Graphic Novels A-Z
(Action Comics to Zatanna)

Tammy Ivins & Bryson Kopf

© DC
Comics
Agenda

1. Introduction to the graphic novel format
2. Visual literacy and graphic novels
3. Reader’s advisory tips
4. Gen...
Introduction
to Graphic Novels
What are Graphic Novels?
a full-length... story published as a book in
comic-strip format. - OED

© Scott Adams and Dark H...
What genre are graphic novels?
Lingo

Graphic Novel ≈ Trade ≈ Collection

Manga = Japanese Graphic Novels
Who creates graphic novels?
The
Process

© DC Comics
Color is not needed

© Kodansha & Image Comics
… but color is an
artform in itself.

© Marvel & DC Comics
Visual Literacy
& Graphic Novels
Visual Literacy =
An ALA Initiative

“Visual literacy is a set of abilities that
enables an individual to effectively find...
“Visual literacy skills equip a learner to

understand and analyze the
contextual, cultural, ethical, aesthetic,
intellect...
Comics Are Ideal

Images "are the vocabulary of the
language called comics."

- McCloud, S. (1994). Understanding comics. ...
1
Example:
How to read a
Graphic Novel

2
3
1

2

3

© DC Comics
1

2

© DC Comics
1

3
2
4
© DC Comics
Of course,

Manga
(Japanese graphic novels)

are read backwards.
Other Visual Literacy
Discussion Topics
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●

Juxtaposition of images
Iconic imagery
Backgrounds
Facial exp...
More Reading

Understanding
Comics
by Scott McCloud

© HarperCollins
A picture is worth a thousand words...

© DC Comics
… but a picture has 1000x the impact.

© Avatar Press
& Vintage Books
Reader’s Advisory
for Graphic Novels
Getting patrons interested
● Find out if a patron is interested in a “nontext narrative formats”
● Think about visual styl...
Reader’s Advisory: Art Styles
B&W

Color

© Fantagraphics & Pantheon
Wordy vs. Terse

© Marvel
Realistic vs abstract

© DC Comics
Detailed vs cartoony

© 2000 AD
Linear panel layouts...

© DC Comics
...vs complicated layouts

© Jim Steranko
Simple
backgrounds...

© Dark Horse Comics
...vs Lush backgrounds

© Barry
Windsor
Smith
Challenges
● Patrons/Staff not understanding format
● “Those are just for kids!”
● “They’re not ‘real’ reading!”
Genre Examples
for Graphic Novels

© Dark Horse, Kodansha Comics, Viz Media, Image
Genre Examples
•Adventure/Action
-The Adventures of Tintin (24 books) by Herge
-The Losers (5 vol) by Andy Diggle (writer)...
Genre Examples
•Romance
-Blankets by Craig Thompson
-Nana (series) by Ai Yazawa

•Fantasy
-Sandman (10 vol) by Neil Gaiman...
Genre Examples
•Science Fiction
-Y: The Last Man (10 vol) by Brian K. Vaughn (writer) & Pia Guerra (art)
-Akira by Otomo K...
Genre Examples
•Historical
-Maus (2 vol) by Art Spiegelman
-Buddha (8 vol) by Osamu Tezuka
-King by Ho Che Anderson

•Humo...
Genre Examples
•Superheroes
-Watchmen by Alan Moore (writer) & Dave Gibbons (art)
-All-Star Superman (2 vol) by Grant Morr...
Shojo & Josei Manga
Ouran High Host Club
By Bisco Hatori

Nana by Ai Yazawa
© Viz Media
Shonen & Seinen Manga
Prince of Tennis by Takeshi Konomi

© Viz Media, Dark Horse

Chobits by CLAMP
Magical Girl & Mecha
Neon Genesis Evangelion
by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto

Sailor Moon by Naoko Takeuchi
© Kodansha Comics, Viz M...
Programming
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●

Art contest or classes
Comic artist visits
Costume party or contest
Partner with a comic book...
Collection Development
of Graphic Novels
Arrangement Issues
● Age restrictions
○ Content
○ Reading Level

● Series are long
○ Expense
○ Space issues
Tech-Services Issues
● Cataloging / Discovery
○ Many creators
○ Often shelved by format, not topic
○ LC & recreational rea...
Selection Resources
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●

