Direct, Purposeful And Contrived Experience

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Direct, Purposeful And Contrived Experience

  1. 1. Direct, Purposeful and Contrived Experience
  2. 2. Testimony <ul><li>“ It was only when I went to the Manila zoo that I learned that a giraffe is that tall and an elephant is that big” – Grade 2 pupil. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What are direct and purposeful experiences? <ul><li>These are concrete and firsthand experiences that make up the foundation of our learning. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the rich experiences that our senses bring from which we construct the ideas, the concepts, the generalization that give meaning and order to our lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. preparing a meal, making a piece of furniture doing power point presentation, performing a laboratory experiment, delivering a speech, taking a trip, or climbing a mountain. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why are the direct experiences purposeful? <ul><li>They are not mechanical and a matter of going through the motion. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not mere sensory excitement. </li></ul><ul><li>They are experiences that are internalized in the sense that these experiences involve the asking of questions that have significance in the life of the person undergoing the experience. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are the implications of direct, purposeful experience to learning? <ul><li>Provide students with opportunities to learn by doing </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of real instructional materials as much as we can </li></ul><ul><li>Help in the development of five senses to the full to heighten their sensitivity to the world </li></ul><ul><li>Draw meaning from their first hand experience </li></ul><ul><li>Budget of purchasing materials sets the tea cher free from worrying. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Contrived Experience
  7. 7. Vignette: <ul><li>An atom is invisible to the naked eye and so your Science teacher in the grades made use of a model which showed the neutrons, the protons, and the electrons. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Statements to Ponder <ul><li>Why is the atom depicted by a model? Is it not better if you see the real atom itself? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of a better way of seeing planet earth other than the globe? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a more interesting way of showing the rotation of the planets on their axis and their revolution around the sun? </li></ul><ul><li>Biology is real science of life if what you study are alive. Justify the use of preserve specimens in Biology. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are contrived experiences? <ul><li>These are edited copies of reality and are used a substitutes for real things when it is not practical or not possible to bring or do the real think in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>These contrived experiences are designe d to simulate to real-life situations. </li></ul><ul><li>The atoms, planetarium, globe, the simulated election process and preserve specimen are examples of contrived experiences </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Contrived experiences <ul><li>Models, and Mock –up – atom, planetarium are reproductions of real thing in a small or large scale which may not be operational. </li></ul><ul><li>Specimen & Objects – is any individual or item considered typical or a group. Object may include artifacts displayed in a museum or objects displayed in exhibit. </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation – is a “representation” of a manageable real event in which the learner is an active participant engaged in learning a behaviour or in applying previously acquired skills or knowledge. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of Contrived experiences <ul><li>Games – are use for any of these purposes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To practice and/or refine knowledge/skills already acquired, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To identify gaps or weaknesses in knowledge or skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To serve as a sum mation or review and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. To develop new r elationships among concepts and principles. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Why do we use them? <ul><li>Having the original is impossible </li></ul><ul><li>It is the most effective and appropriate way to portray the idea </li></ul><ul><li>it can justify the cost if purchased </li></ul><ul><li>It can stimulate to further learning </li></ul>
  13. 13. Enrichment: <ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages in using direct, purposeful and contrived experiences? </li></ul><ul><li>Make a list of subjects or requirements of your course in which you can use these experiences. </li></ul>

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