Intro self- RT APS/UNM Partnership for MR and SD 5 years, 27 years teaching in ISP programs
Sight words only. Phonics used if student has those skills, nice in combination
Overhead Student Record Book, pg 9
Show Pre-reading lesson, from easy to complex “Mask”
Overhead, DT pg 23
Overhead Pre-test 1, pg 27
Overhead, Show Test
Page 63, lesson 19
Show Record Book, pg 9
Overhead p/p 3
Demo if possible
Edmark power point
Effective Use of Edmark Reading Kay Osborn
Edmark Reading Program Edmark Reading is designed for students with developmental disabilities and for students struggling with phonics approaches. Edmark Reading Program is a sight word approach.
Features Individualized Systematic presentation of information Highly repetitive Multi-sensory: See the words Hear the words Say the words Touch the words
Student Prerequisites Point to or respond in some way to select a correct choice from a multiple-choice array Say back or sign words Have sufficient receptive language to follow teacher cues
Teacher Prerequisites No special training required Positive, encouraging attitude Patience to work slowly and consistently
Two Levels Edmark Reading Program, Level 1 Teaches 150 words, with comprehension Reading Level Kinder through Grade 1 Edmark Reading Program, Level 2 Teaches 200 words, with comprehension Reading Level Grade 1 through 3
Why does it work? Designed based on strategies that work with certain learning styles (individualized, systematic, etc.) Designed with Applied Behavioral Analysis techniques (stimulus shaping, positive reinforcement, etc.)
Time commitment One lesson should take 5-15 minutes Number of lessons is at the teacher’s discretion, but lessons should be discontinued if fatigue is a factor or making successive errors Lessons should be daily, minimum 3-4 times a week
Numbering system Lesson Numbers –All lessons have a sequential number Each type of lesson has a number – WR, Tests, Direction Cards, etc. Word Number- each of the 150 words taught has a number
Recordkeeping – Student Record Book Provides lesson sequence- after a student reaches criterion you move on to the next lesson indicated in the Student Record Book Write in pencil Record date and errors Valuable information for IEPs, data based decision making Should go with student when they transfer
Instructional Components, Level 1 2 types of tests:Discrimination, Pre/post-tests 5 kinds of lessons:Pre-reading LessonWord Recognition LessonsDirection Card LessonsPicture/Phrase LessonsStory Book Lessons
Pre-reading Lessons Teaches visual discrimination Student demonstrates the ability to match identical configurations Student is not required to name objects, words, letters Correction procedure - 3 chances allowed, if a student misses an answer, cover up that answer and ask again Criterion - no more than 4 errors Recordkeeping - Record date and errors
Discrimination Test(How to determine where to start astudent in the program) Start with Discrimination Test, Lesson 9If a student has more than 4 errors the student should start on Lesson 1, Pre-ReadingIf a student has fewer than 4 errors, move to Pre-Test 1, Lesson 10
Pre-Test and Post-Test One Pre-test in Level 1, Lesson 10 Check words missed Post-tests are given after every 10 Word Recognition Lessons Write in words missed Criterion: No errorsThe letter and number in parentheses refer to the lesson where the number is originally taught
For your consideration For students already using Edmark Reading Program a master pre/post test is included in the packet. This is designed by the presenter and not part of the Edmark Reading Program. It is useful in determining placement, regression, and present levels of functioning for those students already using Edmark Reading Program.
Word Recognition Lesson Teaches one word per lesson till lesson 60, then 2 words per lesson and plurals, plus word endings: -ed, -ing Two student responses: Multiple choice frames - student points to the word and reads it Read back frames - student reads the word aloud
WR codes in left marginAsterisk means it is a readback frame - teacher says “Read it”A, B, C means it is a multiple choice frame. The first column on the left is A, the second is B and the third is C. The teacher says, “Show me _____(A, B, C)___.”If there is no code, there is only one obvious choice.
Numbers on left wr19-3b Means: Word Recognition Lesson 19 Frame 3 Column bTeacher says: “Show me green”.
