteed Fashion Hint Harvesting Metamorphosis Cinderella Makeover Go Natural Small Accomplishments Treat Time Positive Thinking Courage to Leave Compatibility Test Smart Shopper Good Care Balanced Diet Body Cycle Tomorrow’s Body Shape Fateful Encounters Personal Wonderland Concept of the Brand The Secret Ingredient Lavish Makeover Dream Day Growing with Love Cheer-up Cookies Spice it up! Boot Button Ignition Question Feel the Soul Various Sides Space Out Back to the Start Power from the Past Role Model Be Passionate! My Story Live Thoroughly Luminous Intellect Deep Inner Calm Candid Sentiments Noticing Mind Sunnyspot Essential Message Moving Characters Symbolic Representation Center Words Hunting Overall Rough Sketch Sketches of Details Image of Motion Word Association Game Deciding the Amount Layout of Space Instinct Direction Zooming Out Lively Peak Capture Acting Illustrator Time Symbol Mood Unity Consistent Story Composition Differentiation Strangeness Busters Simple Illustration Illustration Fans Intriguing Doodles External Inspiration Third Person View Polishing Word Sense Stock of Expressions Improving by Drawing [Holistic Pattern-Mining] Holistic Pattern Mining Element Mining My Own Experience Posting Notes Describe it Thoroughly Re-Mining Visual Clustering Deep Connections Dyadic Comparison Balance the Islands Plain Labels
  68. 68. [Learning Patterns] Creative Learning Opportunity for Learning Learning by Creating Open Learning Jump In Copycat Learner Effective Asking Output-Driven Learning Daily Use of Foreign Language Playful Learning Tornado of Learning Chain of Excitement Quantity brings Quality Skill Embodiment Language Shower Tangible Growth Thinking in Action Prototyping Field Diving A Bug’s-Eye & Bird’s-Eye View Hidden Connections Triangular Dig Passion for Exploration Brain Switch Fruit Farming Attractive Expressions The First-Draft-Halfway-Point Acceleration to the Next Community of Learning Serendipitous Encounters Good Rivals Talking Thinker Leaning by Teaching Firm Determinations Questioning Mind The Right Way Brave Changes Frontier Finder Self-Producer Be Extreme! Main Message Touching Gift Image of Success Storytelling Exploration of Words Visual Power Dramatic Modulation Unexpected Evolution Doors of Mystery Beautiful Clarity Perfect Portion Cherry on Top Mind Bridge Reality Sharing Participation Driver Quality in Details Expression Coordinator Discomfort Removing Significant Void Activation Switch Take-Home Gift Stage Building Reminders of Success Construction of Confidence Presentership Best Effort Personally for You Invitation to the World Improvised Presentation Reflecting Forwards Unique Presenter Aesthetics of Presenting Be Authentic! [Survival Language] Survival Action Gift Safe Sleep Zone Storage Area Door Space Reverse L-Shape Lock Biting Lock Roots of TV Extrastock Daily Use of Reserves Crowbar Life over Furniture Evacuation Before Fire-Fighting Armadillo Pose Cover and Lock Kick Signal Evacuation Initiator Repetition of Better Decision [Change Making Patterns] Know Yourself Yes, and Energy Checkup Microvision Trust Your Instinc Idol Imitation Juice Work and Life Frontiership Detective Eyes Market Research 3W1H Leverage Point Field Diving Quick Actions Training for Innovation Sustainable System Root Rediscovery Roadmap to the North Star Success Prototyping Invite Aliens Excitement Delivery Trusteam Stage Setting Pile of Efforts Obsession with Everything Inspire Evangelists Passion Teller Outcome Measurer Outcome Measurer Medium Communication Idea Catcher Professionalism [Generative Beauty] Make Magic! Charming Point Superstar Starting Item Finishing Touch Harmony with the Season Bite of Trend [Pattern Illustrating Patterns] Pattern Illustrating Can-Do List Daily Chore Self-Reflecting Room Favorite Place Voice of Experience Turning the Tide Live in the Moment Self-Intro Album Own Way of Expressing Gift of Words Going Together Team Leader Family Expert The Three Consultants Disclosing Chat Chance to Shine Preparation for the Dream Make it Funny Usual Talk The Seen World Personal Time Emotion Switch Casual Counseling Special Day Generational Mix The Amusement Committee Hint of Feelings Job-Specific Contributions On-the-Spot Helper Encouraging Supporter Personal Connections Mix-Up Event Inventing Jobs Delivering the Voice Warm Design 7348457813129 ISBN 978-1-312-73484-5 90000 [Collaboration Patterns] Creative Collaboration Mission for the Future Innovative