Introduction• Narcissus and narcissism is an eternal myth. However, its interpretation has changed, the story of Ovids Metamorphoses in Table Dali "the metamorphosis of Narcissus" and the sculpture of Gérard Jean Cayla "Narcissism inconsiderate," that we will explore. Narcissus symbolizes the time of Ovid defect, that of self- centeredness. The myth of Narcissus reflects what people thought in antiquity. But times have changed, and the arts, as always, demonstrated brilliantly. In the twentieth century, we do not see as Narcissus saw before and symbolism of myth changes radically. We will explore contemporary art and artistic experience through the development of symbol? Narcissus through the centuries.
From antiquity to the twentieth• In antiquity, narcissus rejects her contender, he loves him• In the Middle Ages, its reflection becomes that of a fairy, homosexuality is forbidden• In the Baroque period, narcissus is used to separate the church• Narcissus is someone who not only admired the other is also admires
From the twentieth century• As explained Narcissus jjusqua twentieth century remains an individual not to imitate whose self-esteem is detestable and we could have stayed on this long quiet river if others do were not involved. For this, dice 1911, (in the person of Sigmund Freud, with his book "to introduce narcissism") argues for the first time ... to love oneself is necessary for psychological well! This is the spark that ignites the powder. Soon, Lou Andreas-Salomé, German woman of letters, is also the right side of Narcissus and narcissism, followed later by other thinkers. And late twentieth and early twenty-first, self-love "on Narcissus?" Is crowned by the appearance including: (a little later) blogs and facebook? True odes to "love myself". Narcissus? Change mask. The reaction of artists? Tell us so how will it be perceived now.
Salvador DALI• Salvador Dali was a great artist who made the sculpture such as: the "Bust of Dante" (1964), writing (yes, that exposes two theoretical conceptions, the paranoiac-critical and scientific idealism arc), the tables (the Metamorphosis of Narcissus, the Persistence of Memory, La Gare de Perpignan etc ...) and film (Un chien Andalou and LAge dOr).• He met several well-known personalities such as Freud and Picasso.• Salvador Dali had an older brother who died before Dali was born, who had the same name as him. His parents gave him the same name as its big brother because they had many resent his death so that is why Dali has the same name as his deceased older brother. Dali could not bear that his parents gave him that name because he thought that his parents preferred this child, Dali has said himself that he wanted to become an artist because artists are eternal.
"La Métamorphose de Narcisse" by• Dali (1937)Narcissus, Narcissus left we In this work illustrates Dali Metamorphosis of see her reflection on the right is where the transformation begins, we see his double in the form of a statue which is transformed into the image of a hand. In place of the head is an egg where there is a seed, the "onion" comes from the Catalan and means "complex". In the middle, in the background we see a "heterosexual group," these people are naked. Narcissus stays away from this group because it is complexed. This egg will grow a flower named Gala Dali. This scene takes place in the spring seasons of Narcissus.• In this work shows Dali psychoanalytic dimension by using for the first time his method "paranoiac-critical" based on the theory of "ghosting" that is to say pictorial configurations requiring multiple readings.• This is the first work of the artist dealing with narcissism: a table and a surrealist poem beginning a consistent interpretation about irrational.• In this table there are warm colors (golden) and soft (gray).
Gérard Jean CAYLA• He was born in 1944, art lover barely out of his teens, he can see the Fine Arts and dream of being an artist. Her parents strongly opposed as "artist is not a job." So small and large jobs helping, he practiced sculpture, painting and photography occasionally. He become "self- taught". Back in France after many? Past years abroad before? Retirement having sounded, he devotes himself? Full creation. Arrival in? the sixtieth year of his life? sculpture is gradually becoming.
The interview by Gérard Jean CAYLA• What is the message you send across "From thoughtless narcissism"?• I like to turn the matter into ridicule. In the myth, Narcissus was a man, I imagine it woman. As a contemporary artist, we must find a new one. It is true that this is a question that arises: how we look? How does it feel? But do not fall into the traps. Narcissism is not a defect! The act of looking in the mirror and say "hey, Im beautiful", this is quite normal, it can move!• In your work, you show Narcissus has "lost his head". Will he even wiser, more knowledgeable, finding his head?• Indeed, one may speculate that these are steps that we can take the best and the worst. Some who nearly drowned asking questions.• What do you think of narcissism? Is this a defect?• You know, there is no human being without narcissism after all is how he expresses it. For some, it is a pain, for another release. Moreover, a human being is blind narcissism. An artist is narcissistic, it is driven by the need for recognition. Im narcissistic, and it suits me very well!
Du Narcissisme inconsidéré• In his work he presents narcissus in another form than the usual we see narcissus. Already it is upside down on his back while he normally stands in front of a mirror or in front of a pond. Then it is presented in the form of sculpture that brings renewal because it is usually in the form of painting or poem. Finally Gérard Jean Narcissus Cayla this, he said, as a woman when a man is continually. Here is one reason why we can say that this sculpture is at odds with the myth of Narcissus.• It is also in continuity with this myth. Firstly because we are in this topic Narcissus who traveled, which traverses and travel the world and generations. Then because we always presents Narcissus gazing through an object next to his feet he is always narcissistic. Finally, as in the myth, Narcissus loses his head down and lack of water is found in the sculpture when seen upside down above the body. One might think that this is the end for him, he is dead.
Art, rupture and continuity• Here is the review of ruptures and continuities general found in the two works:• continuity• myth remains present (Narcissus is always beautiful, it always looks lovingly into the water, etc ...)• Narcissus remains isolated, self-esteem obsesses too, more than the average.• break• Narcissus is shown freely, without concern for perfect realism, expressing better the deeper meaning of the work• Although it remains complexed works we retain his pride exists in each of us, and that is not love that isolates Narcissus own, but its exaggeration.• works reflect the artists and unconscious, broadening of any mortal.• On balance, therefore, we see that the myth is eternal, but this time, the symbol of Narcissus is a pride that we all, in the unconscious, and is therefore not a defect, but may even be a asset. These works show therefore a popularization of self-esteem which was held from the twentieth century.
Conclusion• Après avoir vu les œuvres artistiques "la métamorphose de Narcisse" et "du narcissisme inconsidéré", pour résumer les analyses et explications présentées, on retient que Narcisse, à travers les siècles, a changé de masques, et la spéculation que nous proposons est que le nouveau masque quil a à présent adopté, à partir du XXème siècle et jusquà aujourdhui, est celle du complexé, dont on sent pourtant lexistence en chacun de nous, lexistence dun amour propre illogique et After seeing the works of art "The Metamorphosis of Narcissus" and "reckless narcissism" to summarize the analyzes and explanations presented, it holds that Narcissus, through the centuries, changed masks, and speculation that we propose is that the new mask he has now passed from the twentieth century until today, is that of complexed, we nevertheless feel that the existence in each of us there is a pride illogical and love. This mask is that, in our view, a popularization of love for oneself, where everyone is now shamelessly narcissistic, and where Narcissus is deep in each individual.. Ce masque est celui, daprès nous, dune popularisation de lamour pour soi même, où chacun désormais est narcissique sans honte, et où Narcisse est au profond de chaque individu.