December 15, 2010 MAL A RI A S t u d y s h e e t Origins Global Distribution Impacts on Population The Future The Origins Of Malria In 2700 BC, several characteristic symptoms of what would later be named malaria were described in the Nei Ching, The Canon of Medicine) It is also assumed to have originated in West and Central Africa and then spread all over the world as the worst killer disease ever suffered by mankind. The Global Distribution Of Malaria Approximately half of the worlds population is at risk of malaria. Most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. However, Asia, Latin America, and to a lesser extent the Middle East and parts of Europe are also affected. In 2008, malaria was present in 108 countries and territories.
December 15, 2010 MAL AR IA The Impacts Malaria Has Had On Population - Affects 40% of the world population. - Malaria can decrease the population by as much as 1.3% in countries with high disease rates. - In Africa a child dies every 45 seconds of Malaria, the disease accounts for 20% of all childhood deaths. - In some heavy-burden countries, the disease accounts for: - up to 40% of public health expenditures; - 30% to 50% of inpatient hospital admissions; - up to 60% of outpatient health clinic visits. - 35 countries (30 in sub-Saharan Africa and 5 in Asia) account for 98% of global malaria deaths. - WHO estimates that in 2008 malaria caused 190 - 311 million clinical episodes, and 708,000 - 1,003,000 deaths. - 89% of worldwide deaths from malaria occur in Africa. - Malaria is the 5th cause of death from infectious diseases worldwide (after respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, and tuberculosis). The Future Of Malaria - Global climate change will allow falciparum malaria to spread into northern latitudes, including Europe and large parts of the United States - Larger countries will provide funding for aiding in the prevention of malaria - Vaccinations will be available for the prevention of the disease. - Mosquito nets can be issued in countries where the disease is prone.