Ways Create a Legend Growth Spiral Sympathetic Union Response Rally Feeling of Togetherness Part to Contribute Vinyl Lavatory Breaker Off Contact by Any Means [Presentation Patterns] Creative Presentation Return of Growth Spontaneous Commitments Loose Connections Vulnerability Disclosure Words of Thanks Emergence Vigor Loaf of Time Collaborative Field Activity Footprints Chaotic Path to Breakthrough Ideas Taking Shape Inside Innovator Roadmap to the Goal Improvised Roles Spadework for Creativity Power to Change the World Quality Line Creative Clashes Generative Destruction Beyond Expectations Project Followers Strategic Developments Context of the World Endurance to Continue Creating Polishing Senses [Words For a Journey] A New Journey The First Step Departure Announcement Travel Plan Fellow Travelers Personal Attributes Guaranteed Fashion Hint Harvesting Metamorphosis Cinderella Makeover Go Natural Small Accomplishments Treat Time Positive Thinking Courage to Leave Compatibility Test Smart Shopper Good Care Balanced Diet Body Cycle Tomorrow’s Body Shape Fateful Encounters Personal Wonderland Concept of the Brand The Secret Ingredient Lavish Makeover Dream Day Growing with Love Cheer-up Cookies Spice it up! Boot Button Ignition Question Feel the Soul Various Sides Space Out Back to the Start Power from the Past Role Model Be Passionate! My Story Live Thoroughly Luminous Intellect Deep Inner Calm Candid Sentiments Noticing Mind Sunnyspot Essential Message Moving Characters Symbolic Representation Center Words Hunting Overall Rough Sketch Sketches of Details Image of Motion Word Association Game Deciding the Amount Layout of Space Instinct Direction Zooming Out Lively Peak Capture Acting Illustrator Time Symbol Mood Unity Consistent Story Composition Differentiation Strangeness Busters Simple Illustration Illustration Fans Intriguing Doodles External Inspiration Third Person View Polishing Word Sense Stock of Expressions Improving by Drawing [Holistic Pattern-Mining] Holistic Pattern Mining Element Mining My Own Experience Posting Notes Describe it Thoroughly Re-Mining Visual Clustering Deep Connections Dyadic Comparison Balance the Islands Plain Labels 10 Years 30+ Pattern Languages for Human Actions 1000+ Patterns
  69. 69. Learning in Creating a Pattern Language
  70. 70. A Creative Presentation uses the knowledge and experience of the audience to inspire the realization of something new. Such a presentation can encourage the audience to realize and take action towards the future. However, as a presentation has limited words, how is such innovation possible? The secrets are scribed in this book. Presentation Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a Creative Presentation. The Presentation Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Presentation Patterns introduced here is a pattern language to help ensure a Creative Presentation. Along with discovering methods to give an effective presentation, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities that pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Presentation Patterns to make your presentation creative. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Collaboration Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Presentation Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Presentations CreativeShiftIBAPresentationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativePresentations http://www.amazon.com/dp/1312459182/ Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory, Presentation Patterns: A Pattern Language for Creative Presentation, CreativeShift Lab, 2014 A Pattern Language for Creative Presentations
  71. 71. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  72. 72. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  73. 73. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  74. 74. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  75. 75. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  76. 76. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  77. 77. Creation Process of the Presentation Patterns (2011)
