The New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition of 1889-1890 was “an attempt to provide this boost, as well as a way to mark the 50th jubilee of thecolony’s foundation” …. “Visitors could view numerous display courts promoting trade and industry, and visit a large art gallery featuring overseas and local works, as well as gardens, an aviary and numerous sideshow attractions, including a roller coaster, performing fleas and human freaks. Places of refreshment included ‘oriental tearooms’ where it was claimed ‘a real live Hindu in native costume and in native style’ served the tea. Special events included the appearances of ‘Professor Jackson, the Aerial King’, who ascended 300 metres in his mammoth balloon and descended from the clouds in his ‘Patent Adjusting Parachute’. And of course NZ’s very own Eiffel Tower.
Collaboration with the University’s History Dept to digitise the major NZ history journal, with short embargo to protect revenue stream. Discoverable in fulltext via Google and B-engine interface. Linked from the Catalogue. http://www.nzjh.auckland.ac.nz/
An article in the New Zealand Journal of History - Fitchett’s Fallacy and Music at the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition, Dunedin, 1889–1890. Someone with a poor opinion of NZ music.
If Alfred Fitchett was around today I might point him to the 30th anniversary celebrations of cult NZ record label Flying Nun. And the videos curated on NZ On Screen site (discoverable via Google and Digital NZ)by founder Roger Sheppard. (Link to Chris Knox - http://www.nzonscreen.com/title/nothings-going-to-happen-1981) or they again, maybe not.
The principal performing ensemble was an orchestra of 30 professional members. They performed most afternoons and evenings during the exhibition. The leader (or principal violinist) was RaffaelloSquarise, an Italian musician who had been a leading violinist, teacher and bandmaster in Adelaide for the previous six years.
A PhD thesis from Otago University. Discoverable via Google, KRIS (Kiwi Research Information Service) and Digital NZ. All metadata only.
I can read the Otago Witness from 5 December 1889. In 5 days took a total of £1396 representing an attendance of 26,145.From Papers Past - a collection of 70 digitised historic New Zealand newspapers. Disocverable via Google, Papers Past and Digital NZ.
The challenge facing us is to get New Zealand content, and particularly our library digital collections into each library’s search box.
Let’s go back a step and I’ll talk about the University of Auckland Library’s experiences in implementing web-scale discovery over the past year…
A redesigned of the Library Home page. Interesting that our IA has remained reasonably consistent since 1996. A list of databases another of e-journals, the Catalogue or course, and subject access to resources being the key components.
A decision to pilot a single search box across the Catalogue, local digital collections and Primo Central web-scale discovery service.
What to call a search that includes all of the “tradidional catalogue”, local digital collections and some subscription e-journals, databases and e-books, but not all, very few back-files and little NZ content…?
Version 2 – go live for Semester 1 , 2011
Do we need to make images a specific slice?
Multiple knowledge-bases & workflows. Complex data loads between silos. Etcetc
Relevancy ranking – a dark art. Google spend hundreds of millions trying to perfect it. Library discovery in its infancy.
The decision to be an early adopter. The decision to keep the Catalogue. Promotion of Article Search as a starting point.
Web-scale discovery will not cover all of our publisher content or digitised New Zealand collections for some time if ever. We need a hybrid model that includes searching some resources via Federated Search/ APIs. But what about scalability?
Native interfaces remain important for “serious researchers” and also for content not in the box – see local indexes/Superindex
So how do we realise the potential of Discovery?
How do we get more content in the box?
Large open access research collections…
Critical New Zealand digital content – created and curated by libraries, archives, galleries and museums. The problem.There are several aggregators – Museums Aotearoa, the Community Archive, Matapihi, Kiwi Research Information Service, but at most some are providing an API interface…
More than just to harvest content and create a searchable portal
Under the Europeana Data Exchange Agreement the parties agree to the CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. The metadata from our digital collections should be available to ALL.
UoA Library Digital Projects roundup…Photograph: Man doing data processing on IBM Date 1975. Subject - University of Auckland. Dept. of Engineering Science--History.History of the University of Auckland [AU125]
Our locally created bibliographic databases are buried among 800 others.
