Transportation & Telecommunications. ROC (Taiwan) Yearbook 2011 Ch12 transportation and telecommunications


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From the last edition of the ROC (Taiwan) Yearbook that used to be published by the disbanded Government Information Office (GIO).

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Transportation & Telecommunications. ROC (Taiwan) Yearbook 2011 Ch12 transportation and telecommunications

  1. 1. Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport’s proximity to major cities in the north provides an edge for developing the airport’s environs into an “aerotropolis” and a global logistics hub for the Asia-Pacific region.12六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 162 2011/10/18 1:07:01 AM
  2. 2. 12 Transportation and Telecommunications At a Glance • Transportation volumes rebound in a big way • Construction on additional Taipei Metro lines and extensions • International ports connect Taiwan to the world A long with Taiwan’s strong rebound in domestic production and trade in 2010, cargo arrivals at international ports rose to about 655 million revenue tons, while the volume and value of trade through free trade zones increased dramatically. In addition, improving ties between Taiwan and mainland China since mid- 2008 have boosted passenger traffic and reduced travel time across the Taiwan Strait. In 2010, the total number of visitors from abroad swelled to over 5 million. Modernization of transportation and communications networks over the past half-century-plus set the stage for successive phases of economic development in Taiwan. The process continues today in the form of the i-Taiwan 12 Projects, which aim to improve roads, renovate port facili- ties, expand public transit networks nationwide, transform Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and its environs into a globally focused “aerotropolis” and boost telecommunications connectivity. Such public works presage a brighter future for generations to come, en- abling them to avail themselves of numerous new opportunities in the cul- tural and creative, medical and other service and manufacturing industries. 16312六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 163 2011/10/18 1:07:02 AM
  3. 3. 12 Transportation Transportation and Telecommunications Transportation networks are less de- veloped in eastern Taiwan, which, com- Land Transportation pared with the west, has a much smaller Roads area of flat land and is less populous and industrialized. Growing prosperity in Roads are the most important aspect Taiwan has boosted domestic tourism. of Taiwan’s transportation infrastructure, Consequently, priority is being given to extending over 40,000 kilometers to con- development of transportation networks in nect locations around the island. Most this region, known for its natural beauty. of the roadways are concentrated in the Projects to this end include re- western coastal lowlands and hilly areas, engineering of the scenic Suhua Highway which occupy about a third of Taiwan’s 蘇花公路, which stretches southward from 36,000-square-kilometer area. Su-ao Township to Hualien City 花蓮 Two main highways, the Sun Yat- 市, with steep mountain slopes and cliffs sen Freeway 中山高速公路 and the For- above on one side and the Pacific Ocean mosa Freeway 福爾摩沙高速公路, serve below on the other. Launched in Janu- the densely populated west coast of the ary 2011, work on three sections of the main island. The 373-kilometer Sun Yat- highway, with a combined length of 38.4 sen Freeway was built in the 1970s to kilometers, is expected to be completed facilitate Taiwan’s economic develop- by 2017, ensuring safe travel for locals, ment by improving transport links be- tourists and truckers, free of the threat tween industrial parks and seaports while of landslides. boosting domestic commerce. As rapid growth of vehicular traffic threatened Also, under the Hualien-Taitung Area to outstrip the capacity of this high- Development Act 花東地區發展條例 passed way, work began in 1987 on the 432- June 13, 2011, NT$40 billion (US$1.36 kilometer Formosa Freeway, which was billion) will be allocated over a 10-year completed in 2004. Numerous east-west period for the improvement of infrastruc- routes of local inter-county road systems ture, tourism, ecological sites and other feed into these major north-south arteries. concerns in Hualien and Taitung 臺東 counties. Special attention will be paid to June 2006 saw the completion of the providing safe, reliable and convenient 55.3-kilometer Chiang Wei-shui Freeway transportation services comparable to that 蔣渭水高速公路, which runs from the north- available along the west coast. east seaport of Su-ao Township 蘇澳鎮 northward along the coast to Yilan City 宜 蘭市 and then cuts northwestward through a Public and Commercial Vehicles mountain range to New Taipei City 新北市. Private companies, some of which The latter section of highway includes the offer round-the-clock service, provide 12.9-kilometer Xueshan Tunnel 雪山隧道, long-distance transportation services. In the world’s fifth-longest highway tunnel. 