Copyright & Fair Use


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copyright law, Fair Use and the TEACH act for educators, online instructors

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Copyright & Fair Use

  1. 1. 411—Information Copyright, Fair Use, & the TEACH Act
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Review copyright restrictions and requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Articulate Fair Use principles </li></ul><ul><li>Review the TEACH act </li></ul><ul><li>State your responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Read Foothill’s expectations </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Should Someone Have Copyright?
  4. 4. Restrictions <ul><li>Owner of copyright has exclusive right to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>make copies or derivative works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>distribute copies by sale, gift, rental, lease, lending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>perform the work publicly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>display the work publicly (including individual images of audiovisual work) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>perform sound recording of the work publicly by digital audio transmission. </li></ul></ul>you or I can’t do these things WITHOUT PERMISSION
  5. 5. Restrictions Redux <ul><li>Owner of copyright has exclusive right to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>make or works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D copies by s , g , r , l , l </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P the work ly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D the work publicly (including ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P sound recording of the work publicly by . </li></ul></ul>you or I can’t do these things WITHOUT PERMISSION
  6. 6. What is Fair Use? <ul><li>Disney </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fair Use—First Guideline <ul><li>Purpose and character of use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>commercial nature ? OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nonprofit, educational? </li></ul></ul>Think of some specific copied material in your course. Measure it against the Fair Use Guidelines. Are you using it legally? Only you can tell.
  8. 8. Fair Use—Second Guideline <ul><li>Nature of the copyrighted work </li></ul>Fiction Nonfiction unpublished Published
  9. 9. Fair Use—Third Guideline <ul><li>Amount and substantiality of the part used in relation to the whole work </li></ul>How much do you need to make your point? How long is the whole work?
  10. 10. Fair Use—Fourth Guideline <ul><li>Effect of the use on the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fair Use—Fourth Guideline “ Fair use” vs “infringement” is hard to decide. No specific amount of content can safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source is NOT permission.
  12. 12. Fair Use Activities <ul><li>Activities courts deem “Fair Use“ </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation of excerpts in a review or criticism for purposes of illustration or comment </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation of short passages in a scholarly or technical work, for illustration or clarification of the author's observations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fair Use Activities <ul><li>Activities courts deem “Fair Use“ </li></ul><ul><li>Use in a parody of some of the content of the work parodied </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of an address or article, with brief quotations, in a news report </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fair Use Activities <ul><li>Activities courts deem “Fair Use“ </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction by a library of a portion of a work to replace part of a damaged copy </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction by a teacher or student of a small part (10%) of a work to illustrate a lesson </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fair Use Activities <ul><li>Activities courts deem “Fair Use“ </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction of a work in legislative or judicial proceedings or reports </li></ul><ul><li>Incidental and fortuitous reproduction, in a newsreel or broadcast, of a work located in the scene of an event being reported.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Whaddaya Know? <ul><li>Altogether now. Let’s take this quiz and CHEAT! We’ll share answers and copy off each other… </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzzzzz </li></ul>
  17. 17. The TEACH Act <ul><li>T echnology, E ducation, a nd C opyright H armonization Act of 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>The TEACH act says Students and teachers at an </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accredited, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nonprofit, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul></ul><ul><li>institution can copy things for educational purposes without violating copyright if certain conditions are met. </li></ul>
  18. 18. So What are the Conditions? <ul><li>Only applies to students and teachers at an accredited, nonprofit, educational institution </li></ul><ul><li>Nondramatic works are different from dramatic works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic works have direction and content that mean most of the presentation is intended as performance before an audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nondramatic works can be presented in their entirety </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Conditions Continued <ul><li>All other kinds of works, including dramatic works and display of works can be presented in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonable portions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparable to what would be performed or displayed in a face to face classroom </li></ul></ul>But wait! S L O W D O W N . Digital educational works do NOT fall under this exception Works produced or marketed primarily for performance or display as part of mediated instructional activities transmitted via digital networks OR Unlawful copies (copies you know or reasonably should know were not lawfully made or acquired) are not covered by TEACH
  20. 20. MORE Conditions <ul><li>Only under the direction or supervision of an instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Must be part of the class teaching session </li></ul><ul><li>As an integral part of systematic instructional activities, mediated or directed by instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Directly related to the content and of material assistance in teaching that content </li></ul>
  21. 21. Conditions of Transmission <ul><li>Must only be available to students registered for the course for the duration of the course </li></ul><ul><li>The institution must make every effort to limit student access to the duration of the course and not beyond </li></ul><ul><li>If the copyright holder has instituted technological means to keep copies from being made or distributed beyond the course duration, the institution may not interfere with those technologies </li></ul>
  22. 22. Conditions for the Institution <ul><li>Must provide and publish copyright policies </li></ul><ul><li>Make available accurate information about copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Promote compliance with copyright law </li></ul><ul><li>Notify students that course materials may be copyrighted </li></ul>
  23. 23. What Does It All Mean? <ul><li>If you want to use copyrighted material in your course you must make sure you either </li></ul><ul><li>can demonstrate you have permission from the copyright owner, </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>are following the guidelines for Fair Use, </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>have access under the TEACH Act. </li></ul>It is YOUR RESPONSIBILITY to comply with Copyright law. You are personally liable for the content of your courses.
  24. 24. Foothill College’s Expectations <ul><li>Faculty Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Copying and Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Copying and printing is provided by the Quick Copy Center… </li></ul><ul><li>“ Copyright compliance is the responsibility of the instructor.” </li></ul>District Policy Web Page <ul><li>Examples of behaviors constituting abuse which violate District Board Policy 3250 include, but are not limited to, the following activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Violating terms of applicable software licensing agreements or copyright laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing copyrighted material without the consent of the owner on district Web sites in violation of copyright laws. </li></ul>I gotta stay awake! This is important!
  25. 25. Did We Meet Our Objectives? <ul><li>Do you “get” copyright restrictions ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have a handle on the requirements for using copyrighted materials in your courses? </li></ul><ul><li>Does Fair Use make sense to you? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know how the TEACH act can help you? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your responsibility for compliance? </li></ul><ul><li>What Foothill College’s expectation that you adhere to the law on copyright? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Last Thought <ul><li>Public domain is any work published before 1927 or published by the federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>Open educational resource and creative commons licensing allow you to copy with attribution. </li></ul>
  27. 27. So Now You Know! <ul><li>1 st choice: No copyright Public Domain or Open Educational Resources </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Choice: Copyright with permission to use </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Choice: Use under Fair Use guidelines or the TEACH Act </li></ul>