Booklist
Publisher’s Weekly
Library Journal
NY Times Bestseller List
The Comics Journ...
500 Essential
Graphic Novels
by Gene
Kannenberg

© HarperCollins
Major Awards
• Eisner Awards
• Harvey Awards
• Ignatz Awards
• Osamu Cultural Award
• Shogakukan Award
• Kodansha Award

©...
Slides & handout: tinyurl.com/scla13-gn

Contact us:
Tammy Ivins
tivins@fmarion.edu
Bryson Kopf
bkopf@cumberland.lib.nc.us...
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Graphic Novels A-Z : Action Comics to Zatanna

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A joint presentation at the 2013 SELA-SCLA joint conference.

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Graphic Novels A-Z : Action Comics to Zatanna

  1. 1. Graphic Novels A-Z (Action Comics to Zatanna) Tammy Ivins & Bryson Kopf © DC Comics
  2. 2. Agenda 1. Introduction to the graphic novel format 2. Visual literacy and graphic novels 3. Reader’s advisory tips 4. Genre examples 5. Collection development challenges.
  3. 3. Introduction to Graphic Novels
  4. 4. What are Graphic Novels? a full-length... story published as a book in comic-strip format. - OED © Scott Adams and Dark Horse
  5. 5. What genre are graphic novels?
  6. 6. Lingo Graphic Novel ≈ Trade ≈ Collection Manga = Japanese Graphic Novels
  7. 7. Who creates graphic novels?
  8. 8. The Process © DC Comics
  9. 9. Color is not needed © Kodansha & Image Comics
  10. 10. … but color is an artform in itself. © Marvel & DC Comics
  11. 11. Visual Literacy & Graphic Novels
  12. 12. Visual Literacy = An ALA Initiative “Visual literacy is a set of abilities that enables an individual to effectively find, interpret, evaluate, use, and create images and visual media.”
  13. 13. “Visual literacy skills equip a learner to understand and analyze the contextual, cultural, ethical, aesthetic, intellectual, and technical components involved in the production and use of visual materials.” www.ala.org/acrl/standards/visualliteracy
  14. 14. Comics Are Ideal Images "are the vocabulary of the language called comics." - McCloud, S. (1994). Understanding comics. HarperCollins. Chicago
  15. 15. 1 Example: How to read a Graphic Novel 2 3
  16. 16. 1 2 3 © DC Comics
  17. 17. 1 2 © DC Comics
  18. 18. 1 3 2 4 © DC Comics
  19. 19. Of course, Manga (Japanese graphic novels) are read backwards.
  20. 20. Other Visual Literacy Discussion Topics ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Juxtaposition of images Iconic imagery Backgrounds Facial expression Portrayal of movement & action Implied events Conflict between action & words Mood & emotion Implied sound Passage of time
  21. 21. More Reading Understanding Comics by Scott McCloud © HarperCollins
  22. 22. A picture is worth a thousand words... © DC Comics
  23. 23. … but a picture has 1000x the impact. © Avatar Press & Vintage Books
  24. 24. Reader’s Advisory for Graphic Novels
  25. 25. Getting patrons interested ● Find out if a patron is interested in a “nontext narrative formats” ● Think about visual style and plot! It is easier to connect readers by matching narratives and subjects. ● Connect users to GNs via other formats. Get feedback from the Patron! ● Repeat!
  26. 26. Reader’s Advisory: Art Styles B&W Color © Fantagraphics & Pantheon
  27. 27. Wordy vs. Terse © Marvel
  28. 28. Realistic vs abstract © DC Comics
  29. 29. Detailed vs cartoony © 2000 AD
  30. 30. Linear panel layouts... © DC Comics
  31. 31. ...vs complicated layouts © Jim Steranko
  32. 32. Simple backgrounds... © Dark Horse Comics
  33. 33. ...vs Lush backgrounds © Barry Windsor Smith
  34. 34. Challenges ● Patrons/Staff not understanding format ● “Those are just for kids!” ● “They’re not ‘real’ reading!”