2010, over 7,400 highway buses served In 2010, an average of 1.52 million nearly 234 million passengers. For inter- vehicles traveled the three freeways every city travel, about 6,700 public and private day, an increase of 2.9 percent from the city buses served 811 million passengers. previous year. The standard toll for cars Some 13,000 tour buses were operated by is NT$40 (US$1.36), which can be paid 900 companies. via an electronic toll collection system, or Dedicated bus lanes on major roads manually with cash or pre-paid tickets. in Taipei City 臺北市 have helped ease 16412六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 164 2011/10/18 1:07:03 AM
  4. 4. 16512六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 165 2011/10/18 1:07:04 AM
  5. 5. 12 Transportation and Telecommunications traffic congestion. City buses islandwide accept coins dropped in fare boxes, but passengers in the Taipei and Keelung 基隆 areas also have the option of paying with the EasyCard 悠遊卡, a smart card initially designed for the Taipei Metro 臺北捷運. Taiwan had over 87,400 taxis in 2010, more than half of which were operated by taxi companies and cooperatives. Set by local governments, taxi fares vary slightly from locale to locale. Meanwhile, car rental is on the rise as more city dwell- ers prefer to rent vehicles for vacation. In 2010, some 1,200 rental car businesses were operating in Taiwan. Personal Transportation At the end of 2010, the number of privately owned four-wheel vehicles in Taiwan registered a slight increase from the previous year, totaling 6.9 million. Among the two-wheeled variety, scooters are the most popular method of transport, numbering 14.8 million. Most express- ways are open to motorcycles having engine displacement of 550 cc or more, the first positive growth in four years. which numbered over 23,300 at the end Rail passenger services, meanwhile, have of 2010. steadily grown, with the average daily number of passengers reaching 520,000 in 2010, an increase of 5.8 percent over Railways the previous year. Taiwan has a public railway system as The TRA offers passenger services well as a privately run high-speed railway ranging from long-distance express trains service in which the government is the that stop only at major stations to long- largest shareholder. The Taiwan Railways distance and local commuter trains that Administration (TRA) 臺灣鐵路管理局 of stop at all stations. The latter two types the Ministry of Transportation and Com- carry about three-fourths of all passen- munications (MOTC) provides service gers. The volume carried by the fastest between 217 stations. Its operating routes, trains—17 percent of TRA passengers in about 61.6 percent of which utilize 2010—has declined in recent years as trav- double-track lines, total approximately elers increasingly utilize the high-speed 1,100 kilometers in length. While an rail service. The TRA is also focusing on expanding road network has for several providing better service to passengers on years led to decreasing volume of freight shorter routes with new stops and new transported via rail, in 2010 the volume cars being added to improve commuters’ of railway freight rose 8.9 percent over travel experience. In 2010, its trains made the previous year to 10.4 million tonnes, an average 963 trips per day. 16612六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 166 2011/10/18 1:07:05 AM
  6. 6. In May 2007, the TRA launched the Nangang District 南港區, with opening eastern coastal Taroko Express 太魯閣號列 expected in 2015. Additional stations are 車, which employs a tilting technology that planned for Miaoli County 苗栗縣 in the allows it to negotiate bends at high speeds. north and Changhua County 彰化縣 and This has reduced travel time from Taipei to Yunlin County 雲林縣 in central Taiwan. Hualien from 2.5 hours to just under two In 2010, THSR trains made 46,960 hours. In 2010, the number of passengers trips, averaging 64 daily in each direc- arriving at and departing from Hualien and tion with a 99.2-percent punctuality rate Taitung stations—two of the most popular (not exceeding five minutes in delay). In stations along the route—increased by 9.4 that year, they transported nearly 37 mil- and 16.4 percent, respectively. lion passengers, or an average of 101,200 Meanwhile, projects are underway to passengers per day, up from 26,000 at modernize sections of existing railways the beginning of operations and 14.2 per- and to build new rapid transit commuter cent higher than in 2009. Tickets can be railways in connecting urban and outly- booked by telephone or online, or can be ing areas. Construction and electrification purchased at most convenience stores. of 155 kilometers of double-track rails between Hualien and Taitung counties Metro Services along the east coast began in 2008 and will The Taipei Rapid Transit System 臺北 be completed by 2013. In southwestern 大眾捷運系統, or Taipei Metro, has greatly Taiwan’s Kaohsiung City 高雄市, rail tracks alleviated traffic congestion and parking will be moved underground, while an under- problems in metropolitan Taipei. Con- ground railway station will replace the exist- struction began in 1988, and currently ing station by 2017. And a project to build nine lines and one extension totaling an elevated rapid transit railway in Taichung 106.4 kilometers with 94 stations are in City 臺中市 that began in 2006 is scheduled operation. The newest Luzhou Line 蘆州 for completion in 2014. 