Edgar Dale’S Cone Of Experiences


Published on

  • informational.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The more the number of senses the learning will be more effective. The percentages are just relative. The individual differences have to be taken into account. The learning percentages should have been determined making a flexible group say 10 to 15%. This would give a generic idea of learning pace or space.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • thank you for uploading this..it helps me explain to my students the complex concepts these topics have.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Edgar Dale’S Cone Of Experiences

  1. 1. Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experiences
  2. 2. Principles of the Cone <ul><li>The cone is based on the relationships of various educational experiences to reality </li></ul><ul><li>The opportunity for a learner to use a variety or several senses </li></ul><ul><li>Each level of the cone above its base moves a learner a step further away from real- life experiences </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of the Cone <ul><li>Determines the resources how far it is from real-life situations </li></ul><ul><li>Determines what kind of experiences you want to provide your learners </li></ul><ul><li>Determines how many senses can learners use in interacting the resources </li></ul><ul><li>Determines how can this resources augment verbal & symbolic representation </li></ul>
  4. 4. E. Check Your Knowledge DIRECTIONS: For each question below, write the letter corresponding to your answerr on a sheet of paper.   1. True       False Dale's Cone of Experience encourages educators to plan experiences that will help students apply their learning to real-life situations.       2. True       False Teachers can feel confident that materials found on the Internet are accurate and unbiased.       3. True       False Material that appears in print can be copied and used by teachers without reservations.       4. True       False Visuals are effective when they reproduce complex information in its original form from the textbook.       5. True       False Plain text is preferred for visuals.
  5. 5. Direct and Purposeful <ul><li>Games </li></ul><ul><li> Untangling the Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Add: 123456789 = 99 </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Coloring of macaroni </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Bottle </li></ul><ul><li>Practicum or Internship </li></ul>
  6. 6. Contrived Experiences <ul><li>Specimen and Objects – are good substitute for realia. </li></ul><ul><li>Consideration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a purpose of using them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities to students to work with or to manipulate the specimen so that they can discover concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present just enough at a time so as not to overwhelmed the students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present the material in a dramatic way </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Contrived Experiences <ul><li>Models and Mock-ups – are recognizable imitation of the real thing except size, w/c may be scaled down or scaled up to provide the needed experiences </li></ul><ul><li>When do we use models and mock-ups? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When reality is too small like atoms, molecules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When reality is inaccessible like past and future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When reality is too dangerous like viewing an eruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When reality is too abstract like space relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When reality is unreliable like weather </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Other Types of Contrived Experiences <ul><li>Aquarium – is a representation of plan and animal life in water. </li></ul><ul><li>Terrarium – is a representation of plant and animal life on land </li></ul><ul><li>Aviary – is a collection of live birds </li></ul><ul><li>Herbarium – is a collection of dried herbs </li></ul><ul><li>Herbary – is a collection of live herbs </li></ul><ul><li>Vivarium – is a representation of plan and animals life putting together those of the same habitat </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other Types of Contrived Experiences <ul><li>Planetarium – is a representation of the planets and their relative sizes and distances from each other </li></ul><ul><li>Solarium – a representation of the solar system </li></ul><ul><li>Diorama – a three dimensional representation of events, ideas or concepts against a scenic background. </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation – is an imitation of reality, modifying some elements which may prove dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Orchidarium – a collection of orchids </li></ul>