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Christmas and new year’s customs in Greece


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A presentation about how Greeks celebrate Christmas and New Year prepared by 6th grade of Primary School students

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Christmas and new year’s customs in Greece

  1. 1. Christmas and New Year’s customs in Greece
  2. 2. Christmas customs• At Christmas in Greece, we decorate a tree or a boat, which is more traditional.
  3. 3. • Before Christmas, every family slaughters a pig, which they buy at spring. Then, they give the intestines to women and they make “bombares” and “giaprakia”, our traditional Christmas food.
  4. 4. Bombares Ingredients • We wash the intestines and we• 2 large intestines of a pig put them in a pot with water and lemon• 3 cups of rice • We chop the onions and put• ½ kg tsigarides (pork) them in a pan with oil.• 2 onions • We add tsigarides and rice and• Oregano, salt, black and red mix. pepper • We add the spices and the rice• Mint and parsley and leave them to boil.• 1 lemon • We fill the intestines with the mixture and cook in the oven• 1 glass of oil 1 teaspoon of with water in 200 degrees. cumin Joan
  5. 5. Giaprakia • We remove the exterior leaves of cabbage that are black. • We cut the leavesIngredients • We boil the cabbage leaves until soft.• 300 gr. minced veal • We leave the leaves to drain. • We chop the fresh onions and the parsley• 300 gr. Minced pork • We mix the minced meat, the rice, the• 400 gr. Carolina rice parsley, the onion, 1 tablespoon of salt, the pepper and the oil with our hand.• Some parsley • We cut the leaves in 15x15 cm• 5 Green onions • We put in each leaf a tablespoon of the mixture and we wrap it• 1 middle-size onion • We place all the wrapped leaves in a• 1 big cabbage kettle, in which we have placed few stalks from the leaves on the bottom• 2 tablespoons of salt • We pour a cup of oil and a tablespoon of• ¼ teaspoon of pepper salt • We place a dish on top, that presses the• 1 and ½ cup of virgin olive oil giaprakia • We pour 3 mugs of waterGeo • We cook for half an hour in low heat
  6. 6. Pork with potatoesIngredients • Wash thoroughly the piece of meat. Put in a bowl to• 2kg pork marinate, adding salt, pepper,• 1,5kg patatoes oregano and ointments with• pepper mustard. • Purify and cut the patatoes• salt into large chunks.• oregano • Place them in the pan.• mustard • Add salt, pepper and oil after the pan and put them and the• olive oil meat in the oven for about 2 hours at 200o C Jim
  7. 7. • One day before Christmas, the children go out in the streets and sing a Christmas carol (kalanta). People give them sugar-coated almond butter biscuits (kourabiedes) and honeycakes (melomakarona). Jim - Thanasis
  8. 8. KourabiedesIngredients• ½ kg of pure butter • We mix the butter with• 1 cup of confectioner’s sugar until it becomes sugar white. Then, we add the• 2 eggs yolks eggs, the soda, the vanillas, the almonds and the flour.• 1 teaspoon of soda Cut them in shapes and dissolved in lemon bake until they become red.• 2 vanillas When they get cold, we add• Flour (as much as it takes) sugar…!!!• Almonds Stef
  9. 9. MelomakaronaIngredients • Stir the oil, sugar and orange• 2 glasses of oil juice.• 1 glass of sugar• 1 glass of orange juice • Add the other materials and• 1 cup of cognac the flour, at the end.• A little semolina • Bake at 180o C for 30 mins• 2 teaspoons of baking soda • Boil the water and the sugar• 1 spoon of clove • Add the honey and boil in low• ½ teaspoon of baking powder heat for 5 mins.• ½ teaspoon of cinnamon • Remove the pot from heat and• Flour (as much as it takes) dip the melomakarona in the• 1 cup of almonds syrup.For the syrup• 2 glasses of sugar • Sprinkle with almonds• 1 glass of water• 1 glass of honey Raph
  10. 10. New Year’s customs• In New Year’s Eve the children go from house to house and sing the New Year’s carols.
  11. 11. • On 1st of January (Protochronia) the children wait for Agio Vasili, because he brings them presents. Agio Vasili is the greek Santa Claus• Mum and grandmother make biscuits for Agio Vasili and they make vasilopita and put a coin in it (flouri)
  12. 12. • The family gets together, celebrates and the children open the presents and cut the vasilopita.• The first piece is for Christ, the second for the house and then pieces for everyone.• The one who gets the piece with the coin will be the lucky one of the year. Eleft
  13. 13. Vasilopita • Heat the milk to lukewarm, melt• 1,250 grams flour within this the brewer’s yeast.• 3 tablespoons yeast • Add a few tablespoons of flour to become a thick batter. Cover and• 330 grams of butter milk leave in a warm place• 440 grams of sugar • Put the flour and the salt in a large• 4 tablespoons sesame bowl, melt butter and add to flour.• 100 grams almonds and white • Boil some water with mahlepi strain it and pour to the flour broker • Add the eggs, sugar and brewer’s• 1 tablespoon mahlepi or anise yeast that has swelled• 220 grams milk • Knead all ingredients until a soft• A little salt dough • Cover the dough, put in a warm place and let it double in volume • Knead again and place on greased oven dish • Brush with the egg, sprinkle with almonds and sesame seedsHellen • Bake for over an hour