線 began serving passengers on November 3, 2010, and the eastern extension of the High-speed Rail Nangang Line 南港線 was completed on The high-speed rail, run by Taiwan February 27, 2011. Two more extensions High Speed Rail Corp. (THSR) 台灣高速 and six lines, including one connecting to 鐵路股份有限公司, commenced operations Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport 臺灣 in January 2007. It is modeled on Japan’s 桃園國際機場, are now under construction. Shinkansen system, with “bullet trains” The system was rated the most reli- custom-made by Kawasaki Heavy Indus- able in the world for five consecutive years tries, Ltd. to withstand Taiwan’s hotter, from 2004 to 2008 by the Nova Urban more humid climate. Railway Benchmarking Group and the The 345-kilometer railway system Community of Metros International Rail- currently serves eight stations (Taipei, way Benchmarking Group. The Taipei Banqiao 板橋, Taoyuan 桃園, Hsinchu 新 Metro currently serves more than 1.5 mil- 竹, Taichung, Chiayi 嘉義, Tainan 臺南 and lion passengers on average per weekday. Zuoying 左營). THSR trains can travel at The Kaohsiung Rapid Transit System speeds of up to 300 kilometers per hour, 高雄捷運, or Kaohsiung Metro, began which has reduced travel time between operations in September 2008. Serving Taipei and Kaohsiung from over four Taiwan’s second-most populous city, the hours to just 96 minutes. Construction is system spans about 43 kilometers and has underway for a station at Taipei City’s 37 stations on two lines. It is linked to the 16712六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 167 2011/10/18 1:07:05 AM
  7. 7. 12 Transportation and Telecommunications The 345-kilometer- long high-speed railway system— in operation since January 5, 2007—currently serves eight stations along its route. It has reduced travel time between Taipei in the north and Kaohsiung in the south from over four hours to just 96 minutes. THSR and TRA railways as well as the Marine 裕民航運 and Ta-Ho Maritime 達和航 city bus system to form a comprehensive 運 offered bulk freight services. public transportation network. As of the Taiwan has seven international harbor end of 2010, the number of trips made by facilities under the management of the Kaohsiung Metro commuters had risen to MOTC. The four largest—Port of Kao- 46 million (126,000 per day), while the hsiung 高雄港 in the south, Port of Keelung number of passengers grew by 6.2 percent 基隆港 and Port of Taipei 臺北港 in the north, over the previous year. and Taichung Port 臺中港 on the west cen- Construction of a rapid transit system tral coast—handle container shipping. The in Taichung City was launched in Octo- remaining three—Tainan City’s Anping ber 2009. Of its three routes, the Wuri- Port 安平港 a bit north of Kaohsiung, Su- Wenxin-Beitun Line 烏日文心北屯線 (or Green ao Port 蘇澳港 in the northeast and Hualien Line), running through the city from the Port 花蓮港 in east central Taiwan—handle northeast to the THSR Taichung Station bulk and break-bulk cargo. in the southwest, is expected to come into In 2010, nearly 74,600 ships docked at service by 2015. these seven ports, through which passed a total of 12.7 million TEUs (20-foot Maritime Shipping and Ports equivalent units). The Port of Kaohsiung In 2010, the nation’s shipping fleet handled 9.2 million TEUs, followed consisted of 278 vessels with a combined by the Port of Keelung at 1.8 million, tonnage of 2.78 million gross tons (4.4 mil- Taichung Port at 1.3 million and Port of lion deadweight tons). Among international Taipei at over 400,000. In terms of reve- carriers, Evergreen Marine 長榮海運, Yang nue tons, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Taipei and Ming Marine 陽明海運 and Wan Hai Lines 萬 Taichung ports that year posted growths 海航運 provided container transport services, of 6.5 percent, 9.6 percent, 15.2 percent while China Steel Express 中鋼運通, U-Ming and 20 percent, respectively. 16812六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 168 2011/10/18 1:07:10 AM
