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Mapping spatial injustice in the Greater Cairo Region

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Planning [in] Justice http://j.mp/PlanninginJustice
The project aims to collect and analyze data and increase public awareness regarding the absence of spatial justice in the distribution of public resources between different urban areas. This is in addition to examining the institutional causes that enable this situation in Egypt, with a special focus on the Greater Cairo Region (GCR).
In pursuing this aim, the project works on developing tools to identify,measure and address these inequalities and making these tools available to other active groups in Egypt. Planning [in] Justice is a project of TADAMUN: The Cairo Urban Solidarity Initiative.

Published in: Data & Analytics

Mapping spatial injustice in the Greater Cairo Region

  1. 1. Mapping Spatial Injustice in the Greater Cairo Region Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info
  2. 2. The multiple indicators of poverty Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info
  3. 3. Percentage of people below poverty line in GCR shiyakhas Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info By using the percentage of people under the poverty line as our indicator (CAPMAS, 2013), we find that the south of Giza governorate is the poorest part of the Greater Cairo Region.
  4. 4. Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info Numbers of people below poverty line in GCR shiyakhas By using the numbers of people under the poverty line as our indicator (CAPMAS, 2013), the perspective changes and we find that the highest numbers of the poor lie within the central and northern parts of Cairo and Giza.
  5. 5. Density of people below poverty line per km2 in GCR shiyakhas Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info By using the density of the people below the poverty line as our indicator (CAPMAS, 2013) – i.e. the numbers of the poor per km2 – we find that the areas that have the highest density of the poor are concentrated in the central areas of Cairo and Giza. The use of different indicators gives a very different picture of poverty in the city, which calls for a better understanding of the use of each indicator.
  6. 6. Measuring access to utilities and infrastructure: water and sanitation Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info
  7. 7. Percentage of people connected to public water network in GCR shiyakhas Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info Official reports often only focus on the percentage of people connected to the water network, which is above 95% in the GCR (CAPMAS, 2006).
  8. 8. Percentage of people with water taps inside their homes in GCR shiyakhas Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info However, if we change our indicator, and look at the percentage of those with a tap inside the home, we will see that a significant number of people have to leave their homes to obtain drinking water (CAPMAS, 2006). This indicator is a better measure of ease of access to water.
  9. 9. Percentage of people with toilets inside their homes in GCR shiyakhas Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info Similarly, if we look at the percentage of those with a toilet inside the home, we find the percentage to be quite high (CAPMAS, 2006).
  10. 10. Percentage of people connected to the public sanitation network in GCR shiyakhas Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info However, if we look at the percentage of those connected to the wastewater network, we will find the percentage is much lower (CAPMAS, 2006), meaning that a large number of people rely on septic tanks to dispose of their wastewater. Septic tanks add a huge environmental burden to the surrounding areas.
  11. 11. Per capita share of 2014/2015 local development programs vs. Numbers of people below the poverty line in GCR districts Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info
  12. 12. Per capita 2014/2015 local development programs (EGP) Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info This comparison shows us one of the biggest distortions in spatial justice, since there is a negative correlation between the per capita share of the 2014/2015 local development programs budget and numbers of the poor in most GCR districts. The districts with highest per capita share of such programs also happen to have the lowest numbers of the poor. *all units in EGP Numbers of poor in GCR districts
  13. 13. Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info Per capita share of 2014/2015 local development pro- grams vs. % of poor in Cairo governorate districts The highest per capita share of the local development programs budget among Cairo governorate’s districts in 2014/2015 is EGP 42.1 in Al-Nozha district, while the lowest is EGP 4.7 in Ain Shams district. Interestingly, these two districts are adjacent to each other. Source: Cairo governorate website Percapitashareof2014/2015 localdevelopmentprograms(EGP) %ofpoor 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 al-Tibbīn Būlāq Ḥilwān Shubrā Miṣr al-Qadīma al-Salām - Second al-Muskī Munsha'at Nāṣir al-Sharābiyya al-Zāwiyya al-Ḥamrā` al-Maṭariyya Rowḍ al-Farag Dār al-Salām al-Basātīn al-Salām - First Center of Cairo al-Marg al-Sāḥil Bāb al-Sha`riyya `Ayn Shams Ḥadā`iq al-Qubba 15 May al-Wāylī al-Sayyida Zaynab al-Azbakiyya al-Zaytūn al-Khalīfa al-Muqaṭṭam Madīnat Naṣr - West `Ābdīn West of Cairo al-Ma`ādī Madīnat Naṣr - East Miṣr al-Gadīda al-Nuzha
  14. 14. Planning [in] Justicewww.tadamun.info The project aims to collect and analyze data and increase public awareness regarding the absence of spatial justice in the distribution of public resources between different urban areas. This is in addition to examining the institutional causes that enable this situation in Egypt, with a special focus on the Greater Cairo Region (GCR). In pursuing this aim, the project works on developing tools to identi- fy, measure and address these inequalities and making these tools available to other active groups in Egypt. Planning [in] Justice is a project of TADAMUN: The Cairo Urban Solidarity Initiative. Planning [in] Justice

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