  78. 78. Creative Presentation Main Message Touching Gift Image of Success Storytelling Exploration of Words Visual Power Dramatic Modulation Unexpected Evolution Doors of Mystery Beautiful Clarity Perfect Portion Cherry on Top Mind Bridge Reality Sharing Participation Driver Quality in Details Expression Coordinator DINOSAUR Discomfort Removing Significant Void Activation Switch Take-Home Gift Stage Building Reminders of Success Presentership Best Effort Construction of Confidence Invitation to the World Improvised Presentation Personally for You Unique Presenter Aesthetics of Presenting Reflecting Forwards Be Authentic! A Pattern Language for Creative Presentations Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory, Presentation Patterns: A Pattern Language for Creative Presentation, CreativeShift Lab, 2014 34 patterns for designing creative presentations A Creative Presentation uses the knowledge and experience of the audience to inspire the realization of something new. Such a presentation can encourage the audience to realize and take action towards the future. However, as a presentation has limited words, how is such innovation possible? The secrets are scribed in this book. Presentation Patterns presents 34 distinct patterns that show tips, methods, and views for a Creative Presentation. The Presentation Patterns are written as a pattern language that summarizes the design knowledge that develops from a person’s experience into the form of a pattern. It pairs a problem that occurs in a certain context of a design with its solution and gives it a name. The users of a pattern language must select a pattern on the basis of the context in which it is being used, and fit the abstract solution to their specific situation. The Presentation Patterns introduced here is a pattern language to help ensure a Creative Presentation. Along with discovering methods to give an effective presentation, we hope you can also imagine the possibilities that pattern languages offer. Read through the pages and use any or all of the Presentation Patterns to make your presentation creative. Takashi Iba is an associate professor at the Faculty of Policy Management and the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003, and continued as a visiting scholar at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence during the 2009 academic year. With collaborating with his students, Dr. Iba created many pattern languages concerning human actions. He authored Learning Patterns (2014), Collaboration Patterns (2014), and many academic books in Japanese such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998). Takashi Iba with Iba Laboratory Presentation Patterns A Pattern Language for Creative Presentations CreativeShiftIBAPresentationPatterns―APatternLanguageforCreativePresentations
  79. 79. Learning in Creating Pattern Language ”Generator” in creative project
  80. 80. Creating Own Pattern Language in Education Patterns for self-directed learning at home (elementary school, 12 years old) Pattern Mining - Clustering in cooperation with Kazuo Tsukahara (2014-2015) Pattern Writing - Revising Pattern Writing with Writing Sheet Improving their self-directed learning with their own patterns Yuji Harashima, Tetsuro Kubota, Tasuku Matsumura, Kazuo Tsukahara, and Takashi Iba, "Learning Patterns for Self-directed Learning with Notebooks," PLoP’14 Proceedings of the 21st Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs, 2014
  81. 81. Creation Process of a Pattern Language Takashi Iba, Taichi Isaku, “Creating a Pattern Language for Creating Pattern Languages: 364 Patterns for Pattern Mining, Writing, and Symbolizing,” 23rd Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (PLoP2016), USA, Oct., 2016
  82. 82. Creation Process of a Pattern Language Takashi Iba, Taichi Isaku, “Creating a Pattern Language for Creating Pattern Languages: 364 Patterns for Pattern Mining, Writing, and Symbolizing,” 23rd Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (PLoP2016), USA, Oct., 2016
  83. 83. KEYNOTESPEAKERS|JONASLINDEROTH,WORKSHOPS|WORKSHOP1 WORKSHOPS WORKSHOP 1 “Pattern MiningWorkshop: How to Find Patterns from Experiences” Pattern languages have recently been paid attention to as new tools for learning and creativity. A pattern language is a set of patterns that describe practical knowledge in a target domain, where practical knowledge refers to both the ability to notice problems as well as to solve them. In creating a pattern language, it is necessary to go through a “mining”process in the beginning, to gather contents of what would eventually be written out as patterns. Pattern mining is a process to extract the knowledge Takashi Iba Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan Workshop Leaders Konomi