  8. 8. The first phase of a new interconti- sailing the strait also transport tourists from nental container terminal at the Port of mainland China, normally docking in the Kaohsiung became operational in January ports of Keelung, Taichung or Kaohsiung. 2011. The Port of Taipei, which became In 2010, more than 87,000 mainland visi- an international port in 1999 and only tors came through these ports. recently began serving container ships in February 2009, has the nation’s third- largest maritime shipping facilities after Civil Aviation those of Kaohsiung and Taichung ports. As of December 2010, 45 airlines Its Construction Phase II is slated for provided flights to destinations in Taiwan. completion in 2011, to be followed by a Of these firms, 38 were foreign and seven third phase to be finished in 2021. domestic. The number of passengers In 2006, the MOTC launched the served at Taiwan’s airports (including online MTNet—the Maritime Transport arrivals, departures and transits) in 2010 Network Portal 航港單一窗口服務平台. It grew 14.8 percent over the previous year has improved operating efficiency con- to 39.5 million. Of this number, inter- siderably at Taiwan’s harbors, enabling national flight passengers accounted for shipping and container terminal service the largest share at 29.7 million, an in- companies to complete customs and other crease of 18.2 percent over 2009. Among registration and application procedures and Taiwan-based airlines only, the number of to access shipping data with greater ease. international flight passengers also grew, In November 2008, Taiwan’s Straits rising 16 percent to 20.6 million. Exchange Foundation (SEF) 海峽交流基金會 Increasing competition from ground and mainland China’s Association for Re- transportation networks—particularly lations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) the high-speed rail—has taken a toll on the 海峽兩岸關係協會 reached an agreement on domestic air transport business, with the opening direct shipping links, no longer number of passengers on domestic flights requiring ships to detour via other coun- dropping by 44 percent between 2006 and tries’ ports (see Chapter 6, “Cross-strait 2010. However, the volume of domestic Relations”). Taiwan has since opened 12 flight passengers saw a revival of 5.4 per- ports to direct cross-strait shipping while cent to reach 9.7 million in 2010, after the mainland has reciprocated with 68, three consecutive years of negative growth. significantly reducing transportation time Air cargo shipment volume in 2010 and costs. In addition to cargo, vessels increased 29 percent over the previous Free Trade Zones at International Ports The MOTC has established free trade zones (FTZs) at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and the five international port facilities of Keelung, Su-ao, Taipei, Taichung and Kaohsiung. Hosting 105 enterprises as of the end of 2010, these FTZs registered total trade value of US$8.9 billion in that year, up by 97 percent from 2009. Goods transiting through the airport FTZ alone, consisting mainly of high value-added electronic products, amounted to US$5.2 billion, or 60 percent of total FTZ trade. Other FTZs also performed outstandingly in 2010. The value of FTZ trade at the Port of Taipei jumped 252 percent, while those at Taichung Port and the Port of Kaohsiung grew by 172 percent and 96 percent, respectively. 16912六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 169 2011/10/18 1:07:10 AM
  9. 9. 12 Transportation and Telecommunications Enhancing Taiwan’s Transportation Infrastructure A number of the i-Taiwan 12 Projects 愛臺十二建設 launched in 2008 focus on modernizing the nation’s transportation infrastructure. These include the construction and integration of metro and rail systems into a well-meshed nationwide rapid transit network; upgrading of the Port of Kaohsiung; and projects in connection with the creation of a Taoyuan International Airport City 桃園國際航空城 centered on Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (TTIA). A projected total of nearly US$38 billion, with over 6 percent expected to come from the private sector, will be invested in the islandwide rapid transit project. This includes the construction of rapid transit systems in three major metropolitan areas; grade separation of railroads passing through urban areas (moving ground-level railroads to elevated structures or underground); railway electrification and laying of an additional parallel track in eastern Taiwan; and integration of national freeways and regional highways. As but one aspect of a much larger-scale Port of Kaohsiung rejuvenation program, about US$1.25 billion, over 40 percent from private sources, will be spent on construction of a new intercontinental container terminal and improvement of transportation to and from the port. TTIA and surrounding areas are being developed into an international airport city, or “aerotropolis,” to be operated as an administratively autonomous community under the su- pervision of the MOTC. That includes a free trade zone, logistical support, international con- ference centers, hotels and other facilities. Projects directly involving transportation include reconstruction of Terminal 