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TESOL Arabia - Nicholas Yates


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Innovate using Educational Technology and Your Beliefs

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TESOL Arabia - Nicholas Yates

  2. 2. Opening Quote <ul><li>“ In a landscape without bearings, teachers create and internalize their own maps” (Kagan, 1992) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rethink :: Evolve :: Innovate
  4. 4. Mentally note your answer… <ul><li>Who uses educational technology often in their class? </li></ul><ul><li>Who doesn’t use educational technology often (or never) in their class? </li></ul>I never use… As often as I can!
  5. 5. Rethink :: Innovate :: Evolve
  6. 6. <ul><li>(Ertmer, 2005 p.31) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>(Kagan, 1992, p. 85) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Addition is the best form of multiplication <ul><li>Patrick (interview) </li></ul>
  9. 9. A tool in a toolbox <ul><li>Espen (interview) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Outline <ul><li>Def’n of educational technology </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Study </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Audience discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Q + As </li></ul>
  11. 11. Educational Technology <ul><li>What’s involved in this broad concept? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reflection #1 <ul><li>How do you believe educational technology should be used in the classroom? </li></ul>
  13. 13. What are “teacher beliefs”?
  14. 14. What are “teacher beliefs”? <ul><li>Beliefs are influential; guide classroom interaction; personal, distinct theories (Burns, 1996, p. 175). </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluative, cognitive guide (Kennedy & Kennedy, 1996, p. 355) </li></ul><ul><li>Functional and useful conceptual systems (Nespor, 1987, p. 326) </li></ul>
  15. 15. What are “teacher beliefs”? <ul><li>A synthesized definition </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher beliefs are the cornerstone of what a teacher does, says, and thinks. They provide a personal systematic justification process with which to plan, assess, judge, decide, accept, deny, or act; basically covering all aspects of teaching. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The aspects of teacher beliefs <ul><li>Plan and decide on their teaching (Woods, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Dictate the approach, and sometimes the success or failure, of what is taught or learnt in the classroom (Kennedy & Kennedy, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Justify and guide teaching (Breen et al., 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Influence attitudes (Nespor, 1987) </li></ul><ul><li>Direct a teacher towards acceptance of an innovation (Fullan & Hargreaves, 1992) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Beliefs of Language Teachers Use of Educational Technology <ul><li>Beliefs influence technology integration (Ertmer, 2005; Lawrence, 2000; Lam, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Novice vs. Expert teachers conceptions re: Educational Technology (Meskill et al., 2000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom management / empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locus of Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self / Student learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product / Process </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Origins of teacher beliefs <ul><li>Apprenticeship of observation (Lortie, 1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Past experiences (Goodman, 1988; Calderhead & Robson, 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching classroom practice: Self or colleagues (Kagan, 1992) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Just give it to me straight…
  20. 20. Thesis <ul><li>Investigate the inter-relationships </li></ul><ul><li>How the beliefs originated </li></ul>
  21. 21. The study <ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Showcases </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative analysis </li></ul><ul><li>University </li></ul><ul><li>EAP – Content based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Participants </li></ul>
  22. 22. Reflection #1 (revisited) <ul><li>How do you believe educational technology should be used in the classroom? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Results <ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Personalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul>
  24. 24. Motivation
  25. 25. Intrinsic Motivation <ul><li>Target our students’ interests </li></ul><ul><li>“ Winning a battle” (Espen) </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Mini-presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Football highlights </li></ul>
  26. 26. Extrinsic Motivation <ul><li>Rewards </li></ul><ul><li>“ Horse and a carrot” (Ingrid) </li></ul><ul><li>SMARTboard </li></ul><ul><li>Films </li></ul>
  27. 27. Motivation and Culture <ul><li>Links between motivation, culture and our students </li></ul><ul><li>Unmotivated when not using it </li></ul><ul><li>“ Reluctant to extend their learning” (Ingrid) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sesame street attention span” (Howard) </li></ul><ul><li>MSN Chat </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Potatoes Vocabulary Quizzes </li></ul>
  28. 28. Motivation and Web 2.0 <ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity </li></ul><ul><li>Discrete Practice vs. Language Production </li></ul><ul><li>Panaramio </li></ul><ul><li>Voice Discussions </li></ul>
  29. 29. Personaliztion
  30. 30. Personalization - Interests <ul><li>Target students’ interests </li></ul><ul><li>“ they’re reacting to natural English language as opposed to a lot of the language which is necessarily contrived” (Jordan) </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Online auto classifieds </li></ul>
  31. 31. Personalization - Feedback <ul><li>Feedback for each student </li></ul><ul><li>Student errors </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Error Game </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar games from own errors </li></ul>
  32. 32. Personalization – Tailoring <ul><li>Tailor each lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Suit each student’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>Cater towards different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>SMARTboard </li></ul><ul><li>PhotoStory </li></ul>
  33. 33. Access
  34. 34. Access <ul><li>24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-reach = IN-reach! </li></ul><ul><li>MSN Messenger </li></ul><ul><li>Images online </li></ul>
  35. 35. Culture
  36. 36. Culture <ul><li>Computer @ home = www.boy’s </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of work </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sesame Street Attention Span” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Picking up a book is foreign to them” - Sarah </li></ul>
  37. 37. Shared Beliefs
  38. 38. Origins
  39. 39. Origins <ul><li>Learning from colleagues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Team </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning from own life experiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Themselves as learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical real life uses of technology in the classroom </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Opening Quote Re-visited <ul><li>“ In a landscape without bearings, teachers create and internalize their own maps” (Kagan, 1992) </li></ul>
  41. 41. Use your beliefs! <ul><li>(Koehler and Mishra, 2007, p. 7) </li></ul>
  42. 42. Know your beliefs Believe in your knowledge.
  43. 44. Contact Information <ul><li>Nicholas Yates </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>For a copy of the slides, please email. </li></ul><ul><li>For a hand out (includes full reference list), please email. </li></ul>