Munakata Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan Haruka Mori Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan Hitomi Shimizu Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan AyakaYoshikawa Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan Tomoki Kaneko Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan Akiko Kumasaki Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan Taichi Isaku Iba Lab, Keio University, Japan ofpractice(rulesofthumbandtips)fromexperiences and cases. Such information is gathered through miningdialogues(self-reflectionsorinterviews),after which they are clustered based on similarity, in order to find out the common points from the extracted knowledge and organize them. In this workshop, we provide an opportunity for participants to get an overviewofhowtocreatepatternlanguages,focusing on how to mine patterns from personal experiences andexperiencesfromothers. 02:00 pm – 05:00 pm Room 4.1.005 Workshops “Pattern MiningWorkshop: How to Find P Experiences“ (WS 1) Takashi Iba with AyakaYoshikawa, Konomi Mu Hitomi Shimizu,Tomoki Kaneko, Akiko Kumasa 12:30 pm – 02:00 pm FLL/Room 5D.1.08 Lunch: 5.2.005 Official Opening of the“Future Learning with Dr. Sophie Karmasin, Federal Ministry Dr. Sonja Hammerschmid, Federal Ministry 09:00 am – 09:30 am Banquet room, 4.0.004 09:30 am – 12:30 pm Room 4.1.005 Room 4.1.007 Welcoming remarks & Introduction of th Workshops “Pattern MiningWorkshop: How to Find Experiences“ (WS 1) Takashi Iba with AyakaYoshikawa, Konomi Mu Hitomi Shimizu,Tomoki Kaneko, Akiko Kumas “Using Games to Facilitate SystemsThink DAY 2 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 2017, 09:00 AM – 08:00 PM 9:30 am 4.0.004 2:30 pm 4.1.005 Welcoming remarks & Introduction of the workshops Workshops “Pattern MiningWorkshop: How to Find Patterns from Experiences“ (WS 1) Takashi Iba with AyakaYoshikawa, Konomi Munakata, Haruka Mori, Hitomi Shimizu,Tomoki Kaneko, Akiko Kumasaki &Taichi Isaku FUTURE LEARNING?! Symposium on the Future of Learning | Booklet October, 16–17, 2017 WORKSHOP 1 “Pattern MiningWorkshop: How to Find Patterns from Experiences” Pattern languages have recently been paid attention to as new tools for learning and creativity. A pattern language is a set of patterns that describe practical knowledge in a target domain, where practical knowledge refers to both the ability to notice problems as well as to solve them. In creating a pattern language, it is necessary to go through a “mining”process in the beginning, to gather contents ofpractice(rulesofthum and cases. Such inform miningdialogues(self-re which they are clustered to find out the commo knowledge and organi we provide an opportun overviewofhowtocreat We’ll provide the same workshop twice, so please come in whichever slot is convenient.
  84. 84. Consumptive Society Communicative (Information) Society Creative Society Acquiring Knowledge Improving Communication Skills Enhancing Creativity Objective of Learning What is Learned Learning by being Taught Learning by Communicating Learning by Creating Way of Learning How to Learn “Teacher” “Facilitator” “Generator” Role of Educators How to Support Learning a set of vocabulary describing practical knowledge of designing in a certain domain. Pattern Language as New Tools for Learning & Education
  85. 85. FUTURE LEARNING?! - Symposium on the Future of Learning Associate Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University Ph.D in Media and Governance Pattern Languages as New Tools for Learning in the Creative Society Takashi Iba 02:00 pm – 05:00 pm Room 4.1.005 12:30 pm – 02:00 pm FLL/Room 5D.1.08 Lunch: 5.2.005 DAY 2 | 09:00 am – 09:30 am Banquet room, 4.0.004 09:30 am – 12:30 pm Room 4.1.005 DAY 2 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 20 09:00 AM – 08:00 PM 09:00 am – 09:30 am Welcoming remarks & Introduction WORKSHOPS WORKSHOP 1 “Pattern MiningWorkshop: How to Find Patterns from Experiences” Pattern languages have recently been paid attention to as new tools for learning and creativity. A pattern language is a set of patterns that describe practical knowledge in a target domain, where practical knowledge refers to both the ability to notice ofpractice(rulesofthum and cases. Such infor miningdialogues(self-r which they are clustere to find out the commo
  86. 86. FUTURE LEARNING?! Symposium on the Future of Learning | Booklet October, 16–17, 2017

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