1; construction of a new Terminal 3 and new runway; and con- struction of new roads. Overall initial infrastructure investment is set at about US$9.3 billion, with about 22 percent coming from private investors. year to 1.9 million tonnes, 98 percent the number of round-trip passenger of which were international shipments flights between 33 airports in mainland (including transit cargo). The volume of China and eight in Taiwan rose from domestic air cargo shipping, however, 270 to 370 per week, while the number dropped by 0.7 percent in 2010. The do- of cargo flights between six destinations mestic aviation industry has been focus- on the mainland and two in Taiwan in- ing its efforts on opening international creased from 28 to 48 weekly. In March routes and improving airport facilities. 2011, four new destinations in mainland In line with agreements reached be- China began receiving direct passenger tween the SEF and the ARATS, direct flights from Taiwan, bringing the total cross-strait charter flights commenced number to 37. Three months later, the in July 2008 with weekend service, two sides agreed to further increase the which was expanded to daily service number of direct flights to more than in December that year. Carriers of both 550 per week. sides thereafter could fly directly to their destinations without detouring through Airports Hong Kong’s airspace. Taiwan currently has three internation- In April 2009, the SEF and the ARATS al airports: TTIA, Kaohsiung International signed a supplementary agreement on Airport 高雄國際航空站 and Taipei Interna- scheduled flights between Taiwan’s air- tional Airport 臺北國際航空站 (Songshan ports and those in mainland China. As a Airport). TTIA, now run by Taoyuan result, two new cross-strait routes were International Airport Corp. Ltd. 桃園 commissioned in July 2009. In 2010, 國際機場股份有限公司, has two passenger 17012六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 170 2011/10/18 1:07:11 AM
  10. 10. terminals with a total annual handling long-distance coaches, TRA trains, high- capacity of 25 million passengers. The speed trains, flights and boats plying wa- state-owned corporation was formally ters between Taiwan proper and its sister established on November 1, 2010 under islands. Also available on the website is the auspices of the MOTC. A rapid transit information on city buses, intercity buses rail connecting the airport with Taipei and rapid transit systems in Taiwan’s City is scheduled for completion by 2014. various urban areas. Kaohsiung International Airport has two With assistance from the IOT, e-bus passenger terminals that served 4.1 mil- systems have been set up in 11 cities and lion international and domestic passen- counties throughout Taiwan. They rely gers in 2010 and is connected to the city on GPS (global positioning system) and via the Kaohsiung Metro. GPRS (general packet radio service) tech- As part of a plan to link Taipei In- nology to relay information from buses to ternational Airport in downtown Taipei control centers, which report their posi- City with airports elsewhere in Asia that tions and anticipated arrival times online are close to major cities, direct flights and transmit them to display monitors at to Shanghai Hongqiao International bus stops. Airport 上海虹橋國際機場 were launched The MOTC is also working to develop on June 14, 2010, with 14 flights origi- “intelligent” transportation and freight- nating from each side per week. Flights to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda handling management systems that Airport) were inaugurated on October integrate and automate ticketing, cargo 31. In 2010 Taipei International Airport transfer and other tasks. handled 3.7 million international and domestic passengers. Of Taiwan’s 14 domestic airports, six Postal Services are located on Taiwan proper (Tainan, Chunghwa Post Co., Ltd. 中華郵政股份 Taichung and Taitung cities; Chiayi and 有限公司 operates the bulk of the nation’s Hualien counties; and Pingtung County’s postal services. As of 2010, this state- 屏東縣 Hengchun Township 恆春鎮), and owned company operated 23 main post eight on offshore islands (three on the offices, three mail-processing centers Penghu Islands 澎湖群島, two on the and 1,321 branch offices. There were an Matsu Islands 馬祖列島, and one each on additional 1,252 Chunghwa-authorized Orchid Island 蘭嶼, Green Island 綠島 and postal and stamp sales agents. Greater Kinmen 大金門). In 2010, Chunghwa Post handled 2.7 billion letters, 6.2 million pieces of ex- e-Traffic Information press mail and 26.4 million parcels. Let- ter volume rose by 3.9 percent over the The MOTC’s Institute of Transpor- previous year, but the express mail figure tation (IOT) 交通部運輸研究所 operates was down 4 percent over 2009, while a Chinese-English bilingual website parcel shipments rose 3.9 percent. Direct ( that displays cur- postal services between Taiwan and the rent traffic conditions around Taiwan, Chinese mainland were launched in De- enabling drivers to avoid traffic jams cember 2008. Chunghwa Post in 2010 and find alternative routes. In addition, processed 8.3 million letters, 95,900 par- visitors to the website can obtain informa- cels and 395,500 pieces of express mail tion on the fares, timetables and routes of sent across the Taiwan Strait. 17112六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 171 2011/10/18 1:07:11 AM