  35. 35. Genre Examples for Graphic Novels © Dark Horse, Kodansha Comics, Viz Media, Image
  36. 36. Genre Examples •Adventure/Action -The Adventures of Tintin (24 books) by Herge -The Losers (5 vol) by Andy Diggle (writer) & Jock (artist) •Mystery/Crime -Whiteout (2 vol) by Greg Rucka (writer) & Steve Leiber (artist) -Richard Stark’s Parker: The Hunter by Darwyn Cooke •General Fiction -Love and Rockets (series) by Gilbert and Jaime Hernandez -Ghost World by Daniel Clowes -Contract with God by Will Eisner
  37. 37. Genre Examples •Romance -Blankets by Craig Thompson -Nana (series) by Ai Yazawa •Fantasy -Sandman (10 vol) by Neil Gaiman (writer) and many artists -Bone (series) by Jeff Smith -Tsubasa: RESERVoir CHRoNICLE (series) by CLAMP -Oh My Goddess! (series) by Kosuke Fujishima
  38. 38. Genre Examples •Science Fiction -Y: The Last Man (10 vol) by Brian K. Vaughn (writer) & Pia Guerra (art) -Akira by Otomo Kasuhiro -The Manhattan Projects (2 vol) by Jonathan Hickman (writer) & Nick Pitarra (art) •Horror -Black Hole by Charles Burns -The Walking Dead (17 vol) by Robert Kirkman (writer), Tony Moore & Charlie Adlard (art) - Locke & Key (6 volumes) by Joe Hill (writer) & Gabriel Rodriguez (art)
  39. 39. Genre Examples •Historical -Maus (2 vol) by Art Spiegelman -Buddha (8 vol) by Osamu Tezuka -King by Ho Che Anderson •Humor -Tales Designed to Thrizzle by Michael Kupperman -Ouran High School Host Club (series) by Bisco Hatori
  40. 40. Genre Examples •Superheroes -Watchmen by Alan Moore (writer) & Dave Gibbons (art) -All-Star Superman (2 vol) by Grant Morrison (writer) & Frank Quitely (art) -Wonder Woman, New 52 (3 vol) by Brian Azzarello (writer) & Cliff Chiang (art) •Non-Fiction -Palestine by Joe Sacco -Manga Guide to Molecular Biology by Masahara Takemura •Memoir -Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi -Marbles: Mania, Depression, Michelangelo, and me by Ellen Forney
  41. 41. Shojo & Josei Manga Ouran High Host Club By Bisco Hatori Nana by Ai Yazawa © Viz Media
  42. 42. Shonen & Seinen Manga Prince of Tennis by Takeshi Konomi © Viz Media, Dark Horse Chobits by CLAMP
  43. 43. Magical Girl & Mecha Neon Genesis Evangelion by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto Sailor Moon by Naoko Takeuchi © Kodansha Comics, Viz Media
  44. 44. Programming ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Art contest or classes Comic artist visits Costume party or contest Partner with a comic book store Discussion groups Free Comic Day (first Saturday in May) Movie/anime connections Exciting displays!!!
  45. 45. Collection Development of Graphic Novels
  46. 46. Arrangement Issues ● Age restrictions ○ Content ○ Reading Level ● Series are long ○ Expense ○ Space issues
  47. 47. Tech-Services Issues ● Cataloging / Discovery ○ Many creators ○ Often shelved by format, not topic ○ LC & recreational reading ● Binding ○ Manga can be bulky ○ Most graphic novels take up more shelf space & height than other titles
  48. 48. Selection Resources ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Booklist Publisher’s Weekly Library Journal NY Times Bestseller List The Comics Journal Online reviews and lists Follow Major Publishers Local comic book shops
  49. 49. 500 Essential Graphic Novels by Gene Kannenberg © HarperCollins
  50. 50. Major Awards • Eisner Awards • Harvey Awards • Ignatz Awards • Osamu Cultural Award • Shogakukan Award • Kodansha Award © DC Comics
  51. 51. Slides & handout: tinyurl.com/scla13-gn Contact us: Tammy Ivins tivins@fmarion.edu Bryson Kopf bkopf@cumberland.lib.nc.us This presentation contains copyrighted materials used under the Multimedia Guidelines and Fair Use exemptions of U.S. Copyright law. Further use is prohibited.

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