Problem:Disparate collections, each with different access requirements; Managed in different systems; Upgrade nightmare; No formal links to digital objects; no discovery via LibrarySearchSolution: Single Dspace with ‘Skylight’ interfaces using solr service, and OAI-PMH harvestinghttp://skylightui.org/Will also be used as a front-end for Archivist’s Toolkit until Archon integration.
DSpace “Skylight” interface on top of NZ Asia Information Service
Bookplates - A new digital project at The University of Auckland Library. Researching owner biographies and copyright.
Tapa Notebooks – collected from NZ and visiting international poets. Used for teaching “Poetry off the Page”. Selections digitised by nzepc. New issue: how we capture and archive the changing creative process. Increasingly writers are replacing paper notebooks with mobile devices, and their magpie-ing will include audio and video recordings and photos as well as text. Do they have a place in the Library's Special Collections? Does the physical artifact, in this case a twice-replaced smart phone, still have value? (The Apple Mac Powerbook 3400 that Peter Carey used to write True History of the Kelly Gang is now held in the archives of the State Library of Victoria). And what do we loose if we can no longer collect the scribbles and crossings out, the handprints and textures of physical Tapa Notebooks?
Challenge: to transition from VCSDF funded project to a sustainable service. A digitisation service for NZ maps -agreement with the National Library of New Zealand.
NZ ebooks scene: Overdrive and Wheelers as ebook providers. A national project funded by Copyright Licencing Limited and Creative New Zealand to work with NZ publishers to create a corpus of commercial NZ ebooks. Where do ENZB (http://www.enzb.auckland.ac.nz/) and NZETC (http://www.nzetc.org/) fit in?
New Zealand’s first National Librarian, and an All Black. (Discoverable via Google, the National Library, and Digital NZ)
INVISIBLE HISTORIESCollections Off the Map BRIAN FLAHERTY PRDLA 2011
NEW ZEALAND AND SOUTH SEAS EXHIBITION, 1889–1890
‘THERE IS NO MUSIC IN NEW ZEALAND’,claimed Alfred Fitchett, Anglican Dean ofDunedin... [he] complained of ‘low’ taste and‘scanty’ musical knowledge and argued thatexcept in two or three centres the ‘best’music could not be produced or evenunderstood by locals. New Zealand Journal of History, 42, 1 (2008), p 42
Raffaello Squarise (1856-1945): The Colonial Career of an Italian Maestro Murray, David Russell. PhD Thesis, Univ. of Otago. 2005
What does it mean when 2 billion people can find your history, your culture, but itis invisible from your Library’s search box?
Single box discovery? http://www.ideachampions.com/weblogs/archives/2011/03/what_exactly_is.shtml
The need to use different terminology:The Catalogue morphs into Library Search
Roll out ….. Roll back• Primo 3 upgrade & Primo Central• Plus rolling out redesigned Library website!!• New search environment buried the catalogue• Needed to roll back a step as negative feedback from our specialist searchers including many Library staff.
Problems…• I do not retrieve all of the things in the collection.• relevancy ranking looks very poor• Peer reviewed relevance: broken, broken, broken• a search on Shakespeare AND art… psychology journals rise to the top• Elsevier content now swamps the relevance ranked results
“All I can say is after a great day’sresearch how much I love Voyager anddislike Library Search. I know preciselywhat I want and can’t bear the wadingthrough all the irrelevant material fromLS.Please keep my friend Voyager going.”
The vision of a new discovery environment [..]suggests that a synthesis of tools and servicesneed to be coordinated in such a way to enable users to discover, access, and interact with relevant data from internal, external, owned, licensed, and freely-available data sources. Discoverability Phase 2 Final Report. University of Minnesota Libraries. Sept 2010
Getting in the Box http://www.flickr.com/photos/rohit_saxena/4874337932/
95 articles from yesterday’s NZ Herald available in ProQuest databases180,000 articles back to 2004 in fulltext