  11. 11. 12 Transportation and Telecommunications A sign at a Taipei rapid transit station advertises a WiFly hot spot access point. The city’s extensive wireless network shows Taipei’s ambitious plan to turn itself into an international technology hub. Telecommunications state-run Chunghwa Telecom 中華電信, are now also available from three pri- Taiwan’s telecommunications market vate operators: Taiwan Mobile 台灣大哥 has developed at a rapid pace since lib- 大, New Century InfoComm Tech 新世紀 eralization measures were adopted in the 資通 and Asia Pacific Telecom 亞太電信. mid-1990s with the aim of expediting the Local fixed-line telephone subscribers upgrading of telecommunications infra- numbered 12.9 million in 2011, repre- structure. Since 1996, after which mobile, senting a decrease of more than 1 percent satellite and fixed-line communication over 2010. Although Chunghwa Tele- services were gradually opened to the com maintained its hold on the domestic private sector, revenues from telecom serv- fixed-line market in 2011, serving 95.6 ices grew 132 percent to US$12 billion in percent of total subscribers, it no longer 2010. Over this period, mobile phone serv- has a dominant position in international ices’ share of telecom revenues increased telephone services. from 13 to 59 percent. In 2007, the number of mobile phones Like many other developed nations, in use exceeded the number of fixed-line Taiwan’s mobile phone market faces over- saturation as the penetration rate reached 100 telephones for the first time. Taiwan has percent in early 2002 and climbed further to three second-generation (2G) and five 120 percent in 2010. The market’s limited third-generation (3G) mobile phone and size has led to fierce competition among six wireless broadband access (WBA) network operators as they vie to expand their carriers, with 3G and WBA becoming in- market shares through better services, the lat- creasingly popular. WBA carriers began est equipment and competitive pricing. to provide service in July 2010 and had over 54,200 users by February 2011. At the end of 2010, there were 18.7 million Major Service Providers 3G mobile phone subscribers and 8.2 Fixed-line telecommunications serv- million 2G users. Chunghwa Telecom ices, once monopolized by the formerly leads the mobile phone market, followed 17212六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 172 2011/10/18 1:07:16 AM
  12. 12. by Taiwan Mobile and Far EasTone Tele- Economist Intelligence Unit’s Digital communications 遠傳電信. Economy Rankings 2010. Rising four slots over the previous year to 12th globally, Taiwan was praised for having “invested Wireless Digital Television heavily in the next generation of Inter- Toward the goal of phasing out analog net infrastructure.” television in favor of digital, six digital According to the state-sponsored In- gap fillers were set up as of 2010 to im- stitute for Information Industry 資訊工業 prove signal transmission in rural and 策進會—Taiwan’s main public promoter mountainous areas of Yilan, Nantou 南投, of the information and communications Chiayi and Pingtung counties and in parts of Kaohsiung City. technology industry—the household In- ternet penetration rate in Taiwan reached 82.8 percent in 2010, up 4.1 percentage The Internet points from the previous year. The house- The public and private sectors have hold broadband penetration rate also in- been quick to embrace new Internet creased, by 3.2 percentage points to 77.1 technologies, establishing Taiwan as percent. Broadband Internet subscriptions one of the best-wired nations in the Asia- (mobile and fixed) stood at 21.8 million Pacific region. In the Networked Readiness at the end of 2010. Among these, some Index of the World Economic Forum’s 4.3 million were xDSL, 927,600 cable Global Information Technology Re- modem, 19,000 leased lines and 46,600 port 2010-2011, Taiwan moved up five public wireless local area network users. places to No. 6 out of the 138 econo- Mobile network accounts, meanwhile, mies surveyed. It also placed well in the reached 16.5 million. l Ministry of Transportation and Communications: Related l Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau: Websites l Taiwan Railways Administration: l Taiwan High Speed Rail Corp.: l Taipei Rapid Transit Corp.: l Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corp.: l Civil Aeronautics Administration: l Maritime Transport Network Portal: l National Communications Commission: 17312六校 (spelling) (indexed).indd 173 2011/10/18 1:07:17 AM