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Germany 20 Years After Reunification


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Unity and division: Brief overview of German history pre-1871 to post-1990. More than 20 years after reunification, is Germany still a divided nation?

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Germany 20 Years After Reunification

  1. 1. 德國Germany 20 Years after Reunification
  2. 2. 20 years ago: Reunification 3 Oct 1990
  3. 3. Germany Today German flag German coat of armsArea: 357,021 km2 (10 x Taiwan) Nine neighboring countries82 million people (3.6 x Taiwan) Biggest population in the European Union
  4. 4. Origin of „Germany“Germany actually has many names – why?German names: Deutschland, TeutonenEnglish names: Germany, DutchFrench name: AlemagneIn the beginning, therewere just a number of‘Germanic tribes’ calledTeutons, Alemans,Franks (= France), … Expansion of the Germanic tribes 750 BC – AD 1.
  5. 5. Germany before UnificationFrom 800 until 1871, Germany existed in various forms, but itwas usually divided into many separate states (Prussia,Saxony, Bavaria, …)
  6. 6. 1871: UnificationThe German States were first unified as one nation in 1871.The German Empire was formed after winning a war againstFrance. Foundation of modern Germany The Kaiser (Emperor), Wilhelm II. in Versailles, France, 1871.
  7. 7. 1871-1918: German Empire German Colonies (青島) Militarism
  8. 8. 1919: Germany after WW I After losing World War I, Germany had to cede 13% of its area.1919-1933 Weimar Republic,the first German democracy
  9. 9. Nazis and World War IINazi Germany: 1933-1945 Adolf Hitler
  10. 10. Nazis and World War IIWorld War II: 1939-1945 50 Mio. people dead (ca. 7 Mio. Germans)
  11. 11. 1945-1949: OccupationLarge parts were ceded to Poland and the Soviet Union.The rest was split into four zones by the occupying powers.Berlin was also divided into four parts. Germany lost 25% of its pre-war area
  12. 12. 1945-1949: OccupationCold War- Western Allies: USA, Great Britain, France- Soviet Union
  13. 13. 1949-1989: Two Germanys 西德 東德Federal Republic of Germany German Democratic RepublicMulti-Party Democracy One-Party Totalitarian StateCapitalism SocialismFree Market Economy Planned EconomyVolkswagen “Beetle” Trabant “Trabi”
  14. 14. The Berlin Wall More then 130 people were killed when trying to cross the Berlin Wall into the West.Symbol of division: The Wall (13 August 1961 – 9 November 1989)
  15. 15. 1949-1989: Two Germanys 西德 東德 In 1973, both German states joined The United Nations.
  16. 16. 1949-1989: Two Germanys 西德 東德In 1987, East German leader Erich Honecker went to West Germanyon an official state visit.
  17. 17. 9 Nov. 1989: Fall of the Wall The happiest day in German history!
  18. 18. 9 Nov. 1989: Fall of the Wall
  19. 19. 20 years laterTaiwan Foundation for Democracy, Taipei:9 November 2009
  20. 20. 3 Oct 1990: Reunification 3 October became the German National Day
  21. 21. After ReunificationGerman Chancellors 德國總理 Helmut Kohl Gerhard Schröder Angela Merkel 1982-1998 1998-2005 2005-today
  22. 22. World‘s 4th largest economyManufacturing: carsand machines Trade: Hamburg harbour Service sector: health, finance Frankfurt banking district
  23. 23. Still divided?
  24. 24. Problem: Work West: <10% Unemployment rate East: >10%
  25. 25. Problem: Money Average monthly household income
  26. 26. Problem: Young people go away People are leaving East Germany: -12% since 1990 Percentage of people over 60
  27. 27. Still divided? „Has your life become better since reunification?“West: East:only only40% „yes“ 46% „yes“
  28. 28. Still divided? „Did East Germany profit more from reunification?“West: East:60% „yes“ 24% „yes“
  29. 29. Still divided?West Germans:„We gave you somuch money, butyou arestill not satisfied,even ungrateful.“ East Germans: „You took away our identity and swallowed us up. But we do not want to be like you.“