WR- Word Recognition Each word is repeated enough times throughout the program to give permanent acquisition. There is systematic repetition of learned words. Criterion - No more than 4 errors Recordkeeping - Write in word errors and date
Sequential Progression The teacher can decide if the student needs to spend more time on a lesson or would progress better by skipping a particularly troublesome lesson If you choose to skip a lesson and let the student do the next lesson, make sure to return to the problem lesson and meet the criterion on it.
Picture / Phrase Card Lesson Teaches comprehension by matching pictures to phrases The Picture/Phrase card is in front of the student with the stacked phrase cards The student reads the phrase card aloud and matches it to the correct picture Criterion: No errors Record keeping - date and letter of the phrase missed
Direction Card Lesson Teaches comprehension by having the student read Direction Card and match an illustration Teacher lays Direction Card in front of student and spreads out Illustrations. The teacher has the student read the words in box 1 and put the matching illustrations in that box. Criterion - no errors Recordkeeping - write the date and the boxes missed
Story Book Lesson Systematic use of words in regular reading format Student reads the story aloud Criterion - No criterion for Story Book Lessons Recordkeeping - Record date and word errors
Program Support Materials Supplemental Stories - Extra reading practice. Use as teacher sees the need. Signing Manual - Gives the sign for all words taught in the program.
Class Room Set Up For distractible students face present the lesson with them facing away from class room activities Tilt boards are very useful for Word Recognition Lessons Have lessons organized so students don’t wait while you gather papers
Motivation - Reward success! Build rewards into your classroom behavior program Have students read to parents and administration. Be proud!
Organizational Ideas For ease of reaching the materials and grouping students the Edmark Reading Program can be divided into 4 pieces and stored in magazine holders. Attached is the materials division. The Story Book Lessons are the only piece that must be shared.
Organizational Ideas Another way to access Edmark Reading Program is to use hanging files in a portable file. Picture Phrase Cards can be stored in a 3 ring binder for easy access
Organizational Ideas If you get a new kit, Direction Cards and Picture Phrase Cards come in solid sheets to be perforated. Before you perforate them, you might want to use different colored highlighter to mark on the back on solid pieces before you separate the pieces for easier grouping. Over 600 little pieces of paper in the kit!
Edmark Reading Program, Level 2 Teaches 200 new words Reviews 150 words from Level 1 Teaches compound words
Instructional Components, Level 2 Four types of lessons Pre-test / Review Word Recognition Lessons Picture / Phrase Cards Story Book Lessons
Materials: Pro-Ed Edmark Reading Program Level 1 $475 Edmark Reading Program Level 2 $475Other recommended reading resources:Effective Literacy Instruction for Students with Moderate or Severe Disabilities, Copeland & KeefeTeaching Reading to Children with Down Syndrome, Oelwein
Supplemental Materials- Available Separately Edmark Reading Program Software - Can be used independently or in correlation with the print curriculum.Positives - Visually and auditorily interesting, students can record their own voice reading, automatic record keeping, kids like it, strong reinforcer for words learnedBe sure to teach “Call your teacher” and do not let the students learn the code to make adjustments.Compatible with TouchWindow, mouse, alternate keyboard, single switch
Supplemental Materials - Continued Supplemental Worksheets 286 blackline masters providing practice using Edmark words in cutting and pasting, drawing lines from words to matching illustrations, circling words to match illustrations and underlining words to match illustrations.
Supplemental Materials- Continued Edmark Bingo - game format for teaching the words learned. Students on different levels can play the game at the same time. Edmark Homework - activities to do at home and encourage parent involvement Edmark Spelling – Teaches the spelling of Edmark words through the activities of writing, filling in missing letters, drawing, writing a dictionary definition.
Edmark Functional Word SeriesTeaches 400 useful sight words using the same methodSigns Around YouFast Food / Restaurant WordsGrocery WordsJob / Work Words Available separately from Pro-Ed