Kochi jew town street & synagogue-taiyaba

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Kochi jew town street & synagogue-taiyaba

  1. 1. KOCHI-JEW TOWN STREET & SYNAGOGUE -TAIYABA RASHID B.ARCH (DAY) III YEAR 2013-14 JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA 1
  2. 2. FORT KOCHI Fort Kochi is a region in Kochi which is part of a handful of water-bound regions toward SW of mainland Kochi, & collectively known as Old Kochi or West Kochi. Adjacent 2 to this is Mattancherry.
  3. 3. DEMOGRAPHY & SETTLEMENT HISTORY • Kochi was a fishing village in Kingdom of Kochi in pre-colonial Kerala. • The territory was granted to Portuguese in 1503 by Rajah of Kochi, after forces of Afonso de Albuquerque helped him fighting forces of Saamoothiri of Kozhikode. • Rajah also gave them permission to build Fort Emmanuel near waterfront to protect commercial interests. “Fort” in Fort Kochi comes from this fort. • Portuguese built their settlement behind the fort, including a wooden church, which was rebuilt in 1516 as a permanent structure, today known as St Francis Church. • Fort Kochi remained in Portuguese possession for 160 years. • In 1683 the Dutch captured territory from Portuguese, destroyed many Portuguese institutions. • The Dutch held Fort Kochi in their possession for 112 years until 1795, when the British took control by defeating the Dutch. • Foreign control of Fort Kochi ended in 1947 with the Indian independence. 3
  4. 4. AREAS OF STUDY • Paradesi / Mattancherry Synagogue. • Mattancherry / Dutch Palace. • Street Market. 4
  5. 5. PARADESI SYNAGOGUE • Has the Torah, several gold crowns received as gifts, many Belgian glass chandeliers, 10th century Cu plates and a brass-railed pulpit. • Floor is composed of hundreds of Chinese, 18th-century, handpainted porcelain tiles, each of which is unique. • Has an 18th-century clock tower. 5
  6. 6. PARADESI SYNAGOGUE 6
  7. 7. MATTANCHERRY PALACE / DUTCH PALACE • Portuguese palace featuring Kerala murals depicting Hindu temple art, portraits & exhibits of the Rajas of Kochi. • Quadrangular structure built in traditional Kerala Nālukettu style, with a courtyard in middle. • Courtyard enshrines a small temple dedicated to protective goddess of Kochi royal family. • Nature of arches & proportion of chambers are indicative of European influence in basic Nāluketttu style. • Dining Hall has carved wooden ornate ceiling decorated with a series of brass cups. • Ceiling of Coronation Hall is decorated with floral designs in wood craft. • Rare examples of traditional Kerala flooring, which looks like polished black marble but is actually a mixture of burned coconut shells, charcoal, lime, plant juices & egg whites. • An architectural masterpiece showcasing blend between colonial & Kerala architecture. 7
  8. 8. MATTANCHERRY PALACE / DUTCH PALACE 8
  9. 9. MATTANCHERRY PALACE / DUTCH PALACE 9
  10. 10. STREET MARKET 10
  11. 11. STREET MARKET 11
  12. 12. STREET MARKET 12
  13. 13. STREET MARKET 13
  14. 14. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS • Paradesi Synagogue is located in bottle-street. • Streets leading to Synagogue are all market selling souvenirs chiefly. • Typical Kerala-style pitched roofs, covered with brick tiles & shingles. Mansard roof also used. • Wide windows for light & ventilation. Venetian windows also used. • Windows at top of storey are as wide & high as those at bottom for escape of hot air. • Brackets & pitched-roof to shield sunlight. • Typical Kerala-style wooden screens. • Fringes for ornamentation. • Double-storied brightly painted brick structures. • Buildings resemble Kerala-type in external appearance with different plan concept with continuous frontage of buildings in pattern of row houses. • A mix of old houses built by Portuguese, Dutch & British in these colonial periods line streets of Fort Kochi. 14
  15. 15. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 15
  16. 16. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 16
  17. 17. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 17
  18. 18. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 18
  19. 19. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 19
  20. 20. ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 20
  21. 21. ISSUES • Traffic congestion. • Uncontrolled traffic movement. • Not so well-defined parking areas. • No shaded areas to walk under in market. • No provision of seating. • Ugly bunches of wires criss-crossing above street itself. • No green spaces at all in the whole stretch of study area. • No uniform identity of spaces, built & unbuilt, within the area. • Absolutely no hierarchy of shops. • Rain water pipes running on façade. PLACE IS IN DIRE NEED OF REDEVELOPMENT!! 21
  22. 22. RECOMMENDATIONS • Parking can be provided as mentioned. • Vehicles can be restricted up to this point only since distance is walkable. • Shaded platforms along rows of shops can be provided. • Benches can dot the area, can even be placed under shaded platform. • Wires can be bunched underground. • Green patches will do wonders to accentuate the feel of the street. • Structures can be united by merely treating surfaces uniformly. • Shops can be categorised according to products & services. PARKING 22
  23. 23. THANK YOU!! 23

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